Arturo Frondizi (born in the province of Corrientes, Argentinian, the October 28th 1908 - died with Buenos Aires, the April 18th 1995) is a lawyer and Argentinian politician , which was president of its country between on May 1st 1958 and the March 29th 1962.
Of the twelve children of the family of the Italian immigrant Frondizi, three were announced by their brilliant career: Arturo, President of the Nation, Risieri, vice-chancellor of the University of Buenos Aires and Silvio Frondizi, theorist trotskyste assassinated by the terrorist organization Triple has.
Arturo Frondizi, famous leader of the Unión Cívica Radical (UCR) and eminent analyst economic, conclude an agreement with Juan Perón, after the coup d'etat of 1955, which brought a scission within the UCR and caused its triumph at the time of the presidential election of 1958, under the banner of the Unión Cívica Radical Intransigente (UCRI). During the government of Perón, Frondizi had been adverse tough.
In 1961 Frondizi cancelled the proscription of the peronism. At the time of the elections of 1962 the peronists carried the government of 10 of the 14 provinces, including the very important province of Buenos Aires.
The Armed forces required whereas Frondizi cancels the elections, which it did not do, thus starting a new coup d'etat which reversed it in March 1962.
A part-time democrat
Throughout its years of presidency and few following years, Arturo Frondizi showed an important radical democrat. Still in detention, it was made the promoter of the creation of a face between UCRI and the movement peronist, called Frente Nacional there Popular (either Front National and Populaire ). But a majority sector of UCRI decided to separate from the face and to introduce a clean candidate, Oscar Allende with presidential of 1963, making hood the project of alliance.
- "Since intransigent radicalism appeared like differentiated political expression, it adopted for fundamental objective to link the popular layers and to direct the participation of the workers towards the great national solutions (...). Any attitude which excludes the organic participation from the justicialism in the construction of a great nation conspires against the Republic, the people and the gasoline even of the radicalisme" .
This moment, Frondizi decided to give up radicalism, in its two particular expressions ( UCRI and UCRP ) and to build a party directed towards the development: the Movimiento de Integración there Desarrollo (or MID) or Movement of Integration and Development , from where it gave the impulse for a broad agreement with the Péronisme, providing to this movement the stock of general knowledge for development.
However as of the end of the Years 1970, it buried its democratic convictions and adhered to completely contrary, made positions national chauvinism and of virulent anticommunism, supporting even supposedly the Proceso de Reorganización Nacional of the sanguinary dictatorships of Videla and consorts. He was also opposed to the signature of an agreement with the Chile, which enclosed the conflict concerning the islands of the Canal of Beagle.
He died in 1995, marginalized and discredited. Its skin rests with the cemetery of Olivos, in province of Buenos Aires.
Arturo Frondizi in: Associazione Eugubini nel Mondo
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