The aristotelism is the name given to the doctrines derived from works of Aristote, gradually adopted at XIIe and 13th century by the Scolastique, thanks to the reconciliation of the philosophy of Aristote and the Christianisme by Saint Thomas d' Aquin.
The aristotelician term can be employed in the direction of commentator of works of Aristote.
It would be to show Historicisme that of speaking about aristotelism for the Philosophie about Aristote at its time (IVe front century J. - C.). It is probable also that this term was not employed at the time of large the Scolastique, since French became official language only during the 16th century.
The term Aristotélisme is rather often employed about the controversy ptolemeo-copernician of the XVIe and 17th centuries, which started well before Galileo does not start to make observations with its Telescope (towards 1609).
In the Dialog on the two great systems of the world (1632), Galileo put in scene three characters, whose partisan of the Représentation of the world exit of Aristote, Simplicio, which he ridiculed, because he did not include/understand the new heliocentric representation . Indeed, certain elements contained in the works of Aristote, gathered in metaphysics, showed many limits compared to the astronomical discoveries of the XVIe and 17th centuries. One thus found a Représentation in sublunary and supra-lunar world which, derived from the observation aids of IVe front century JC, appeared obviously naive compared to the heliocentric model .
Descartes learned the judgment from Galileo in 1633, and renonça in 1634 with its work the Traité world and light, to launch out in a philosophical project. The philosophical works of Descartes are a criticism of the aristotelism and Scolastique.
Thus, the aristotelism term took at the 19th century a very pejorative significance often.
It however should be recalled that the work of Aristote is considerable, and only the metaphysical , the physical does not include/understand , the treated sky .
The cutting carried out at the 13th century was very schematically the following:
- Ethical (ethical with Nicomaque)
- Logical (Organon),
- Physical (within the meaning of the study of nature, phusika),
- Metaphysical (Aristote),
- Dialog on the two great systems of the world
- Relation between science and Metaphysical faith
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