Aquitaine is crossed by three rivers: the the Garonne, the the Dordogne and the Adour. It opens in the west on the Atlantic Ocean by a 270 km length rectilinear coast, baptized Coast of Money and only stopped by the Basin of Arcachon.
Etymology and denominations
Aquitaine comes from Latin Aquitania, derived from two preceltic roots, meaning Near to the sea . In Occitan (dialects Gascon, Languedocien and the Limousin), Aquitaine says Aquitània , in Basque Akitania and in Saintongeais Aguiéne , contraction between Aquitaine and Guyenne.
The Aquitaine region is frontier following administrative areas:
- in the south: Spain (the Basque autonomous Community, the Community forale of Navarre and Aragon)
- in the east: the Midday-Pyrenees
- in the North-East: the Limousin
- in north: Poitou-Charentes
See also: History of Aquitaine
See also: District council of Aquitaine
See also: Political of Aquitaine
See also: Transport of Aquitaine
The highway network
- the A62
- the A63
- the A660
- the A64
- the A89
The crossing of the Pyrenees
- the Tunnel of Somport
The rail network
Three large axes:
- the line Paris - Bordeaux - Madrid by Irun, major axis for the economy and transport, which creates imbalances at the regional level:
- capacities of attraction of Bordeaux, of Bayonne-Rebated joint-Biarritz,
- turning into a desert of the Pyrenees, of the Dordogne, of the department of Lot-et-Garonne.
- the transverse axis Bordeaux - Toulouse.
- the transverse axis Spain - Italy, by Irun, Pau, Toulouse, Vintimille.
detailed Article: FOR THE THIRD TIME Aquitanian
The river system
The Canal of the South is a channel French which connects the the Garonne to the the Mediterranean. It provides with the side Canal to the Garonne an inland waterway (the Canal of the two seas) of the Atlantique to the Mediterranean. It was prolonged by the Canal of the Rhone with Sète .
It is the trade of the Blé which justified its construction. Built at the 17th century, of 1666 with 1681, under the reign of Louis XIV, under the supervision of Pierre-Paul Riquet, the channel of the South is oldest channel of Europe still under operation.
The maritime transport
Wearing of Bordeaux
International airports in Aquitaine:
- Airport of Bordeaux located at Mérignac;
- Airport the Pau-Pyrenees with Uzein, located at 17 km in the North-West of the town of Pau;
- Airport of Biarritz-Rebated joint-Bayonne located at Rebated joint.
- Airport of Bergerac-Roumanière located at Bergerac. Flights bound for Great Britain: London (Stansted), Southampton, Bristol-board, Exeter, Leeds/Bradford, and Liverpool.
- Agen Airport it Garenne
See also: Economy of Aquitaine
See also: Demography of Aquitaine
The population of Aquitaine rises with 2.988.395 inhabitants (census 2003 source INSEE 2005).
See also: Culture in Aquitaine
The languages of Aquitaine are four: French, the Occitan, the Poitevin-saintongeais and the Basque (out of Basque: will euskara). In Occitan, Aquitaine says Aquitània , in Basque Akitania and in Poitevin-saintongeais Aguiéne .
The dialects occitans spoken in Aquitaine are:
- the Gascon spoken in the the Gironde, the south of the Lot-et-Garonne, the Moors, including the Inhabitant of Béarn spoken in the Béarn (Yrénées-Atlantiques).
- the Languedocien of the south of the the Dordogne in the north of the Lot-et-Garonne
- the the Limousin spoken in the center and north about the the Dordogne.
Their speakers are in Aquitaine 160.600 according to a study of INSEE of 1999. It are found essentially in the rural world: a quarter are farmers or former farmers. The agricultural world and rural remainder to some extent the guard of the occitan: it is in the Dordogne that it is relatively spread the most, then in the Moors and the Yrénées-Atlantiques. It is in the latter department that the hearths of occitan are developed.
The Basque is spoken traditionally in the Western part of the Yrénées-Atlantiques: Basque provinces of Low-Navarre, Drunk and the Labourd. In the Basque Country, one counts 63.000 adults bascophones. In the remainder of Aquitaine, there are 11.000 of them.
First wine-producing area of France, Aquitaine generates the quarter of the wine production of the Hexagon, France being the first producer country in the world.
Oysters of Arcachon
- Lamprey with Of Bordeaux the
- Ox of Bazas
- Grooved the
- Lamb of Pauillac
- Wood pigeons
- Wine: The wine part of the the Gironde called in oenological terms, the Of Bordeaux (Vineyard of Bordeaux), is thus the first wine-producing area as well in quantity as in quality.
- crystallized Foie gras, , steaklet and other dishes derived from duck,
- the Pipérade in Béarn and the Pays Basque
- the Garbure
- the tart plate and the croustade
- the Madiran, wine in matter produced in Hautes-Pyrénées, Béarn, and Gers.
- the Pacherenc
- truffles of Sorges in Perigord
Béarn developed some specialities:
- the Boiled chicken
- the Jurançon, dry white wine or marrowy
And you will want to note that the B3earnaise sauce does not have anything inhabitant of Béarn since she was invented in Paris region.
The Basque Country has also its specialities:
- the Axoa
- the Pepper of Espelette
- the Bayonne ham
- the Basquaise chicken
- the Basque Cake
- the Irouléguy.
And of course in the Batch and the Garonne the Prunes of Agen which suit us well!!!
the graver of Bordeaux
- the Basque House
- Firm landaises and bazadaises (the oustaou)
- the villas of Arcachon
- the social life and policy of the Basque S is organized around the etxe or etche .
- Like the etxe, the Basque house, the box inhabitant of Béarn is the angular stone of the identity of the family.
In the Basque Country as in Béarn, the houses vary according to the valleys, the geographical surfaces.
the House landaise
There would be more than 1000 castles and manors; here most known:
- the Dordogne:
The Village of Bournat, the abbey of Brantôme (11th century), the archaeological Park of Beynac, Mandacou.
- François Mauriac (1885 - 1970), writer
- Maurice Ravel (1875 - 1937), type-setter
- Francis Cabrel (1953 -), singer
- Pascal Obispo (1965 -), singer
- Black Desire, rock group
- Michel de Montaigne (1533 - 1592), thinker and politician
- Montesquieu (1689 - 1755), moralist, thinker and philosopher
- Clement V (1264 - 1314), archbishop of Bordeau then Pope of Avignon
- Henri IV (1553 - 1610), king de France
- Armand Fallières (1841 - 1931), politician, president of the French Republic
- Jacques Chaban-Delmas (1915 - 2000), politician, Prime Minister, mayor of Bordeaux
- Alain Juppe (1945 -), politician, Prime Minister, mayor of Bordeaux
- Frederic Bastiat (1801 - 1850 ), economist
- Rene Lacoste (1904 - 1996), tennis player (birth in Paris, end-of-life with Saint-Jean-of-Luz)
- Louison Bobet (1925 - 1983), cyclist
- Didier Deschamps (1968 -), footballer
- See List of the Aquitanian personalities
List of the museums of Aquitaine
- Occitan, Occitanie, Gascon Guyenne
- , Gascogne
- Basque, Basque Country, Basque Toponymy
- Inhabitant of Béarn, Béarn
- Blazon of Aquitaine
- http://aquitaine.fr: Site of the district council
- http://www.tourisme-aquitaine.fr: Site of the tourist bureau
- http://www.insee.fr/fr/insee_regions/Aquitaine: site of INSEE
- http://www.aquitaine.equipement.gouv.fr: Regional management of the equipment
- http://www.aquitaine.ecologie.gouv.fr: Regional management of the environment
- http://www.aquitainagri.org: Site gate of Agriculture in Aquitaine
- http://cesr-aquitaine.fr: Economic and Social Council of Aquitaine
- http://crdp.ac-bordeaux.fr/ac: Site Arts and culture of the CRDP of Aquitaine
- http://gallica.bnf.fr/SocietesSavantes: Learned societies in Aquitaine
- http://aquitaine-pqa.fr: Territorial development in Aquitaine
- http://fr.fc.yahoo.com/a/aquitaine.html: Current events on Yahoo!
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