Annemasse is a chief town of canton of the department of the Haute-Savoie, France, located at 2 km of the Canton of Geneva and at 45 km of Annecy. The city is located at the border free Suisse, the south of the Lac Léman and in the urban surface of Geneva. The agglomeration, which gathers six communes, is the second of Haute-Savoie.
Annemasse is in the center of an important road junction, to 10 km of the international airport of Geneva-Cointrin, like with less than ten minutes of the airport of businesses and tourism of Annemasse. The city is served by a called highway link A40 the “white Highway” (Mâcon - Chamonix-Mount-White). The city is surrounded by the Mount Salève (alt. 1300m) and the river Arve in the west, the Voirons (alt. 1450m) with the east and the Swiss border in north.
At the time Roman, the city existed already under the name of Namascae.
The city belongs to the district of Saint-Julien-in-Genevese and is made up of two cantons: Annemasse-North (7 534 inhabitants in 1999) and Annemasse-South (20 125 inhabitants In 1999).
The mayor of the city, Robert Borrel, man of the left, is elected since 1977.
The inhabitants are called Annemassiens. The population of the town of Annemasse, and beyond the agglomeration, accompanied economic development by Geneva after the Second world war, passing from 8.000 inhabitants in 1946 to 29.000 inhabitants in 1990. The increase in population led to a thickening of the downtown area and the replacement of the houses by residential buildings of intermediate size.
With the census of INSEE carried out in 1999:
- City: 27 659 inhabitants
- Agglomeration: 56 726 inhabitants
- high-Savoyard Genevese Basin (wide agglomeration): 148 966 inhabitants
The Local plan of town planning (RAINED) made the assumption of a population of 34.000 inhabitants in 2015, is an annual growth of about a 1,5%.
Twinnings and “pacts of friendship”
EconomyThe economic development of Annemasse at the end of the XIXe century is related to the development of the railway network in Haute-Savoie which makes city an important node for the traffic of passengers like goods.
Annemasse draws advantage from its proximity with Switzerland and the town of Geneva, whose consumers do not hesitate to pass the border and make thrive especially large surfaces with the high number compared to the size of the agglomeration. The city also counts a casino (190 machines with under), classified 14th French casino in 2006 and which is source of a part (12,5%) of the receipts of the city. An equal amount (12,5%) comes from the " funds frontaliers" , i.e. with the share of the wage bill transferred by Geneva at the Department of Haute-Savoie and the communes of its crown.
The future trends fall under the development of the great transborder agglomeration, with in particular the development of the rail link Cornavin-Water Sharp-Annemasse (CEVA), which should be brought into service in its entirety by 2010-2012. The arrival of this regional RER will be in addition the occasion to promote the station of Annemasse like the stop TGV of the south of the Genevese agglomeration.
The decree of public utility of the project of highway A400 " South Léman" Thonon - Annemasse (28km) launched in 1993 was cancelled in 1997 by the Council of State because of its prohibitory cost.
Places and monumentsThe Villa of the Park, high place of the contemporary art.
Personalities related to the commune
- Grand Prix of climbing of the town of Annemasse, 15th edition in November 2006, with candidates of national and international level.
- the Community of communes of the agglomeration Annemassienne
- Official site of the town of Annemasse
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