Anne François Augustin of Bourdonnaye
Wire of Jacques Anne of Bourdonnaye de Boishullin, public prosecutor sindic of the States of Brittany, it Marie on December 22nd, 1778 with Elisabeth Josèphine de Mauger, girl of Laurent de Mauger, former captain of the Dragons and landowner with Holy Domingue. They will have two children, François Auguste (born on May 8th, 1782) and Marie Joséphine (born on February 15th, 1788).
Anne François Augustin of Bourdonnaye engages with the service of the roy to the regiment of the Gardes Lorraine Infanterie in March 1761. It is with this unit that it takes part in the battles of Fillinghausen (1761) and Amoenebourg (1762). In 1771, it is employed in the Alps under the orders of the Bourcet general, then is used successively for Saumur and Metz " to learn the service from the cavalry following the Police officers ". In 1776 he is colonel as a second then order the Regiment of the Saar.
At this point in time he is second in command of this regiment that he Marie on December 22nd, 1778. At that time, he is also deputy governor of the Duke of Angouleme. François Rene de Chateaubriand quotes it in his " Memories on the Duke of Berry" : " It was in this loneliness, all near the pumps of Versailles, which were to cease soon, that Mr. the duke of Sérent prepared without the knowledge against the rigors of misfortune those (note: young princes Berry and Angouleme) which he believed to have to defend only of the seductions of prosperity. The deputy governors of the young princes were Misters de Buffevent, of Bourdonnaye and Arbouville ".
At the beginning of the revolution, he is Major Général of the National guard of Nantes. In 1791, it is employed as brigadier to the 13th Division with Beautiful Isle and Brest.
In 1792, it is with the army of North where it contributes to the delivery of Lille occupied by the Austrians, then returns to Belgium where it seizes Tournay and Ghent. Following démélés with Dumouriez, the general of Bourdonnaye returns to France, to order the border of North.
In 1793, he is general-in-chief of the Army of the Dimensions then to the Armée with Pyrenees-Western the with the rank of major general. July 23rd, it pushes back a Spanish detachment of approximately " 3.000 men (who) had passed Bidassoa towards the 2 or 3 hours of the afternoon with some parts of guns ".
" This climate me tue"
August 17th, 1793, he writes with a member of the Committee of Public Hello " I requested the Minister for the War to employ me elsewhere than in the South (...). The active and useful service that I made in Saint Jean de Luz, in July and until August 15th disturbed my health completely and worsened evils of rheins, formerly bearable. I Bayonne will take the Baths to 8 miles of Dax, department of the Moors, but the climate of this country kills to me. There were general officers of made, I made the trade of several: I ask to be employed in the La Rochelle, or Le Havre, Calais, Sedan, Metz, Strasbourg, Besancon, undoubtedly here is of the margin ". October 6th, 1793, after having asked in vain its change, he dies in DAX where he had gone " to take Bains" as its doctor had advised to him.
The captain Vallée (19th Regiment of Hunters with Horse) thus announced his death with the citizen Minister for the war " … this honest general, though of a caste generally proscribed like enemy of our holy revolution, had feelings worthy of one (...) honest republican ".
Thanks to his/her son-in-law, Rene Congratulated Geffroy de Villeblanche, the widow of the General who lived " in greatest indigence " will obtain, the 24 messidor year XI, a pension of 1.900 frans per annum.
In 1912, the Municipal council of Lille decided to allot to a public highway (commune with the red Lily) the denomination of " General Anne of Bourdonnaye".
Files of the Historical Service of Defense, castle of Vincennes
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