The Angola is a country of the south-west of the Africa, bordering on the Democratic republic of Congo, the République of Congo, the Namibia and the Zambia. The country is a quadrilateral connecting French-speaking central Africa to the anglophone Southern Africa. Old Portuguese colony, it is the second Portuguese-speaking country by its extent and the third by its population. The Angolan state was born in 1975. The current borders result from European colonization but African nationalities always take precedence over the national feeling.
See also: History of Angola
After the beginning of the conflict in the Sixties, three movements proclaim the true representatives of the country: the National front of release of Angola (FNLA), the Popular liberation movement of Angola (MPLA) and the National union for the total independence of Angola (UNITA).
An peace agreement signed in 1994 between the government and UNITA allows the integration of the ex-rebels of UNITA within the government and of the armed forces. A government of national unit is formed in 1997, but violent fights begin again with the end of the year 1998, leaving several hundreds of thousands of people without shelter. In February 2002, Jonas Savimbi, historical leader of UNITA, fall under the balls from the Angolan regular army, opening a new political era for the country.
Since a quarter century, these internal struggles made nearly a million and half of deaths, is more than 160 per day.
See also: Political of Angola, List of the Heads of State of Angola, List of the heads of government of Angola, List of the governors of Angola
Surface: 1 246 700 km ²
- Density: 8 hab. /km ²
- Land borders: 5 198 km (Democratic republic of Congo 2 511 km; Namibia *1 376 km; Zambia 1.110 km; Republic of Congo 201 km)
- Littoral: 1 600 km
- Ends of altitude: 0 m > + 2620 m
- Telephone lines: 62 000 (in 1997)
- Cellphones: 4 000 000 (in 2007: 2.500.000 for the Unitel operator, 1.500.000 for Movicel)
- Radios: 630 000 (in 1997)
- Television stations: 150 000 (in 1997)
- Users of Internet: 172 000 (in 2005)
- Many suppliers of access Internet: 7 (in 2005)
- Roads: 76 626 km (including 19.156 tarred km) (in 1997)
- Railways: 2 771 km (in 2000)
- inland Waterways: 1 295 km
- Many airports: 247 (including 31 with tarred tracks) (in 2000)
See also: Subdivisions of Angola
Angola is divided into eighteen provinces:
See also: Economy of Angola
See also: Demography of Angola
Population: approximately 13 million (in 2006). 0-14 years: 43,31 %; 15-64 years: 53,98 %; + 65 years: 2,71 %
- Life expectancy of the men: 37 years (in 2001)
- Life expectancy of the women: 40 years (in 2001)
- Growth rate the pop one: 2,15 % (in 2001)
- Birth rate: 46,54 ‰ (in 2001)
- Death rate: 24,68 ‰ (in 2001)
- infantile Death rate: 193,72 ‰ (in 2001)
- Fertility rate: 6,5 children/woman (in 2001)
- Rate of migration: - 0,34 ‰ (in 2001)
See also: Culture of Angola
The team of Angola of football is qualified for the first time of its history for the final stages of the world cup of 2006 in Germany.
On Monday, September 4, 2006, Angola is indicated to organize the Coupe of Africa of the footballing nations in 2010.
team of Angola of football
- team of female Angola of handball
- team of Angola of basketball
- Official site of the government
- Charts and statistics on Angola
Beats-smg: Anguola Be-X-old: Анґола Simple: Angola Zh-min-nan: Angola
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