The Anglicanism , or Communion Anglican , is a body connected with the church Christian episcopal, from which the identity is resulting from the 16th century, in England, when the king Henri VIII broke with the Pape of Rome.
The Church Anglican is said at the same time catholic and reformed: catholic, because she believes to have preserved the Succession apostolic, and reformed because she adhered to the new principles Protestant reform . Anglicans are often reticent to see themselves called “Protestants”.
The Encyclique Apostolicae Curae absolutely did not recognize its canonical validity and the Catholic church regards the priests Anglicans as having preserved the statute of laic, i.e. to have usurped the title of Pasteur illegitimately.
The Church Anglican is not regarded Protesting E, but rather as a Catholic church not Roman. However, the pope Leon XIII did not recognize that to him: the encyclical Apostolicae Curae declares that the Church Anglican does not have the apostolic succession, nor legal validity of ordinations.
HistoryFor a detailed history of the rupture with Rome.
See also: Church of England
Organization of the clergyAn important distinction of the Anglicanism compared to the Roman Catholicism is the right which have the clerks (priest S and bishop S) to marry and to have children. In the majority of the churches Anglicans, it is also possible for women to be ordered priests.
It is the Archevêque of Canterbury which chairs the council of bishop S Anglicans of the world, but it does not have to be able on the churches sisters of the communion Anglican. The whole of the bishop S Anglicans of the world meets regularly at the time of the conferences of Lambeth.
Sacraments in the Church Anglican
The Church Anglican celebrates two Sacrement S: the Baptism and the Eucharistie, like five other “small sacraments” or sacramental rites: the Confirmation, the Marriage, the Oiling of the patients, the Confession and the sacerdotal ordination. There is a controversy in connection with the Consubstantiation vs. the Transsubstantiation.
Sunday (and even in week), one celebrates the Eucharistie, according to the same structure as in the other traditional Churches. According to the tradition of the primitive Church, the faithful ones communient under the two species.
In the Church Anglican one makes use of the Rite Anglican, which has three under-rites, all the three into force:
- that of 1662, or “traditional”, which is in the Book off Common Prayer ;
- that set up by the priest Monk in the years 1950, or “modern”, and who influenced very extremely the contemporary Roman rite, and which is in the Alternative Service Book ;
- that of the Missal Anglican and the Breviary Anglican, or “traditional”, very near to the Rite tridentin and the Rite of Sarum.
The first liturgy Anglican in English language was published in 1544 during the reign of Henri VIII. Under his son, Edouard VI, the archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer prepared in 1549 a liturgy of character more Protestant that the previous model. Under the reign of Marie I a return to Roman Catholicism removed the liturgy Anglican and Cranmer was condemned to the Bûcher. After persecutions and upheavals of the preceding reigns, the liturgy Anglican restored of 1559 pennies Elisabeth Ire found balance between the tendencies Protestant woman and catholic of the church in England at the time, while keeping the near total of the text of Cranmer. The triumph of the parliamentary puritanism during the English civil war removed this liturgy again, and it was not that in 1662 qu ' a new drafting of the Book off Common Prayer was adopted, having as bases the versions of 1544 and 1549. A French-speaking version, the Book of the public prayers , was made by the priest Jean Durel, Jersey who became Doyen of Windsor, and was approved by Charles II on October 6th, 1662. This version was intended for the use of the parish churches of the islands of the English Channel and the French Church of the Savoy. According to the first words of the foreword:
- “Since the Church Anglican made a body of its liturgy, it always had prudence to hold a happy medium between a too great rigor to refuse there to admit the least change, and a too great facility to be suffered that one introduces there without reason. ”
The Churches Anglicans preserved a good part of the Liturgie and hierarchical organization Catholique (except the cardinal At and the papacy). However, at the 20th century and the 21e century, certain Churches of the communion Anglican made liberal decisions compared to other Christian confessions: Ordination women priest S, acceptance of a alive bishop homosexual couples some, for example.
There exists also a number of Churches important Anglicans of the “Continuum”, i.e. independent of the head office of Canterbury. They have for the majority their origins around the polemics at the years 1970 concerning the ordination of the women. Largest of these Churches the communion traditional Anglican is called, in English Traditional Anglican Communion (TAC). Independent of Canterbury, TAC is an international entity several hundreds of thousand faithful divided into 33 évêchés in 44 countries, speaking more than seven languages, about which English is spoken. To the difference of the Churches in England and to the United States having missions in Europe which are characterized by a spirit “modern” and liberal or “evangelic”, TAC is strongly attached to the catholic movement ( Oxford Movement ) founded by Newman, Keble, Pusey and several others.
A dialog between TAC and Rome exists since about fifteen years. It continues discreetly, and according to a priest roman catholic in the United States: “According to what I learned from various sources, the Congrégation for the doctrines of the faith in Rome east with work to prepare proposals for future relationships to the organizations and the groupings Anglicans of orthodoxe catholic orientation, with the Churches Anglicans " continuing" , like with the groupings and the " fraternités" Lutherans of catholic orientation in Europe and the Scandinavian Catholic church in Norway”.
AnecdoteThe semiologist Umberto Eco, from whom one requested his opinion on the controversy PC - Macintosh, had an unexpected answer: he compared the austerity of the orders of DOS with that of the offices Protesting S, the iconographic richness of Mac OS with that of the Catholicisme, and Windows with a synthesis between the two currents which corresponded exactly to the Anglicanism. This article is included in its collection How to travel with a salmon .
- Movement of Oxford
- List of the ecclesiastical provinces Anglicans
the Church Anglican, museum of the religions of Nicolet (Quebec)
- the Church Anglican Colombia Church Anglican of Colombia
- religious questions in the United Kingdom: primary sources
- Christ Church Church Anglican of Lille (France)
- Anglican Liturgy website liturgy Anglican in English
- Traditional Anglican Communion Communion Traditional Anglican, English official site
- SCRIPTURA, TRADITIO, RATIO Site of a priest of TAC in France (French/English)
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