Andréas Papandréou (in Greek Ανδρέας Γ. Παπανδρέου), born with Tap-holes the February 5th 1919 and dead June 23rd 1996, was a internationally recognized economist and Greek politician . It was twice Prime Minister: from October 1981 in July 1989 and October 1993 in January 1996.
He is the founder of the Greek socialist party.
He was the son of the politician progressist and Prime Minister Yeóryios Papandréou and of Sofia Mineyko.
During its studies at the university of Athens, he attended the trotskists mediums. That was worth to him to be arrested, imprisoned and tortured in 1939, during the dictatorship of Metaxás. The trotskists then reproached him, as with other former students former trotskists, to have spoken to obtain its release. Its family made him leave the pays.
It continued its studies in Harvard then, where it obtained a Doctorate in Economy. It remained then in Harvard where it taught until 1947. In 1944, he became American citizen and was useful in the Navy. He was then Professor d' Économie at the University of Minnesota, then in Northwestern then Berkeley (where he directed the Department of Economy). He was then Professor d' Économie at the University of Stockholm then Toronto in Canada.
In 1951, he married American, Margaret Chant, with which he had three wire and a girl.
He returned to Greece in 1961 to direct the Research center Economic at the request of the Prime Minister Constantin Caramanlis. He also entered in policy on this occasion and was elected appointed of Achaïe (the area from where his/her father was originating) in 1964. He was Ministre for the government of his father, at a station which made of him the first advise Prime Minister. In its speeches, A. Papandréou required that Greece adopt a more neutral attitude in the cold war and that it was subjected to the USA whose he wanted to decrease the military presence on the Greek territory. He claimed also retirement of the senior officers posting of the antidemocratic ideas. He was interfered with the conspiracy Aspida (shield) carried out by young officers left. The personality of Andréas Papandréou, its fast political ascendance as well as the suspicions related to Aspida belonged to the causes which brought the fall of the government of Georges Papandreou.
Stopped at the time of the Dictature of the colonels, Andreas Papandreou was authorized to leave Greece after the USA made pressure for its release. His/her father, as for him, died under house arrest in 1968.
In exile, it created the Movement Panhellènique de Libération (PAK). It defended then of the ideas much more radical than those which it had when he was in Greece: call to the insurrection armed against the colonels, critical of the USA, NATO and the policy of the European Economic community with respect to the junta militaire.
It returned to Greece to the fall of the colonels (1974) and founded the Socialist party Panhellènique (PASOK). This party claimed the end of the tender of Greece in the USA as well as important economic reforms and sociales.
The PASOK obtained 14% of the voices into 1974,25% in 1977 and 48% in 1981. Andreas Papandreou then formed the first Socialist government of the history of Grèce.
As opposed to what the program of the PASOK announced, the bases of NATO were not dismantled and Greece remained in CEE.
There was however very the serious incident of the Sismik. Turkey wanted to make geological research in the Aegean Sea thanks to its boat " Sismik". Greece mobilized and withdrew immediately NATO, the reaction was immediate, Turkey did not make research in the Aegean Sea and Greece did not withdraw NATO. The Prime Minister was persona non grata in Amérique.A. Papandréou was re-elected in 1988 with 46% of the voices. This second mandate was marked by economic big problems like by a certain number of scandals. The connection of the Prime Minister with an airline hostess did not arrange her popularity. In 1989, he divorced and married Dimitra Liani. That involved its rupture (family and political) with his/her son Georges Papandreou, then Ministre PASOK.
Despite everything, the PASOK obtained 39% of the voices at the time of the first poll of 1989 and 41% more at the time of the second. The third poll in less than one year (April 1990) saw the PASOK with 39%, not enough to prevent a government of the Néa Demokratía.
A parliamentary board of inquiry concentrated then on the accusations of corruption and of illegal phone-tappings carried against Andréas Papandréou, which was discharged in 1992.
Pour a larger respect of the transparency it is necessary to notice than the lawsuit was entirely retransmis on television Greek. He answered all his detractors by gaining the elections of 1993.
He died in June 1996. Its funeral was the occasion of one of the largest national gatherings ever seen. At the time of its death it prepared a congress of the PASOK. Its semi-official successor (Georgos Gennimatas) being prematurely deceased of a lung cancer, it was Simitis which succeeded to him as head of party and Prime Minister. Currently it is his/her son Yeóryios Papandréou, who accepted now the benevolent heritage and directs PASOK since 2004.
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