To generate autonomous works, Directs and Picasso operates during the analytical cubism , the fusion sought so much by Cézanne of space and the object. Widening fragmentation with the totality of the composition, then forsaking the question of volumes for those of plans, the artists destroy the concept of space containing, governed by the single point of view. In this logic, Picasso proceeds to the bursting of the homogeneity of the form in 1910 ( the Guitarist ). From now on, the pioneers represent the gasoline of the more reconcilable object with the flatness of space.
However, this abolition of traditional space poses a problem of legibility of the fabrics. The reason is not identifiable any more, the composition suffers from a certain space undulation: the Cubisme sinks in the Abstraction.
Attached to the realism, Directs introduced a nail illusionist into Broc and violin (1909), in order to anchor the composition in space. Picasso extends this technique to other objects (key, sets ablaze curtain…) who acquire the value of signs by allowing the identification of the fabrics ( the washstand , 1910). Dissatisfied, Directs and Picasso insert regularly between 1910 and 1911, of the letters, sometimes painted with the stencil key set. In 1911, Picasso integrates a pyramidal structure which puts a term at the space undulation, then tries of reintroduced the color with of Ripolin (painting of building). These innovations reveal with the artists the capacity of space cubist to integrate foreign elements. Extremely of this discovery, Picasso in 1912, introduced a piece of oil-cloth into the Still life in the caned chair and invents joining.
From now on, the pictorial illusion is destroyed, Braque in its turn, invents the stuck paper, by which space, the object and the color become autonomous. Autonomy which allows the reintroduction of the latter. In parallel in the assemblies and constructions; the object exists from now on fully in three dimensions, and according to the wish of Directs, is with the range of the spectator left the plane surface. It is the beginning of the synthetic Cubisme.
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