The République of Honduras is a country located in Central America, limited to north by the Caribbean Sea, which counts many islands, cayes and small islands of which most important are the Islas of Bahía and the Islands of the Stork (even english language version or Spanish for + of information). Honduras is also bordered in the east by the Nicaragua, in the west by the Guatemala and in the south by the Golf of Fonseca, the El Salvador and the Nicaragua.
See also: History of Honduras
Honduras was inhabited by people autochtones, one can quote Lencas, the Mayas, Chortis, Pech, Tolupans, etc Christophe Colomb arrived at Trujillo (Honduras) in 1502. He baptized this area Honduras , which means “depths” in Spanish. In 1821, Honduras proclaimed its independence and it formed part, of 1821 to 1823, the Mexican Empire of Iturbide. Then, until 1838, it belonged to the plain Provinces of Central America. In 1839, Honduras became a Sovereign state. The El Salvador briefly invades Honduras in July 1969 during the Guerre of football after a match of Football had exacerbated the tensions between the two countries. From 1972 to 1983, Honduras was controlled by soldiers. Carlos Roberto Flores Facusse became President about it the January 27th 1998.
See also: Political of Honduras
Honduras is a parliamentary République. The right to vote, obligatory, is imposed on all the citizens of more than 18 years.
The President has a 4 years mandate, he is at the same time the Head of the State and the chief of the government.
The legislative power is exerted only by only one Room. It counts 128 elected deputies every 4 years.
The right of Honduras is inspired of the Napoleonean code into force in Spain and is influenced by the legal system of the the United States. The judges have a 4 years mandate and are appointed by the deputies.
For a few years, the country has had to face the rise of violence, in particular implying minor Gang S of : a permanent interdepartmental Commission on the moral and physical integration of the children listed 744 murders of minors between 1998 and 2002.
See also: Subdivisions of Honduras, Departments of Honduras, List of the municipalities of Honduras
The country is divided, on the first level, in 18 departments: Atlántida, Choluteca, Colón, Comayagua, Copán, the Cortes, El Paraíso, Francisco Morazán, Gracias has Dios, Intibucá, Islas of Bahía, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Bárbara, Valle, Yoro.
The 18 departments themselves are subdivided in 288 municipalities.
See also: Geography of Honduras
Cerro Las Mined, high of 2870 m, is the culminating point. Among the natural resources, one finds the Or, the money, the Cuivre, the Plomb, the Zinc, the ores of Fer, the Antimoine and the coal. Honduras, thanks to its accesses to the sea, has an important activity of fishing.
The country is prone to the earthquakes, floods and hurricanes.
In extreme cases of the Caribbean basin, off the coasts of Honduras, the islands of the Bay (Utila, Roatan and Guanaja) are populated descendants of English pirates. British colonies, they were yielded to Honduras in 1859, without their inhabitants being consulted. Agglomerated the ones with the others, of the prosperous families of crab fishermen live on the coral reefs which border the coasts of the island of Guanaja. A manner for them of fleeing the mosquitos which infest the island. Consequence of an insulation maintained since of the generations, problems of Consanguinité arise among this population.
See also: Economy of Honduras
The economy was struck by the damage of the Mitch hurricane, which because death of approximately 5000 people and the losses of 3 billion dollars in 1998. In spite of the foreign aid of 2,76 billion dollars, the GDP decreased by 3%.
Agriculture accounts for 22% of the GDP. The coffee is one of the principal exported products (22% of exports in 1999). Honduras was the second larger exporter of bananas until in 1998.
The currency is the will lempira , divided into 100 centimes ( centavos ).
Honduras is a Flag of convenience.
See also: Demography of Honduras
Honduras counts approximately 6,2 million inhabitants. Approximately 90% of the population are Métis. The AIDS touches many people.
The growth of the population amounts to 2,52% and the Fertility rate, with 4,26 children per woman (2000).
See also: Culture of Honduras
The Catholic religion is the principal religion, but the Protestant religion progressed in the years 1990.
Spanish is the official language. The local variety uses the form your instead of tù. To horse enters South America and Mexico, Honduras, like several countries of Central America, mixes elements of these two influences. The Latin culture, of Mexico in Colombia, resembles a continuum, rather than with a whole of cultures closed on themselves.
- Official site of the presidency of Honduras
- Practical informations on Honduras
Beats-smg: Huondūrs Be-X-old: Гандурас Simple: Honduras Zh-min-nan: Honduras
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