see also: Etymology of Almanac
A almanac can be:
- a Calendar carrying éphémérides such as the Phases of the moon or the duration of the days;
- an annual publication containing of the various information, such as receipts of kitchen or tricks and easy ways. They were traditionally diffused by hawkers.
In ancient GreeceOne of the oldest known almanacs is Work and the Days , poem of Hésiode (eighth century BC), which is a treaty of navigation, agronomy and morals. It ends in a calendar of records days or harmful, perhaps apocryphal book.
Famous almanacs in French language15th century at the beginning of the 20th century, the almanacs were a very popular reading and appeared after the Bible among the most printed works and most read. Some comprised Pictogramme S in order to be able to be read in Rébus by the Analphabète S. In addition to the saints of the day and kindness of the seasons, one finds there various tales, facts and insane coincidences, historical telegrams, thought of good quality, delicacies of mouth, councils pot and horticultural, language of the flowers, remedies of ancestors and other knowledge traditional:
- Almanac of Liege (1626-)
- royal Almanac of France (1625-1869)
- States of France (1644-1789)
- Calendar of the Court of Brussels (1719-1794)
- Spectacles of Paris (1751-1797)
- Almanac of Gotha (1763-)
- Almanac of the Muses (1765-1833)
- Almanac of Paris (1772-)
- Almanac Vermot (1886-)
- the Large lame Messenger of Strasbourg
- The lame Messenger , French almanac (Basle and Vevey 1707-…)
In contemporary France
- Certains regional almanacs remains and humorous the Almanach Vermot , founded in 1886 by Joseph Vermot, is published each year.
- the almanac of Henri Gougaud.
- Flottes of combat is a directory counting the whole of the warships, published every two years.
- the newspaper Humanity published a long time (always publishes?) an annual almanac.
- the newspaper Actuel published almanacs for its periods of nonpublication.
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