Albertino Mussato (born in 1261 with Padoue, Venezia - died the May 31st 1329 with Chioggia) was a statesman and an Italian writer of the beginning of the 14th century, which was at the same time a poet, a historian and a chronicler padouan. Its writings make it regard as the restorer of the Latin letters.

The intellectual medium padovan of the XIII {{E}} and 14th centuries - particularly fertile - was at the point of meeting between the Scolastique and the Humanisme. With Geri d' Arezzo (v. 1270 - 1339), Benvenuto Campesani (1255 - 1323), Pietro d' Abano (1257 - v. 1315), Rolando da Piazzola (xxxx- 1324), Geremia da Montagnone (1255 - 1321), Lovato Lovati (1241 - 1309), its elder twenty years, of which he was the disciple, and some others, Albertino Mussato belongs so that one called the “ pre École Humanistic of Padoue ”, which announces Pétrarque.

Biography

Wire illegitimate of noble the Viviano del Musso, Albertino Mussato had to earn its living as copyist, while it made his studies with the Université of Padoue. He studied the right to become notary. He was adoubé in 1296 and, after being become member of the Council of Padoue, he took part in the communal government and defended communal freedoms against the claims of some big families. He tried without success to release Padoue of the domination of the Scaligeri and in particular of Cangrande della Scala. Notary of profession, Mussato, which occupied of important public office during its career, carried on also an activity of Diplomate to the service of his city. In 1302, it was sent as ambassador near the Pape Boniface VIII. In 1311, it belonged to a delegation of the Guelfe S of Padoue near the emperor Henri VII with Milan, and, during the long war between Padoue and Vicenza, it was often useful like negotiator between Padoue and the emperor.

Poet and civic author, one owes him in particular, in addition to many Latin poems, three historiographic works on Padoue and Walk trévisane. In December 1315, Mussato was rewarded for the unit for its work by the town of Padoue which devoted it prize winner in front of the Senate and the Université of Padoue. He was the first poet with being honoured with the kind.

Historian, Mussato wrote a chronicle of the actions carried out by Henri VII in Italy ( Historia Augusta Henrici VII Caesaris ), as well as a work on Italy after the death of the emperor Henri VII ( Of gestis Italicorum post Henricum VII Caesarem ), which is important sources for the history of the 14th century in Italy. It is in these important historical writings on the reign of Henri VII in Italy, that the pre-humanistic thought of Albertino Mussato appears particularly. In its Dictionary of Italian literature (1966), the professor Peter Bondanella considers that “this work represents an important advance towards the development of the humanistic historiography of the next century. ”

Albertino Mussato is also the author of a tragedy inspired by Sénèque, the Ecerinis , sinks table of tyranny that Ezzelino III da Romano subjected the town of Padoue of 1236 with 1259. Its work testifies so much to the communal crisis than of the revival of the eloquence and the ancient taste which appears then in the Italian communes. This part, which was represented in Padoue in 1315, is regarded as one of works heralding the Italian Humanisme.

According to a traditional opinion, Italian humanism starts with Pétrarque. But of the recent studies (Paul Oskar Kristeller, Roberto Weiss) estimate that it is necessary to include the writers known as “ pre-humanistic ” of the “ École of Padoue ” (i.e. Albertino Mussato, Geri d' Arezzo, Rolando da Piazzola, Lovato Lovati and some others) in the discussion on early humanism.

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