Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. , more known under the name of Al Gore , is a Politician and Businessman American born on March 31st, 1948 with Washington (the United States). He was member of the Chambre of the representatives of 1977 to 1985, senator of the Tennessee of 1985 to 1993 and vice-president of Bill Clinton of 1993 to 2001.
He was the candidate of the democratic party at the time of the presidential election of 2000. Although majority in voice and spite of the recourse and consecutive disputes to the counting of the voices in Florida in front of the Supreme court, it was beaten by the candidate of the Republican party, George Bush, majority of many Great Electors.
In 2007, he is Co-prize winner, with GIEC, of the Nobel Prize of peace for their efforts in order to set up and to diffuse a better comprehension of the climate change caused by the man, and to provide the foundations of the necessary measures to thwart such a change .
Al Gore was born on March 31st, 1948 with Washington. His/her father, Albert Arnold Gore Sr., was senator of the Tennessee of 1952 with 1970. He studies with the prestigious college St Albans before integrating Harvard, which he off leaves graduate in June 1969 with a Bachelor Art (equivalent of a license). Although opposed to the War of Vietnam, it engages in the army the August 7th of the same year to take part in it. It is sent to the Vietnam in 1971, after having undergone a military training of journalist. After its return, it becomes to defer to the Tennessean and follows studies of right in parallel.
Beginnings in policy (1976-1992)
It begins its political career in 1976, while being candidate with the Chambre of the representatives, in the fourth district of the Tennessee. It beats leaving it Stanley Rogers with the democratic primary educations and is elected without opponent for its first station with the Congress. He is re-elected without discontinuity in 1978, 1980 and 1982 with very comfortable advances. In 1984, it aspires to the post of Senator left free by the withdrawal of the chief of the majority to the Senate, the republican Howard Baker, and very largely beats its adversary Victor Ashe.
With the Room of the Representatives as to the Senate, Al Gore points out himself by his very pointed knowledge in the fields of defense, new technologies and the environment. Democrat elected in a State of the South, it is then relatively preserving on the security questions, while deciding for example against the right to the abortion.
In 1988, it is presented to the democratic primary educations. In spite of a beautiful performance at the time of the primary educations being held in the South, it is finally beaten by Michael Dukakis, which was itself demolishes with the presidential election by the outgoing Vice-president George H.W. Bush. In 1989, the very serious accident of car whose her six year old is victim son, Albert III, encourages it to take retreat compared to the policy. Thus, he refuses to present himself to the democratic primary educations of 1992. But it is selected like fellow candidate by the democratic candidate Bill Clinton the being held on July 9th, 1992 for the presidential election the same year. He is elected on November 3rd, 45 E Vice-Président of the the United States, and is re-elected in November 1996.
With the Vice-presidency, he is regarded by the historians as one of the most influential Vice-presidents and most active of the American History. One of the principal reforms due to Al Gore is that of the reform of the State ( National Performance Review ), which led to the simplification and the reduction of the administrative codes, like with the fight against the frauds within the federal administration.
Al Gore contributes also clearly to the adoption by the Chambre of the Representatives of the agreement of free trade on ALENA. At the time of a debate televised against Ross Perot in 1993, it convinces the opinion of the founded good of the agreement, and pushes the Representatives to approve the law by 234 votes against 200.
Al Gore also clearly allowed the development of Internet, by the means of programs in the schools and the libraries. Already, the Senate, it had allowed the creation of a research center on new technologies of information and the communication (NTIC).
Interested by the environment and its protection, it takes various measurements against the Climate warming, the reduction of the layer of ozone and deforestation, and, during the signature of the Traité of Kyoto, it decides for the signature of the treaty by the the United States.
The presidential election of 2000
In 1999, Al Gore is presented to the presidential election. After having easily beaten its democratic main adversary Bill Bradley (old star of the Basketball and Senator of the New Jersey) at the time of the primary educations, it is outdistanced in the surveys by its republican opponent George W. Bush, whereas all predicted an easy victory to him. The choice like fellow candidate of Joseph Lieberman at the Democratic Convention of Los Angeles and a campaign directed on the left gives it in the race.
November 7th, 2000, Al Gore obtains: 550000 votes moreover than its adversary at the national level, but the system of the Great Electors returns the Florida essential to the victory of one of the two candidates. Bush, whose brother Jeb is governor of the State, there obtains: 2700 votes in advance on Gore. After more than one month of dubious calculations, the Supreme court of the United States orders the stop of the checks, deciding in fact of the election of George W. Bush to the presidency, this one officially obtaining 537 bulletins moreover than its adversary, on a total of 6 million. In 2001 and 2002, two new recount financed by the large American newspapers show that the results differ according to the methods of recounts employed allowing Bush is to carry it with a margin going until: 3000 votes in advance are to lose by 3 votes against Al Gore.
Since 2000: a very active militant
With counter-current in the United StatesAfter having supported George W. Bush after the Attacks of September 11th, 2001, Al Gore very quickly takes his distances with the republican administration. Thus, in November 2002, he declares his opposition to the war in Iraq, whereas all the democratic leaders support this project or keep silence. In the same way, he is opposed to the economic policy of President Bush, and denounces the losses of liberty contained in the Patriot Act .
In December 2002, he announces that he will not be candidate against George W. Bush on November 2nd, 2004, in spite of the surveys placing it in good position for the democratic primary educations. But it conducts however campaign for Howard Dean at the time of the primary educations, then for John Kerry, the democratic candidate.
Al Gore is today the president and one of the cofounders of the televised chain American Current, launched on August 1st, 2005 and intended for a young public and Net surfer. It belongs to the steering committee of Apple, and is useful like advising semi-official with the Internet search engine Google.
He stated in July 2005 not to be tried by a new candidature for an elective station, and in an interview given to the magazine Time in August of the same year, Al Gore announced that the probability that he presents himself to the American presidential election of 2008 was " very near to zéro". In September 2006, he declares I do not intend to be candidate with presidential but I do not exclude it .
Nobel Prize of Peace 2007Always worried by the ecological questions, he is the actor and the speaker of documentary carried out by David Guggenheim, An Disadvantage Truth (a truth which disturbs). Presented to the Festival of film of Sundance and to the Cannes festival of 2006, this film shows the dramatic effects of the Climate warming on the planet Ground. It meets a great public success in the United States during the summer 2006.
This film left in the French rooms on October 11th, 2006, day that Al Gore chose to come to present it to Paris. February 25th, 2007, the film is rewarded by two Oscars: Oscar of the best documentary film and Oscar of the best original song. In a recent judgment (October 2007), an English judge recognizes that this film represents the scientific consensus on the subject, as described in the reports/ratios of the GIEC, even if it indicates 9 “errors” contained in film.
Its activity in favor of the fight against climate warming is worth the to him Nobel Prize of peace in 2007. It will pour " 100%" amount of its price to the ACP STATE (Alliance for Climate Protection).
It was criticized in certain preserving catholic mediums to have supported the war in Serbia, non-intervention in Rwanda and the policies of abortion and contraception of the United States in the third world.
Its work in '' Earth in Balance: Ecology and Human Spirit '' (“To save the planet Ground: ecology and the Human Spirit”), published in 1992, are a plea in favor of an awakening on the governmental level of the world ecological problems. He is a great success in the United States and becomes even a best-seller in Germany and in the United Kingdom with respectively 2,5 and 1,5 million sold specimens.
In 1995, Al Gore publishes in '' Common Sense Government: Works better and costs less '' (For a responsible government: function better and costs less). It is a work which defines the broad outlines of the programme of restoration of the State launched by Bill Clinton and entrusted to her vice-president.
When I was with the Congress of the United States, I took the initiative in the creation of the Internet.
- Urgency planet Ground, () , delivers published in 1992; republished since.
- a truth which disturbs, documentary film (carried out in 2005).
- Live Earth () , series in simultaneous concerts on July 7th, 2007
- Official site
- Maintenance about global warming
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