Akihito (明仁) is the personal name of the current emperor of the Japan. Fifth child and oldest son of the emperor Shōwa ( Hirohito ) and of the empress Kojun ( Nagako Kuni ), it was born the December 23rd 1933. He is also the first cousin of the princess Bangja, the last princess heiress of Korea. Separated from his parents at the 3 years age, it receives the title of prince Tsugu (継宮 Tsugu No miya ). He is educated by private tutors, and follows 1940 to 1952 the courses of the university Gakushuin to Tokyo. During the bombardment of Tokyo in March 1945, it is evacuated city in company of his/her brother puîné the prince Masahito (which carries from now on the title of prince Hitachi). Under the American occupation which follows the Second world war, prince Akihito follows English courses with Elizabeth Gray Vining. He briefly studies at the department of political science of the Gakushuin university, in Tokyo, although he never received diplomas. Thereafter he becomes an amateur lit in Ichtyologie and publishes on the Gobiidae.
He is established crown prince (立太子の礼 Rit' taishi No Rei ) with the imperial palace (Kokyo) the November 10th 1951. In June 1953, prince Akihito represents Japan with the crowning of Elisabeth II, queen of the the United Kingdom. The April 10th 1959, it marries Shoda Michiko (born the October 24th 1934), oldest daughter of Shoda Hidesaburo, chair the company Nisshin. It is the first commoner to marry a family member imperial. The couple goes in official visit in 47 prefectures of Japan and more than 80 countries.
EmperorDied of the emperor Shōwa, the January 7th 1989, Akihito succeeds to him on the throne, and a new era is immediately proclaimed: Heisei (the Achievement of Peace). According to the Japanese use, the emperor does not bear a name during his reign and is usually appointed by the term Kinjō Tennō , that is to say the current emperor . The name under which it will be indicated after its death is however known at the beginning of its reign, since it is the name even of the era coinciding with its reign: Heisei Tennō . In Occident however spread the use to name the emperor by his simple first name, Akihito, following the example European monarchs, but this practice is regarded in Japan as a lack of respect with the emperor.
In 1998, during an official visit in the United Kingdom, the emperor was invested Order of the Garter.
In spite of the constraints imposed by the Constitution of Japan on the position of emperor, Akihito formulated several broad excuses with the China (in April 1989) and the Korea for the sufferings endured during the Japanese occupation.
Since his establishment, the emperor made efforts to bring the imperial Family closer to the Japanese people. Thus, the couple visited all 47 prefecture of the Japanese archipelago.
The emperor and the empress have three children, the crown prince Naruhito (titrated “prince Hiro” (Hiro No Miya) ; born the February 23rd 1960), prince Fumihito (titrated “prince Akishino” (Akishino No Miya) ; born the November 11th 1965) and the princess Sayako (in the past titrated before its marriage “Nori princess” (Nori No miya) , today Mrs. Kuroda Sayako; born the April 18th 1969).
In December 2002, it was revealed that the emperor was reached of a cancer of the prostate.
In June 2005, the emperor visited the territory of Saipan, the site of one of the most important battle of IIe world war (from June 15th to July 9th, 1944). Accompanied by the Michiko empress, he requested and offered flowers to several mémorials to honor Japanese died in the war, the American soldiers, Korean forced to fight for the local Japan and inhabitants. It is the first voyage of a Japanese monarch on the spot of a battle of the 2nd world war.
September 6th, 2006, the emperor celebrated the birth of its first grandson. The new born one is the first male born within the imperial family since the birth of his/her father, prince Akishino in 1965. The births of girls are numerous in the imperial family, but under the terms of the rules of imperial succession, the women do not have the right to go up on the throne, nor to transmit this right to their descendants.
- List of the current leaders
Beats-smg: Imperatourios Akėhėto Simple: Akihito Zh-classical: 明仁 Zh-yue: 明仁
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