Ain Me lila
Ain Me lila (in Arab rear RTL عينمليلة) is a Commune of Algeria, located in the Wilaya d' Oum-El-Bouaghi.
GeographyCity of the east Algeria N, to 450 km in the south-east of the Algiers capital, and to 49 km in the south of Constantine, 70 km in the north of Batna, it is one will daïra (sub-prefecture) of the wilaya of Oum-El-Bouaghi, a country city surrounded by mountains as Djebel Guerioun in the east and Djebel Fartas in north east, Nif Enser (the nozzle of the eagle in the western south, djebel MIMEL IN WESTERN NORTH which belong to the mounts of Aurès (AWRES OF the ROMANS) in the shape of basin between these four mountains marshy areas, and water mouthful before colonization and during Turkish period. Its inhabitants the seguenias and the zmouls were the oldest first and which populated this region and which extends to north to the borders from the commune from the khroub in the wilaya from Constantine, in the south to AIN yacout (source of diamond) in the west to the tribe of the telghermtias connects or faction of the large tribe of Abd In Nour horse-breakers and highly skilled riders of famous the cavalry Numide de Massinissa the founder of Cirta (Constantine) and first King de Numidie (Algeria current).
AnthropologyVestiges antique in Sila; dolmens, and old tombs with the place says El Djahli to the current site of the commune of OULED GACEM between the master key located between Waxed and Guerioun.Ruines Romans with the bORDJ on the grounds of Khelifi on the road of Constantine.
Turkish presence 1515-1830No Turkish vestige if not an administrative authority muscular and forced via Caids all resulting from the tribe of Zmouls on the remainder of the inhabitants who are the seguenias which extends to the borders from Haractas in the East in the Jusq' West in Telghemtis in the South in Ouled Sellem
Presence Frenchwoman 1830-1962It is only on arrival of the French and after the catch of Constantine which of Place Known as known by its only Wadis which are Fesguia and Fourchi (59 km of Constantine) about the years 1840 which was built the caravanserai of Ain melilah, and the first arrivals of the colonists and simple stop of diligence it started to appear and to take importance from its strategic position between North and the South and Is and the West. Caravanserai on the road of Batna, Biskra, it had are first telegraph in 1851, and of hamlet it became a large village which increased year by year so that at the time of the visit of Napoleon III at the time of second visit in Algeria (IN 1863-64) it stopped and was accepted there in large pump by his inhabitants in a fiesta by his three tribes as brought back by the colonial press of the time and the report/ratio of the visit of the emperor by the French historians. Of center of colonization it was set up in mixed commune in 1874 at the time of the census of 1876 the village counted 135 Europeans and the suburbs 1365 natives, it had a post office and a gendarmerie squad, it had neither school yet nor church. Primarily agricultural the said place, then caravanserai, of an strategic importance and having the gasoline even life with knowing the water it started to increase with the passing of years to become a large borough gone of the seguenias and zmouls the first components of its population has which were added the colonists and the indigenous workers come from others countered pushed by the various famines and the drynesses which prevailed during these first years of colonization. It is an agricultural small village with its strategic site between the road main roads true center and not of required passage of all between the east and the center of north to the south and defect and poured from its position it knew an extraordinary mixing of population so that its population of origin to knowing the SEGUNIAS AND the ZMOULS were submerged by ethnicities come from various horizons of Algeria and following the sénatusconsultes from 1863,1871,1888 with the Crémieux decree which released the Jews which had a statute of dhami i.e. second-class citizens with the extension of colonization towards the south and me zab the latter profiting from the advantages of the treaty signed with the French invaders they were the Algerian first autochtones to profit from the purchase of the grounds of the license to trade and the exemption of the military service, just as the kabyles which were never subjected to the constraining laws (achour and zakat drudgeries and others) which were applied to the west and especially in the province of Constantine i.e. to Chaouias and other Arabic; as for the mozabites and kabyles they kept to them kanoun respective. They were never subjected to the new colonial laws nor, later, with the famous CODE OF the INDIGENAT O HOW MUCH degrading.
SportsIts football club is named).
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