“ most beautiful of the cities mortals ”, it is in these terms that Pindare presents in its Olympic Agrigente of V century before J. - C. Founded in 582 av. J. - C. on the southernmost coast of Sicily by Greek come from the city close to Géla, the city is essential very quickly like one of the most brilliant colonies and most prosperous of the Hellenic Occident. Rich person of the resources of his agricultural plain and the incomes which its Mediterranean big business ensured to him, Agrigente has in the middle of V century more temples than there is not on the Athenian acropolis. She will see at that time being born the philosopher Empédocle whose Renan could say that he was “ one of the extraordinary geniuses of presocratic Greek philosophy, one of truths founders of the science and the mechanical exploitation of the universe ”. Destruction perpetrated by the Carthaginian at the time of the bag of 406 av. J. - C. ruin the city but this one will ressuscitera on the initiative of Timoléon of Syracuse and will know a new prosperity with the favor of the Roman peace. In addition to the ruins of the large sanctuary of Olympian Zeus - largest of Greek Antiquity after the Artémision d' Ephèse and the Didyméion de Milet - the Valley of the Temples still offers in comparison with the visitors the imposing remainders of those of Héraclès, of Junon, the Dioscure S and the Concorde. On the hill of Girgenti, the church Santa Maria dei Greci itself is built on the ruins of a temple of Athéna and the church San Biagio on those of a sanctuary of Déméter.
HistoryAkragas , the ancient name of Agrigente, was founded into 582 before J. - C. by the city of Géla (it even Greek colony rested by Rhodos and the crétois), on the site of the current city. The city knows a geographical expansion at the VI century before J. - C. under the direction of the tyrants. The first was called Phalaris and the apogee arrives with Théron, victorious of the Carthaginois to the battle of Himère into -480. The city is embellished thanks to the labor captured at the time of this battle. The valley of the temples is surrounded by a wall of 12 km. Agrigente grows rich in the trade by the wine and oil, in particular with Carthage.
- -406 : Hannibal besieges Agrigente: it prohibits the raising of the ramparts, destroyed the temple of Athéna and massacres part of the inhabitants.
- -339 : the Carthaginians are overcome: Timoléon recontruit wall and the city. During the First Punic War (-264/-241), Agrigente was taken by the Romans in -262.
- -211 : the city falls definitively into the bosom from Rome. Prosperity and expansion
- 828: the Arabs take the city then give up it. They rename it Kerkent or Gergent .
The archaeological zone
See also: Valley of the Temples
Temple of the Harmony, of doric style, was high into -430. It was converted into basilica in 579. At the 6th century, the Gregoire bishop lived there in Ermite.
- Temple of Héra (Junon), Ve century before J. - C.
- Temple of Beaver and Pollux or the Dioscures
- Necropolis paléochrétienne
- Temple of Héraclès (Hercules), Life century before J. - C.
- Furnace bridge of the sacrifices
- Temple of Zeus (Jupiter) Olympian built to celebrate the victory of Himère into -480. It is one of largest Greek world (113 meters out of 56 meters).
- Many Museum S, of which the archaeological museum which has the result of the excavations. Collections of objects out of terra cotta, and especially of beautiful craters.
- Church San Lorenzo
- Monastery San Spirito
- Museo Civico
- Piazza Pirandello
- Santa Maria dei Greci (12th century)
- Luigi Pirandello
Communes borderingAragona, Cattolica Eraclea, Favara, Joppolo Giancaxio, Montallegro, Naro, Palma di Montechiaro, Oporto Empedocle, Raffadali, Realmonte, Sant' Angelo Muxaro, Siculiana
- List of the Italian cities of more than 25.000 inhabitants
- Welcome in the Valley of the Temples. The French-speaking site on Valléee of the Temples and Agrigento
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