A aerodrome is a surface (on ground or water) intended to be used (entirely or partly) for the arrival, the departure of the Aéronef S and for their evolutions.
General informationAn aerodrome includes/understands possibly buildings, installations and materials:
- the Control tower or the Watchtower
- the track
- the Taxiway
- the Surface with signals
- the Air intake
- the Beacon S
- the Apron (of parking)
A Aéroport is the whole of the buildings and the installations necessary to the air traffic of a city or an area. An airport is an aerodrome on which there exists an marketing activity, like the sale of plane ticket.
IdentificationThe aerodromes are identified by codes according to two standards:
- the Code AITA of the International association of air transport which allots a to them single code with three letters
- the Code ICAO of the International Civil Aviation Organization which allots a to them single code with four letters
For example, the Aérodrome Charles de Gaulle will be identified by code IATA “CDG” and by code “LFPG” according to standard ICAO.
TracksThe tracks are the surfaces reserved on takeoff and with the landing of the Avion S. They are generally bleaches on grass some, out of bitumen or Béton.
The tracks of an aerodrome are identified by their number. These numbers are selected by taking their orientation compared to the magnetic north in degrees which one divides by 10 and which one rounds with the integer nearest. For example, track 26 in Orly is directed with 256° compared to the magnetic north. Track 08 is consequently made up surface but taken in the other direction - directed obviously with 076°.
When an aerodrome has 2 parallel tracks, with each number one associates a letter according to his position: L for left, R for right-hand side. For example to Toussus-the-Noble, the track 07L corresponds to the track 25R, the 07R track corresponds to the track 25L. They parallel and are directed with the course 074° in a direction and 254° in the other.
The tracks for light planes in general make 600 to 1000 m length for 25 to 45 m broad. Those of the large airports with an important traffic of airliners are about 3000 m length for 60 m broad.
See also: Control of the air traffic
There are two types of aerodromes: controlled and not controlled.
- Aeronautical Airport
- All French aerodromes and those accessible in instrument flying
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