Adjudant is a military Grade existing in many armies.
BelgiumIn the components terrestrial, air and medical of the Belgian army, the rank of adjudant is highest of the hierarchy of the warrant officers of elite. There exist also ranks of regimental sergeant majors and executive officer, who form the hierarchy of the higher warrant officers. The badge of rank of the adjudants is, in the terrestrial component, five rafters underlined by a star with six branches, and for the other components, one gallon white of type “alpha”.
Rank of higher warrant officer (Warrant Officer) between Sergeant and Adjudant-Master. He represents the most rank which a soldier can obtain by the ways standards because the following ranks (Adjudant-Master and Adjudant-chef) are special nominations which are evaluated by the service of promotions. One meets some that little because much can pass a whole career without reaching this rank. Only the most exceptional Sergent S obtain this rank.
The rank of adjudant is created in 1776, as the highest rank of the Sous-officier S. the role of the adjudant is then to help the Major, officer of the rank of major dealing with the administration of the regiment. The adjudant thus does not have command; with fire it with the load of logistics and transmissions. It notes and regulates also the advance of the warrant officers. Although warrant officer, his badge of rank is a shoulder pad, as for the officers. Thereafter there was an adjudant by company to shoulder the Capitaine S.
Many ranks and military functions, disappeared today, were formed on the term “adjudant”. All were, at least at the origin, of the functions related to administration:
- general Adjudant , become adjudant-commander in 1800: officer of rank higher than that of Colonel which exerted administrative offices or of staff in the divisions of the army.
- Adjudant of place : officer replacing the Major in his role of manager of the deposit of the regiment
- Executive officer : function created in 1790. Allotted to a captain who must deal with the administrative details, instruction of the non-commissioned officers and discipline of sound Bataillon.
Nowadays, the rank of adjudant is the higher third of the hierarchy of the warrant officers, after those of Adjudant-chef and Major. Its badge of rank is one gallon cut of a red soutache, opposite gallon of color to that of the buttons and badge of weapon. To recognize an adjudant of a chief warrant officer, it is also necessary to take into account the color of the escutcheon of the weapon associated or that with the buttons of uniform. If both are same color, it is a chief warrant officer; if the colors are " panachées" , it is an adjudant.
In the weapon armor-cavalry, by tradition, without that not having regulatory character, one calls the adjudant " My lieutenant". One makes go up this habit with the Bataille of Austerlitz, during which a group, led by an adjudant, only framework survivor, behaved brilliantly during a load. Napoleon, observing the scene would then have asked: " But which is thus this so valiant lieutenant? " It was answered him that it was only one adjudant, it would then have retorted: “From now on, they will be called lieutenant”. From this episode would have been born the habit to call the adjudants - and by extension, the regimental sergeant majors " My lieutenant".
The adjudant is in general section head or assistant of a lieutenant
LuxembourgThe ranks of adjudant, regimental sergeant major and of executive officer are highest of the hierarchy of the warrant officers. Their badge of rank is respectively three constant rafters of a bar, three constant rafters of two bars and three constant rafters of two bars and a rhombus. The oldest executive officer of the army takes the title of executive officer of the staff of the army.
NetherlandsThe rank of adjudant (the word is the same one in Dutch) is highest of the hierarchy of the warrant officers. In the Vloot (Navy) it carries one gallon mean of type “alpha”; in the Landmacht (Army) a gilded button and in the Luchtmacht (Air force) one gallon mean.
SwitzerlandThe adjudant is a higher warrant officer. They are divided into four ranks (by order ascending):
1. Adjudant warrant officer: logistic section head
2. Adjudant of staff: helps of command on the level of a Bataillon
3. Executive officer: helps of command on the level of a Brigade
4. Regimental sergeant major: helps of command on the level of a territorial area
The warrant officers of career are carrying one of these four ranks of adjudant.
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