A address book is a notebook or a Database in which its user notes the necessary informations to contact the people that he attends.
For each one of these people, one indicates usually some standard information which makes it possible to associate its Identité (name and Prénom) with a means of contacting it (addresses, Phone number fixes or mobile, number of fax, Email address) at the same time in the professional framework (within the Entreprise which employs it) and/or personnel.
For the majority of the address books, one classifies the names of the contacts by Alphabetical order.
Physical notebookThe address book exists in the form of accessories of Papeterie. There exists under various formats, seldom higher than the Format A4 and often in pocket format.
Computer toolsIn Data-processing, the address book also exists in electronic form. One nominates by the term of “contact” a person registered on the notebook.
With Microsoft Outlook
.pab (Personal Address Book) is the extension of the files containing the address books. It is a format of file companion of .pst, only means of stoquer of the personal mailing lists until Outlook 98; it is functionally integrated in the file .pst (groups of diffusion in the repertory “Contacts”) and is depreciated (but still in service) starting from the version Outlook 2000.
- .oab (Offline Address Book) is the file stoquant the address book of Exchange Server for off-line an use.
With Mozilla Thunderbird
.mab is the extension of the files which contain the address books in Mozilla Thunderbird. By defect, these files are called history.mab (collected addresses), abook.mab (personal addresses), abook-1.mab, abook-2.mab, abook-3.mab, etc (address books created by order of creation), imp.mab (address books exported or imported via the protocol LDIF).
It is possible to re-elect the address books abook-x.mab, so that their names correspond in the name of the notebook in thunderbird. However, it is necessary to modify the corresponding lines in the file Prefs.js of the profile transport of the user.
The people and their entity of membership (Undertaken S, but also Public administrations) are Information S key in the Réseautage of businesses.
In the Office automation software like those of Microsoft, the address book can be connected to the properties of the electronic Documents (order file/properties). One can then have, if these fields are indicated, information such as the title, the subject, the author, the person in charge, the company, of the key words, the repertory Web. These Donnée S is in fact of the Métadonnée S, i.e. Donnée S on the data (i.e which give access to the body of the document).
The main actors of the E-business were interested of close with this information and the manner of standardizing them in the Computing systems. The recommended language is XML. It makes it possible to make circulate the elements of data, and in particular the Métadonnée S present in the electronic Documents and the Web pages (in the form of elements meta), while conforming to a complex and iterative process of validation (see DSDL).
The specifications of E-business appeared at the beginning of the Années 2000 (EbXML and UDDI) describe this information with many details. Information " contact" belongs to the element " businessEntity" (entity of businesses).
See: businessEntity in the Register of directory UDDI
Standard of data UDDI
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