This article relates to the area of Canada. For the other uses, to see Acadie (homonymy)
The Acadie is the name of one of the old colonies of France in North America, close to the News-France. The territory is more or less yielded to the Great Britain during the signature of the Traité of Utrecht in 1713, then returned to the France in 1732 by the Traité Saint-Germain-in-Bush hammer, before being begun again by the English in 1755, which the treated of Paris confirmed in 1763. Since, this name forever indicated an official administrative territory in Canada.
Today, the wide territory which could have borne this name would correspond to that occupied by three Seaboard provinces of the Canada (Nova Scotia including the Île of Cape-Breton the, New Brunswick and Island-of-Prince-Edouard) like at part of the Quebec (southern of the peninsula Gaspésie, Îles-de-la-Madeleine) and coast of the state of Maine to the the United States.
To note that current the Island-of-Prince-Edouard and Île of Cape-Breton the was managed like separate French colonies, under the respective names of the island Midsummer's Day and theRoyal one, and were attached to the cultural entity of Acadie only after 1755.
Also let us note that the nation Acadien does not have a monument in the town of Quebec, in its honor, to recall its important contribution to the Quebec: a very great number of Inhabitants of Quebec, without always the knowledge, count among their ancestors of Acadian come to settle in Quebec after 1755.
Origin of the name
The origin of the name Acadie is dubious. The term would have been used for the first time in 1524 by the explorer with the service of the France Giovanni da Verrazano in the form of Arcadie, evoking the area of the Greek Peloponnese which represents an idyllic place for the poets. Another assumption wants that the name Acadie comes from the intrigue algatig and indicates a “place of camping”, or which it comes from the word quoddy meaning “fertile place” in the language of the Malécites.
See also: History of Acadie
The Histoire of Acadie is spread over one period going of its exploration by Giovanni da Verrazano in 1524 until the final transfer of the territory which passes to the British in 1763. The Déportation of Acadian the of 1755 is a major episode of the acadian history.
National company of Acadie
The National company of Acadie is the government of Acadian created in 1881 at the first acadian convention of Memramcook. It has as a main aim the promotion of Acadie.
Flag and national festival
The first of the symbols of Acadie which was selected is the national festival. It is with the first national convention which took place with Memramcook that the acadian elites had the mandate to choose the date of this festival. The choice of the date generated a debate among the executive of convention. On a side, the ones preached on June 24th, day of the St-Jean-Baptist (the festival of the Canadian-French at the time and the national festival of Quebec today). Other dimensioned, one recommended the adoption of the festival on August 15th, day of the Assomption. The arguments which evoked the pro June 24th were:
the Acadian ones are also of the Canadian-French and by adopting another national festival, one would separate from this idendity.
- on August 15th would be during harvests.
On the other hand the pro August 15th affirmed:
Acadie is a distinct nation and must adopt its own national festival
- on June 24th would be during the seeds
- the August 15th is the day of the assumption, celebrates catholic of the Virgin Mary. Acadie is, during this period, very traditionalist and guard the values of old France, that of the pre-revolution, which had been dedicated during the 17th century to the Virgin Mary.
- the adoption of a national festival distinct from that of Canada-French would not damage the bonds which exist between the two people.
In short, it is the August 15th which was selected.
The Tricolor blue-white-red (Flag of Acadie), suggested by the priest Marcel-François Richard, was selected on August 15th, 1884 at the second national convention of Acadie with Miscouche. Monseigneur Richard chooses this flag in remembering the French origins of the acadian people and in homage to his founding fathers. A gilded star or " stella maris" , the starfish, was added to its blue part. This star of papal color guides the people like the sailors and its faith roman catholic recalls some. She is also the symbol of the Virgin, Notre-Dame of the Assumption, sponsors and protective of Acadie. One sees that Acadie used religious symbols then to unify the Acadian ones.
The acadian culture as such is diversified, but certainly unified on the same symbol, the acadian Drapeau.
Among the most important things, we can quote the Tintamarre, which is in fact one of the characteristics of the acadian pride.
The Aboiteau is an important symbol of Acadie; it represents the particular technique which used the Acadian ones to make agriculture.
See also: French acadian
One distinguishes the acadian French from the Chiac, spoken in particular in Moncton, where mix with the words and English turnings. One also distinguishes it from another kind of acadian accent named the “brayon” which is spoken in the North-West about New Brunswick.
Herménégilde Chiasson, author of eight books. It received twice the Prix France-Acadie and it became thereafter Lieutenant-governor of New Brunswick.
Clarence Edgar Comeau, poet and acadian playwright, born in Néguac (New Brunswick) and currently lives in Montreal. Between loves and silences, first collection of poems published to the Editions of Acadie in 1980, preceded price France Acadie 1981.
Antonine Mallet, author of more than one about thirty novels, tales and plays, prize winner of the Price Goncourt 1979 for its famous novel " Pelagie-the-Charrette".
Marie-Dove Robichaud, écrivaine and narrator, Editions of Piqine, Nova Scotia
Acadian singers, musicians and groups
- Frank Wood
- Angele Arsenault
- Mathieu D' Astout
- Andre Aucoin
- Livain Benoit
- Pierre Blanchard
- Danny Boudreau
- Lina Boudreau
- Jean-François Breau
- Beausoleil Broussard
- Pretty Wood
- Edith Butler
- Bruce Daigrepont
- Julie Doiron
- Etienne Deschênes
- Calixte Duguay
- Dominique Dupuis
- Janelle Dupuis
- Paul Dwayne
- Joseph Edgar
- Gallant Lennie
- the Great Disturbance
- Jacobus and Maleco
- Carolyne Jomphe
- Donat Lacroix
- Wilfred Bouthillier
- Hert Leblanc
- JP Leblanc
- Daniel Légère
- Michele Losier
- Bernard Mallet
- the Malicious Mackerels
- Musica Mundi
- Ode in Pagan Acadie
- Eustace Paulin
- Pierre Robichaud
- Cindy Roy
- Denis Richard
- Zachary Richard
- Isabelle Roy
- Natasha Saint-Pier
- Marie-Jo Thério
- Michel Thériault
- Roch Neighbor
- Tymeux of the Bay
- Transfered the
- Annie Savoy
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