Abu Marwan Abd Al-Malik
See also: Abd Al-Malik
This one sought to draw aside the Turkish ally which enabled him to settle with the capacity, because it understands that the sultan of Constantinople constitutes the principal threat for Moroccan Independence, otherwise dangerous that of Spain of Philippe II, forced to disperse its efforts of Italy to the Netherlands.
Abd el-Malik, uncle of the emir saadien Mohammed el-Mottouakil, taken refuge to Constantinople, directs a forwarding against Morocco with the assistance of the Turks. El-Mottaouakkil is beaten and takes refuge in Spain.
Abd el-Malik organizes Morocco which it equips with a powerful army. It enters in connection with the France, the England and the Spain. The friendly relations which it ties with Philippe II of Spain oblige El-Mottouakil to gain the Portugal, of which it convinces king Sebastien to invade Morocco.
Don Sebastien of Portugal unloads with Tangier and Asilah, but the troops of Abd el-Malik are victorious with the battle of the wadi el-Makhazin, also called battles of Ksar to el-Kébir (Bataille of the Three Kings). Indeed, three sovereign die during the combat. Gift Sebastien and El-Mottouakil are drowned, and Abd el-Malik dies of disease. His/her brother Ahmed Al-Mansur Saadi is proclaimed sultan on the battle field. He takes the Al-Mansur name (the victorious one) and founds the dynasty Saadien which does not reach its apogee under its reign. He makes reign the order with an army of mercenaries (renegade, Turks…).
the victory of the El-Makhazin wadi increases the prestige of the Morocco and enriches its sovereign, who seized important spoils and which receive many ransoms in exchange of the freedom of the prisoners of war Portuguese. Al-Mansur also draws from the incomes of the race by supporting the corsairs of Salé and Rabat. Commercial exchanges take place with the Spain, the England, the Ottoman Empire and to a lesser extent, with the France.
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