Abidjan is the economic capital of the Ivory Coast (whose administrative capital is Yamoussoukro) and the most populated city West Africa Francophone. It counts, according to the authorities of the country, in 2006: 5068858 inhabitants for the agglomeration, and: 3796677 inhabitants for the city. Only Lagos, the old capital (Anglophone) of the Nigeria exceeds it of many inhabitants in this area. Regarded as the cultural crossroads Western African African even , Abidjan east in perpetual growth characterized by a strong industrialization and strong a Urbanization.
See also: Amorce=Voir also, Geography of the Ivory Coast
The agglomeration of Abidjan is located at the Southern Ivory Coast, at the edge of the Golfe of Guinea and is included/understood between the latitudes 5°00' and 5°30' NR and longitudes 3°50' and 4°10' W. It extends on a surface from 57.735 ha.
It represents, as the crow flies, an extent of a dozen kilometers of north in the south and of ten is in west. This surface still contains small islands, increasingly rare, or reigns a provided vegetation.
The city enjoys a climate of the type subequatorial, hot and wet, which comprises a great rain season (May-June - July), a small rain season (September-November) and two dry seasons.
HydrographyThe Précipitation S are abundant there: approximately 2 meters of water per annum. Monthly precipitations vary between 26 mm in January and 610 mm in June and the temperature are there quasi-constamment of approximately 27 Celcius degrees. The degree of Hygrométrie is there of 80%.
- Abobo : the commune primarily consists of popular habitat. She for a long time plays the part of refuge for the migrants having weak financial means. This district spontaneously developed around the station.
- Adjamé : Although small by its surface, this commune is very important for the economy of the Ivory Coast considering the number of marketing activities which proceed there. Unfortunately, Adjamé knows serious problems of insalubrity. The village Ebrié existed before Abidjan. Its market is the kingdom of the shops in any kind and its coach station is the principal crossroads of the lines of buses which irrigate all the country as well as the adjoining countries.
- Yopougon : It is the most populated commune of Abidjan. It shelters industrial and residential parks. The research station of ORSTOM, the Institute Pasteur as well as a CHU are installed there.
- the Plate: It is the center of the businesses whose large buildings give a very modern aspect to Abidjan. Although the administrative capital of the Ivory Coast was officially transferred to Yamoussoukro in 1983, the institutions of the republic such as the presidency and the National Assembly are still with the Plate. It is in fact the administrative, commercial center and financier of the Ivory Coast.
- Attécoubé : The Forest of the Bank value, classified like national park, is on the territory of this commune. Currently, the gigantic commercial complex built there, undoubtedly largest of Abidjan.
- Cocody . Considered for its residential districts (ex: 2-plates, Riviera), Cocody contains also the university of the same name (Université of Cocody - public corporation) like some private universities. The house of television (RTI) is in Cocody. It should be noted that the President of the Republic resides in this commune. Cocody is also the district of the Ambassade S.
Koumassi : it has an important industrial park.
- Marcory : this commune is primarily a residential zone.
- Port-Bouët: One finds there the refinery (Société Of the Ivory Coast of Refining SIR) and the International airport Felix Houphouët-Boigny. Y is also installed an office of IRD, the center of Small-Bassam . Its famous Phare sweeps the Golfe of Guinea on several nauticals mile.
- Vridi : it is the district of the beaches very attended each weekend, although the ocean is very aggressive there, because of the phenomenon of the " barre" who hardly authorizes to move away from the shore, phenomenon very widespread all along the Golfe of Guinea. From 1950, Vridi became the principal zone of uses of Abidjan because of the multiplication of factories and warehouses.
- Treichville : it shelters the port authority of Abidjan as well as many trade. The port area is also an industrial park. One also finds there the swimming pool of State de Treichville (FART), the General sports Palate of Treichville, the Palate of the culture, the street 12 , the Hippodrome of Abidjan…
- Île Boulay.
Limits of the cityThe principal cities close to Abidjan are Large-Lahou Jacqueville, and Dabou in the west, Tiassalé, Agboville, Adzopé and Alépé in north, Large-Bassam in the east.
See also: History of the Ivory Coast
Abidjan knew in one half-century, an impressive growth and a development which merge with the history of the expansion of the Ivory Coast.
Origin of the name
According to the Oral tradition ébrié reported in the encyclopedic Dictionary of the Ivory Coast , the name of Abidjan, Abijean at the time, would have been born from a Quiproquo. The Légende tells that an old returning man of its field, the arms charged with branches probably intended for the repair of the roof of his Case, met on his way a European Explorateur in perdition which required the name of the village nearest of him. The old man not speaking the Langue about the white man believed to understand that this one required what it did in these places. Terrorized by this unexpected meeting, he flees while shouting: “tchan me bidjan”, which means in language ébrié: “I have just cut sheets”. The white man believed to have had the answer to his question and consigned conscientiously on his block-note Abidjan .
Colonial timeAbidjan east in the beginning a small village of fishermen populated by the ethnos group Tchaman .
In 1896, following a series of fatal epidemics of Yellow fever, the French colonists who were installed with Bassam decided to move towards a more salubrious place with Adjamé santey (" the village well off Adjamé"). Their removal was followed by that of the government Colonial which created in 1899, to this place, the counter of Bingerville, capital of the French colony of 1900 with 1934.
Future Abidjan, near, also located on the edge of the lagoon doupé (" the lagoon with water chaude" , future " lagoon ébrié"), offered more space and greater possibilities of commercial expansion. The wharf of Small Bassam , (current the Port Bouët ), in the south of the agglomeration, quickly competed with the Large-Bassam wharf of , hitherto the principal economic access of the colony.
From 1904, whereas Bingerville is not completed yet, Abidjan becomes the principal economic pole of the colony of Ivory Coast and a relay privileged for the diffusion of the European products towards the back-country, in particular thanks to a community Lebanon increasingly important ease.
In 1931, the Plate and what will become Treichville is connected roughly to the place of the bridge Houphouët Boigny by a floating bridge. This year, the first addressing of the streets of Abidjan is set up. It will be (temporarily) final in 1964, under the impulse of the Maire Konan Kanga, then (badly) supplemented with American in 1993.
Abidjan becomes the third Capitale of the Ivory Coast, after Large-Bassam and Bingerville, by a Décret of August 10th 1933. Several villages tchaman are then " déguerpis". There remain about it in particular Adjamé, (" the rencontre" or " the center" in tchaman), located at the north of the Plate and where still the chief of the community tchaman is.
In the south of the district of the Plate, current central district of the agglomeration abidjanaise, the village of Dugbeyo is moved on the other side of the lagoon, with Anoumabo , " the forest of the roussettes" , which will become the district of Treichville (become Commikro , the " " city of the commis" "). This district is thus renamed in 1934 in the honor of Marcel Treich-Laplène (1860 - 1890), the first Explorateur of the Ivory Coast and its first colonial administrator, considered as its founder. In the place of Dugbeyo, is the current avenue Treich Laplène, the station of the buses and the boat-buses lagunaires of the Plate, and the avenue Charles de Gaulle (commonly called street Commercial).
The city is arranged according to the usual diagram at the colonial cities on the basis of town-planning rather utopian. the Plate (" me brato" in language tchaman) is inhabited by the colonists. In north, one finds the city inhabited by colonized. The two zones are separated by the military barracks Gallieni, in the place of current the Law courts.
Close to the port and along a ground to Game of bowls, is born the boulevard from Marseilles. The Légende tells that, behind the first oil mills of Blauhorn, with Cocody, of the facetious colonists who had " emprunté" a plate of a famous Marseilles street, renamed " street of Canebière" a sand track. A Hippodrome is built in the south of the city which does not cease increasing.
With the Plate, in the years 1940, the Bardon hotel increases and becomes the hotel of the park, the first hotel air-conditioned of French-speaking Africa where the first barman and the first Master of hotel African will work.
In 1951, the colonial authorities decide to make build the channel of Vidri so that the ships at fort drawing from water can come to accost with the quays of Treichville and arrange one of rare the deep water port there African. The warm water of the lagoon doucé will not undergo a fall of temperature. Abidjan which one then calls the Perle of the lagoons enters during one time ostentation which will last until in the Années 1980.
After the Independence, in 1960, the old city of the colonists becomes the administrative center and of the businesses, sits of the presidency. The axis in the south of Treichville, in direction of the international airport and the beaches, becomes the district of Europeans and the middle-class abidjanaise. It is there that in November 2004, will concentrate the riots anti-Frenchwomen and plunderings. The district of Cocody, famous for a Gentleman incarnated with the cinema by Jean Marsh, and which, in the colonial urban diagram was to be a vast indigenous district, becomes a fashionable district where are in particular the presidential residence, the embassy of France, the Ivoire hotel which, during very a long time, will be the only one of Africa to be had a Patinoire, and, since 2006, largest American Ambassade of Africa. Vast popular zones developed between these poles, prolonged by precarious zones of habitats and misery nourished by the rural migration and the exploitation of the sous-régionale Immigration.
In 1983, the village of Yamoussoukro (literally the town of Yamoussou ), located at the center of the country, becomes the new administrative and political capital of the Ivory Coast under the impulse of the president Felix Houphouët-Boigny who of it was originating. This one dreamed to transform its native village into a Brasilia of African savannas . The new capital, an important road junction more than one active commercial pole, however never carried shade to Abidjan on the industrial sphere, commercial and economic.
Since 1999, Abidjan is penalized by the political and economic disaster of the Ivory Coast. Since the years 1980, in spite of undeniable improvements, one assists, because of the negligence of the responsible civils servant and the Corruption, with a general degradation of the town of Abidjan and with an aggravation of its Pollution. In 2006, the massive intoxications of the populations by polluting products poured in the refuse tips are an illustration and an inevitable drama. (Business of Probo Koala).
See also: Demography of the Ivory Coast
Abidjan did not exist at the beginning of the XXe century. In 1950, it just came to exceed the threshold of the 50.000 inhabitants (end 1948). To reach the million inhabitants to the end of the year 1975, it was necessary that it increased by 10 to 12% per annum, which corresponds to a doubling all the 6 or 7 years. But the curve inflects abruptly with the crisis of the Eighties.
One can suppose that, in the twenty last years of the century, the growth rate of Abidjan will have evolved/moved in a fork from 3 to 6%. The natural growth took the top on the migratory contribution. Flows remain substantial, but the departures compensate for the arrivals partly. The positive migratory flux brought, in the year which preceded the census by 1988: 80000 people, of which: 50000 came from the areas of the Ivory Coast and: 30000 from abroad. From Ivory Coast came especially from the Akan (south-eastern, 48%), then Mandé (north-western, 24%) and Krou (south-western, 20%). From abroad arrived of the Burkinabes (30%), of the Mali ens (22%), of the Ghanaian (19%), of the Natives of Niger (11%), of the Guinea NS (9%). It should be noted that, among not-African, the Libanais are more numerous than the Européens, and than the French are more numerous than all the others joined together Européens. All units, not-African hardly represent that 3% of the population abidjanaise, but it is all the same about a record for the area.
The last Recensement of the population of the country took place in 1998. It indicated 2.877.948 inhabitants for the city.
The figures of 2006 estimate the population abidjanaise at: 3,796,677 inhabitants. In 2006 the agglomeration of Abidjan counts: 5060858 inhabitants. This increase in the population in particular due to is moved Guerre since the events of September 2002. The city accommodates many inhabitants in the search at the same time of employment and a surer lodging.
It is envisaged to organize a new census in 2008.
See also: Languages of Ivory Coast
The Official language of the Cote of ivory is the French. The Common language, spoken and understood by the major part of the commercial population of Abidjan, is the Bambara, here usually called Dioula. The traditional language of the city is the ébrié. The city accommodating of many of the Ivory Coast resulting from all the areas of the country, all the vernacular languages of the country, approximately an about sixty, are practiced there: the Attié, the Baoulé, the Bété, the Wobé…
Abidjan is still surrounded of more than 30 villages or one speaks primarily the Baoulé and the ébrié.
Formerly managed by a administrator of the colonies , the administrator of the circle of the lagoons , assisted designated notabilities, Abidjan in Commune in 1956 is set up. Its first Municipal council was elected on November 18th 1956. The first Maire elected of Abidjan was, in the context of the Loi-cadre of 1956, Felix Houphouët-Boigny. A law of 1978 instituted 27 communes of full exercise on the territory of the country. It is pursuant to this new organization that Emmanuel Dioulo was elected Maire of Abidjan on November 30th 1980.
Since 2001, the city is not directed any more by a central Mairie: Abidjan was set up in District and includes, in addition to 10 Commune S urban, the 3 news Sous-préfecture S of Anyama, Songon and Bingerville. The station of Maire of Abidjan was replaced by that of Gouverneur of the District, named by the Head of the State, station currently occupied by Pierre Djédji Amondji.
Treichville, Koumassi, Marcory and Port-Bouët belong to southern Abidjan.
Blokosso and Locodjro is villages included within the city and which maintain an cultural identity in urban medium there
InstitutionsFor the moment almost all the institutions of the Ivory Coast are at Abidjan (until the end of the transfer of the capital of the Ivory Coast towards Yamoussoukro): The Presidency locates at Cocody. Primature, the Parliament, the the Council consitutionnel, the Supreme court (court of appeal, Council of State and the Court of Auditors), the Large Chancellery of the national order, the Economic and Social Council… are located at Abidjan.
Many are the ministries which are at the Plate in the administrative city of Abidjan to the Carde boulevard or the Angoulvant Boulevard (not far from the Saint-Paul Cathedral of Abidjan), or elsewhere in the large buildings of the commune.
nonexhautive List :
- Communication : Administrative city Tower C (22e stage)
- Foreign affairs : Ministerial block Angoulvant Boulevard - the Plate
- Economy and Finances : Building Sciam (16th stage)
- Agriculture : Building Caistab 24, (25e stage)
- Solidarité and War victims : Quoted administrative Tower B (14th stage)
- Justice and Human rights : Ministerial block Angoulvant Boulevard - the Plate
- Public office and employment : Boulevard Angoulvant (face Notre Dame college of the Plate)
- Reconciliation : Building the Main road of Insurance (3rd stage)
- Mines and energy : Building Sciam (15th stage)
- State education : Administrative city Tower D (28e stage)
- Technical education and professional training : Administrative city Tower C (10th stage)
- Economic infrastructures : Building Postel 2001 (23e stage)
- NTIC : Building Postel 2001 (21e stage) - étincelant ministry for the Posts and Telecommunications is with the angle of the Marchand avenue and of the street Lecoeur, all in roundnesses and curves leaving to the attack the sky, forms a contrast striking with close constructions, with the lines definitely more geometrical.
- Trade : Boulevard of the Cathedral, Real CCIA (26e stage)
- Higher education and scientific research : Administrative city Tower B (17th stage)
- Fight against AIDS : Building CAISTAB (7th stage)
- Industry and promotion of the private sector : Boulevard of the Cathedral, Real CCIA, (15-16-20-22 be stages)
- Environment, water and drills : Administrative city, Turn D (11th stage)
- Sports, Youth, Leisures and civic education : Building SOGEPHIA (2nd and 3rd stage)
- Family, women and social affairs : Administrative city, Turn E (16th, 17th and 18th stage)
- Tourism and Artisanat : Building Postel 2001 (15th stage)
- Culture and Francophonie : Boulevard Cards Quoted administrative, Tour E (22e stage)
SafetyIn spite of the efforts made jointly by the Ministry for the interior and the district of Abidjan, the insecurity persists as in almost all the capitals African S. Since 2004, when almost all prisoners of Abidjan (MACA,…) left prison, the insecurity strongly increased: increase in the crimes, increase in the offenses, increase in the seizure of drug. In addition to presence of police force, gendarmerie, impartial forces (ONUCI whose seat is located at Attécoubé and a great base with Biétry), French soldiers based with Port-Bouët and army of the Ivory Coast, were created in the years 2000 the CECOS like several private agencies of safety.
Abidjan is divided into districts of which each one has a police station. One distinguishes the municipal police force and the national police force.
The Gendarmerie and the CECOS (Command center of security operations) accompany the police force.
CriminalitySince the years 2000, the Ivory Coast knows a big rise of the drug trafficking (haschich, marijuana, heroin and cocaine). Each week approximately, the police force discovers 2 smoking-rooms of drug and challenges nearly 10 traffickers. The smoking-rooms of drugs push especially in the dangerous districts like Koumassi ( a small portion), Marcory ( a small portion), Abobo, Yopougon, Adjamé Bramokoté. According to the investigations this drug comes from Asia answering a rescente rise of request from the young unemployed and vagrants of the Ivory Coast. The Police force of the Ivory Coast is centered more and more on the fight against the traffic and the consumption of drug in the district of Abidjan.
A report/ratio of the Office of the the United Nations says that the West Africa, plays an increasingly important part in the transit of Latin-American cocaine towards the Europe. According to an investigation of the commission of fight against the drug trafficking of the United Nations, 46% of youth in West Africa are dependant on drug
In May 2007 seven smoking-rooms were destroyed and 191 challenged people of which a soldier.
French military base
Abidjan shelters, with Port-Bouët one of 5 French military bases still existing in Africa (with Dakar, Libreville, Bouar in Central Africa and Djibouti). A thousand of people live there, around the 43e BIMA which is stationed there in a permanent way pursuant to the established agreements of defense on April 24th 1961 and binding the two countries. The presence of this French military base on the territory of Cote of ivory after the independence of the country constituted a key factor of the policy of the country.
Town planning and habitatIf the modern districts like the Plate or Cocody experienced a development " with the européenne" with the construction of large towers of offices, Building S transparencies, and residential buildings " classiques" , the traditional districts like Treichville or Marcory maintained the system of the " concessions" where the residences are contiguous with the factory and the system of the " cour" collective around which several dwellings are built, which respects the usual and multi-secular organization Village S African. The district of Cocody shelters also many villas out of wooden of full foot or on a floor, in the middle of vast gardens or reign a luxuriant Végétation maintained by the abundant rains which sprinkle the city. For some time, some " mode" , for its inhabitants (very) easy, led to construction, in the district of Cocody, villas imitating the Temple S Greek S. In addition, of many houses on Piloti S were built on the circumference of the Lagune Ebrié.
The disorganization of the urban networkThe urban network appears disorganized. Indeed, Abidjan, immense city containing: 2500000 hearts, sees its population doubling every seven years since 1945. From which come does such a dash for this city? It comes from the future appropriatenesses which it represents for the rural ones. And thus this city which accounts for 45% of the townsmen of the Ivory Coast and 20% of the total population of the country are seen invaded many peasants hoping for a better life. However, if an important rise has been noticed for one half-century, its growth does not border now any more that the 4.5% per annum (compared with 10% of 1960 with 1990) and we find nothing any more but 1/3 the rural ones who take part in the increase in city (2/3 of 1960 with 1990). However in spite of this reduction, the city always also gigantic is compared with the second most important city of the country, Bouaké (: 1,500,000 inhabitants) or even with the political capital, Yamoussoukro (: 100,000 inhabitants).
The problem of urban insalubrity
In spite of the Business of the Probo-Koala in 2006, the insalubrity which strongly touches the Africa could be solved in Abidjan. Indeed, a contract was signed between the China and the Ivory Coast: a Chinese company of treatment of urban and industrial refuse plans to treat all waste of the district; this transformation will also pass by the creation of an important company of daily cleaning. The Projet is financed to 60% by the China and 40% by the Ivory Coast. A gigantic processing center of waste is built with Attengué . : 15000 established posts and: 5000 seasonal jobs will be created through this Projet.
The last programme of reinforcement of the Voirie of Abidjan, which led to the hardening of certain ways of the capital, goes back to 1994. Since May 2007, company AGEROUTE (Agency of management of the roads) undertakes great work in Abidjan and Anyama: these works relate to the very degraded roads which suffer from the lack of maintenance, the strong rains and the demonstrations, the gutters, the not bituminized roads. The District and the BNETD project to rehabilitate and build 400 to 500 kilometers of road, with a quality ensuring 15 to them to 20 years of lifespan.
The work currently in hand concerns the rehabilitation of the roads of Abidjan and Anyama, the construction of gutters, the asphalting of the overland routes and the cleansing of the city by the construction of sewers.
These rehabilitations relate to the whole of the communes abidjanaise, some already began:
has Cocody, at a cost of 3 billion F CFA, it was carried out the rebuilding of the Cornice , one of the most borrowed ways commune. The rebuilding was prolonged by the construction of the stopping of the chopper , located at the crossroads of the life , making it possible to filter all surface waters of their waste, which is thrown then in the Lagune.
has Yopougon, the rehabilitation of neuralgic the crossroads sands continues with the construction of a Dalot 200 meters length intended to slow down the hauling of waste water, leading cause of the degradation of the ways.
has Abobo the extent of the degradation of the road requires an important investment, the clothes industry of gutters and the installation of Dalot to ensure a good cleansing. The rehabilitation of the ways and roads continues.
See also: Economy of the Ivory Coast, List of companies of the Ivory Coast
IndustryIts industries are mainly:
- the industry of BTP with the presence of great French industry groups: SETAO, COLAS , Bouygues, Jean Lefebvre .
- the Textile industry:
- conditioning of the Cotton cultivated in north either for export or for its transformation on the spot into Loincloth S, fabrics, Batik S and clothing various.
- the Chemical industry:
- the Refinery of Oil.
- the port of Hydrocarbons
- the work of the stones and the noble metals for the Export.
- the Agribusiness industry:
- manufacture of Palm oil
- treatment of the Bergamot S and the Bitter orange S.
- transformation of the Hévéas resulting from the plantations of the west.
- manufacture of drinks starting from the Pineapple, of the orange S and the mango S.
- Torrefaction of the Coffee come from the Plantation S of the west and whose country is the third world producer.
- conditioning and treatment of the Cocoa, whose ivory Cote is the first world producer behind the Ghana.
- treatment of the Wood which arrives at the port primarily by inland waterway since the drills of the center of the country. It is exported either in natural form as the Acajou which was already sold there is 2 centuries with the English with the time victorienne or in an semi-industrialized form: unrolled wood, laminated, agglomerate.
- wells of Oil off the coast in offshore oil rig exploitation (the Ivory Coast is an oil-producing country, even if it is not self-sufficing in this field)
- the development of the Tertiary sector, with the establishment of international trade banks and the multiplication of the number of services companies of all natures, seems to be the heavy tendency of these last years.
As in all the countries of the Tiers-monde in the process of development, most of the economy of the city is in the field that the economists qualify informal economy with its many " small métiers".
The district represents approximately half of the national park of production of electricity (600 MV over 1200), 42% of the customers low tension and 54% of the Medium Average customers. The thermo plant of Azito, built in 1997 in partnership with EDF, located on the commune of Yopougon, at the edge of the Lagoon ébrié and opposite the Island Boulay, only provides to it 300 MW. Two other thermo plants, built in 1984 and 1985, are installed with Vridi. Several companies of electricity are installed in Abidjan: SOPIE which are a company of state, Co and SOPREL, subsidiary of the SMOKED French group (the Ivory Coast produces the totality of electricity which it consumes and exports some towards the adjoining countries, Ghana, Togo, Bénin, Mali and Burkina-Faso, thanks to the interconnection of the networks).
The production and the storage of gas are ensured by 2 companies of state: PETROCI and GESTOCI.
A small industry of production of renewable energies also developed.
Abidjan is the principal money market of the West Africa Francophone. The seat of the common purse of West Africa (BRVM) is located at Abidjan. The BRVM is dominated primarily by the companies of the Ivory Coast.
Telephony and communication
See also: Telecommunications in Ivory Coast
The city is equipped with a powerful network of fixed telephony of 450.000 lines (figures of 2004) managed by Ivory Coast Telecom . Connections Internet high banc, lines specialized and ADSL are fed by several suppliers of access: Sloop of Ivory Coast Telecom, Africa One Line , Earth Access , Afnet .
TransportSOTRA ( Company of Transport Abidjanais ) and SOTU ( Company of the Urban transport ) regularly ensure urban displacements Abidjan by the means of Bus, Taxi baggage and Ligne Express train.
- Means of transport:
- Line Express train
- Bus SOTU
- Bus SOTRA
- Taxi baggage SOTRA
- Tram ( for soon? )
- Taxi Bush or 504 station-wagon
See also: International airport Abidjan
Abidjan has an international airport of a great capacity which enables him to accommodate all the large planes carrying existing. Abidjan is located at one hour of flight of all the capitals of the under-area. Abidjan is served by the large airline companies, in direction of the large capitals of the world.
Sit of the old multinational company Air Africa, Abidjan knows an air traffic of almost 900.000 passengers (figures of 1995).
The District has several boulevards and asphalted streets connecting the communes between them, and the District with the four corners of the country. Abidjan is equipped with a network of urban by-passs. The river transport, already consequent with the Norway pine S and many the Boat-Bus connecting various districts of the city, develops thanks to the plans lagunaires.
Abidjan is also the head of bridge of single the Autoroute of the country which connects the city to the administrative and political capital, Yamoussoukro.
See also: Port authority of Abidjan
Abidjan has the largest port of the under-area (West Africa) which is also the second of Africa, after that of Lagos. It is a port transhipment and with Conteneur S. It was inaugurated in 1951 in the presence of the “Minister for the colonies” of the time, François Mitterrand. Thanks to the channel of Vridi depth a 15 meters, the boats with large draft can accost in a deep water port.
The Ivory Coast belongs to the Free zone (of which the currency is CFA franc), within the framework of the economic and monetary Union of West Africa (UEMOA). Abidjan is the economic pole not only of the Ivory Coast, but of a whole area including at least the Burkina Faso and the Mali, because in particular of its port out of deep water, open in 1950. The highway network which order Abidjan (5 600 km bituminized in 1995, against 1.000 in 1970) in direction of all the area prolongs effectively its port activity since 50% of the trade of the Burkina-Faso, of the Mali and the Niger forwards there.
The harbor traffic was of 12 million tons in 1995, including 5,5 in oil products.
Abidjan joins together the essence of the industrial activity of the country, the harbor site accommodating with him only 60% of the industrial park of the Ivory Coast. A special mention must be allotted to the oil ambitions of Abidjan (offshore oil rig production and, especially, refining and distribution).
The two halves of the city, northern Abidjan and Abidjan southern , are connected by the bridges Houphouët-Boigny and De Gaulle. These two bridges are located between Treichville and the Plate. The bridge De Gaulle is prolonged by immense the Boulevard Valery Giscard d'Estaing which leads to the airport. Unfortunately, their capacity is definitely insufficient, especially at the rush hours or at the time of police and military stoppings when they are the place of immense congestion S. This report encouraged the government to study a construction project of a third bridge which should be located between Cocody and Marcory. However, the political disturbances that the country knows since December 1999 put this project out of night light. The project had however started: populations were moved, of the buildings were destroyed with Marcory opposite the Thousand maquis (celebrates it great restaurant the blue Cover was moved).
Train and Tram in Abidjan
See also: Governed railroads Abidjan-Niger
This Ville is the head of bridge of the only railroad of the area: the line Abidjan Ouagadougou, with the stations of Treichville, Abobo and of Adjamé. This line, with its 2 trains, the gazelle and the ram , connects the 2 capitals in approximately 40 hours.
The last-born child of the projects in Abidjan east that of the electric train which promises the Société of the Ivory Coast of railroad ( Cicf ).
The development of projects of infrastructures including a suburban train in Abidjan, evaluated with nearly 100 billion frank CFA, is considered. This suburban train should connect the North-West to the East and the North of the town of Abidjan. This project extends on 25 kilometers from the railway currently exploited by the operator Sitarail, subsidiary of the group Bolloré. Work of infrastructures (way, electrification, Civil engineering) was evaluated to 40 frank billion CFA financed by the State of the Ivory Coast and the backers (the World Bank and AFD). In addition, a concession contract of the type B.O.T., on 20 to 30 years, would be allotted to an private operator, for the exploitation of the network. This operator will undertake the acquisition of rolling stock, of the restoration of the workshops and the installation of the operating system. The concession contract had been evaluated on an overall basis to 60 frank billion CFA.
Education and health
In Dimension of ivory, the access to secondary education is limited by a examination entrance in sixth at the conclusion which 1/3 of the pupils is allowed to continue its studies. Abidjan is the place of the principal educational establishments in Ivory Coast. Among them appears the Lycée Blaise-Pascal of Abidjan which is a " school francaise".
See also: Schools in Abidjan
Note: One understands by French school a school which signed a convention with the ADFE
Health care institutions
The city has a complete offer of care. In addition to the many centers of Tradipratiques and traditional medicine, the anarchistic establishments of sales of drugs in full street, there exist many health centres and Pharmacie S, many pharmacopeias. The city comprises more than 50 polyclinics, and more than 60 specialized establishments (Veterinary surgeon, Dermatologie, Dentistes, Optométrie, maternity, research, psychology, Pédiatrie,…).
See also: Health care institutions in Abidjan
The national sport of the Ivory Coast (Basketball, Athletics, Rugby, Handball, Volley ball,…) in particular the Football is primarily Abidjanais . Many clubs of the Ivory Coast are based in Abidjan and in particular the 2 best clubs of the history of national football which currently dominate the Championnat of the Ivory Coast (ASEC Mimosas and Africa Sports National).
Federation of the Ivory Coast of football
- professional Clubs
It is organized, each year, a tournament of football to 7 players: the Festival of Maracana of Abidjan (FESTMA) which is held with Yopougon.
Following the undeniable success of L Academy of football created by Jean-Marc Guillou ( Académie Ground Blessed ) several of them former boarders joined the European professional clubs, several training centres of young footballers were born these last years: Center Cyril Domoraud , Laboratory foot of Yopougon, Center of the Ivory Coast of formation of football of Abidjan (CIFFA) , the Scientific Star Football Abidjan (ESFA) , etc….
Federation of the Ivory Coast of basketball
- Clubs: Abidjan Tennis shoe Club , sporting Club Abidjanais , ASEC Mimosas (basketball), Phoenix Tennis shoe Club of Cocody
Federation of the Ivory Coast of Rugby
- Clubs: Abidjan University Club , Treichville Biafra Olympic
Federation of the Ivory Coast of cycling
- Clubs: ASFA Moossou , Club cyclist of Azagui , ACE Cavel of Koumassi , Cyclist club of the ocean , Club cyclist of Yopougon
Federation of the Ivory Coast of Tennis which organized, in 2007, the first international Tournoi of Tennis of CEDEAO
- Clubs: Seamen' S Club , SGBCI Tennis Club , Tennis Club Hotel Ivory , Sporting Club 2 Plates , Palm Club Abidjan Tennis , Technical school Abidjan Tennis Club
Federation of the Ivory Coast of judo and associated disciplines which organized, in 2007, the 15th Tournoi of the town of Abidjan .
Federation of the Ivory Coast of athletics .
- Clubs: Club of Attécoubé , Club of Yopougon
Stages: Stage INJS , Municipal Stage of Abidjan, Municipal Stage of Man FC, Stage Felix Houphouët-Boigny, Park of the Sports , recently renovated, Stage Robert Champroux, recently renovated
Other infrastructures: Palate omnisport of Treichville
a gigantic project: a Olympic Complexe from 80.000 to 100.000 places is envisaged, thanks to the will of the leaders of the Ivory Coast to offer a better national stage to the Éléphants. A complex including/understanding, in addition to the surfaces intended for the whole of the Olympic disciplines (Football, Athletics, Swimming…), of the restaurants, the trade, the auditoriums, the meeting rooms, a hotel for the " settings with the vert" sportsmen and surfaces of drive. Since the start of football of the Ivory Coast, the state of the Ivory Coast thinks that the national team deserves a better stage. A problem arises indeed with the Félicia: it is impossible to increase it because of its site in the district of the Plateau. The project of the complex is currently suspended, because of the lack of investors and the situation which prevails in the country since 2002.
See also: Tourism in Ivory Coast
Abidjan is a strange city in Africa. Its various nicknames, “ Manhattan of the tropics ” or “ small Manhattan ” or “ pearl of the lagoons ”, are with the Image of this Ville unforeseeable and conquering. With its installations, its hotel facilities and sporting, its animated night life, its transportation transport and routes like its monumentality, it is a perfect city for tourism of businesses.
It also comprises beaches, with Palmier S and Cocotier S, on the tape lagunaire, in the district of Vridi, which is very attended the weekend with the very picturesque spectacle of the saleswomen of Ananas and Coconut. However, the phenomenon of " barre" who affects practically all the littoral of the Golfe of Guinea hardly authorizes the bathe in this place.
Generally, in Dimension of ivory, the Tourism forever really developed as an economic industry, the Dimension of ivory not appearing among the usual destinations of the tour operators.
Park of the Bank value
See also: National park of the Bank value
Arranged in 1926, this park of 3000 ha, and old " wood sacré" , at the doors of the city, on the Common of Attécoubé, was preserved as vestige of the primary education drill which surrounded all formerly the Lagune. An asphalt road leads to the lake which constitutes the heart of the park and of the Piste S in Latérite square it. This park is inhabited and includes/understands Plantation S of Café and Cacao.
With orée of the park, a small river is used as laundrette or officiate the fanicos , the launderers, after having collected the linen in all the city. It is one of many the " small métiers" practiced in Abidjan.
Abidjan by nightIn addition to Treichville which is, of long time, the district more animated city, with its multiples maquis, its many Discothèque S and its clubs of Jazz, one can quote:
has Yop city
- Maquis Shangai on the Rue Princess
- Maquis Texas , in the past Roland-Garros
- celebrates It Rue Princess, the street more " animée" of all the Africa which gave place to a film éponyme, Rue Princess.
- the 1000 Maquis
- the MG ( Marcory Gazoil ) which belongs to the 1000 maquis
Relations and Partnerships
International diplomacy and Bodies
Abidjan is the regional seat of the greatest international institutions: UNICEF, UNDP, WHO, WFP, UNOPS , FNUAP, ILO, the IMF, etc The great nations of the world have a whole a representation in Abidjan whose majority serve the under-area. It is in Abidjan that is located the American Embassy of the West Africa as well as the African Banque of development ( BAD ), moved for a certain time with Tunis, which is the most important financial institution of the African continent .
Abidjan shelters all the representations of the international financial institutions: the World Bank, the IMF, BAD, BOAD, etc Bank charge of UEMOA, Regional exchange of the Values, subsidiary companies of the international large banks: BNP, General society, Crédit Lyonnais, Citibank, JPMorgan Drives out & Co., Barclays etc
The city is twinned with:
Tianjin in China
- Marseilles in France
- São Paulo with the Brazil
- San Francisco with the the United States
- Alfortville in France ( twinned with Cocody )
- Kumasi with the Ghana ( twinned with Treichville )
Abidjan is regarded as the cultural crossroads Western African, even African.
has Treichville : Mosque of Treichville
has Cocody : Mosque of Cocody
With the Plate : Mosque of the Plate and Cathedral Saint-Paul of Abidjan, created by the architect Aldo Spiritom and inaugurated in 1985.
Monuments and museums
with Cocody :
- Goethe - Institute.
- municipal Museum.
- American Arts center (CCA)
- Village Ki Yi Me Glass of bier. (with the Riviera)
- Museum of contemporary art of Cocody.
- the Point of Organ, centers private musical teaching
With the Plate :
- Arts center French (CCF)
- Museum of civilizations of Ivory Coast
- National museum: it presents a collection of art of the Ivory Coast (statues, masks, jewels, tools, carved doors, Tam-tam, musical instruments resulting from all the areas of the country). Its characteristic is also its free visit: one gives what one wants at the exit…
has Treichville :
- Sport hall
- Palate of the Culture.
- Artisanal Center of the town of Abidjan (UNDERMINED)
In Abidjan, are organized each year a certain number of Festivals:
the Festival Clap-Ivory .
- the Festival of Spanish film .
- the FESNACI , whose first edition was organized in 2007.
- the Festival of short-measuring (FICA) , organized since 1998 by Hanni Tchelley.
- the International festival of the Laughter of Abidjan (FIRA) , organized since 2005 by Adama Dahico.
- the Festival of the Israeli cinema of Abidjan whose 4th edition took place in 2006 with the Goethe - institute.
Abidjan with the cinema
Some films evoke or are devoted to the city:
the Sixth finger , film of Henri Duparc.
- Bronx-Barbs of Eliane Delatour left in 2000.
- Caramel film of Henri Duparc with Adrienne Koutouan, Fortunate Akakpo…
- Street Princess of Henri Duparc with Congratulated Wouassi, Akissi Delta, Gerard Essomba left in 1993.
- Permanent Danger of Pierre Laba with Michel Bohiri, Michel Gohou, Adrienne Koutouan, Jimmy Danger.
- a man for two sisters of Marie-Louise Asseu left in 2007, with Bétika, Jimmy Danger, Michel Gohou
- the gentleman of Cocody of Christian-Jaque left in 1964, with Jean Marsh, Philippe Clay, Robert Dalban, Jacques Morel, Gil Delamare, Maria Grazia Buccela, Nancy Holloway and Liselotte Pulver.
See also: Media in Ivory Coast, Telecommunications in Ivory Coast
The main part of the media of Cote of ivory is resulting from the town of Abidjan.
Television and Radio
- CNCA, the National council of the Audio-visual Communication (often shortened in CNCA ) is the regulatory agency of the Audiovisuel (Télévision and radio only) in Ivory Coast.
The Radiodiffusion Television Of the Ivory Coast (RTI) is the organization of radiophonic and audio-visual diffusion of the State of the Ivory Coast. It is financed by the royalty, the publicity and of the subsidies. It comprises 4 television channels and 2 radio stations:
- the First: general practitioner
- RTI Music TV
- RTI Sport TV
Radio Ivory Coast: general practitioner
- Frequency 2: entertainment
- Radio operator Jam: private radio of coast of ivory, radio the most listened by the young people
At the time of the Sole party, Political situation which prevailed in the country during 30 years as in the majority of the other countries of the West Africa after the Indépendance, only one daily newspaper was diffused in the country: Fraternity Morning, the newspaper of PDCI-RDA, rested by the first president, Felix Houphouët-Boigny. The advent of the Multi-party system in Dimension of ivory, into 1990, resulted in particular in a proliferation of newspapers and various publications of which essence is published in Abidjan.
The Presidency, Primature, the government and the ministries have their official site. The gate Abidjan.net , domiciled in California with the the United States, disseminates the information of the city and the country throughout the world.
In the organization of the " village mondial" , Abidjan has a node Internet and the number of Cyber-café S knows an exponential growth there.
Cultural festivities and events
- the gold Signal.
- Concerto Festival.
- Tiercé Gaining
- RTI Music Awards.
- Dj Mix Atalakou, organized by RTI Music TV
- International festival of Jazz of Abidjan (FIJA)
- International festival of the Negro musics (FIMNA). It is organized every two years in alternation with the International festival of Jazz
- Hip-hop is back. Its edition 2007 had as guests Diam' S and Rageman on April 21st 2007. It was held with the Complex Las Palmas of the two plates.
Festival of the urban dances.
- Miss Ivory Coast
- Miss Dictrict Abidjan
- Christmas Miss (from 6 to 11 years)
- Yéhé, spaces celebration of the African mode
- International festival of the linen room and beauty of Abidjan (FILBA)
- International festival of the tuck pattern and the cartoon.
- International festival of laughter (FIRA) under the direction of Adama Dahico.
|Random links:||Sheba Battery Teheran | Homo faber (film) | Wall of Bloch | Martin Szekely | Andre Greipel|