Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen (A.P.J.) Abdul Kalam (born the October 15th 1931) is the president of India of 2002 with 2007. It is known like the “man of the Indian missile” ( The Missile Man off India ) and is the Indian scientist more honoured today.
After a passage to Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), it joined the Organization of Indian space research in 1962. Director of projects, it contributes significantly to the development of the first launcher of satellite Indian, the SLV-3, which will put on orbit the satellite Rohini in July 1980. In 1982 it takes the direction of the DRDO in order to develop Missile S guided. It develops missiles AGNI and PRITHVI. By its work, it provides the foundations of the Indian development in aerospace high technologies.
In 1992 it is named to advise scientist of the Minister for defense. He takes part in the development of the nuclear tests which will equip the India with the atomic weapon in 1998. He is regarded for this reason as the father of the Indian atomic bomb.
From 1999 to 2001 it is to advise scientist attached to the government and teaches at the university of Chennai.
July 18th, 2002 he is elected with one crushing majority with the presidency of the Indian Union. He takes his functions on July 25th.
He wrote several works of which an autobiography, Wings off Fire , in which he encourages the youth of his country to make so that India becomes a super power at the horizon 2020.
Beyond its scientific and political aspects, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is recognized like large humanistic, in the large heart, very interested by the spirituality of its country. Its private life is very ascetic since he is pure vegetarian, Abstème (because of its religion) and made vow of celibacy. It also uses many poems of the Tamil Nadu, the kurals, at the time of its speeches and gave its first 10 months of wages of president to humane ONG creates by the holy Indian Mata Amritanandamayi.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is doctor honoris causa several universities and institutions (in particular Madras Institute off Technology) and received several distinctions (Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990, Aryabhatta Award in 1994, G.M. Modi Award for Science in 1996, H.K. Firodia Award for Excellence in Science and Technology in 1996, the Bhârat Ratna - highest Indian distinction - in 1997, and Deshikottam Award, Vishwa Bharti, in 2000).
Pratibha Patil succeeds to him in July 2007 with the presidency of India.
Simple: Abdul Kalam
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