Abdelmalek Sayad (born in Kabylie in 1933 and deceased in 1998 in France) is a sociologist free - Algérie N, Research director at CNRS and the École of the high studies in social sciences (EHESS), assistant of Pierre Bourdieu. Fine expert of the North-African community in France, it was described by his friends like a “ Socrate d' Algérie ”.
Abdelmalek Sayad was born in 1933 with Sidi-Aïch in Petite Kabylie, Berber area of the north of the Algérie, third and single boy of an family of five children. Entered at the school at the seven years age, it makes its primary studies in its village native. It continues its schooling with the college of Bougie (Béjaïa), then trained teacher at the teacher training school of Bouzareah to Algiers. It is then named teacher at the school of the Barberousse district in the Casbah of Algiers. It continues finally its studies with the Université of Algiers where it makes the meeting of Pierre Bourdieu.
In 1963, it settles in France. Initially free-lance into the Center of European sociology of the School of the high studies in social sciences (EHESS), it integrates in 1977 the National center of the scientific research (CNRS), appointed Research director in sociology. Abdelmalek Sayad dies on March 13rd, 1998.
SociologyIn sociology, it renews the question of the Immigration on which it will carry a double glance. To study this complex question, it will place in the middle of its analysis the emigrant-immigrant and any more will not regard this last a labor force but as “a social fact in its globality”. In the middle of its analysis, the subject emigrant-immigrant will be in the center of two systems:
- Variable of origins: social characteristics (socially given aptitudes which the subject is carrying before the emigration)
- Variables of result: together variables which in the French company will determine to become to it subject. He studies the relationship between two companies and more particularly the influence of the colonization of France on Algeria.
Through these individual trajectories, Abdelmalek Sayad approaches the system in its globality. Against the presentation of a homogeneous immigration subjected to the same mechanisms, it puts forward the fact that there can be various generations in immigration.
Thus, its sociology of the beginning of the Années 1970 comes in rupture with the preceding sociological analyzes which carried a glance very dehumanizing on the immigrant. It will start from a double vision, diachronic (historical) and synchronic (presents) thus granting a paramount place to the Colonisation and the Décolonisation of Algeria. It brings a human glance on the delicate question of the Migration S.
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