A truth which disturbs
a truth which disturbs ( in Year Disadvantage Truth , title in English) is a American Documentary film treating Climate change, especially global warming, carried out by Davis Guggenheim. Al Gore, old Vice-president of the United States of America and new Nobel Prize of peace 2007, holds the first role to with it.
Exit into the room
This documentary 94 minutes is based mainly on a multi-media presentation that Gore prepared for its public awareness campaign on climate warming. The film was presented in preview in 2006 to the Festival of film of Sundance, then with the Cannes festival 2006.
in Year Disadvantage Truth appeared on the screens with New York and Los Angeles on May 24th, 2006. It is about the third larger success until now for documentary in the United States. Gore and the Paramount, the distributer of film, used the receipt in order to finance educational campaigns on the climate change.
in Year Disadvantage Truth is also the title of a handbook of Al Gore who reaches the first place of the bestsellers NewYork Times (on 2 July and of the 13 August 2006), and is still maintained for many months on the list.
The book was published at the same time as the exit of documentary in room. The book contains additional information, scientific analyzes, and the comment of Al Gore on the problems presented in the documentary one.
The former Al Gore vice-president devotes himself so that he regards as the goal of his life after the failure of the presidential election of 2000. He implies itself in the fight against climate warming. In the continuity of a presentation exposed throughout the world in its called round “ in the slide show ”, Gore clarifies the quasi-unanimity of the scientists agreeing on the total warming of the Ground, debate on the policy and the economy of the total warming, and described the serious consequences that the change of the Climat will produce if the quantity of human production of gas to greenhouse effect is not significantly reduced in a Futur very near.
The film presents many aspects catastrophists, like the Risque of the collapse of a major ice cap, a very wide Glacier with the Greenland or in the Antarctic, of which one or the other could raise the levels of total Mer of roughly 6 meters, causing the Inondation coastal sectors and creating a hundred million " climatic refugees " , écoréfugiés . The cast iron of water of Greenland could stop the current of the Gulf Stream and quickly start a dramatic local cooling in Scandinavian Europe (in spite of total climate warming). The documentary one is concluded by indicating that if the appropriate measures are taken quickly, the effects of the warming can be reversed successfully by releasing less Carbon dioxide and by cultivating more plants and trees. Finally Gore invites all the spectators to learn how they can help and to mobilize itself in this initiative.
With an aim of showing the phenomenon of climate warming, the film has the annual temperature and the levels of during: 650000 last years determined by the analyzes of the Icicles taken in the Antarctic. An analogy with the Ouragan Katrina is used to recall them that the waves from 9 to 14 meters almost destroyed a million coastal houses of the the Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama and Florida.
The aspects of Controverse related to the attribution of the causes of climate warming are presented there like a handling coming from a group limited people, seeking to maintain the doubt by a Dissonance between the media specialized press and the media general public.
Al Gore is presented in this documentary, as well as the major stages having led to its engagement in policy. It regulates there moreover its accounts with, pointing in a precise way of the finger the people who take part in the Désinformation in this field.
Gore is intrigued the first time by global warming at the time of a course to the Université of Harvard with the professor Roger Revelle, one of the first scientists to measure the rate of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The book of Gore published in 1992, Earth in the Balance , treated already certain number of subjects concerning the Environnement and was classified in the list of the bestsellers of the NewYork Times . Later, when Gore taken the presidency of the Congress of the United States in the capacity as vice-president of the USA, it initiated the first hearing of the congress on this subject, took along climatologists there and started to discuss it with the elected representatives. He thought that once the legislators with the current of the undeniable obviousness, they would be led to the action; however finally, the process was slow even hard.
As a vice-president in the administration Clinton, Gore pushed with the creation of a tax on carbon, the carbon tax , to encourage to reduce the Consommation fossile fuel and of this fact of decreasing the gas emission with greenhouse effect, it was partially implemented in 1993. It helped to promote the Protocole of Kyoto in 1997, the International treaty conceived to limit gases to Greenhouse effect. However, it is not ratified by the United States because of the opposition of the American senate. Gore also supported the placement of the satellite within the framework of the Programme Triana, to increase the conscience of the environmental problems and to have the first direct measurements of the solar proportion of radiation reflected by the Earth. Gore partly engaged its presidential campaign of 2000 on the ratification of the protocol of Kyoto.
After its defeat with the presidential election, Gore adapted a slide show, slide show which it had previously created, and started to give through the USA and in the whole world of the multimedia presentations on climate warming. At the moment when the film begins, Gore estimates to have shown it more than one thousand of times. The producers Laurie David and Lawrence Bender saw the show of Gore with New York after the first of The Day After Tomorrow . Inspired, they meet the realizer Davis Guggenheim about the possibility of transforming the slide show into a film. Guggenheim, skeptic at the beginning, saw a presentation of Gore later made for him only, and declared that it “had been puffed up” (“ blown away ”), and that “after one hour and half, I thought that global warming was the most important problem. I did not have any idea in the way in which one could make a film of it, but I wanted to test it”.
The structure of film is primarily that of a documentary film, in Year Disadvantage Truth follows a dramatic base in the sequence where the facts are revealed and the underlined forecasts, to which events of the personal life of Al Gore are added. Rather than to simply enumerate facts in a dry and mechanical way, the film places its subject in a more moral and emotional context with elements of a dramatic intrigue.
David Guggenheim and his team reconstituted a conference room dedicated for turning specific to film in the presence of the host high-speed motorboat. The planetary cause and the stature of the politician contributed to the surge of good wills around the project; being as well professionals the cinema industry acceptor to contribute without asking emoluments, as of Melissa Etheridge, accustomed militant songs, which composed a song after having viewed the rushes of the conference.
In film and the book accompanying it, Gore quotes many scientific studies to support the claim which climate warming real and is mainly caused by the man:
the cast iron of many glaciers is underlined by photographs showing before and afterwards.
a study made by the researchers of Institut of Physics of the University of Bern and the European project to dig the ice in the Antarctic, SPICED it, present data of the Antarctic starting from icicles showing the highest carbon dioxide concentrations for: 650000 last années.
the investigation of Dr. Naomi Oreskes in 2004, counts 928 scientific articles on the climate change published between 1993 and 2003. The result of its observation, published in leading article in the newspaper Science , is that each article either supports the consensus “the total warming has a share of human origin”, or account does not hold any.
RealClimate , a collective blog maintained by 11 climatologists, honors the scientific facts with film like " remarkably up to date , containing references to part of very last research " .
The historian of sciences and the founder of The Skeptics Society, Michael Shermer wrote in Scientific American that An Disadvantage Truth “made me a shock and made me leave my dubitative attitude”, “ shocked me out off my doubting stanza ”.
In the same way, on June 26th, 2006, in the leading article of the Wall Street Journal , the climatologist Richard Lindzen, skeptic of climate warming criticized film and is questioned on its motivations. A critical analysis of the article of Lindzen by a blogguor, David Lawrence, a biogéographe and journalist, reveals that the complaints of Lindzen are based on currently exceeded data.
The film, in opening of film festivals, was accompanied by an advertizing promotion using by the slogans such as “ a warning in the World ” (" has total war' ing "), “We all are on a fine layer of ice”, “By far more terrifying film never considering”, and finally “the film the most alarming this summer is that where you are the malicious one and the hero”. The reaction to Sundance echoes the amount of the boxoffice and with the positive articles of film criticisms. Moreover, the film and the acclamation of criticisms were parodied in televised programs.
A public and critical success
The film, left on Wednesday, May 24, 2006 on the screens New York and Los Angeles, garnered: 91447 $ the first weekend of exploitation, is the largest receipt of this weekend of the year and a record for documentary, although it only passed only on four screens simultaneously.
With the Festival of Sundance in 2006, the film received three times an standing-ovation. Diffused with the Cannes festival, it opened the 27e International festival of Film of Durban on June 14th, 2006. An Disadvantage Truth was documentary the most popular with the Brisbane International Film Festival of 2006.
The film paid more than 23 million dollars dated September 6th, 2006, making of him the third documentary one more seen with the cinema up to now (after Fahrenheit 9/11 and the Walk of the emperor ).
Al Gore indicated that its wife “Tipper and me devoted 100 percent of the benefit of the book and film to a new educational campaign bipartisane to promote even more the message about the total warming”. While Paramount Classics , the production company engages 5% their benefit on film of the cinemas to this new bipartisan group of action, Alliance for Climate Protection , devoted to the organization of structures in order to extend the awakening of the citizens on this subject.
The critical reaction to film was positive: it collected on September 2nd, 2006 the fresh “certified” label with 92%, " certified fresh" by the Rotten Tomatoes a Web site dedicated to information, video games, films etc, with one 94% evaluated by the " Cream off the Crop" , the cream of criticisms. Film criticisms Roger Ebert and Richard Roeper gave to the film " two pouces". Written Ebert: “in 39 years, I never wrote these words in a cinematographic review, but here they deserve it: you must will see yourself this film. If you done it not, when you have your grandchildren, you must explain to them why you did not decide to go there”.
Few criticisms were not also pleasant. For example, the journalist Ronald Bailey discusses in the magazine Libertaire Reason that although “Gore describes scientific facts truer than invented, it exaggerates the risks. ”
In France, Yann Arthus-Bertrand declared: It is a film very well done, with American, with humor, applause… In two hours, it makes some more for the environment than me in ten years!
Some less positive points
In film, one sees Al Gore moving either in the plane in Business Class or in a 4x4 letting suppose a production of excessive.
The film accepted a special reward of Humanitas Prize, and it is the first time that the organization has distributed a special reward for 10 years.
February 25th, 2007 with the cinema, the film is rewarded by two Oscars: Oscar of the best original song and Oscar of the best documentary film.
the president Bush, questioned to know if it were going to look at film, answered: “That would astonish me”. He declared later that “we must remain skeptics as for the fact that the gases with greenhouse effect are caused by humanity or of natural causes” . Gore retorts that “the scientific community of the whole world agrees on the fact that the human beings are responsible for global warming and today still it (Bush) expressed personal doubts on the veracity of these facts”.
- In August 2006, the newspaper Wall Street Journal [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,3-2299550,00.html] revealed that a video of YouTube turns in derision Gore and the film , entitled " Al Gore' S Penguin Army " , " the army of penguins of Al Gore " , seem to be a political propaganda, " astroturfing" by DCI Group, a lobby and firm of American public relations, " Washington PR firm " has; who has bonds with ExxonMobil as well as the Republican party (see Al Gore' S Penguin Army video controversy in English).
In September 2006, Gore travelled to Sydney, Australia to promote film. Australian the Prime Minister, John Howard explained that he does not want to meet Gore or to agree on the protocol of Kyoto because of film: “I do not take councils policy of a film”, “I don' T take policy advice from films” . The leader of the opposition Kim Beazley united Gore to see film and other political personalities attended a special meeting of visionnage to the , gathering place of the Parliament with Canberra, earlier in the week.
In October 2007, an English judge issued that to be able to diffuse this film the English Government was to modify the guide of diffusion to the teachers ( Guidance Notes to Teachers ) to highlight that:
Influence on the popular culture in the United States
Before its exit, the film was parodied in the episode " Manbearpig ", the man-bear-pig of the series South Park .
Stephen Colbert, of the satirical emission The Colbert Carryforward , also parodied An Disadvantage Truth on July 17th, 2006. Heading The Convenientest Truth , the convenient Truth , Colbert conceived its own presentation pleading for the positive effects of the total warming, by using its irony to criticize the answer of the detractors of film.
During film, Al Gore shows an extract of the episode " Crimes off the Hot " , Gas on all the floors of the animated series Futurama treating global warming; Al Gore had the first role in this episode, although it is not present in the clip. Moreover, Gore plays in a false trailer card carried out by the team of Futurama , entitled " has Terrifying Message from Al Gore ".
It, an American ONG in favor of the free market for the consumers makes pass two Publicité S in order to “counter the alarmism of climate warming”, in an apparent answer to An Disadvantage Truth . The two advertisements use the slogan: “Carbon dioxide: They call that of pollution; we call that the Life”.
the show televised X-Play made 2 sketches parodic for the promotion of the “G4 “S award show”, G-Phoria, a ceremony of handing-over of rewards to video games created by the chain TV G4 . A sketch shows a imitator Al Gore to inform of an increase in the temperature in Ground of the Medium because of the eye of Sauron ( Eye off Sauron ).
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