This page relates to the year 451 Calendrier Julien.
- Attila, king of the Huns, invades the Gaulle with an army made up of Huns but also of Burgondes, Alamans, Thuringes, Gépides, Suèves, Ruges, Skires, Hérules and even of Francs. This invasion undoubtedly is justified by the decision the previous year of the emperor of the East Marcien to refuse to continue to pay the tribute with Attila. This one then prefers to be thrown on the Western Empire, prey in full deliquescence, rather than on the Byzantine Empire.
- April: Attila goes up the the Danube then enters the Roman Empire to height of Mainz.
- April 7th: Plundering and fire of Metz by Attila. Destruction of Rheims and Troyes. Huns drive out in front of them the German ones terrorized.
- Genevieve, owner of Paris convainct inhabitants of Lutèce not to give up their city in Huns. According to the Christian tradition, it diverts the anger of Attila by his prayers.
- June 16th: The Huns undergo a reverse in front of Orleans defended by Agrippinus and the bishop Aignan. They turn back, but are caught up with by Aetius, arrived of Italy.
- the bishop of Troyes, holy Wolf, stops Attila under the walls of the city.
- June 20th: Attila is beaten with the Champs Catalauniques (actually, campus mauriacus close to Troyes, in the plain of Moirey on the commune of Dierrey-Saint-Julien) by the Romains of the general Aetius, helped by the Burgondes, the Francs, the Visigoths of Théodoric Ier and the Saxons.
- June 28th: Passage of the Halley's Comet.
- Attila after an incursion into the plain of Po, is withdrawn until in the plain of the the Tisza, center of its empire.
- Rentré at his place, Attila threat Byzantine Empire to start again the war if it does not receive the usual tribute. It personally does not receive the Eastern emissary led by Apollonius, but claims gifts of the emperor, which Apollonius refuses without negotiations.
- Aetius, to the top of its glory, promises in marriage his/her Gaudentius son to the girl of Valentinien III, Eudoxie, preparing for its descent imperial dignity. This prospect unchains angers of the court.
- Beginning of the reign of Thorismond (fine in 453) king of the Visigoths.
- October 8th: Opening of the Concile of Chalcédoine where sit of the representatives of the pope. The council proclaims that there exist two natures in Jesus-Christ; a divine nature and a human nature, which it is at the same time true God and true man . The doctrines Monophysite are condemned. The patriarchs of Rome and Constantinople are placed at equality, prohibition of the simony, recognition of the monachism… The patriarch of Alexandria Dioscore is deposited and exiled. Its judgment pokes the religious fights and opposes the monophysites Alexandria, of Antioche and Aksoum to the orthodoxe Greeks of Constantinople, called the melkites (of melk: king).
The close East
- the Churches of Egypt and Syria badly accept the cultural and political supremacy of Constantinople in the East. The doctrines Monophysite, largely established, answered the intransigent monotheism of the Eastern ones. In reaction, after the Council of Chalcédoine, the Copte and the Syriaque replace the Greek in the liturgy in Egypt and Syria.
- Prôtérios, Patriarch of Alexandria (451 - 457).
- Maxime, Patriarch of Antioche (451 - 455).
- Théodose, bishop monophysite of Jerusalem (451 - 457).
June 2nd: The Arménie NS revolted are overcome by the Perse in the plain of Avarair (Bataille of Vartanantz). Vardan Mamikonian finds death, but the Persian losses are considerable. Yazdgard II, which must support in north a difficult war against the Huns Hephtalites, is shown relatively reconciling. It makes stop and torture some priests, gives to the Arménie new a marzpan, but gives up imposing the Mazdéisme.
- the Armenians, which saved their faith, celebrate each year, in February, the “festival of Vardan” to commemorate the battle of Avarair.
- the Ethiopia enters the heresy monophysite to the sides of the Church of Alexandria after the Concile of Chalcédoine. The traditions locate this schism under the reign of El-Amiéda II.
- At that time, nine monks (Abouna Alef, Tsahama, Arégaoui, Afetsié, Ghérima, Pantaléon, Likanos, Gouba and Yémata) introduce the monachism. It is about certain that these monks, originating in Antioche, are chalcédoniens and not monophysites.
- In Ethiopia, literature in language guèze, by which the bottom sabéen grows rich by loans to the Greek, syriaque and Hebrew. The Old one and New Testament are gradually translated of Ve in VIIe on the texts of Antioche, with certain a number of texts apocryphal books (the Rise of Isaïe, the Jubilees, Hénoch, Pasteur d' Hermas, a compilation of theological Writings (Qérillos, allotted to Cyrille of Alexandria), the Rule of saint Pacôme, and a didactic work, the Physiologus.
- It seems that in the second part of the 5th century, the kingdom Axoum ite is one vassal moment Yemeni princes .
Births in 451
Death in 451
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