This page relates to the year 1987 Gregorian Calendrier.
- April: the Commission of the the United Nations on the Environment and the Development publishes the Rapport Brundtland and entitled Our Common Future which proposes the definition of the Sustainable development.
- October 19th: Crash of October 1987 of the markets of Interest rate and actions, known as sometimes “black Monday”. The Dow Jones, index of the Stock Exchange of New York, falls of 22% in one day.
the population of the Ground crosses the course of the five billion.
- July 22nd: Mikhail Gorbatchev accepts the option doubles Zero (Zero SS-20, Zero Pershing).
- 7 - December 10th: First visit with the the United States of Gorbatchev.
- December 8th: Summit of Washington. Agreement Ronald Reagan - Mikhail Gorbatchev on Euromissiles ( Intermediate-Arranges Nuclear Forces Treaty ). The USSR, which has in Europe a stock of missiles much more important than NATO, makes more concessions (relates only to 4% source of 15% of the nuclear armament).
- March 22nd: the army Chad ienne takes again Ouadi-Doum, a decisive victory over the Libya NS.
- August 10th: Aviation Libya does not bombard the oasis of Faya-Largeau (Chad).
- October 15th: Coup d'etat to the Burkina Faso. Assassination of Thomas Sankara with Ouagadougou. Blaise Compaoré succeeds to him.
- November 7th: The president Habib Bourguiba is relieved in Tunisia. Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali succeeds to him.
- November 10th: Died of Seyni Kountché succeeded the presidency of the Niger by the colonel Ali Saibou.
- September 25th: The French president François Mitterrand inaugurates with the Cairo with the Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak the first underground line of the Egyptian capital.
New electoral code with the Cameroun, accepting multiple candidatures. Municipal elections in October, pluralist within the framework of the sole party.
- Dialog between the young people and the president of the Mali Foamed Traoré on the problem of corruption.
- 2 - September 4th: Summit conference of the French-speaking countries with Quebec.
- April 30th: Agreement of the lake Meech.
- July 14th: Flood of Montreal which floods most of this city.
- September 16th, Signature of the Protocol of Montreal, aiming at eliminating the substances impoverishing the Layer from ozone (SACO).
- October 5th: Agreement of free trade canado-American between preserving the Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Washington for the creation of a free exchange zone enters the United States and Canada. The Senate of Ottawa refuses to ratify it, which obliges Mulroney to call upon the voters to confirm its choices. It obtains the victory thanks to the rallying of the French-speaking Inhabitants of Quebec.
The United States
- August 16th: A DC-9 of the Northwest Airlines is crushed on a highway after having run up against a bridge shortly after the takeoff of Detroit: 156 dead including two motorists. To see the complete article: Flight 255 Northwest Airlines.
- October 19th: black Monday. The courses crumble with Wall Street (the Dow Jones falls of 508 points). Rush on the dollar, panics shareholders.
- the US economy resists the crash, contained by a monetary policy of emission, by massive repurchases of actions which make go up the courses, by the making safe role of the protective nets inherited the Années 1930 (guaranteed federal of the bank deposits, systems of insurance of the Social security) and by the generalization of the hearths with two wages.
- December 8th: Summit of Washington: signature of the treaty on the elimination of the intermediate nuclear forces between the United States and the USSR ( Intermediate-Arranges Nuclear Forces Treaty ).
January 6th, Chile: Augusto Pinochet raises the state of siege and authorizes the return of some exiled. Apertura : Spaces of participation are granted the opposition parties. Pinochet counts on their divisions to be maintained with the capacity.
- March 5th: seism magnitude 7,0 in the North-East of the Ecuador
- April 16th: “Crisis of the Holy Week” in Argentinian: a regiment of infantry is cut off in her districts to protest against the arrest of the one as of his shown of violation of the human rights. A general amnesty is claimed for the continued soldiers. The rebellion is subdued three days later, thanks to the mobilization of Argentinian for the defense of the democracy. The president Raúl Alfonsín is however constrained to negotiate with the army, in particular about the “duty of obedience”.
- May 26th, Chile: Seven parties form the Izquierda Unida (IU) which is fixed for objective to inflict a political defeat with the mode. A little later the Communist party of Chile breaks with the Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez (FPMR) which continued to preach an insurrectionary strategy. The moderate left opposition and the Christian Democrat prefer to fight within the framework of the institutions adopted in 1980 and to await the plebiscite planned for 1988.
- Argentinian June 5th, : A law stipulates that only to the courts the soldiers are liable who ordered an army corps or a military under-area as those which had the responsibility for one of the security forces, is about thirty people only on the whole. This law of amnesty (“law of obedience to the received orders”) puts a term at the lawsuits but not at the bad mood of the soldiers who wish an increase in their budget (reduced of half) and the recognition of the historical benefit their operations of fight against subversion.
- 6 - August 7th: Second top of Esquipulas (Guatemala). The leaders centraméricains approve “a plan to establish a firm and lasting peace in Central America”, proposed by Costa Rican the Óscar Arias Sánchez. The Arias plan calls with regional reconciliations, exhorts with a cease-fire with the Nicaragua, with the El Salvador and with the Guatemala, request a democratization and free elections, calls with a stopping of foreign aid to the irregular forces and to the respect of the borders, recommends negotiations concerning the procedures of checking, urges the government to deal with the problem of the refugees, calls with the co-operation for the development and the democracy, announces the creation of an international commission of checking and follow-up, and sets up a calendar for the carrying out of the measures envisaged. It contains in filigree the need for the departure of the capacity of the Sandinistas.
the Nobel Prize of peace is allotted to Costa Rican the Óscar Arias Sánchez.
- a court of Florida shows the dictator of the Panama Manuel Noriega of drug trafficking.
- Resumption of negotiations between Jose Napoleón Duarte and the guerilla with the El Salvador, then rupture.
- Economy :
- the crisis worsens in Latin America: the growth slows down (2,6% compared with 3,7% in 1986, inflation sets out again (187% compared with 64,6% in 1986) and the debt reaches 410 billion dollars.
- In February, the government Brazil IEN, taken between the debt outside and the internal debt, suspend temporarily the payment of the foreign debt. In June, it decides a new price freeze and wages (Bresser plan). But a little later it grants an increase of 47,5% of their balance to the soldiers. Bresser resigns and is replaced with finances by Mailson de Nobrega (December).
- December, Mexico: Program stabilization against the Inflation: drastic reduction of the public deficits, determination of objectives price wages and fixing of targets for the rate of changes-successively a fixed rate with respect to the dollar, then exchange crawling (January 1989) in a “snake” (December 1991).
- Protocol of Quito, which leaves from now on each State of the Andean Communauté of the Nations free adopt its own regulation as regards overseas investments.
- Latin-American Economic conference of Acapulco which affirms that “the return of a supported economic growth, the improvements of the standard of living of the populations and the reinforcement of the democratic processes” require “a permanent solution with the problem of the debt”.
December 1986 - January 1987, China: The spectacle of corruption, the inequalities, favoritism and the clientelism causes dissatisfaction in the student mediums. The general secretary of the party Hu Yaobang proclamation a certain comprehension in their connection, Deng Xiaoping condemns the demonstrations.
- January 16th, China: After a first wave of repression, the General secretary of the Chinese Communist party Hu Yaobang must resign. Its successor Zhao Ziyang, one protected from Deng Xiaoping, does not join himself the countryside which would like to launch the hostile veterans to the reforms against “spiritual pollution”. The climate becomes again more liberal.
- February 9th: Frontier resumption of negotiations sino-Soviet.
- April 13rd: Agreement Portugal - China envisaging the return of Macao in China in 1999.
- April, India: Business Bofors. The Swedish radio announces the payment of bribes at the time of the concluding of a big contract of sale of weapons. In July, the Indian Minister for Defense Arun Singh resigns.
- May: Military repression of the separatist movements in India and with Sri Lanka: the president of Sri Lanka Jayawardene lance an offensive against the separatists Tamouls. Rajiv Gandhi sends vivres to Tamouls of Sri Lanka, which convinces Jayawardene to negotiate.
- June 14th: Võ Chí Công, president of the Republic of Vietnam (fine in 1992).
- June 18th: Phạm Hùng, Prime Minister of Vietnam (fine in 1988).
- July 29th: An agreement is concluded between the Sri Lankian government and the rebels Tamouls, but simultaneously, the Indian army intervenes for an operation of maintains order. India becomes the protective power of Tamouls until in 1989.
- September 21st: The Dalaï LAMA presents its Peace plan in five points for Tibet to the Congrès of the United States which he will reformulate on June 15th 1988 in the European Parliament of Strasbourg, thus officializing a proposal for a negotiation, which, he hoped for it, would be used as a basis for the resolution of the question of the Tibet. The Dalaï LAMA declared: “My proposal, which was then known under the name “of approach of the center gate” or of “proposal of Strasbourg” consists in considering for the Tibet a true autonomy within the framework of the Popular republic of China. It should not be a question, however, of autonomy on paper which had been imposed to us there is fifty years in the agreement in 17 points, but of a real autonomy, of a Tibet which autogouverne truly, with Tibetans fully responsible for their own interior matters, including the education of their children, the questions religious, the cultural questions, the protection of their delicate and invaluable environment and the local economy. Beijing would continue to assume the responsibility for the control of the foreign affairs and defense”.
- October 27th, Malaysia: Lalang operation. The government Mahatir bin Mohammed answers the alleged threats of tension between Malais and Chinese by stopping the leaders of the opposition and by suspending four newspapers.
- October, Tibet: Violent demonstrations burst with Lhassa which denounce the Chinese capacity. The riots antichinoises mark a revival of the will of the people Tibetan to find his independence.
- November 6th: Noboru Takeshita, Prime Minister of Japan (fine in 1989).
- December: Election of the reformist Roh Tae-woo like president of the South Korea (37% of the voices).
- Social crisis in South Korea started by the death of a student during a interrogation of police force. The general Chon Duhwan is constrained to give up the capacity. To answer the mass demonstrations, its successor Roh Tae-woo promises reforms. The new Constitution, approved with 93% of the voices at the time of a national referendum, between in force in February 1988, marking the beginning of the Life Republic. The new president holds his promises and liberalizes the mode.
- Of the negotiations is carried out between all the parts concerned to try to find a political solution with the Kampuchean conflict.
- the media retirement of the dictator Pol Pot is organized by Khieu Samphan in order to calm the “ malevolent, enemy spirits of the revolution khmère ”. He entrusts the command of the armed forces khmères to the colonel Your Mok which made in the past exterminate thousands of Kampuchean of which many women and children. He confirms with the direction Refugee camp of Your Luan the administrator Lok Wan shown by the humanitarian organizations of very many crimes against humanity.
- Adoption of a code of the investments to the Vietnam.
- the South Korea is reached by the crisis which strikes Eastern Asia. The Chaebol (large firms) privileged the size compared to profitability too much. The government incites them to concentrate on their strong points.
- Privatization of the railroads to the Japan.
- January 1st: Coming into effect of the European Single act, which fixes at January 1st 1993 the realization of the single European market.
- January 25th: Victoire of a coalition directed by Helmut Kohl with the legislative elections in FRG.
- March 6th: Shipwreck of the British car-ferry Herald off Free Enterprise with broad of Zeebruges in Belgium: 193 dead.
- Mars: Visit Margaret Thatcher in Soviet Union.
- May 1st: Beatification with Cologne of the Carmelite nun of Jewish origin Edith Stein, died with the camp of Auschwitz in 1942, in the presence of the pope Jean-Paul II.
- May 28th: Young German Mathias Rust lands on the Red Place with Moscow.
- June 11th: New electoral victory of the preserving directed by Margaret Thatcher with the the United Kingdom. The workers party starts to center its program. It joins with the sale of the social housing, privatizations, certain trade-union reforms and gives up its position antieuropéenne and the topic of unilateral disarmament.
- July 19th: Triumph over PSD to the legislative elections with the Portugal. New government Cavaco Silva.
- October 15th: A storm touches the Brittany and the England: Storm of 1987.
- November 30th: Swiss modification in of the ordinance of the July 4th 1984 regulating the documentary evidence of the origin of the goods as regards Foreign trade.
12 000 citizens of East Germany, considered to be undesirable or useless, are authorized by the authorities of Potsdam to pass to the West.
See also: 1987 in France
See also: 1987 in Switzerland
- March 27th: The Catholic church recalls its opposition of principle to the genetic engineering.
- Mars: The Christian Democrat withdraws its Ministers for the government to force Bettino Craxi to resign.
- April: New dissolution.
- April 17th: Amintore Fanfani, president of the Council (fine the July 9th).
- June: Light resumption of the Christian Democrat (34,3%) to the legislative elections. NCV crumbles to 26,6%. PSI reaches 14,3%, MSI fall to 5,9%, PRI to 3,7%.
- July 28th: Giovanni Goria (cd.), president of the Council (fine on March 11th, 1988).
Continuation of the growth (3%). Inflation with 4,6%.
- 25 million cars in circulation.
- the budgetary skid, stopped in 1986, starts again (too complex taxation, tax evasion, weight of the interests of the debt…).
- July: Gorbatchev evokes in connection with the press the need for a “socialist pluralism”.
- October 21st: Boris Eltsine, first secretary of the Communist party of the town of Moscow, is returned.
- November: Mikhaïl Gorbatchev accelerates liberalization and democratization in the USSR.
- December 17th: Gustáv Husák resigns of its position of secretary general of the Czechoslovakian Communist party, but remains president. He is replaced with the direction of the Party by another orthodoxe Communist, Miloš Jakeš.
- Alexandr Iakovlev, in favor of the reforms, becomes member of Soviet Politburo.
- the democratic opposition extends in Hungary.
- Fall of the purchasing power and consumption in Hungary.
- Assembled economic crisis to the USSR. Economic reforms: Gorbatchev preaches a “socialist market”.
Oceania and the Pacific
- May 14th, Fiji: Coup d'etat directed by the colonel Sitiveni Rabuka, aiming at restoring the authority of the Fijians autochtones. The governor-general of Great Britain, representing the queen Elisabeth, takes the executive power then and negotiates an agreement between the Indians and the Fijians autochtones.
- September 13rd: Referendum of self-determination in New Caledonia approving the maintenance of the territory in the French Republic, the freedom fighters had called with the Abstention.
- September 25th: Rabuka undertakes a second coup d'etat, which sets up a civil government dominated by the Fijians autochtones.
- October 7th: The Queen Elizabeth is relieved of the title of Head of the State and the Fiji islands are excluded from the the Commonwealth by the Member States.
- December 8th: Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau is elected first president of the Fiji.
The Middle East
- February 22nd: The Syrian army returns to Beirut - western which it had had to leave in August 1982, in order to put an end to the fight between factions, with the Lebanese call of Moslems.
- May 4th, Lebanon: The government Karamé, shown by the Lebanese Forces and the Druzes to have let the army reconstitute itself with the profit of the president of the Republic, resigns.
- June 1st, Lebanon: Rachid Karamé is assassinated.
- During the summer, Riyadh fears an occupation of the large mosque of Mecque by the Iranian pilgrims.
- July 31st: Confrontations between police force and pilgrims Iran iens with Mecque: 402 died, including 275 Iranian. The diplomatic relations are broken between Riyadh and Teheran.
- November 8th: Summit of Amman: the diplomatic relations between the members of the LEA and Egypt are restored, except for the Algérie, of the Libya, the Syria and the Lebanon.
- December 9th: the First Intifada. An Israeli truck strikes a Palestinian taxi in the Gaza Strip and makes four dead. The rumor is spread that it is about an attack perpetrated by Israeli colonists. Popular riots burst the following days and are propagated with the Jordan. It is the beginning of the Intifada (“war of the stones”). Frustrated to see that the top of the Arab Ligue joins together with Amman was not concerned with their fate, the Palestinian young people of the Occupied territories launch stones against the Israeli occupant who retorts with a violence considered to be sometimes excessive.
the Lebanon crosses one period of total economic disorganization. The country became a large producer of drugs whose incomes finance the militia.
- January 6th: the Iraqi president Saddam Hussein states himself ready to conclude a “just honourable and lasting peace” with the Iran.
- economic War: The Iraq lance of many air raids against Iranian oil installations in the Gulf. The Iran, on its side, blocks any Iraqi access to the Gulf. Baghdad again builds pipelines towards the Turkey and the Saudi Arabia. To answer the risks of economic asphyxiation, Teheran decides to begin of them with the international traffic tankers in the Gulf. The Kuwait request American protection, but Washington refuses. The emirate calls some then with Moscow, and the United States is constrained to act and starts to protect the trading vessels in the Gulf in spring. The other Western countries also send warships.
- May 7th: The frigate missile launcher states-unienne US Stark is touched by 2 Iraqi missiles Exocet, killing 37 sailors.
- July 20th: Resolution 598 is adopted by the Safety advice of the United Nations. She asks an immediate cease-fire and the withdrawal of the belligerent forces derrières the international borders, the release of the prisoners of war, the introduction of an U.N. mediation. She promises an economic and financial assistance for the rebuilding of the two countries. But the war of the tankers continues. The fleet of the United States runs up against that of the Iran in October 1987 and April 1988.
Arts and cultures
- September 22nd: With Villaviciosa de Odón (Spain, province of Madrid), alternate of Jose Pedro Prados Martín known as “El Fundi”, Spanish Matador.
- September 26th: To Nimes (France, department of the Gard), alternate S of Miguel Báez Spínola says “Litri” and of Rafael Camino, Matador S Spanish.
Sciences & technology
See also: 1987 in science
See also: 1987 in aeronautics
See also: 1987 in the railroads
See also: 1987 in sport
See also: 1987 in football
Births in 1987
- (France) March 7th: Hatem Ben Arfa, footballer with the Olympic Lyonese
- (Germany) March 31st: Georg Listing, bass player of the group Tokio Hotel.
- (Spain) May 4th: Francesc Fàbregas Soler (known as Cesc Fabregas), footballer with the
- (France) May 7th: Jérémy Carry out, footballer with the ACE Monaco
- (Serbia) May 22nd: Novak Đoković (in Cyrillic НовакЂоковић, often spelled Djokovic), player of Tennis.
- (Japan) June 3rd: Masami Nagasawa, actress Japan ease.
- (Argentinian) June 24th: Lionel Messi, Argentinian footballer .
- (France) June 26th: Samir Nasri, footballer with Olympic of Marseilles.
- (Japan) June 29th: Yasuka Saitou, actor
- (Canada) August 7th: Sidney Crosby, Canadian hockey player evolving/moving for the Penguins de Pittsburgh (LNH).
- (the United States) September 7th: Evan Rachel Wood, Actress.
- (the United States) September 28th: Hilary Duff, Actress, American Singer .
Death in 1987
- January 12th: Jacques Herold, painter French of Rumanian origin.
- January 26th: Norman McLaren, British realizer cartoon film (° 1914).
- January 29th: Hiroaki Zakoji Japanese musician (° 1958)
- February 20th: Edgar P. Jacobs, Belgian Draftsman, (° 1904).
- February 22nd: Andy Warhol, American Artist, (° 1928).
- March 1st: Bertrand de Jouvenel, economist and French man of letters.
- March 3rd: Danny Kaye, American Actor.
- March 5th: Georges Arnaud, writer, author of the Wages of the fear
- March 19th: Louis de Broglie, father of the Mechanical undulatory French (° 1892).
- April 1st: Henri Cockerel, player of Tennis French
- April 11th: Primo Levi, Chemist and Italian writer (° 1919).
- April 27th: Robert Favre Bret, founder of the Festival of Cannes
- April 30th: Marc Aaronson, American Astronomer, (° 1950).
- May 3rd: Dalida, French Singer, (° 1933).
- May 11th: Emmanuel Vitria, senior at the time of the heart transplants.
- May 14th: Rita Hayworth, American Actress.
- June 2nd:
- June 19th: Michel of Saint-Pierre, writer French.
- June 22nd: Fred Astaire, Actor and dancer, American (° 1899).
- : Pola Negri, Polish actress (° December 31st 1894)
- August 6th: Leon Christmas, French politician, first president of the Constitutional council French.
- August 15th: Louis Scutenaire, writer and surrealist Poet Belgian of French expression (° June 29th 1905)
- August 16th: Pepe Cáceres (Jose Eslava Cáceres), Matador Colombia N (° March 16th 1935).
- August 17th: Rudolf Hess, Criminal of War Nazi
- August 23rd: Didier Pironi, racing driver and speedboat French (° 1952).
- August 28th: John Huston, Actor, Scenario writer and American Realizer. (° 1906).
- September 3rd: Morton Feldman, American Type-setter . (° January 12th 1926).
- September 11th: Peter Tosh, Singer of Reggae jamaïcain, (° 1944).
- September 23rd: Bob Pit, Choreographer and American Realizer, (° 1927).
- September 30th: Alfred Bester, American author of Science fiction, (° 1913).
- October 3rd: Jean Anouilh, writer French, (° 1910).
- October 15th: Thomas Sankara, president of Burkina Faso, (° 1949).
- October 22nd: Lino Ventura, Franco-Italian Actor, (° 1919).
- November 1st: Rene Lévesque, independence politician Québécois, (° 1922).
- November 4th: Pierre Seghers, Poet and editor French, (° 1906).
- November 18th: Jacques Anquetil, runner cyclist French, (° 1934).
- December 2nd: Gift Eisele, American astronaut (° June 23rd 1930)
- December 10th: Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian Violonist.
- December 14th: Copi Draftsman of data base, dramatic author, Argentinian writer, (° 1939).
- December 17th: Marguerite Yourcenar, woman of Letters, first woman elected with the French Academy, (° 1903).
Beats-smg: 1987 Be-X-old: 1987 Map-bms: 1987 Simple: 1987 Zh-min-nan: 1987 nor Zh-yue: 1987 年
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