1963 in science
June 20th: “red” Teleprinter.
- June: Publication of Tests of general linguistics , Romance Jakobson.
- July 19th: First Clerc's Office of an artificial heart with Houston. The patient survives 4 days.
- September 30th: Departure of Brest of the Thalassa , first French oceanographical ship.
- November 17th: Completion of the telecommunication network of NATO.
- December 17th: Creation in Paris of the world Institute of studies against cancer.
Developed with the university of Dartmouth of the data-processing computer programming language BASIC. Very simple, it makes it possible to the students to develop their personal programs and to become programmers.
- Invention of the data-processing mouse by Douglas Engelbart.
- Launching by Philips of the first Tape recorder with cassettes.
- the Polaroïd color makes its appearance at the same time as Instamatic Kodak.
Space and astronomy
- February 14th: Launching of the geostationary first Satellite, Syncom 1 (the United States).
- April 2nd: Launching of the lunar probe Luna 4 (the USSR).
- May 7th: Launching of the communications satellite TELSTAR 2 (the United States).
- May 15th: Mercury 9. The American astronaut Gordon Cooper carries out 22 revolutions around the Ground into 34. 19' on board spaceship Faith 7 before being recovered in the Pacific.
- June 14th: The vessel Vostok 5 achieves 81 revolutions around the Earth with on its board the cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky.
- June 16th: The Russian cosmonaut Valentina Terechkova is the first woman in space, on board Vostok 6.
- September 20th: Kennedy proposes with the Soviet Union a program of technical collaboration peaceful and the organization of a joint forwarding towards the the Moon.
- September 28th: Launching of the first American satellite with nuclear generation.
- November 1st:
- Brought into service of the giant radio telescope of Arecibo at Puerto Rico.
- Launching of the first radio-controlled Soviet satellite, Poliot 1.
the astrophysicist Marteen Schmidt discovers the redshift quasars (shift towards the red of the spectral lines due at the speed of distancing).
- Nobel Prize
- November 5th: Physical: Eugene Paul Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Hans Daniel Jensen for their work on the structure of the core of the atom.
- Chemistry: Karl Ziegler (German), Giulio Natta (Italian)
- October 17th: Physiology or medicine: Sir John Carew Eccles (Australian), Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley (British) for their work on the nervous cells.
- Medal Wollaston: Felix Andries Vening Meinesz
- the assumption of continuous is indécidable.
|Random links:||Croisilles (Apple-brandy) | Sistema de la energÃa | Islands of the Line | Yves Ghiai | Yamaha YZR | Etienne Vigée | Inokuchi,_Toyama|