This page relates to the year 1963 Gregorian Calendrier.
- January 2nd: The the United States propose to extend to France the Accords of Nassau.
- January 14th: The general de Gaulle refuses the creation of a multilateral nuclear force suggested by the United States.
- January 22nd: Treated of the Elysium, at the base of the Franco-German Friendship.
- July 29th: Rejection by the France of the treaty of Moscow on the nuclear tests.
- July 31st: Rejection by the China of the treaty of Moscow.
- August 5th: Treaty of Moscow between the USSR, the United States and the United Kingdom, follow-ups of 99 powers, prohibiting all the nuclear tests in the atmosphere, space or under the sea except for the underground testing.
- August 31st: Installation of the “hot Line” between the White House and the the Kremlin.
- January 14th: Charles de Gaulle rejects the candidature of the the United Kingdom for the Common Market.
- January 15th: End of the second crisis of Berlin: Nikita Khrouchtchev gives up signing a separated peace with GDR.
- January 18th: Died of Hugh Gaitskell. Harold Wilson takes the head of the Labor to the the United Kingdom.
- January 22nd: Signature of the Traité of the Elysium of friendship enters the French president Charles de Gaulle and the chancellor of the FR of Germany Konrad Adenauer.
- January 29th: Under the pressure of France, the six countries of the EEC sine die defer the negotiations on the adhesion of the Great Britain.
- April 6th: Signature with Washington of the agreement on the delivery of American rockets Polaris with the Great Britain.
- June 5th, the United Kingdom: Business Profumo. The Minister for the War John Profumo is constrained with the resignation after the discovery of his connection with Christine Keele, a call-girl being used as spy to the Soviets.
- June 26th: Triumphal voyage of John F. Kennedy in Europe and to Berlin (“ Ich bin ein Berliner ”).
- July 26th: A Earthquake of magnitude 6 fact 1 070 victims with Skopje in Yugoslavia.
- August 8th: Attack of the mail train Glasgow-London.
- September 1st: Coming into effect in Belgium of the law on the delimitation of the linguistic border.
- October 15th: Resignation of the chancellor Konrad Adenauer, 88 years old. Ludwig Erhard becomes federal chancellor in Germany.
- October 19th: Resignation of Harold Macmillan. Beginning of the preserving ministry of Sir Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister for the the United Kingdom (fine in 1964).
- November 8th: Georges Papandréou directs a government of the Union of the center in Greece (fine in 1965). He intends to abolish authoritative measurements and to democratize the political system. He enters in conflict with the king Constantin II of Greece.
the Spain is allowed with GATT.
See also: 1963 in France
- April 28th: Elections policy. The Christian Democrat loses ground (38,3% of the voices instead of 42,4%) while NCV passes from 22,7% in 1958 to 25,3%. PSI obtains 13,8% of the voices.
- June 21st: Resignation of Fanfani. Invited to form a government with socialist participation, Aldo Moro gives up because of the dissensions which appear within the central committee of the PS. It is replaced by Giovanni Leone, which ensures the transition by a homogeneous government cd..
- December 4th: The president of the council Giovanni Leone resigns to allow the formation by Aldo Moro of a government of center left which the Socialists agree to enter. Pietro Nenni is vice-president of the Council. The left of PSI carried out by Lelio Basso and Vittorio Foa refuses collaboration with cd. and creates the Italian socialist party of proletarian unit in January 1964 (PSIUP). The line of cd. threatens to refuse the nomination with the Moro government. The Osservatore romano , body of the Vatican, warns the leaders against any scission of the party Christian-Democrat. The unit is seemingly maintained, but cd. is actually divided into nine antagonistic tendencies.
First offensive anti Maffia.
- the arrival of the Socialists to the government causes the capital flight of the middle-class towards the Suisse, which involves a serious balance of payments deficit of 1961 to 1972.
- 51 817 000 million inhabitants.
- GNP is of 23 669 billion liras, is 138% of the 17 114 billion 1958.
- February: The Rumanian person in charge of planning refuses the economic integration which is proposed to him by the the Comecon, which assigns with the Romania a primarily agricultural role within the framework of the socialist division of work.
- Mars: Reopening of the Rumanian embassy of Tirana.
- April 7th: Second Yugoslav Constitution which extends the prerogatives of the republics and the autonomous provinces and changes the name of the country into socialist Federal republic of Yugoslavia. The marshal Tito becomes life president.
the Czechoslovakian Communists with the capacity are constrained to undertake the destalinization of the country because of serious economic difficulties. The victims of the purgings of 1952 are rehabilitated and Mgr Josef Beran, archbishop of Prague, is released.
- general Amnesty of the risen of 1956 in Hungary. Relaxation of the political constraints.
- March 28th, Indonesia: The Dekon , economic declaration pronounced by Soekarno inserts an economic program in the general action of the Nasakom : construction of a released democratic nation's economy and of the vestiges of colonialism and imperialism, then construction of a socialist economy whose the exploitation of the man by the man would be banished.
- Mars: The king Zaher relieves his cousin Mohammed Daoud Khan and seizes the power.
- April: Resumption of the conflicts to the Laos.
- May 1st: The Dutchmen give up the Western Irian in Indonésiens. The Hollandia capital is renamed Kotabaru (Jayapura).
- May 17th: The engagements begin again with the Laos between the Communists of the Pathet Lao and the groups uncommitted.
- May 20th: Soekarno is elected life president in Indonesia.
- June 14th: Publication of the “25 points” of Mao Zedong against the line adopted by the Soviet Union.
- June 11th: The Vietnamese bonze Thích Quảng Đức immole with Saigon, to protest against Buddhist persecutions anti of the mode of Ngô Dinh Diêm.
- June, Vietnam: Revolt Buddhist (demonstrations, immolations by fire).
- September 16th: Widening of the federation of Malaysia to Singapore, Sarawak, Sabah and Brunei in order to avoid a seizure of the Communists on Singapore. The new federation runs up against the hostility of the Filipino , which had sights on the Sabah and with that of the president indonésien Soekarno, who estimates that Borneo belonged to the territory indonésien. Until 1966, the army indonésienne badgers the federation, obliging the British army to give an opinion with the Sarawak.
- September 21st: Frontier tensions between the the USSR and the China.
- November 1st, Vietnam: Ngô Đình Diệm is reversed by a military plot without the Americans intervening.
- November 2nd: The deposed president of the Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm and its brother Ngo Dinh Nhu are assassinated.
- November 15th: Park Chung-Hee, elected of accuracy in October, is invested president in South Korea. He sets up important economic reforms, in particular the first five-year plan which marks the beginning of the economic takeoff of the country.
- November 20th: The Kampuchea gives up the American assistance and reaffirms its neutrality.
- November: 16 000 American military advisers with Saigon.
- February 1st, India: Creation of the Nagaland to put an end to the guerilla separatist.
- December 9th, Thailand: Thanom Kittikachorn becomes Prime Minister with dead of Sarit Dhanarajata. It must face a movement of communist guerilla in North.
- Indonesia: The economic decline continues. The army and the Communists (PKI) becoming more powerful, the tension increases between the two groups. Foundation of a national company, Pertamina, to assume the interior circuit of the oil products.
The Middle East
- January, Iran: Referendum on the white Revolution installation by the shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to modernize the country.
- February 8th: In Iraq first coup d'etat baassist organized by the general Bakr. The General Abdul Karim Qasim is reversed and carried out (February 9th). Colonel Abdel Salam Aref returns to the head of the government then of the State. Bakr becomes president of the Council then. Baassist and nationalists then start a pitiless repression against the Communists in answer to the events of 1959.
- March 8th: The Parti Baath seizes the power in Syria following a military coup d'etat. Salah Bitar becomes chief of the government. He immediately undertakes with the Cairo negotiations with Egypt for a new union (March). Syria requires the political equality with Egypt, which would devote the strong position of the Baath. Nasser is opposed to it because of the five million members of the USA (Baath counts only 10 000 members). The principle of a federal union is finally accepted.
- June 4th: Riots in Iran. Arrest and exile in Iraq after 8 months of prison of the Ayatollah Rouhollah Khomeini, virulent criticism of the project of modernization of the shah.
- July 18th, Syria: An coup attempt of State of the Arab National movement (pronassérien) fails.
- July 22nd: After the elimination of the forces pronassériennes in Syria and Iraq, Nasser gives up creating a news United Arab Republic federating the three States.
- September: With died of Ahmad Hilmi Pasha, Ahmas Al-Shuqayri is named representing Palestine with the Council of the LEA.
- November 18th: The Parti Baath is again eliminated from the capacity in Iraq and passes by again in clandestinity. The new strong man, Abdel Salam Aref, control surface until its death in April 1966 and follows a policy favorable to the nasserism.
- December 23rd: Nasser proposes the meeting of a top to the Cairo of all the Arab Heads of State devoted to the Israeli-Arab question. The top decides the creation of a Organization for the release of Palestine (PLO) whose administration is entrusted to Shuqayri.
- January 13rd: military Coup d'etat to the Togo. Assassination of the president Sylvanus Olympio.
- January 23rd: Insurrection of the Portuguese Guinea.
- Reunification of the Congo-Kinshasa after three years of diplomatic civil war and mediations. The separatist leaders of the Katanga and the South-Kasaï are reinstated in the leading class “national”. Rebellion of the lumumbists against the “neo-colonial” mode. They succeed in raising the peasants and control half of the territory of Congo in 1964.
- Visit of Chinese the Prime Minister Zhou Enlai with Bamako.
- February: Frontier agreements between the Mauritania and the Mali.
- 21 - May 26th: Summit of Addis-Abeba, joined together under the aegis of the emperor Hailé Sélassié Ier. Creation of OAU.
- May 25th: Thirty and one independent country sign the charter constitutive of the Organization of African Unity. She proclaims the principle of the intangibility of the borders resulting from the decolonization, the sovereign equality of all the Member States, the Pacific regulation of different and affirms a policy of non-alignment.
- June 1st: Jomo Kenyatta (KANU) becomes Prime Minister for the Kenya.
- June 7th: Inauguration with Touba (Senegal) of the largest mosque of the black world, built by the Brotherhood of Mourides, created by Ahmadou Bamba.
- June: Signature of five agreements of reconciliation between the Senegal and the Mali.
- July 5th: Failure of the conference of Victoria Falls. Refusal of independence to the Southern Rhodesia: rising and repression.
- July 15th: Formation of the Government Houphouët-Boigny (2) in Ivory Coast
- July 20th: Convention of Yaounde on the development enters the the French-speaking EEC and 18 African countries, ancestor of the Accords of Lome.
- July: Agreements financier and commercial between the France and the Mali.
- 13 - August 15th: Days of riots to Brazzaville (“Three glorious”). Fall of the mode of the abbot Fulbert Youlou with the Congo-Brazzaville.
- August: Foundation of the African Bank of development (BAD), joining together all the African countries independent except the South Africa.
- September 10th: Formation of the Government Houphouët-Boigny (3) in Ivory Coast.
- September 15th: Ahmed Ben Bella becomes president of the Republic in Algérie.
- October 20th: First coup d'etat of the colonel Soglo with the Dahomey.
- October 15th: Small war of sands. While incidents multiply at the border algéro-Morrocan woman, Ahmed Ben Bella calls with the general mobilization.
- December 10th: Independence of Zanzibar.
- December 12th: The Kenya obtains its independence of the the United Kingdom within the the Commonwealth.
- December 31st: Dissolution of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
- Report/ratio Jeanneney on the co-operation (France).
- Constitution establishing a republic with the Senegal chaired by Léopold Sédar Senghor.
- political Purging of the opponents in Ivory Coast (1963 - 1964).
- April 8th: Federal election. Defeat of the conservatives.
- April 20th: The Front of release of Quebec makes jump its first bomb.
- April 22nd: Lester Bowles Pearson (liberal) becomes Prime Minister.
- October 10th: “Saturday of the bludgeon”. With Quebec, brutal repression of one riot at the time of the visit of the queen Elisabeth II.
the minister Québécois Marie-Claire Kirkland-Casgrain makes adopt the law 16 which puts an end to the legal incapacity of the married woman. (Before a married woman could not buy a property without the signature of her husband, could not make a will, etc)
the United States
- January 14th: George Wallace is invested governor of Alabama with like programs “the segregation for always”.
- March 16th: Creation by 7 countries of America of a “medical cord” around Cuba.
- April 3rd: Racial riots with Birmingham. Beginnings of movements against the segregation in the public corporations in Alabama.
- April 12th, Alabama: Martin Luther King, Ralph Abernathy and Fred Shuttlesworth is stopped. The police force uses violence (dogs…) against the schoolboys strikers (April-May 1963).
June 11th: Kennedy imposes by the force the admission of two black students on the university of Alabama.
- June 19th: Project of civic rights addressed to the Congress envisaging prohibition of any discrimination in the public places, employment, schools, electoral rolls.
- August 30th: Installation of a “hot Line” between Moscow and Washington.
- September 15th: Attack of Birmingham killing four young girls in a black church.
- November 22nd:
disappointing Results of Alliance for Progress.
- 4,5 million unemployed.
- Failure of a draft budget envisaging more than 12 billion dollars deficit, resulting from tax reductions (13,6 billion) with an aim of allowing the revival and the reduction in unemployment.
- Proposal of Kennedy envisaging the increase in the federal assistance at the universities (voted after its death).
January 6th: The presidential regime is restored by referendum with the Brésil. The resentment of the army grows, more especially as the economic situation is degraded and that the president João Goulart is unable to stabilize the country. The political life polarizes and the president is based more and more on the left whose audience continues. Its attempt to mobilize the peasants while launching a campaign of unionization proves threatening for the great landowners.
- March 31st: The president of Guatemala Ydígoras decides to allow the return to the country of Arévalo, deposed president in 1954 and shown Communism, which causes a preventive coup d'etat tolerated by the United States.
- June 9th: Fernando Belaúnde Terry gains the elections with the Peru. Nationalist and progressist, it negotiates with the American oil company IPC and launches tax reforms and agrarian. The latter disappoints many peasants deprived of grounds. Agitation in the campaigns is worsened by the activities of guerillas (end of mandate in 1968).
- July 7th: In Argentinian, new presidential elections organized by the soldiers without the Péronistes give victorious the radical Arturo Umberto Illia (the October 12th invests). This one legalizes the party peronist with the hope that it would support it.
- July 11th: Coup d'etat in Ecuador tolerated by the United States.
- September 25th: Military coup d'etat in Dominican Republic. The president Juan Bosch is replaced by a Triumvirat which does not hold its promises of return to the democracy and is the subject of attack on behalf of the sectors of the army favorable to the organization of elections and of the return of Bosch (constitutionnalists). The United States is opposed to the coup d'etat.
- October 3rd: Military coup d'etat to the Honduras. Dictatorship of the general Oswaldo López Arellano (fine in 1971).
- Colombia: Creation of FAR ( Fuerza armadas rebeldes ) directed by Jorge Soto.
- April 11th: Encyclical Pacem in Terris of Jean XXIII, first encyclical addressed “to all the men of good will”: the encyclical condemns the concept of war right and insists: peace is not possible without social justice among the men.
- June 22nd: Election of the pope Paul VI (Gian Battista Montini) (fine in 1978). It represents the median tendency of the council the Vatican II. It accepts the innovations, but also intends to preserve the bases which ensured the perenniality of Catholicism.
Arts & culture
- May 25th: With Cordoue (Spain), alternate of Handbook Benítez Pérez known as “El Cordobés”, Spanish Matador.
- April: The Parisian ones discover for the first time a table of Andy Warhol, the Twenty Marilyns .
- June 27th: With alternate Barcelona (Spain), of Efraín Girón, Matador Venezuelan.
See also: 1963 in sport
See also: 1963 in football
Sciences and technology
See also: 1963 in science
See also: 1963 in aeronautics
See also: 1963 in the railroads
Births in 1963
- January 6th: Philippe Perrin, French spationaut
- January 20th: James Denton, American actor in particular in Desperate housewives
- February 4th: Beatrice Hammer, French writer
- February 5th: Steven Shainberg, American film realizer and producer
- February 7th: Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper, American astronaut
- February 10th: Charles Barkley, player of Basketball, American
- February 17th: Michael Jordan, player of basketball, American
- February 21st: William Baldwin (actor), American actor
- February 24th: Laurent Ruquier, radio operator organizer and TV French.
- March 11th :
- March 12th: Patricia Robertson, suction American astronaut († May 24th 2001)
- March 13rd: Rick Carey, swimmer states-unien, specialist in the Backstroke.
- March 14th: Pedro Duque, Spanish spationaut
- March 27th: Quentin Tarantino, actor and American realizer
- April 6th :
- Pauline Lafont, French Actress († August 11th 1988).
- Rafael Correa, economist and man poliric, president of the Ecuador
- April 10th: Juan Mora, Spanish Matador .
- April 11th: Elizabeth Smylie, tennis player Australia.
- April 13rd: Garry Kasparov, player and Russian champion of failures
- April 26th: Jet Li, champion of martial arts and actor Chinese
- May 6th: Alessandra Ferri, Italian principal dancer
- May 8th: Michel Gondry, French realizer
- May 10th: LISA Nowak, spationaut American
- May 19th: Sophie Davant, journalist Frenchwoman
- May 30th: Helen Sharman, British Spationaut
- June 3rd: Rudy Demotte, Belgian politician of French language
- June 9th: Johnny Depp, actor and American realizer
- June 13rd: BETTINA Bunge, German tennis player
- June 16th: Nina $petri, German actress
- June 22nd: Ludo Philippaerts, riding Belgian
- June 23rd: Hake Montgomerie, celebrates Scottish golfor
- June 29th: AsSophie Mutter, German violonist
- July 1st: Edward Tsang Lu, physicist and American astronaut
- July 4th: Henri Leconte, player of Tennis, French
- July 7th: Vonda Shepard, American singer
- : Koichi Wakata, Japanese spationaut
- August 6th: Kevin Mitnick, cracker American
- August 14th: Emmanuelle Beart, French actress
- August 21st: Mohammed VI, King of the Morocco,
- August 22nd: Tori Amos, American singer
- September 3rd: Amber Lynn, American actress of charm
- September 17th: Gian-Carlo Coppola, American actor († May 26th 1986)
- October 16th: Elie Semoun, French humorist
- October 31st: Johnny Marr, British guitarist, former member of the Smiths
- November 5th
- November 7th: Franck Dubosc, French humorist
- November 8th: Milk Ferrari, French actress († March 20th 2000)
- November 14th: Stephan Bern, Journalist, French
- November 21st: Nicollette Sheridan, English actress (series: Desperate housewives )
- November 25th: Holly Sticks, singer of jazz Canadian
- December 4th: Sergueï Boubka, Ukrainian athlete
- December 17th: Jón $kalman Stefánsson, writer Icelandic
- December 18th :
- December 19th: Jennifer Beals, American actress
- December 26th: Lars Ulrich, Danish beater of the group of Heavy Metal Metallica
- December 27th: Victor Manual, Porto Rican singer of salsa
to also see: : Category: Birth in 1963
Death in 1963
- January 13rd :
- Sylvanus Olympio, president of the Togo, assassinated, (° 1901).
- Sony Clark, Pianist of Jazz, American, (° 1931).
- January 29th: Robert Frost, Poet, states-unien, (° 1874).
- January 30th: Francis Poulenc, Type-setter, French, (° 1899).
- February 6th: Abdelkrim Al Khattabi, politician, Morrocan, (° 1882).
- February 27th: Rajendra Prasad, statesman, Indian.
- April 6th: Otto Struve, American astronomer of Russian origin (° August 12th 1897).
- April 12th: Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, philosopher Polish (° December 12th 1890)
- June 3rd: Pope Jean XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli), Italian, (° 1881).
- June 8th: Gaston Ramon, discovered Anti-diphtheric vaccine , French, (° 1886).
- June 9th: Jacques Villon (Gaston Duchamp), painter and engraver, French.
- October 10th: Edith Piaf, Singer, Frenchwoman, (° December 19th 1915).
- October 11th: Jean Cocteau, writer, Scenario writer and Draftsman French, (° July 5th 1889).
- November 22nd
- John F. Kennedy, (assassinated), president of the United States, (° May 29th 1917).
- J.D. Tippit, police officer of Dallas, (° September 18th 1924) died in service at the time of the Assassination of John F. Kennedy.
- Aldous Huxley, British writer, (° July 26th 1894).
- C.S. Lewis, writer Irish, (° November 29th 1898).
- December 12th: Yasujiro Ozu, Realizer, Japanese, (° 1903).
- December 14th: Marie Marvingt, athlete, aviatrice, pionnière of the medical evacuations (° 1875)
- December 28th: Paul Hindemith, Type-setter, German, (° 1895).
to also see: : Category: Death in 1963
Beats-smg: 1963 Be-X-old: 1963 Cbk-zam: 1963 Map-bms: 1963 Simple: 1963 Zh-yue: 1963 年
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