This page relates to the year 1957 Gregorian Calendrier.
- March 25th: the Treaty of Rome: Creation of the European Economic community.
- September 3rd: Failure of the conference of London on disarmament.
- September 27th: Dag Hammarskjöld is re-elected general secretary of UNO.
- October 4th: Sputnik, first Artificial satellite, is launched by the Soviet Union.
- December 26th: Opening to the Cairo of the Afro-Asian conference of solidarity.
- the Soviet Union request the convocation of a summit conference, the suspension of the nuclear tests, renunciation of the use of the nuclear weapons, the creation of a atom-free zone in Europe and the signature of a non-aggression pact.
- January: Associations are dissolved in Hungary.
- May 11th: Call Soviet with the the United States and the the United Kingdom for the suspension of the nuclear tests.
- the Rumanian central committee expels the Minister for the Teaching Miron Constantinescu which had taken liberal measures in the field of the culture and with respect to the minorities.
- the Faction “splinter” tries to eliminate Khrouchtchev in the USSR. Khrouchtchev leaves victorious the political crisis and succeeds in excluding Molotov, Malenkov, Kaganovitch and their allies of the Central committee and the presidium.
- June 28th: The USSR announces the first successful launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile.
- September 14th: The General meeting of UNO condemns the Soviet intervention in Hungary.
- September 29th: With Mayak, secret city of Soviet Union, an explosion in a tank of storage of nuclear waste creates a radioactive cloud of 23.000 km ².
- October 6th, Yugoslavia: Milovan Djilas, former companion of Tito, sees its custodial sentence worsened to have made publish in the United States its book the New class in which he denounced creation in the communist countries of a new bureaucratic leading class.
- November 14th: Meeting of the thirteen Communist parties with Moscow. The final communique, that the Yugoslav delegation refuses to sign, affirms the unity of views on all the examined questions and denounces the revisionism, “more threatening that never”.
- November 19th: The general secretary of the Czechoslovakian Communist party Antonín Novotný, appointed president of the republic, puts an end to the liberalization of the mode.
- the repression of insurgent continues in Hungary of 1957 with 1958 with the deportation of hundreds of them in Soviet Union. Imre Nagy and good number of its partisans is carried out (1958). The cardinal László Mindszenti finds refuge near the American delegation with Budapest and remains there until being authorized to leave the country in 1971. More than 300 executions and 16 000 judgments were listed.
- the industrial production in Yugoslavia increased by 70% compared to 1953.
- Reinforcement of the regional industrial councils in the USSR (1957, 1962) and regrouping of certain industrial companies.
- In the USSR, the total industrial production is 33 times higher than that of 1913, the production of consumer goods is multiplied by 13 only, that of heavy industry by 74.
- February 13rd: The OEEC (future OECD) opens negotiations for a free exchange zone.
- March 25th: Signature of the the Treaty of Rome: creation, at January 1st 1958, of the European Economic community (the EEC) and of Euratom, or European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC). The process of integration of the European countries takes a new dimension with this alliance gathering Belgium, the the Federal Republic of Germany, the France, the Italy, the Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The EEC is fixed for goal to gradually unify the economic policies and financial nations members, to constitute a Common Market agricultural and industrial, and to apply four freedoms, namely: free movement of the goods, the people, the services and the capital. The objective of Euratom is to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy like research.
- September 15th: Election of the 3rd the Bundestag .
- December: Following a referendum in the Saar, territory of 2.500 km ², the Of the Saar ones prefer being rather attached to the FRG than in France.
Cabinet reshuffle in Spain: a team of technician of the economy (Laureano López Rodó, Alberto Ullastres, Marino Navarro Rubio), formed by IESE (Institute of higher learning of the company of the Opus Dei) takes the orders, which will allow the Spanish development (1958 - 1963).
- May 16th: The Belgian Paul-Henri Spaak succeeds Lord Ismay at the position of secretary general of NATO.
- July 29th: Signature in Berlin of a declaration under the terms of which the governments of the United States, France, of the Federal Republic of Germany, and the United Kingdom affirm the identity of their policies relating to the reunification of Germany and European safety.
- December 19th: Enclose in Paris of the first summit conference of NATO. The heads of government reaffirm the principles and the goals of Atlantic Alliance. The European countries accept the installation on their territory of bases of American rockets.
See also: 1957 in France
- January 11th: The princess Antoinette of Bourbon, born in 1898, finds death in an traffic accident close to Winterthour.
- March 24th: Implied in a business of Espionage to the profit of France, the prosecutor of the Confederation, Rene Dubois, 59 years old, commits suicide with Bern , by drawing a ball in the head.
- June 22nd: The Opera of Zurich presents, in first world, the scenic version of Moïse and Aaron , work posthumous of Arnold Schönberg.
- July 6th: An initiative requiring the reunification of the demicanton of Basle-Countryside with that of Basle-City is deposited with the chancellery of Liestal.
- October 31st: Setting in water of the stopping of Mauvoisin, in the Valley of Bagnes. With 237 meters height, it is most of the world.
- December 15th: The Federation of the co-operatives “Migros” founds the “Migros Bank”, with the capital of 10 franc million.
The United Kingdom
- January 9th: Resignation of British the Prime Minister Anthony Eden following the Crisis of Suez. Beginning of the preserving ministry of Harold Macmillan, Prime Minister (fine in 1963). It restores the “special relation” with Washington.
- Of the 7 to the October 12th 1957, fire with the nuclear plant of Windscale. The accident is classified on level 5 on the international scales of the nuclear events ('' INNATE '').
Countryside for nuclear disarmament (NDT) launched by the pacifist mediums, the left wing of the workers party and a certain number of engaged intellectuals, chaired by the writer Bertrand Russell.
- Foundation of the Institute of the economic affairs (Geoffrey Howe, Keith Joseph), center of study and lobby working in favor of a liberal economic policy.
- 6 - February 10th: XXXIIe congress of the Italian Socialist party with Venice. Pietro Nenni continues its battle for the autonomy of ((the Italian Socialist party|Socialist party]] within the left.
- May 15th: Deprived of the support of the social democrat , the government Antonio Segni resigns.
- May 19th: Devotes Zoli form a homogeneous government Christian Democrat. After having obtained confidence with the support of the fascistic votes, Zoli resigns in June. After useless attempts to find a successor to him, the president Giovanni Gronchi returns it in front of the Room.
- July 30th: The Parliament ratifies the treaty instituting the EEC.
Protest movement with the University of Turin.
- 700 000 unemployed. Unemployment disappears between 1958 and 1962.
- March 6th: Independence of the Ghana, then “Gold Coast”, granted by the the United Kingdom.
- March 30th: Vote decrees on enforcement of a law of the Loi-cadre Removes iron giving autonomy to the colonies of AOF and AEF. The elections which proceed the following day are largely gained by GDR in Guinea, in Ivory Coast, with the Chad and the Sudan.
- 25 - September 30th: IIIe Congress interterritorial of GDR to Bamako. It is at the origin of the fall with Paris of the cabinet Bourges-Maunoury (October 1st). Political personalities Frenchwoman (Mendès France, Edgar Faure, François Mitterrand) and African take part in it. It reveals deep divergences within the party: the Guinean Sékou Touré or the Sudanese Modibo Keita wishes the maintenance of federal executives with Dakar and Brazzaville. The Man from the Ivory Coast Houphouët-Boigny recommends the granting of broadest autonomy to each territory.
Elections with Zanzibar.
- Hutu Proclamation of the of the ethnic Ruanda and conflicts. Agitation with the Burundi.
- Rejection of the Lyttleton Constitution by the Blacks with the Kenya.
- Riots and French intervention with the Cameroun following autonomy.
- Violent incidents with Bamako against the sect Moslem woman Wahabi. Dwellings are ransacked.
- Autonomy of the Eastern Nigeria and Western Nigeria.
- First free election with the Congo (municipal elections with Léopoldville, Elisabethville and Jadotville).
- Right to strike to the Belgian Congo.
- AEF : division of the CGT and creation of the CGTA (African General confederation of work).
- Creation of UGTAN (General union of the Workers of the Black Africa) to Cotonou.
- Foundation of the University of Dakar.
- the eighth congress of FEANF (Federation of the Students of Black Africa in France) adopts a resolution which declares that independence must be conquered by a revolutionary fight of the African popular masses.
- January 7th: Beginning of the Battle of Algiers, carried out by the “paras” of the general Jacques Massu, responsible for the maintenance of law and order in the of Algiers agglomeration. The paras stop and torture.
- January 16th: Attack with the bazooka against the general Raoul Salan.
- February 16th: The parachutists of the colonel Bigeard capture Larbi Ben Me hidi, coordinator of the terrorist activities in Algiers.
- Mars: Visiting the oil building sites of the the Sahara, the general De Gaulle hopes that France will preserve these territories.
- April: The metropolitan opposition (François Mauriac) obtains the nomination of a board of inquiry on the abuses repression.
- June 9th: In Algiers, an attack asserted by the FLN with the casino of the Cornice makes 8 dead.
- June 10th: Arrest of Maurice Audin, tortured by the paras.
- June 21st: Disappearance of Maurice Audin in Algeria.
- July 25th: Abolition of monarchy and proclamation of the Republic of Tunisia. Habib Bourguiba becomes the first President of the Republic.
- August 15th: Mohamed V, sultan of the Morocco.
- September 1st: For the first time, the French troops enter to Tunisia in order to capture the Algerian rebels.
- September 15th: Completion of the “line Morice”.
- January 17th: Canada takes possession of its first aircraft carrier, the “Bonaventure”.
- April 10th Creation of a national mode of insurance-hospitalization envisaging of the costs shared between the federal one and the provinces.
- June 10th: Canadian Federal election of 1957; John Diefenbaker, chief of the Left progressist-conservative, becomes Prime Minister of Canada; it remains in station until in 1963.
- August 16th: Abolition of the sorrow of imprisonment for not-paid debts.
- October 12th: The Nobel Prize of peace is awarded to Lester B. Pearson, future Prime Minister of Canada.
Canada pushes back the idea of a customs union with the Great Britain.
The United States
- January 5th: The president Eisenhower request with the congress of the special capacities to fight against the communist threat with the the Middle East.
- January 9th: Foundation by Martin Luther King of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
- April: Travel of Richard Nixon to Africa, which inaugurates the African policy of the United States, founded on the open preference granted to the leaders of anglophone Africa.
- June: 7% of the active population are with unemployment.
- September 9th: Vote Civil Rights Act by the Congress, it sets up a legislation favorable to the civic rights of the minorities to the United States. It authorizes the inculpation of whoever would seek to prevent a citizen from voting. The Noir vote remains however weak.
- September 24th: Crowd expels of a public school of Little Rock (Arkansas) nine black children. Eisenhower must send thousand parachutists to the site to make respect the law.
- October 4th: Launching of the Sputnik by the USSR. The military superiority of the United States is disputed.
Deceleration of the private sector investment. Resumption of inflation.
- February: A journalist of the NewYork Times, Herbert Matthews, publishes a series of article on the cuban rebels led by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara. The corrupted mode of Batista starts to lose its international supports and is some weakened. Castro hopes to secure a sanctuary in rural area and to await the urban revolts, but the “Mouvement of July 26th” does few followers near the peasants. The “proclamation of the Sierra Maestra”, which claims the democracy, of the free elections, the freedom of the press and of grounds for the peasants ( July), do not change anything.
- May 10th: Preserving liberal pact in Colombia. Fall of the dictator Gustavo Rojas Pinilla. The liberals and the conservatives negotiate a division of the capacity. They manage to agree on a strict distribution of the governmental stations, on all the levels, and with an alternation with the capacity, for one 16 years period (4 mandates). The idea, which consists in eliminating the sources from confrontation by removing any possibility of exclusion of a party of the capacity, is adopted by referendum (December) and in 1958 the mode of the National front is inaugurated.
- July: Legislative elections in Argentinian.
- September 22nd: Beginning of the dictatorship of François Duvalier in Haiti after elections marked by the fraud (end in 1971).
- December 21st: Ramón Villeda Morals, elected president in Honduras (fine in 1963). It tries to impose a land reform.
- tax Crisis with the Venezuela. The State is almost in bankruptcy. The preserving elites unite with the opposition to claim the departure of the dictator Marcos Pérez Jiménez. Opposition parties (Communist party, AD, COPEI, IRD) decide to train a patriotic junta to reverse the dictator ( June). The three noncommunist parties secretly put agreement at New York to exclude the Communists from the capacity in spite of their participation in resistance.
Asia & India
- February 12th: The Kampuchea affirms its neutrality.
- August 31st: Independence of the Malaysia conceded by the the United Kingdom. Tunku Abdul Rahman, chief of the UMNO, becomes Prime Minister of Malaysia (fine in 1970).
- September 17th, Thailand: The government Phibun is reversed at the time of a military coup d'etat carried out by the marshal Sarit Thanarat, commander-in-chief of the armed forces inhabitants of Thailand.
Between 1957 and 1961, the coalition governments follow one another the Laos at fast intervals, and the fight between the three enemy factions (Communist, neutralist, pro-American) intensifies. Souvanna Phouma, Prime Minister. Souphanouvong (communist), Minister for the Plan.
- Civil war with the Vietnam. The fight continues between the mode of Ngô Đình Diệm with Saigon, supported by the Americans, and the National front of release.
- the China hardens repression with the Tibet.
- India: Land reform in the Kerala, then controlled by the Communists.
- January 8th: Hatta gives up the vice-presidency. The ministers belonging to Masjumi resign.
- February 21st: Soekarno introduces the shape of government plus autoritarist, a democracy with the indonésienne. PNI, PKI and Trade-union confederation SOBSI support it. The Moslem parties and Hatta are hostile, because the system implies the participation of the Communists in the government.
- March 14th: The government Sastroamidjojo resigns. Soekarno imposes the martial law, which gives capacities increased to the chief of staff, the general Nasution.
- April 8th: After the failure of Suwirdjo, the ministry extraparlementaire is created by Dr. Djuanda which takes again the program of Soekarno. The national council is created and in spite of the multiplication of the attacks, president Soekarno continues his policy “of national union”.
- November, Business of the Irian: the resolution of UNO inviting the Dutchmen and Indonésiens to take again the negotiations on the statute of Irian does not obtain the majority of two thirds.
- November 30th: An attack aims Soekarno.
- December 2nd: In response, the “Committee for the release of Irian” starts a general strike. Many Dutch nationals are repatriated. The companies occupied by the workers and the plantations which were Dutch properties are placed under the control of the government of Djakarta. The government multiplies steps to get abroad weapons and ships to put an end to the monopoly in fact Dutch companies of navigation.
Oceania & peaceful
- May 16th: Thermonuclear test British in the Christmas island (Peaceful).
The Middle East & world-Arabic
- January 1st: The Egypt denounces the treaty of alliance with the Great Britain. Under the pressure of Eisenhower, Israel is resigned to the evacuation of the the Sinai and Egypt recovers Gaza.
- February 11th: The Soviet Union reacts to the Doctrine Eisenhower by the Chepilov plan. It envisages the peaceful resolution of the conflicts, non-interference in the interior matters of the Arab countries, the suppression of military alliances and the deliveries of weapons. He proposes a neutralization of the area with a Soviet zone of influence. The United States refuses.
- February: The king Hussein of Jordan, in front of the rise of the oppositions, resigns himself to form a government of Arab nationalist tendency. The treaty of alliance with the Great Britain is denounced. Glubb Pasha is returned army. The Syria, the Egypt and the Saudi Arabia are committed providing for the financial needs for the kingdom.
- April 13rd: The government of Jordan proposes a federation with the Syria and the Egypt and the establishment of diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union. Hussein returns the government. The forces pronassériennes, supported by the Palestinian officers of the Jordanian army, retort by a popular insurrection. The king restores the order thanks to the troops loyal supporters.
- June 8th, Iraq: The Prime Minister Nouri Saïd resigns. The following governments maintain an orientation pro-Western.
- July 12th: The prince Karim, 20 years, student with Harvard, becomes the Aga Khan, spiritual leader of 20 million Moslems Ismaéliens, with died of his large father.
- August 6th: Economic cooperation agreement and technique soviéto-Syrian. In answer, the CIA prepares the Wappen plan aiming at reversing the Syrian mode which fails lamentably. Several American diplomats are expelled of Syria.
- In September, of the Turkish troops is massed at the Syrian border. The USSR announces that it will defend the Syria. At the end of the month, the Saudi Arabia tries a mediation near Damas without consulting Nasser.
- October 13rd: In answer, Egypt unloads troops with Lattaquié, in Syria.
- October 28th: Cooperation agreement between the Syria and the the USSR.
- November 20th: The Palestinian leader Hajj Amin Al-Husseini request the fastening of the Palestine to future RAU. Nasser refuses because it does not wish to see the creation of a Palestinian authority in the payment of the Israeli-Arab question.
- December 26th: Afro-Asian conference of the Cairo. Reaffirmation of the principles of Bandung. It is decided that the Soviet Union would belong to the permanent Council (January 1st 1958).
- December, Syria: The left Ba' ath writes a project of union with the Egypt.
- the Arab countries, except for the Egypt and of the Syria, adopt the Doctrine Eisenhower.
- With the Lebanon, the party of Chamoun gains the elections thanks to an electoral cutting which makes it possible to eliminate part of the chiefs from the opposition pro-nassériens. A vote allowing the re-election of the Head of the State is considered.
- the shortly after Suez, David Ben Gourion launches out in a “peripheral” strategy consisting in loosening the vice that the Arab States close to Israel make weigh on last. It ties alliances with the Turkey, the Ethiopia, even the Sudan. This bringing together allows political policies of joint destabilization in the Arab countries, like the support brought to the Kurdish of Iraq by Israel and the Iran.
Arts & culture
- January 13rd: the Wham-O american company develops the Frisbee.
- Introduction of the Latin alphabet in China; a reform aims at simplifying the language and the Chinese writing.
- February 3rd: Opening of the gallery Leo Castelli to New York which exposes representatives of the “Pop art”.
- February 3rd: Exposure Francis Bacon to Paris.
- the wide Figure , sculpture of Henry Moore for the building of UNESCO in Paris.
- the painter Yves Klein exposes his monochromic to attractive luminous and patented blue (IKB).
- the architect Le Corbusier builds the Couvent Holy-Marie-with-the-Tourette.
Sciences & technology
See also: 1957 in science
See also: 1957 in aeronautics
See also: 1957 in the railroads
See also: 1957 in sport
See also: 1957 in football
Births in 1957
- January 6th: Michael Foale, astronaut américano-British
- January 12th :
- John Lasseter, film producer of animation
- Anna Fotyga, Polish political woman, Minister for the businesses of Poland
- January 23rd: Caroline Grimaldi, princess of Monaco
- January 29th: Grazyna Miller, poetess polono - Italian
- February 5th: Azouz Begag, writer and politician French
- February 9th: Jaco van Dormael, Realizer and Belgian scenario writer
- February 11th: Colette Burgeon, Belgian political woman of French language
- February 17th: Loreena McKennitt, Song writer and performer Canadian
- February 19th: Falco, Austrian singer
- February 21st: Tomás Campuzano, Spanish Matador .
- February 25th: Governed Laspalès, humorist and actor French
- February 27th: Michele Rollin, director and critical cinematographic French
- February 28th: John Turturro, American actor
- March 9th: Mona Sahlin, Swedish political woman, former minister and Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden
- March 10th: Terrorist Usama Bin Laden, international Saoudi
- March 12th: Steve Harris, Bass player of the group of Heavy metal Iron Maiden
- March 18th: Christer Fuglesang, Swedish spationaut
- March 20th: Spike Lee, scenario writer, realizer and American producer
- March 21st: Youssef Rzouga, Tunisian poet
- March 22nd: Jacek Kaczmarski, political singer Polish
- March 23rd: Chantal Lauby, humorist and French actress
- March 24th:
- March 26th: Oliver Hirschbiegel, realizer and German scenario writer
- March 29th :
- Christophe Lambert, actor and producer, French nationality and American
- Maurice Benayoun, artist, French nationality
- March 30th: Elena V. Kondakova, Russian cosmonaut
- March 31st: Patrick Forrester, American astronaut
- April 2nd: Paul Chariéras, French actor
- April 4th: Aki Kaurismäki, realizer and scenario writer Finnish
- April 6th: Christophe Sirchis, musician and realizer French.
- April 9th: Yamina Benguigui, director and French scenario writer
- April 19th: Serguei Batalov, Russian actor
- April 22nd: Donald Tusk, politician Polish
- April 23rd: Kenji Kawai, Type-setter Japan board of film musics
- April 28th: Léopold Eyharts, French spationaut
- April 29th: Daniel Day-Lewis, British actor
- May 1st: Catherine Frot, actress
- May 2nd: Dominic L. Gorie, American astronaut
- May 13rd: Claudie Haigneré, doctor, political woman and Spationaut French, former minister
- May 14th: William G. Gregory, American astronaut
- June 1st: Yasuhiro Yamashita, Japanese judoka, world champion and Olympic champion.
- June 7th: Fred Vargas, woman of letters, French writer
- June 10th: Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect.
- June 22nd: Meglena Kouneva, Bulgarian political woman, minister of Bulgaria
- June 23rd: Frances McDormand, American actress
- July 3rd:
- Laura Branigan, American singer
- Governed Bubble, French writer.
- July 9th: Kelly McGillis, American actress
- July 16th: Alexandra Marinina, Russian novelist.
- July 17th: Jean-Claude Dunyach, scientist and author of French science fiction
- July 25th: Daniel W. Bursch, American astronaut
- August 9th: Melanie Griffith, American actress
- August 18th: Carole Bouquet, French actress
- August 29th: Severino Bottero, trainer of Alpine skiing Italy N. († January 2nd 2006).
- September 2nd: Steve Porcaro, clavierist and singer member of the American rock group Louse
- September 6th: Michaëlle Jean, political woman, general gouverneure of the Canada
- September 10th: Andrei Makine, French writer originating in Siberia
- September 19th: Richard Mr. Linnehan, American astronaut
- September 21st: Ethan Coen, producer and American scenario writer
- October 4th: Greg Linteris, American astronaut
- October 9th: Iouri Ousatchev, Russian cosmonaut
- October 18th: Catherine Ringer, singer multi-instrumentalist of French rock'n'roll and member of the Rita Mitsouko
- October 28th: Florence Arthaud, French navigatrice
- October 30th: Aleksandr Lazutkin, Russian cosmonaut
- November 3rd: Carried out Marc the, photographer and multi-media artist French.
- November 12th: Cécilia Sarkozy, ex-wife of Nicolas Sarkozy, ex- France's First Lady.
- November 13rd: Stephen Baxter, British writer
- November 27th: Caroline Kennedy, girl of the US president John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis and sister of John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr.
- November 30th: Margaret Spellings, American political woman, Secretary with Education with the the United States
- December 13rd: Steve Buscemi, actor and American realizer
- December 19th: Michael E. Fossum, American astronaut
- December 20th: Anita Baker, American singer
- December 25th: Shane MacGowan, singer and type-setter Irish
Death in 1957
- January 10th: Gabriela Mistral (Lucila Godoy there Alcayaga), poetess Chile enne
- January 14th: Humphrey Bogart, American actor
- January 16th: Arturo Toscanini, musician
- February 2nd: Valery Larbaud, writer French
- February 8th: John von Neumann, American mathematician (° December 28th 1903)
- February 16th: Josef Hoffmann, pianist Polish naturalized American (° January 20th 1876)
- February 19th: Maurice Garin, racing cyclist
- March 16th: Constantin Brancusi, French sculptor of Rumanian origin
- March 26th: max Ophüls, German realizer
- May 12th: Erich von Stroheim, actor, scenario writer and realizer
- May 14th: Marie Vassilieff, French painter of Russian origin
- May 16th: Eliot Born (53 years), police officer who stopped Al Capone
- June 21st: Johannes Stark, German physicist, Nobel Prize of physics in 1919, (° 1874)
- June 27th: Malcolm Lowry, British writer
- July 6th: Henry February, French type-setter (° October 2nd 1875)
- July 9th, Dijon: Joseph Samson, choirmaster of the cathedral, writer and type-setter, a few days after his famous conference of Versailles on the sacred music.
- July 19th: Curzio Malaparte (59 years), writer Italy N
- July 24th: Sacha Guitry writer and realizer French
- August 16th: Irving Langmuir (76 years), chemist and American physicist
- August 23rd: Eugene Schueller, founder of L'Oreal
- August 25th: Umberto Sheba, writer and Italian poet (° March 9th 1883)
- September 20th: Jean Sibelius, type-setter Finnish
- September 21st: Haakon VII, first king of Norway not to be a king de Suède
- October 24th: Christian Dior (51 years), designer and large dressmaker French
- October: Louis B. Mayer, producer, Russian American of origin, (° 1885).
Carl Stormer, Norwegian physicist
Beats-smg: 1957 Be-X-old: 1957 Map-bms: 1957 Roa-rup: 1957 Simple: 1957 Zh-yue: 1957 年
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