This page relates to the year 1917 Gregorian Calendrier.
- April 17th: After the Revolution of February, the provisional government grants independence to the Estonia NS.
- December 11th: Proclamation of a Lithuanian State placed under the protection of the German Empire.
the National committee Polish, installed in Paris after the collapse of the Russian Empire and chaired by Romance Dmowski and Ignacy Paderewski, in favor of the Triple Entente, is recognized by the allied governments.
- Revision of the Constitution to the Netherlands: Vote for all male, representation proportional, payment of the school war. Social reforms: eight hours day, old-age insurance. Verzuiling (1917 - 1940), bulk-heading of the “various religious designs, philosophical or political and corresponding groups, firmly organized with the state aid” (Kossmann).
- Mars: Difficulties of supply in Sweden. The authoritarianism of the king causes critical sharp and one speaks to revise the Constitution. Disorders burst with Stockholm. Careful, the king returns the March 30th the cabinet Hjalmar Hammarskjöld and makes constitute a ministry of transition directed by Karl Staaff.
- July 18th: Independence of the Finland. The provisional government makes at once dissolve the Parliament.
- 5 - September 12th: Meeting with Stockholm of the international socialist conference which is completed by a call to the international general strike.
- With the elections of September in Sweden, the left coalition (liberal and socialist) carries it. The king accepts the constitution of a government directed by a liberal, Edén, including/understanding several Socialists, of which Hjalmar Branting (beginning of the parliamentary mode).
- October 19th: Government the Nile Eden in Sweden (fine in 1920). Karl Hjalmar Branting, Minister for Finance in Sweden (fine in 1918).
- December 31st: The Sovnarkom recognizes the independence of the Finland.
- May: Beginning of the Triennium Bolshevik (end in 1920). Threaten revolutionary. The soldiers constitute “juntas of defense” that the weakened civil capacity must legitimate. The opposition (80 brought together deputies with Barcelona) claims the behavior of the constituent Cortes.
- July: Social agitation with Valence, Bilbao, Saint-Jacob de Compostelle.
- August 13rd: General strike repressed by the mode. Riots collectivists in Andalusia, strikes insurrectionary, terrorism in Catalonia, repressed in blood by the governor Martínez Amido.
- November 3rd: Government of national concentration of Manual Garcia Prieto, transitory coalition between conservatives, liberals (turno) and Lliga Catalan woman of moderate the Francisco Cambó, followed by thirteen cabinet crises between 1917 and 1922.
- May 13rd: With Fatima (Portugal), three children affirm to have seen the Virgin Mary.
- Economic difficulties caused by the effort of war. Demonstrations of dissatisfaction, from which benefitbenefits the Church and the monarchists.
- December 5th: “New Republic”: Coup d'etat of Sidónio Feed. Exile of the president Bernardino Machado. The party germanophile, represented by the line monarchist, triumph. The task force in France is given up by the government. Sidónio Pais is made elect president of the republic by the universal direct suffrage in 1918. Force repression of the opponents to the mode (imprisonments, exiles).
Re-establishment of the congregations.
- Foundation of the Catholic Center Portuguese (antirépublicain).
- August: Serious labor unrests take place with Turin against the expensive life and the war. The police force and the army intervene.
- October 29th, Italy: Fall of the government Paolo Boselli, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, president of the Council.
- the pope Benoît XV promulgates the new Code of canonical right, prepared by Pie X.
- Mars: First meeting of the imperial Cabinet of war composed of leaders of the Dominions. It officializes the goals of political war, which aim at cutting down the German power everywhere where it can constitute a threat for the Empire of the Indies, i.e. to the the Middle East, in Africa and Oceania. In Europe, they aim cutting down Reich by the Alsace-Lorraine and at placing Belgium under the protection of the Alliés.
- April: Entry in war of the the United States. They save Great Britain of the bankruptcy.
- August: The Henderson member of the Labor Party, converts with the idea of a peace of compromise with Germany, leaves the government.
the royal family changes her name of Saxony-Cobourg, considered to be too Germanic, in Windsor.
See also: 1917 in France
- April 8th: Scission of the social democrat party and creation of the independent social democrat party with Gotha (Karl Liebknecht, Rosa Luxembourg, Eduard Bernstein).
- April 16th: Massive strike in Germany (300 000 workmen). The trade union leaders are stopped.
- July 14th: The chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg resigns under the pressure of generals and heads of party. Georg Michaelis, chancellor (end in November).
- July 19th: The Reichstag vote in the majority a resolution of peace condemning the territorial conquests.
- September 2nd: The admiral Alfred von Tirpitz founds with Königsberg the German party of the fatherland.
- November 1st: Georg Hertling, chancellor.
Shortage of coal, covers and vivres. Inflation, falls of the purchasing power of the employees.
Central Europe & Balkans
- April 5th: The king Ferdinand Ier of Romania addresses to the soldiers of the face a proclamation in which he promises to the peasants grounds and a broader participation in the public life. A constituent Assembly convened by Bratianu with Iasi vote a land reform in June envisaging the availability of the peasants of two million hectares and an electoral reform introducing for the future the vote for all.
- May 30th: Declaration of May submitted to the Parliament of Vienna by Anton Korošec which asks for the reunification of all Slavic south of monarchy in an autonomous unit.
- In May, the Czech deputies propose the constitution of a confederal State whose Bohemia (increased of Slovakia) would form the third component with the Austria and the Hungary. The project is rejected by the emperor Charles Ier of Austria, because of the opposition of the Magyars.
- June 12th: The king Constantin Ier of Greece is constrained with abdication. He designates his son Alexandre like successor.
- June 26th: Eleftherios Venizelos founds a new government in Greece.
- July 20th: Pact of Corfou signed by the chief of the Serb government, Nikola Pašić, the president of the Yugoslav committee formed in London, Ante Trumbić and the mayor of Zagreb, Free Subiloqui. It envisages the union of Serb, the Croats and the Sloveniens under the Serb dynasty of the Karageorgévitch.
In Transylvania, the Hungarian minister Albert Apponyi continues a systematic policy of magyarisation of the schools, makes expel or stop orthodoxe priests and imposes a flexible subway.
- March 9th: Hundreds of arrests are carried out in the night. Insurrection with Petrograd: the soldiers fraternize with the workmen.
- March 12th: Mutinies in the Russian armed .
- March 15th: Abdication of the tsar Nicolas II of Russia to Pskov. The capacity passes to the hands of a provisional government to liberal tendency consisted influential members of the Douma and chaired by the prince Lvov. Its authority is limited to Petrograd by the Soviet (council) of the deputies, of the workmen and soldiers who seeks to dominate Russia by the Soviets.
- March 23rd: The Soviet of Petrograd lance a call with peace and the negotiations with “the workmen of the enemy countries”.
- April 17th: Return in Russia of Lénine, it states 10 theses, or “theses of April”. He affirms that whole Europe is the day before a socialist revolution and that the Marxists must reverse the provisional government. He presents his program to the members Bolcheviks of the congress panrusse of the Soviets: armament of the people, confiscation and nationalization of the land fields, creation of an international revolutionist and introduction of a republic of the Soviets of working and country deputies.
- April 27th: The conference of the organizations Bolsheviks of Petrograd adopts the “theses of April” of Lénine.
- May 7th: The conference panrusse of the party Bolchevik adopts the theses of Lénine. A central committee is created (Lénine, Zinoviev, Kamenev and Stalin).
- May 18th: Trotski arrives at Petrograd.
- May 19th: The prince Lvov form a second provisional government following the resignation of Milioutov, Goutchkov and Korlinov. Kerenski is Minister for the War.
- In June, 1st congress panrusse of the Soviets.
- July 13rd: 500 000 people express with Petrograd with the call of the congress panrusse of the Soviets.
- September 9th: The general Korlinov, commander-in-chief, tries a coup d'etat. He goes on the capital but its troops give up it. Several generals are relieved and stopped.
- September 19th: Kerenski succeeds Lvov with the head of the provisional government and takes repressive measures against demonstrators and Bolcheviks: Trotski is stopped. Lénine flees in Finland.
- September: The party Bolshevik takes the control of the Soviets of Petrograd (Trotski, September 21st) and of Moscow.
- September 25th: Of Finland, Lénine lance a call to the insurrection with the Bolsheviks so that they seize the capacity by the force.
- October 16th: Lénine gains Petrograd.
- In October, the party Bolshevik obtains the majority in IIe congress panrusse Soviets.
- October 23rd: The Central committee votes in favor of the insurrection. An political office is elected (Lénine, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Trotski, Stalin, Sokolnikov, Bouknov).
- October 26th: Lénine is elected with the head of the Central committee of the Party Bolshevik.
- 6 - November 7th (night from October 24th to 25th according to the Calendar Julien ): Beginning of the Revolution of October . Coup d'etat Bolshevik organized by Trotski: with the congress panrusse of the Soviets, proclamation of the transfer of being able in all Russia to the Soviets of the workers' and country delegates. The palate of Winter falls to the hands from insurgent during the night.
- November 8th: The congress panrusse of the Soviets adopts the decrees on the ground with the peasants and peace without annexation nor allowances. Creation of the government Bolshevik: “the Council of the police chiefs of the people”. Lénine becomes president of the Soviet of the police chiefs of the people (Sovnarkom) while the Foreign affairs are entrusted to Trotski.
- November 25th: Election of the constituent Assembly (419 seats for the revolutionary Socialists, 168 for the Bolsheviks).
- November 26th: Cease-fire.
- Independence of the Ukraine in November (DIN in 1921). Simon Petlioura directs it from Kiev. In December, a Soviet republic of Ukraine, supported by the Bolsheviks is proclaimed with Kharkiv.
- December 18th: Armistice with the Turks.
- December 20th: Creation of the Tchéka, Soviet secret police, under the authority of Felix Dzerjinski.
- December 22nd: Peace negotiation with Brest-Litovsk with the central Empires.
First World War
- January: The armies austro-allemandes and Bulgarian control the major part of the Romania. Their advance is stopped on the Siret thanks to the support of the Russian troops.
- January 22nd: The President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, pleads for a peace without winners.
- January 31st: Beginning of the underwater War total.
- February 3rd: Rupture of the diplomatic relations between the the United States and the Germany, after the advertisement by this one of a widening of the underwater war and the interception of a German message incentive Mexico to enter in war against the United States.
- February 24th: Victoire allied on the Anchor (Somme): the Germans beat a retreat in front of the British.
April: Conference austro-allemande of Kreuznach. Charles Ier of Austria, to resolve the situation, proposes to yield the Galicia to the Poland provided that the Germany yields the Alsace-Lorraine to France. The German chancellor Michaelis refuses. Charles Iet then entrusts a secret mission to the prince Sixte Ier of Bourbon-Parma to obtain a peace of compromise with the France. The departure of Briand and the pressure of the militarist parties prevent the conclusion of it.
- April 2nd: Entry in war of the United States at the side of the Allies.
- April 9th: the British launch the offensive in Artois, between Arras and Lens.
- April 16th: Beginning of the offensive Bubble of the Way of the Ladies. The offensive which appears very fatal involves mutinies within the French Army. Combat of the plate of Craonne: Ve (Mazel) and Life (Mangin) French Armies launch the offensive on the Aisne.
- April 17th: Entry in action of the French armoured tanks, tanks Schneider and Saint-Chamond on the face between Laffaux and the north of Rheims.
- May 4th: Failure of the offensive Bubble with the Way of the Ladies.
- May 15th: Philippe Pétain replaces Nivelle as commander-in-chief of the French Armies after his resignation. Foch is named chief of staff.
- May 20th: Mutinies in the French Army: 68 of 112 divisions are touched; 629 soldiers are judged and condemned and 50 of them are carried out (April-June).
- June 4th: The Italian forces of the general Luigi Cadorna beat a retreat on the face of the Carso.
- June 29th: The Greece enters the war to the side of the allies.
- June 30th: Unloading with Saint-Nazaire of the first American troops .
- Motion of peace to the German Reichstag on initiative of Matthias Erzberger.
- the German army obliges the Russians to evacuate the Galicie.
- July 31st: British offensive in the Flandres directed by the general Douglas Haig.
- : Call of the pope Benoit XV with a “white peace”.
- August 16th: Success of the Franco-British offensive in the Flandres in the north of Ypres.
- August 19th: Success of the Italian offensive of the troops of the Capello general and the duke of Aoste on the plate of Bainsizza. The engagements make 200 000 died in two months during the summer. The mutinies and the desertions multiply while the back country revolts.
- August: Negotiation Armand-Revertera, on the initiative of France, in Swiss, with Austria (end in February 1918).
- September 3rd: The German troops take Rīga.
- September 11th: Disappearance in flight of Georges Guynemer.
- September 20th: Second battle of the Flandres: the troops of Haig seize the wood of Inverness and launch the offensive between Ypres and Menin.
- October 24th - November 9th: Austrian offensive victorious surprise in Italy. The imperial army crosses the Tagliamento, reached the Piave and made 300 000 prisoners. Italian defeat of Caporetto in the valley of Isonzo by the Austrians. The face is inserted on 50 km and the losses are considerable. Luigi Cadorna is replaced with the high command by the Diaz general. The army holds Piave, helped by Franco-British divisions.
- November 7th: Joined together with Rapallo, the Allies decide to create an interallied Superior council of war.
- November 8th: At an interallied meeting with Peschiera, Victor-Emmanuel III of Italy is opposed to the withdrawal Italian forces on a new line. A main effort begins to reorganize the army and to mobilize the nation.
- November 26th: Following the Revolution Bolshevik, the Russia sign a Cease-fire separated with the Germany.
- December 9th: Armistice of Focşani between the Germany and the Romania.
- December 15th: The Germans and the Bolsheviks sign an armistice with Brest-Litovsk. The Germans help Lénine to leave his Swiss exile.
the adoption of a system of convoys reduces the naval losses of the allies caused by the German submarines.
- April 17th: Agreements of Akroma. The Italy grants autonomy to the Cyrénaïque under the authority of the emir Idris.
- the authorities of the the Cape Province empty the trains bringing the Blacks towards the mines, to protect the Rand from a possible extension of the Typhus, causing a scandal. At the station of Sterkstroom, men and women are stripped, showers and are mowed with brutality. There are deaths.
- Foundation in South Africa of the Anglo-American Corporation by Ernest Oppenheim (diamonds).
- Hanoc Sindano of the Kitawala sermon against the colonial authorities in Rhodesia of North.
- Jamaïcain Marcus Garvey lance with the the United States the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). She preaches the return of the Blacks in Africa and exalte the black race.
- With the Mozambique, the Barue, group connected with the Shona living in the south of the Zambezi, is submitted to the Portuguese who proceed to massive enrôlements for their troops. Divided by quarrels of successions, they do not react. Mbuya, the priestess of the supreme god Mwari, exhorts them with the revolt. One of the applicants, Nongwe-Nongwe, is drawn up against the Portuguese.
- François-Henry Laperrine reached In Salah with five cars.
The Middle East & Arab world
- January 29th: Opening to London of the interallied conference on the Minor Asia.
- February 7th: Beginning of the negotiations between the British government (Mark Sykes) and a British delegation Zionist (James de Rothschild, Chaïm Weizmann, Sokolow, Herbert Samuel, etc) for the creation of a Jewish hearth in Palestine.
- March 11th: The British take again Kut and occupy Baghdad.
- March 26th: The British troops come from Egypt are stopped by the Turks with Gaza.
- 17 - April 19th: Second battle of Gaza.
- the First successes of the Arab revolt to the beginning of the year. Ali and Abdallah maintain the blockade of Médine, while Faysal walk towards north and takes Abaqa in June, which enables him to be easily supplied by the allies. Faysal carries out then a guerilla against the line of the Hedjaz and the communications Othoman, obstructing the movement of the troops towards the Egypt. Continuous Faysal obtains supports it Syrian tribes transjordaniennes then, seizes the small villages in the east of the Dead Sea, then goes up towards Damas, calling in question the terms of the Accord Sykes-Barb.
- Offensive of the general Maxwell on the the Sinai. Its progression is slow because Othoman resistance is strong and the logistic infrastructures (railroad) are long to build. In spring, Maxwell is replaced by the general Allenby, who starts with the autumn a great offensive on the Palestine.
- 18 - August 22nd: The Traité of Saint-Jean-of-Maurienne (France, the United Kingdom, Italy) on the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire promises with the Italy NS the provinces of Antalya, Aydin, Konya and Izmir in Turkey.
- October 18th: Beginning of the reign of Ahmed Fouad, sultan of Egypt.
- October 31st: Offensive Allenby in Palestine. Third battle of Gaza (fine in November).
- November 2nd: Declaration Balfour promising the creation of a Jewish national hearth in Palestine. It approves the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine, in the condition which the rights of the Arabs are respected. The Sherif of Mecque, Hussein, gives his agreement.
- November 7th: Gaza is taken by the forces of the general to sir Edmund Allenby.
- December 18th: Allenby enters Jerusalem.
- December 18th: Armistice enters the Ottoman Empire and the Soviet Russia.
Famine in Galileo where the Turkish government gathered the colonists Juifs in front of the British advance.
- Creation of the Syrian Central committee by the Syrians of Paris, who assert the creation of a autonomous Syria within the Ottoman Empire.
- T.E. Lawrence, Lawrence of Arabia, directs the Arab revolt against the Othoman Turkish Empire.
Asia & India
- July 14th: The “party of the generals” seizes the power in China. The president Li Yuanhong resigns and leaves his functions to Feng Guozhang
- July: The government Siam ois engages in the First World War at the sides of the Allies.
- August: Montagu, Secretary of State to the India, announces the installation of autonomous institutions within the framework of the British Empire.
- October: In China, hostilities between the forces of the Guomindang taken refuge to Shangaï and soldiers of North. Sun Yat-SEN turns over to China, is combined with the Chinese Communist party and obtains the military support of Soviet.
- Agreements Lansing-Ishii. The Japan, which has just seized the German possessions in China, renews its adhesion at the “Open door” and reaffirms its intention to respect the independence and the territorial integrity of the Chinese Republic. The United States recognizes its private interests in this country.
- the chief of the Kazakh , Ali Khan Boukeï, request the autonomy of the country and form a transitory nationalist government.
India: Gandhi assistance of the movements country and working to organize itself, which enables him to be made known as leader.
- Mongolia: Revolts antiféodales in the khanats tsetsen and touchétou.
- Révolte of the Basmatchis in Ouzbékistan, resistance movement which fights the Soviet forces that in 1922.
Oceania & peaceful
- 9 - April 17th: Died of 3600 Canadian soldiers to the Battle of the peak of Vimy in France.
- May 18th: The government Borden announces in room that it will make compulsory the service to the face. It offers to the chief of the opposition Wilfrid Laurier to form a coalition. This last refuses, knowing that if he united with a coalition pro-conscription, the French-speaking people of the Quebec would turn to Henri Bourassa. Beginning of the Crisis of the conscription (1917).
- June - July: The federal government votes the conscription. It will take the force of law the August 29th. The French-speaking people are very mainly against the participation in the war; the english-speaking are very mainly in favor.
- August 29th: Law of the elections in time of war: The citizens born in a country enemy and naturalized after the March 31st 1902 lose their rights to vote. Are withdrawn from this measurement the naturalized citizens of which a son, a grandson or a brother are useful under the flags.
- December 6th, Halifax Nova Scotia: the explosion of the '' Mont Blanc '', ship of ammunition French, shaved approximately two square kilometers of Halifax. The full number of dead rises with more 2 000 people, 9000 wounded and 500 blind men
- December 17th: Robert Laird Borden, Prime Minister (preserving) for the Canada is re-elected after the victory of the Conservative party, which obtains 153 seats at the Parliament against only 82 with the Libéraux. Borden excludes the Inhabitants of Quebec from its cabinet.
The United States
January 22nd: Thomas Woodrow Wilson specifies in front of the Senate its designs on a “League for Peace”.
- February 3rd: The the United States break their diplomatic relations with the Germany with the advertisement of the reinforcement of the underwater war.
- February 5th: The United States evacuates the Mexican territory and recognizes the government of Venustiano Carranza.
- February 24th: Business of the Telegram Zimmermann: discovered of a secret bringing together enters the Mexico and the Germany.
- April 6th: The United States declares the war with the powers of the Axis. The first American troops are sent on the face of the west the October 21st.
- April 13rd: Creation of the “Public Committee one Information” (propaganda for the war).
- April: The convention of the socialist party with Saint-Louis qualifies the declaration of war of “crime against the people of the United States”.
- May 18th: Law on the military service.
- June 7th: creation of the Lions Clubs by Melvin Jones
- June 15th: Laws on espionage which make it possible to accuse the opponents with the conscription. Last nine hundred people approximately will be imprisoned.
- June 18th: Creation of the Lewis and Vought Corporation , aeronautical Manufacturer which becomes in 1922 the Chance Vought Corporation.
- August: Creation of the American Defense Society and the Protective American League to make conceal the seditious remarks.
- pacifist Gatherings during the summer. The socialist party obtains scores raised with the municipal elections in the east of the country (22% with New York, 34,7% with Chicago, 30,2% with Buffalo).
- August 28th: Arrest of Suffragette S gathered in front of the White House to make pressure on President Woodrow Wilson for the adoption of “ the Amendment Anthony” on the right of Vote of the women.
- September: Arrest of 165 persons in charge of IWW for conspiracy. Hundred Wobblies will be considered and accused with custodial sentences in April 1918. The IWW is not concerned any.
- December 26th: The US government deals with the operation of the railroads.
Installation of a saving in war. The war is financed to the 2/3 by the loan (22,5 billion dollars) and with the third by the recourse to the tax (10 billion). The economy is put under the supervision of federal agencies ( Food Administration , War Industries Board , U.S. Railroad Administration ). The high level of the orders involves a wage increase and day the eight hours is founded in many factories working for the government.
- Campaign propaganda for the war. The journalist George Creel becomes the official propagandist of the war and sets up a Committee of public information intended to persuade the Americans who the war is a thing right. 75 000 speakers pronounce 750 000 speeches in 5 000 cities and villages. The “ five minute men ” simulate in the public places of the surging discussions that one of the interlocutors “carries” by deploying a particularly effective rhetoric in favor of the entry in war.
Asian immigration is prohibited.
- February 5th:
- the the United States evacuate the Mexican territory and recognize the government of Venustiano Carranza.
- the congress of Querataro works out a news constitution anticlerical and liberal comprising measurements relating to work and social protection very radical for the time. The Constitution also envisages reforms intended to restrict the possession of the mines and grounds by the foreigners.
- March 11th: Venustiano Carranza, elected president, does not set up all constitutional measurements and the disorders persist.
- Carranza is opposed to the foreign oil companies by declaring that oil is an inalienable Mexican natural resource and by imposing taxation of the oil-bearing fields like on the contracts signed before May 1st, 1917.
- January 1st: Emiliano Chamorro Vargas (preserving), is elected president of the Nicaragua.
- March 2nd: The Porto Ricans obtain American nationality.
- July: Social agitation with the Brazil. Call to the general strike launched with São Paulo, heard by 45 000 workers, to ask for rises of wages. The strike extends to Rio de Janeiro and forces the government to reinforce its repressive apparatus.
- October 26th: The Brésil engages in the First World War at the sides of the allies, after having sudden attacks of German submarines against its merchant ships.
- the the United States make approve a Constitution with Haiti at the time of a faked referendum. The country is managed jointly by the United States and a dictator marionette.
- the Denmark sells the Virgin Islands in the United States.
- Recrudescence of trade-union agitation to the Chile (1917 - 1919).
- Apogee of the labor movement in Argentinian (1917 - 1921).
- New constitution in Uruguay. Introduction of the vote for all and a new executive power, inspired of the Swiss collegial executive system ( Colegiado ). This system functions until in 1933.
- Coercive measures relating to assiduity with the course starting the beginning of the movement of Argentinian reform of the university system with Córdoba in , with the end of the year.
Because of the war and the underwater attacks conducted by the Germans, the Latin-American trade directs Europe towards the United States.
- In Argentinian, unemployment rate passed from 5% in 1912 to 19% in 1917.
Arts & culture
- March 23rd: Opening of the gallery Hobby-horse with Zurich.
- June 1st: Exposure Foujita to Paris.
- December 3rd: Exposure Modigliani to Paris.
Sciences & technology
Births in 1917
- March 19th: Carnicerito de Méjico (Jose González López), Mexican Matador († September 15th 1947).
- March 26th: Rufus Thomas, American singer.
- March 27th: Cyrus Vance, American political personality († January 12th 2002).
- April 5th: Gad Al-Haq Ali Gad Al-Haq, religious Egyptian, vice-chancellor of the Mosque Al-Azhar with the Cairo. († March 15th 1996).
- April 26th: Ieoh Ming Pei, American architect of Chinese origin
- May 1st: Daniele Darrieux, French actress
- May 29th: John Fitzgerald Kennedy, future President of the United States († November 22nd 1963).
- May 31st: Jean Rouch, scenario writer French († February 18th 2004).
- July 4th: Handbook Rodríguez Sánchez known as “Manolete”, Spanish Matador († August 29th 1947)
- July 18th: Henri Salvador, French singer-type-setter
- July 27th: Bourvil, Actor and Singer French († September 23rd 1970)
- August 6th: Robert Mitchum, American actor († July 1st 1997).
- August 22nd: John Lee Hooker, singer of American blues († June 21st 2001).
- August 28th: Jack Kirby, American author of Comic S, creators of tens of Superman.
- September 18th: François de Labouchère, Aviator French of the Second world war, Companion of the Release. († September 5th 1942).
- October 10th: Thelonious Monk, pianist and type-setter of American jazz († February 17th 1982).
- October 11th: John Acea, pianist of American jazz.
- October 21st: Dizzy Gillespie, trumpet player of American jazz († January 6th 1993).
- October 30th: Maurice Trintignant, French racing driver († February 13rd 2005).
- November 19th: Indira Gandhi, political woman, Prime Minister of India († October 31st 1984).
- November 29th: Blackbird Travis, American guitarist of reputation.
- December 4th: Paul Morelle, writer and journalist French. († May 24th 2007).
- December 16th: Arthur C. Clarke, British novelist of science fiction .
- December 28th: Mouloud Mammeri, writer, anthropologist and Algerian linguist († February 26th 1989).
Death in 1917
- January 10th: Buffalo Bill (William Frederick Cody).
- January 22nd: Berenger Saunière, religious French (° April 11th 1852)
- February 10th: John William Waterhouse, British painter .
- February 16th: Octave Mirbeau, French writer.
- March 9th: Octavius Pickard-Cambridge, priest and British zoologist (° 1828).
- April 14th: Lejzer Ludwik Zamenhof, doctor Polish, creative ophtalmologist of the Esperanto (° December 15th 1859).
- April 24th:
- May 28th: Raoul Warocqué, Capitalist Belgian (* February 4th 1870)
- September 11th: Georges Guynemer, French aviator.
- September 27th: Edgar Degas, French painter.
- October 15th: Subdued Hari, spy Dutchwoman.
- November 11th: Lydia Liliuokalani, last queen Hawaii enne, reversed by American growers in 1893. (° September 2nd 1838).
- November 15th: Emile Durkheim, French sociologist
- November 17th: Auguste Rodin, French sculptor.
- December 7th: Leon Minkus, Austrian Type-setter (° March 23rd 1826)
- Mendele-Mokher-Sefarim, Russian writer of Hebraic language and Yiddish.
Beats-smg: 1917 Be-X-old: 1917 Map-bms: 1917 Simple: 1917 Zh-yue: 1917 年
|Random links:||Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani | Treaty of Iber | Excentric (singer) | Barrel anti-picking | Medica jack|