This page relates to the year 1910 Gregorian Calendrier.
- January: Military coup d'etat in Greece.
- January 30th: Herbert Henry Asquith becomes First liberal minister for the the United Kingdom.
- constitutional Crisis opposing the liberal government of Asquith and the room of the pars and leading to the reduction of the capacities of the Senate at the end of two anticipated elections ( January and December). Election of forty Labor deputies.
- February 20th: With Sarajevo, proclamation of the Constitution granted to the provinces of Bosnia-Herzégovine.
- April 27th: In Belgium, the Parliament disallows the proposal of the Socialist Emile Vandervelde on the introduction of the vote for all.
- May 6th: Beginning of the reign of George V of the United Kingdom (fine in 1936).
- August 15th: In Belgium, official recording of the worship antoinist.
- August 28th: Kingdom of the Montenegro.
- October 18th: The king Georges Ier of Greece must appoint Eleftherios Venizelos Prime Minister.
- November 5th: German-Russian agreements of Potsdam on the Perse, which open one period of negotiations: the Germany will not support an aggressive policy of the Austria-Hungary in the Balkans. The Russia will not support a hostile English policy in Germany. The operation does not end.
- November 20th: Died of Leon Tolstoï. Demonstration at the time of its funeral.
- December: The Nobel Prize of peace is allotted to the Permanent International office of the Peace of Bern.
- Demonstrations in Germany to obtain the universal direct suffrage in all the elections.
- the right to vote is granted to the women in the local elections in Sweden.
- First Rolls Royce.
- Russo-Asian Bank (fusion of the Russo-Chinese Bank and the Bank of North). 60% of the capital are of French origin.
- Stressing of the financial monopolies in Russia.
- Measurements supporting the establishment of Russian colonists in the Turkestan.
- Construction of the first cars and the first planes in Russia.
- February 9th: Liberal government of Jose Canaleja in Spain.
- October 4th: Revolution with the Portugal. The republicans obtain the majority of the seats with Lisbon. Rebellion gathering of the civilians and the soldiers, supported by the people of Lisbon.
- October 5th: Proclamation of the republic to the Portugal. The king Manuel II takes refuge with the the United Kingdom. The red and green flag with the sphere armillaire replaces the blue and white flag. A new national anthem, the Portuguese , replaces the Hymne with the Charter . Provisional government (end in May 1911). From 1910 with 1926, Portugal will know 45 governments, 8 presidents of the republic, 7 legislatures, 5 dissolutions of Parliament.
- October 8th, Portugal: Expulsion of the congregations. Legislation on the divorce, suppression of the religious oath, obligation of the civil wedding, transfer of the behavior of the registry office to the laic ones, suppression of religious teaching in the schools.
- December: Right to strike to the Portugal.
Development of the Basque revolutionary movements.
- Great strikes in Spain (1910 - 1914).
- Creation of the National confederation of work (CNT), anarchistic obedience.
- the Socialist Pablo Iglesias is elected appointed of Madrid.
- 13,3% of the Spaniards is workmen (Catalan and Basques). 60% of illiterates in Spain.
- the number of the owners is of 1,3 million to the Portugal. The republic is thus condemned to defend the property. The agrarian reform project of Ezechiel de Campos will be rejected.
- Coïmbra is the single university town of Portugal. 70% of the population are illiterate.
- March 31st: Sidney Sonnino resigns. The king calls Luigi Luzzatti which is presented to the Room in April.
- July: The Room approves the law on the devolution in the State of the obligatory elementary instruction. It will be approved by the Senate in April 1911 and will be carried out starting from the July 4th 1911.
- December: The government presents to the Room a bill to widen the vote and to make the vote obligatory. The project causes, for different reasons, oppositions of the right-hand side and left.
- December 3rd: The first Italian nationalist congress meets in Florence.
See also: 1910 in France
- January 28th: believed of the Seine.
- the first aerodrome of the country opens with Dübendorf.
- Inauguration of the railway of the Bernina (Grison), highest of Europe.
- January 15th: Creation of the French equatorial Africa gathering the Chad, the Oubangui-Chari, the Means-Congo and the Gabon.
- May 31st: Independence of the South Africa. Coming into effect of the act which gives rise to the South African Union, gathering the British colonies and the old states Boer S, including/understanding the states of the Cape, of the Natal, of Orange and the Transvaal, member of the the Commonwealth. It is equipped with internal autonomy as a dominion of the British empire. The principle of racial inequality, registered in the law of Union, causes the installation of a segregationist mode extending to all the not-White (Black, Coloured, Indiens). The White (20% of the population), direct the country while benefitting from the essence of its resources, in spite of cleavages between Britanniques and Afrikaners.
- July 12th: Armed confrontations with the borders algéro-Morrocans between French and insurgent soldiers Moroccan make ten deaths.
Foundation of Elisabethville.
- the Royaume Kuba is incorporated in the Belgian Congo.
- Association of the Mulattos of the Portuguese colonies.
- AOF, under the impulse of the colonel Charles Mangin, sets up a body of intervention and constitutes reserves including/understanding of broad quotas of Sudaneses, recruited in particular at the Bambara.
- Association Dawn with the Senegal. Creation of the Club of the Young Senegaleses.
- Authorization to pay the tax in work with the Kenya.
- John Owalo founds the Mission Nomiya Luo with the Kenya. She is opposed to colonization.
Asia & India
- January, China: The provincial councils send a delegation to Beijing to claim the convocation of a constituent assembly. An advisory senate, named partly by the provincial councils, partly by the regent is instituted. This assembly asks for the convocation of a true elected room and a constitutional mode.
- February 22nd: For the first time a sino-Manchu army enters to Lhassa to the Tibet without to be invited there. It remains one year. The Dalai Lama sent emissary near the great powers, but those ignore the Tibetan question. It sets out again in exile, this time towards the British India where it will be well accommodated. The Great Britain makes an official protest near the court of the Qing for interference in the interior matters of the Tibet.
- Mars, Mongolia: Disorders with Ourga. The arates and spangled them lower row claim the release of Aiouchi. Revolted receive the army sent against them with stones and sticks and miss killing the ambane even which sought to alleviate them.
- August 22nd: The Japan appendix officially the Korea, which it conquered, and re-elects it Cho-SEN (fine in 1945). End of the Dynasty Chosŏn established in 1392. From 1910 with 1918, Japan consolidates its position by eliminating the nationalists, by taking the control of the grounds and by imposing strict administrative changes.
Treated Bhutan with the Great Britain, which grants to the country, monarchy since 1907, an autonomy n the other hand interns control of the foreign relations and defense, role taken again by independent India in 1949.
- Aurobindo settles with Pondichéry (French India).
The Middle East
- February 21st: Assassination of Egyptian the Prime Minister (copte) Boutros Ghali pasha.
- January 10th: With the Canada, birth of the newspaper the Duty , founded by Henri Bourassa, with the currency “Do what owe! ”.
- September 1st: Roosevelt breaks with Taft which he shows to have betrays his ideas and defines “New Nationalism”. It reaffirms the preeminence of the executive on the Congress and the policy on the economic one and recommends a tax and social legislation ensuring all a right share of prosperity.
November 1st: With the the United States, creation of NAACP, national association for the promotion of the colored persons.
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Victor Berger is the first member of the socialist party to being elected with the Congress. In 1911, 73 Socialists will be elected mayors and 1200 others at minor stations in the administrations of 340 cities and villages. The press evokes a “socialist tidal wave”.
- Law Mann-Elkins. The powers of the Commission on the Trade inter-States are extended to the lines of telegraph and telephone.
- Publication of the Report/ratio Flexner on the medical schools with the the United States: modern reform of the teaching of medicine in this country according to a standard agréee by the Administration of health and State education.
- Strike of the clock and watch makers with New York.
- the NCF proposes a decree in favor of a compensation for the broken workers. In 1911, twelve States vote laws on repairs or the insurances concerning the industrial accidents. In 1920, they will be 42.
- February 22nd: The Nicaraguan Congress having named a liberal successor with Santos Zelaya, the North-American troops unloads with the Nicaragua to support the conservatives. The liberals are demolished in August.
- August 20th: The liberal rebels Jose Dolores Estrada seizes the power with the Nicaragua with the support of the the United States.
- September 29th: Manuel Cuadra is elected President of Paraguay.
- October 27th: Signature of the Dawson pacts. The Nicaragua becomes a virtual protectorate of the the United States. The navy remains until in 1933, with an interruption between August 1925 and May 1926.
- November 15th: The marshal Hermes Rodrigo da Fonseca is elected president of the Republic to the Brésil. He practices a policy of rearmament.
- November 20th: Beginning of the Mexican Revolution
- Re-election of Porfirio Díaz, which is reversed by Francisco Indalecio Madero and Emiliano Zapata (1879 - 1919).
- October 5th: Madero launches its plan of San Luis of Potosi, first revolutionary proclamation. Its program is relatively moderate contrary to that of the liberal party. It envisages the establishment of a mode representative but little of structural reforms likely to improve the situation of the peones.
- the November 20th, Madero calls with the revolution. Beginning of the Mexican revolution. Armed insurrection. In north, the country leaders Doroteo Arango raise themselves, known as Pancho Villa, and Pascual Orozco, while in the south, the mongrel Emiliano Zapata takes the head of the revolt of the dispossessed Indian communities.
- November 23rd: Revolt sailors with the Brésil.
- International Conference of the American States with Buenos Aires. Creation of the Pan-American Union.
- Creation of the Service of the Protection of the Indians against the violence of the colonists and the pioneers of the interior to the Brazil.
Chronologies sets of themes
- Aeronautical: 1910 in aeronautics.
- Railroads: 1910 in the railroads.
- Sports: 1910 in sport.
- Arts & culture:
- March 27th: With Madrid (Spain), in the plaza of Vista Alegre, alternate of Agustín García Díaz known as “Malla”, Spanish Matador.
- June 25th: The Russian Ballets create with Paris the Bird of Fire of Igor Stravinski.
- September 28th: With Seville (Spain), alternate of Isidoro Martí Fernando known as “Flora”, Spanish Matador.
- the cinematographic site of Hollywood is founded with the the United States.
Beautiful arts :
- the Russian painter of origin Wassily Kandinsky carries out its first abstract work.
- Chagall in Paris.
- Formation with Moscow of the group of painter the Knave of diamonds .
- March 18th: Alexandre Archipenko exposes to the Living room of the independent ones.
- the Dream , fabric of the Douanier Rousseau.
Sciences & technology:
- Nobel Prize of physics: Johannes Diderik van der Waals
- Nobel Prize of chemistry: Otto Wallach
- Nobel Prize of physiology or medicine: Albrecht Kossel
- Nobel Prize of literature: Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse
- Nobel Prize of peace: International office of peace
Births in 1910
- January: Jean Image, film producer of animation († October 21st 1989).
- January 9th: Henriette Puig-Roget, compositrice, French Pianist and Organist. († November 24th 1992).
- January 23rd: Django Reinhardt, guitarist of Jazz manouche († May 16th 1953).
- February 6th: Irmgard Keun, German novelist .
- February 27th: Joseph Leo Doob, American mathematician . († 2004).
- March 4th: Józef Marcinkiewicz, mathematician Polish. († 1940).
- March 5th: Ennio Flaiano, Italian writer, Playwright, Novelist, Scenario writer of films, dramatic Journalist and Critical. († November 20th 1972).
- March 9th: Samuel To bore, American type-setter. († January 23rd 1981).
- March 19th: Jacob Wolfowitz, Russian mathematician († 1981).
- March 23rd: Akira Kurosawa, realizer Japan board († September 6th 1998).
- April 11th: António Spínola, soldier and politician Portuguese († August 13rd 1996)
- April 22nd: Norman Earl Steenrod, American mathematician († 1971).
- June 12th: Jacques-Yves Cousteau, oceanographer French († June 25th 1997).
- June 23rd: Jean Anouilh, writer French († October 3rd 1987).
- June 27th: Pierre Joubert, draftsman French († January 13rd 2002)
- August 5th: Bruno Coquatrix, composer-songwriter French († 1979).
- August 7th: Lucien Herve, photographer French of Hungarian origin . († June 28th 2007).
- August 14th: Pierre Schaeffer, type-setter († August 19th 1995).
- August 26th: Mother Térésa, nun († September 5th 1997).
- September 3rd: Maurice Papon, civil servant, politician French († February 17th 2007)
- September 28th: Diosdado Macapagal, politician Filipino, former President of Filipino († April 21st 1997)
- October 8th: Alberto Balderas, Mexican Matador († December 22nd 1940).
- October 10th: Jacques Herold, painter French of Rumanian origin . († 1987)
- October 19th: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, Indian astrophysicist († August 21st 1995).
- October 19th: Paul Robert, lexicographer and editor († August 11th 1980).
Death in 1910
- January 5th: Leon Walras, French economist (° 1834)
- January 29th: Edouard Rod, Swiss writer
- March 21st: Nadar, (Gaspard-Felix Tournachon) French photographer (° April 6th 1820)
- March 26th: Auguste Charlois, Astronomer French.
- April 2nd: Boyd Alexander, British, exploring officer and ornithologist (° 1873)
- April 9th: Vittoria Aganoor, 54 years, Italian poetess. (° May 26th 1855).
- April 21st: Mark Twain, American writer
- May 6th: Edouard VII of Saxony-Cobourg-Gotha, king of the the United Kingdom, emperor of the the Indies, (° November 9th 1841)
- May 18th: Pauline Garcia-Viardot, singer of opera, type-setter
- May 22nd: Jules Fox, writer, (° February 22nd, 1864)
- May 27th: Robert Koch, doctor and German microbiologist
- May 29th: Mili Balakirev, Russian type-setter
- July 10th: Johann Galle, German astronomer
- August 11th: pol. Plank timber, Belgian singer of opera
- September 2nd: Henri (the Customs officer) Rousseau, French painter
- September 7th:
- William Holman Hunt, British painter
- Pepete (Jose Gallego Mateo), Spanish Matador (° March 19th 1883).
- October 10th: Willem Husbands, Dutch painter.
- October 30th: Jean Henri Dunant, creator of the Red Cross.
- November 6th: Giuseppe Cesare Abba, 72 years, Italian writer (° October 6th 1838).
- November 20th of the Gregorian Calendar or November 7th of the Calendar Julien: Leon Tolstoï, Russian writer (° 1828)
- December 3rd: Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of the Christian Science (° June 16th 1821)
Joachim Nabuco, lawyer and Brazilian politician (° 1849), who fought for the abolition of slavery.
Beats-smg: 1910 Be-X-old: 1910 Map-bms: 1910 Simple: 1910 Zh-yue: 1910 年
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