This page relates to the year 1902 Gregorian Calendrier
- May 31st: Signature of the Treated of Vereeniging or Pretoria, moderate peace devoting the end of the War of Boers, those recognizing the British authority. The British take the control of the gold mines of the Transvaal. The British Southern Africa extends from the Cape in the south of the Lac Tanganyika.
- Décret of October 1st, 1902 constituting the colony of Sénégambie-Niger to which the countries of protectorate of the Senegal are added. Dakar becomes the capital of the French Western Africa.
- November 1st: The France and the Italy sign a secret agreement by which they are committed preserving their neutrality in Africa.
- December: Inauguration of the first stopping of Aswan on the the Nile.
- December 30th: The Spanish government ready to invade the Morocco; several warships in front of Tangier.
the Advisory committee of defense of the Colonies, chaired by the minister Gaston Doumergue, decides the creation of “indigenous reserves” to form a military force able to support France in the event of war.
- the aménokal Firhoum, chief of the Tuaregs Oulliminden, listening to the council of the marabout Mohammed Ahmed, enters in dissidence and only in January 1903 subjects, making its rendering with Gao with the lieutenant-colonel Dagneaud.
- Début of the reign of Daoud-Will die, sultan of the Ouadaï (fine in 1911).
- Forwardings of Bauer and Von Waldo on the Bénoué and with the Chad (1902 - 1903), of Knight in the basin of the Chari (1902 - 1903), of Laperrine (1902-1904) and of Gautier (1902-1905) in the Western Sahara.
- the Germans occupy the Cameroun. The kingdom Bamum comes into contact with the colonizers (1902 - 1903).
- the Company of the Railroad of Congo to the African Big lakes receives 2 million hectares of grounds.
- Formation of the KAR ( King' S African Riffles ), colonial troops British gathering the private militia of the Uganda, the Kenya and the Nyassaland.
- the German authorities decide to introduce the culture of the obligatory Coton into the south-east of the Tanganyika.
- Creation of the “grounds of the British Crown”: the crown becomes owner of the “vacant grounds” in the colonies where there does not exist any indigenous government and can sell them or to rent them.
- Creation with Nairobi of a committee of Encouragement to Colonization, then in 1903 of an Association of the Growers and Farmers on the initiative of Lord Delamere. White immigration with the Kenya accelerates in 1908 then in the Années 1920.
- Prohibition of the emigration of the Africans of the Kenya towards the mines of South Africa.
The Middle East & world arabo-Moslem
- January 16th: With the assistance of Great Britain, Abdelaziz Ibn Sa' ud takes again Riyadh with the Rachid, supported by the Othomans, and undertakes the reconquest of the Nedjd.
- the Zionist Herzl refuses the proposal of the Ottoman Empire to establish a hearth Zionist in Mésopotamie with the help of finances.
- For the first time, in an article of the National Review, published in London, American Alfred Thayer Mahan, specialist in the naval history, employs the term of the Middle East
- January 30th: Treaty anglo-Japanese (Lansdowne - Hayashi) stipulating the non-intervention of Europeans in the event of war Russo-Japanese woman.
- July 1st: Civil government with the Filipino , after the rendering of the last insurrectionists.
- December 16th: An earthquake with the Turkestan makes approximately 4000 victims.
- the Laos obtains Siam the territory of Paklay (Sayaburi).
- July 12th: The Parliament Australia N grants the right to vote with the women and establishes restrictions on immigration.
- May 8th, French West Indies: Tragic eruption of the Peeled Mountain in Martinique, the town of Saint-Pierre is completely destroyed (30 000 dead) because of a volcanic Cloud.
- May 20th, Cuba: The the United States withdraw their troops of Cuba which becomes independent.
- June: Inauguration of the railway line between New York and the Chicago, fastest of the the United States.
- July 30th, the United States: Confrontation between Jewish and Irishman with New York during the funeral of a rabbi. The police force, made up with majority of Irishman, is shown to have bludgeoned the Jews arbitrarily.
- August 22nd: Foundation of the Automobile Cadillac Company by William Murphy.
International Conference of the American States with Mexico City (1901-1902). Creation of the International office of the American Republics. Drago convention, limiting the recourse to the force for the recovery of a debt.
- First Argentinian general strike in , implying more 20 000 workers.
- Beginning of the exodus of the Jews towards the North America to flee persecutions in central Europe.
- Jose Plácido of Castro, formed a troop which seizes Xapuri and declares the independence of Acre.
- February 15th: Inauguration of the subway of Berlin.
- May 17th: Political majority of the king Alphonse XIII ( Alfonso XIII ) in Spain (fine in 1931).
- June 28th: Renewal of the Triple Alliance.
- July 10th: Signature of the secret agreements Prinetti-Barrère between the Italy and the France. The two countries are committed respecting the liberty of action of each one in Cyrénaïque - Tripolitaine and with the Morocco. Italy will keep its neutrality in the event of direct or indirect aggression of the Germany against France.
- December 25th: New customs tariff in Germany, adopted on March 1st 1906.
- Fusion of the two large Cantabric steel-works which forms the Altos Homos de Vizcaya .
- the Portugal account 2 300 km of railways.
- July 14th: With Venice, collapse of the bell-tower of Saint-Marc, built in 1540.
- September 6th: End of VIIe congress of the Italian socialist party with Imola. The current progressist, directed by Filippo Turati, is essential on the revolutionary current. The conditions for a different relationship between the government and the opposition are finally met.
- September 25th: A cyclone devastates the surroundings of Catane (Italy).
- September: The president of the Italian council Giuseppe Zanardelli voyage through the Lucanie to enquérir personally problems of the the Mezzogiorno and to testify to the interest which its government carries to the resolution of these problems. He claims a parliamentary inquiry into the question of the Mezzogiorno.
the postal mail almost doubled in ten years (5,65 folds per capita on average in 1887-1888, 9,14 in 1901-1902). The highway network passed from 82.636 km in 1880 to 137.342 km in 1902.
- Université commercale Bocconi.
See also: 1902 in France
- July 11th: British the Prime Minister Lord Robert Salisbury leaves his load because of his age after 14 years of mandate.
- July 12th: Beginning of the preserving ministry of Arthur James Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (fine in 1905).
- August 9th: Crowning of the king of the United Kingdom Edouard VII.
Business of Taff Vale, a railroad company of Wales, which assigns in justice the railway worker trade-union to have organized strike pickets. The trade union is condemned by the High court to pay a fine of 42 000 £. A campaign of the members of the Labor Party for the defense of the trade union rights follows.
- January 20th: In Swiss, the population refuses by referendum the separation of the Church and the State.
- the Nobel Prize of peace is allotted to Swiss the Elie Ducommun and Albert Gobat.
- Inauguration of the new Palate of the Parliament with Bern.
- the elementary schools are subsidized by the Confederation.
- January 17th: Alliance anglo-Japanese woman. Recognition of the private interests of the Japan in Korea.
- January 22nd: Special subcommittee of study of the needs for the agricultural industry chaired by Serge Witte. Opposition of the Minister of Interior Department Plehve.
- January 25th: In Russia, abolition of the capital punishment.
- Mars: Does the Russian revolutionist Lénine publish That to make? . He expresses his sights on construction of a strongly centralized revolutionary party. The majority of the social democrat groups adopt the league of the Iskra.
- March 26th: Russo-Chinese convention on a progressive withdrawal of the Russian troops of Mandchourie.
- March-April: Agrarian disorders in the province of Kharkov and Poltava. Repression.
- April 2nd: Assassination of the Minister of Interior Department Sipiaguine by Balmachev, related to the organization of combat Socialist-revolutionist.
- April 4th: Viatcheslav Plehve becomes Minister of Interior Department. It follows a policy of oppression.
- working Demonstrations in May in the suburb of Sormovo ( the Mother , of Gorki).
- April 18th: Joseph Djougachvili (Stalin) is stopped during a clandestine meeting and is off-set in Siberia.
- 23 - June 26th: Program liberal moderate elaborate at an informal meeting presidents of Zemstvo S with Moscow.
- July: Publication of the review Osvobojdenie ( Release ) with Stuttgart. Birth of a constitutional and democratic liberalism more radical (Petrounkievitch, Milioukov, Maklakov, Sprouve, etc).
- July: Foundation of a trust of sale of the metallurgical products ( Prodameta ) vis-a-vis the industrial crisis.
- September 22nd: Nicolas II of Russia place Finland under the authority of a Russian general governor.
- October: Lev Davidovitch Bronstein contacts Lénine with London and takes the name of Trotski.
- Labor unrest: General strike in November with Rostov.
Russo-Bulgarian military Convention (1902 - 1913).
- Completion of the Trans-Siberian (15 days of voyage between Moscow and Vladivostok).
Chronologies sets of themes
Arts & culture
- September 28th: With Seville (Spain), alternate of Rafael Gómez Ortega known as “El Gallo”, Spanish Matador.
- Beautiful arts :
Sciences & technology
- Science: 1902 in Aeronautical science
- : 1902 in aeronautics
Sports1902 in sport
- Nobel Prize of chemistry: Hermann Emil Fischer
- Nobel Prize of physiology or medicine: Ronald Ross
- Nobel Prize of literature: Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen
- Nobel Prize of peace: Élie Ducommun and Charles-Albert Gobat
Births in 1902
- January 19th: Robert Delcourt, writer and Belgian dramatic author († 1967)
- January 14th: Alfred Tarski, logician Polish († October 26th 1983)
- January 11th: Maurice Duruflé, organist and type-setter French († 1986)
- January 31st: Andre Gougenheim, French hydrographic engineer, academician († 1975)
- : Langston Hughes, American writer
- February 4th: Charles Lindbergh, American aviator
- February 26th: “Algabeño hijo” (Jose García Carranza), Spanish Matador († December 30th 1936)
- February 27th: John Steinbeck, American writer
- April 4th :
- Louise de Vilmorin (Louise Lévesque), French novelist
- Manual Granero, Spanish Matador († May 7th 1922).
- April 5th: Maurice Big shot, French physicist, academician, († 1983)
- April 6th: Julien Torma writer, dramatuge and poet French
- April 9th: Theodore Monod, French biologist, academician, († 2000)
- April 15th: Chicuelo (Manual Jiménez Moreno), Spanish Matador († October 31st 1967).
- April 18th: Menachem Mendel Schneerson, 7th Rabbi de Loubavitch, (this world in 1994 left)
- May 3rd: Alfred Kastler, French physicist, Nobel Prize of physics in 1966, († 1984)
- May 6th: max Ophüls, German realizer
- May 8th: Andre Lwoff, French biologist, Nobel Prize of physiology medicine in 1965, († 1994)
- May 29th: Henri Guillaumet, French aviator
- June 1st :
- Siegfried Balke, German chemist
- Léopold Escande, French engineer, academician, († 1980)
- June 19th: Barbara McClintock, scientist American, eminent cytogenetician, Nobel Prize of medicine in 1983
- June 21st: Howie Morenz, Canadian hockey player († 1937)
- July 7th: Vittorio De Sica, actor and Italian realizer
- July 18th: Nathalie Sarraute, writer and journalist Frenchwoman, (deceased in 1999)
- July 28th: Karl Popper, philosopher of sciences
- August 5th: Albert Valentine, scenario writer and Belgian realizer († April 13rd 1968)
- August 8th: Paul Dirac, British physicist , Nobel Prize of Physics in 1933, († 1984)
- August 13rd: Felix Wankel, German engineer in automobile mechanics († October 9th 1988)
- August 16th: Lucien Lanvin, French dressmaker
- August 22nd: Leni Riefenstahl, actress and German director
- August 23rd: Gaston Rope-maker, French surgeon, academician, († 1965)
- August 27th: Willam Christensen, dancer, choreographer and American ballet master († 2001)
- August 30th: Józef Maria Bocheński, philosopher Polish († February 8th 1995)
- September 12th: Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, Brazilian politician
- September 21st: Edward Evan Evans-Pritchard, British ethnologist († 1973)
- September 29th: Miguel Alemán Valdés, president of the Mexico between 1946 and 1952.
- October 16th: Jean Wyart, French geologist, academician, († 1992)
- October 23rd: Kristman Gudmunsson, Icelandic writer
- November 9th: Anthony Asquith, Realizer and British Scenario writer († 1968, 65 years)
- November 22nd: Marshal Leclerc (Philippe de Hauteclocque, known as), soldier and marshal French (deceased the December 28th 1947)
- November 29th: Carlo Levi, writer and Italian painter
- December 10th: Langston Hughes, American writer
- December 28th: Shen Congwen, Chinese writer († 1988)
- Hugh Borton, American historian
Death in 1902
- March 3rd: Henri Gourgouillon, French sculptor (° 1858)
- March 26th: Cecil Rhodos, politicking British and South-African (° July 5th 1853).
- April 12th: Alfred Cornu, French physicist, academician, born in 1841.
- April 28th: Henri Filhol, French, academician, born in 1843.
- April 30th: Xavier de Montépin, French writer, born in 1823.
- June 11th: Ali III Bey, Bey de Tunis (° August 14th 1817)
- July 6th: Maria Goretti, holy Italian (° October 16th 1890).
- July 14th: Herve Faye, French astronomer, academician, born in 1814.
- August 3rd: James Tissot, French painter.
- September 16th: Alexander Willem Michiel Van Hasselt, Doctor and Naturalist Dutch (° 1814).
- September 19th
- Shiki Masaoka, Japanese poête (° 1867)
- Marie-Henriette of Habsbourg-Lorraine, second queen of the Belgians (° August 23rd 1836)
- September 22nd: Alexis Damour, French, academician, born in 1808.
- September 29th: Emile Zola, French writer (° April 2nd 1840)
- October 26th: Elisabeth C. Stanton, militant feminist American.
- November 2nd: Rudolph Albert von Kölliker, Swiss biologist.
- November 22nd: Friedrich Krupp, industrial German.
- December 7th: Pierre-Paul Dehérain, French economist, academician, born in 1830.
- December 8th: Paul Hautefeuille, French mineralogist, academician, born in 1836.
- December 11th: Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer of musical instruments.
Beats-smg: 1902 Be-X-old: 1902 Map-bms: 1902 Simple: 1902 Zh-yue: 1902 年
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