1874 in Canada
The year was remembered by several events which changed the life of the Canadians.
- January 22nd: Success of the liberal party to the Canadian Federal election of 1874, result of politico-financial scandals which temporarily compromised its adversaries. Alexander MacKenzie (liberal) becomes Prime Minister. He reinforces the independence of Canada by reducing the prerogatives of the general governor. He discredits himself while refusing to support national industry by the establishment of protective duties and by neglecting construction of the transcontinental one.
- April 16th: Louis Riel is dislocated like deputy with the House of Commons in Ottawa.
- July 8th: Marc-Amable Girard becomes Prime Minister of Manitoba for the second time. It replaces Henry Joseph Clarke.
- September 15th: Beginning of the signatures of the Treated 4 between the queen and the Cries and Saulteaux of the territory which covers the western south of Manitoba in the south east of Alberta.
- September 22nd: An accounting scandal forces Gédéon Ouimet to resign with the Quebec. Charles-Eugene Boucher of Boucherville replaces it like Prime Minister for Quebec. Installation of the its government.
- December 3rd: Robert Atkinson Davis replaces Marc-Amable Girard like Prime Minister of Manitoba.
- the Libéral federal government grants to Ontario a provisional extension borders towards north and the west. These new borders will be recognized by the conservatives when they turn over to the capacity.
- October 1st: Foundation of the Strong MacLeod by the assembled police force in the Alberta. It becomes a colony of 200 inhabitants of any origine.
Establishment of the Stock Exchange Montreal.
- August 28th: Erection of the diocese of Sherbrooke.
January 5th - James David Stewart, Prime Minister of the Island of Prince Edouard.
- January 16th - Robert W. Service, poet.
- February 10th - Walter Maxfield Lea, Prime Minister of the Island of Prince Edouard.
- April 14th - Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl off Athlone, General governor
- June 16th - Arthur Meighen, Prime Minister.
- July 13rd - Norman Dawes, businessman.
- July 29th - J.S. Woodsworth, politicking Socialist.
- October 1st - Arthur Saved, politician.
- October 10th - Roland Fairbairn McWilliams, politician
- October 12th - Albert Charles Saunders, Prime Minister of the Island of Prince Edouard.
- October 25th - Philémon Cousineau, politicking Inhabitant of Quebec
- November 30th - Lucy Maud Montgomery, author.
- December 17th - William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister.
- February 8th Joseph-Eugene-Bruno Guigues, first bishop of Ottawa.
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