This page relates to the year 1852 Gregorian Calendrier.
- January 17th: Convention Sand To rivet. The the United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Transvaal.
- April 29th: Treaty enters the British consul Beecroft and several kings Duala of the Cameroun, of which King Bell and the king Akwa. The draft is abolished forever and the activities derived from slavery are proscribed. The human sacrifices are prohibited. The the United Kingdom makes sure the same conditions of trade as the other European countries. The local missionaries and their ministers are protected. Allowances are promised to the chiefs to compensate for the loss of the incomes of the draft.
- November: In Ethiopia, Broke established with Gondar, overcomes and kills Ras Gochou, of the Godjam, close to Gorgora. The victory of Broke met definitively a term with the capacity of the Galla in Ethiopia.
- Treated between the Ndébélés and the Boers which recognize the existence of an intangible border with the Matabélé (Zimbabwe) and formulate principles of good neighborhood.
- Beginning of the reign of Tinder III, king of the Macina (fine in 1862). It reigns without difficulties until the advent of the Toucouleur El Hadj Omar.
- Beginning of the reign of Kyebambe IV Kamarasi, king of the Bounyoro (fine in 1869) after the assassination of Rwakabale by his/her brothers. The reign of Kamarasi is marked by a succession of civil wars, the first successful tests of reconquest of the provinces secessionists and by an increasingly authoritative capacity.
- Madagascar: The French Joseph Lambert supports the queen Ranavalona during a forwarding against the Anosi.
Under the British pressure , the king of Abomey Ghézo abolishes the draft in its States.
- First connection between Western Africa and Europe by a Steamer.
- Tabora becomes the general headquarter of the merchants Swahili on the road of the Big lakes.
- Revolt in the Tadla, with the Morocco.
October 16th: Abd el-Kader obtains its release and is withdrawn with Damas where he dies in 1883, remainder faithful to its word not to take again the weapons. It will be promoted Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor to have saved the life of 12 000 Christians in Syria.
In the south of the Algeria, the sherif Mohammed Ben Abdallah sermon the holy war among the Saharan tribes. The French troops react, take Laghouat the December 4th, but the Mohammed sherif continues the combat.
February 3rd: Victoire of Justo Jose de Urquiza against the forces of Manual Juan of Rosas to the Battle of Caseros, in Argentinian. Rosas is exiled in Europe and Urquiza seizes the power. This fight for the capacity is the result of the opposition between the centralist claims of Buenos Aires and the federalism of the provinces of the Interior.
- Alliance of the Brazil with dissenting the Argentinas provinces (Between Ríos and Corrientes) against the forces of the dictator Rosas, which are beaten in Monte Caseros.
- September 11th: Secession of Buenos Aires against Justo Jose de Urquiza (fine in 1862).
- Intervention of the the United States in Argentina: the navy unloads with Buenos Aires in order to protect the American interests during the revolution (1852 - 1853).
- November 2nd: The democrat Franklin Pierce is elected President of the United States. The whig S and the Free Soilers are weakened, while the party nativist, anticatholic and xenophobe, progresses.
- December 8th, Canada: The Université Laval is equipped with a royal charter; the March 6th 1853, the pope Pie IX authorizes the archbishop of Quebec to confer the degrees in theology.
- the Canada-Plain and the Nova Scotia obtain a responsible ministry in front of the Parliament.
- Creation in French Guiana of the bagne of the Devil's Island, close to Cayenne. It will receive: 18000 convicts under the Second Empire and: 70000 until its effective suppression in 1947 (legal suppression in 1938).
- June 30th: Act giving a Constitution to the New Zealand, which confers on the colony a broader autonomy. The country is divided into six provinces, controlled locally by an super-intendant and the Council of elected members. A central government with two Room is in charge of the businesses of general interest.
- the king of Hawaii Kamehameha grants a Constitution favorable to the Americans. Established in the islands since 1849, the Americans exert a great influence on the king. The Constitution gives the right to vote with all the inhabitants without exclusive and ensures the Americans the management of the trade.
- April 5th: Second war britannico-Burmese, started by the British who benefit from the advent of the king of the Siam, Rama IV, enemy of the Burmeses and favorable to the Western presence (end in 1855). The British take Pegu the June 3rd and control the delta of the Irrawaddy (old state My).
- April 18th - May 19th: The Taiping begin the seat of Guilin
- June 12th: The Taiping enter the Hunan.
- December 29th: The Taiping take Hankou.
- Lord Dalhousie names a commission which confiscates in the Dekkan more 20 000 great properties (1852 - 1857). The Company annexes the territory of any sovereign died without male heir.
- the movement of the ardín dougouylang (popular circles) is propagated quickly in Mongolia. At the origin of the autonomous cultural unions, the dougouylang assume the role of general headquarter of anti-feudal and anti-Manchu agitation.
- 17 285 Europeans with Java and 4 832 in the possessions external of the Indies Dutchwomen. They all are almost of the civils servant (administrators, controllers of the cultures of the State, soldiers).
The Middle East
- Decline of the movement Persian babist in : an attempted murder of Nasseredin Shah causes the persecution of the community. The babism consequently becomes a simple religious movement.
- February 23rd - December 19th: Ministry tory of the count de Derby, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- February 27th: Benjamin Disraeli becomes Chancellor of the Exchequer with the the United Kingdom. It takes in hand the conservative party disorientated by the crisis free-trader. It institutes the Conservative Exchange Office to manage the movement (1870).
- February: Camillo Cavour is excluded from the Piedmontese government following its bringing together with the center left of Rattazzi ( connubio ).
- March 21st: Beginning of the reign of Danilo II Petrović-Njegoš, prince of the Montenegro. It laicizes the attributes of the capacity, with strong religious representation in a country under Othoman domination.
- April 5th: Cabinet of the count Buol-Schauenstein (foreign affairs) in Austria.
- May 8th: Treaty of London, which regulates the succession of the Denmark. Thanks to the Russo mediation British, the government of Bluhme organizes new monarchy, made up of the Denmark, the Schleswig, the Iceland, the Faroe Islands and the German duchies of the Holstein and Lauenburg.
- May: A bill on the civil wedding is rejected with the Piedmont. Massimo d' Azeglio is put in difficulty.
- November 4th: Camillo Cavour becomes president of the Council of the Piedmont-Sardinia. He aspires to the unit, and knows that it will not be done without war. He wants to prepare Piedmont there morally, politically, economically and diplomatically. He attempts to strengthen the capacity of the king vis-a-vis the Church and to develop the economy of Piedmont. He calls upon foreign assets, French (banks Rothschild) and British (Barings and Hambros).
- November 11th: Inauguration of new the Palate of Westminster.
- November 14th, Ireland: at the conclusion of the general elections of the the United Kingdom, associations of sharecroppers send forty deputies, both in Ireland and in the remainder of the Ulster.
- December 19th: Beginning of the ministry for the Peelite coalition of the count d' Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (fine in 1855).
- December: Business of the Holy Places opposing the Russia and the Turkey: catholics (France) and orthodoxe (Russia) dispute the guard of the Holy Places. The Turkey gives finally satisfaction to France ( to also see : Crimean War).
- Raised state of siege to Prague and Vienna.
- Attacks of the Russian censure against the Muscovite collection of the Slavophiles.
- Léopold II of Tuscany repeals the Constitution which it itself granted in 1848.
See also: 1852 in France
Chronologies sets of themes
Art & culture
- Inauguration of the Museum of the Hermitage to Saint-Pétersbourg.
- Seen of the Seine , fabric of Daubigny.
Economy & Company
- Use of steam engines to extract and sort coffee seeds to the Brazil.
- the French authorities decide to control the axes caravaneers and the Saharan borders of the Algérie, whereas the commercial traffic started to refer towards the Morocco. The Trans-Saharan trade reappears with the restoration of stages such as Tindouf, on the road of Tombouctou, a voyage from 50 to 60 days which each year 1500 camels carry out. This trade provides to north slaves, metals and sugar.
- France: Marked by the theses of the count of Saint-Simon, Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte supports the social housing, charity works, the mutual aid associations which are seen equipped with the goods of Orleans.
Births in 1852
- January 12th: Joseph Joffre, marshal (the “winner of the Battle of the Marne”) and academician († January 3rd 1931)
- January 26th: Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, exploring French
- January 27th: Fulgence Welcome, father of the metropolitan
- February 16th: Charles Taze Russell Pasteur founder of the movement of the Students of the Bible, ancestor of the Pilot of Jéhovah
- March 30th: Theodore Bent, British archeologist († May 5th 1897)
- April 11th: Berenger Saunière, religious French († January 22nd 1917)
- May 1st: Calamity Jane (Martha Jane Canary, known as), adventurous († 1903)
- May 4th: Alice Liddell, inspirer of Alice to the country of the wonders
- June 25th: Antoni Gaudí, Spanish Architect
- July 14th: Walter Robert-Tornow, German scholar
- July 20th: Theo Heemskerk, Dutch politician
- August 30th: Jacobus Henricus van 'T Hoff, physicist and Chemist Dutch (Nobel Prize of chemistry 1901)
- September 2nd: Paul Le Bourget, writer, French academician († December 25th 1935)
- September 18th: Octave Callandreau, French astronomer
- September 28th: Henri Moissan, French chemist (Nobel Prize of chemistry 1906)
- October 2nd: William Ramsay, British chemist
- November 3rd: Meiji (emperor of Japan) († 1912)
- December 15th: Henri Becquerel, French physicist
- December 19th: Albert Abraham Michelson, American physicist .
- December 23rd: Miguel Faílde, type-setter and cuban musician († December 26th 1921)
Death in 1852
- January 6th: Louis Braille, inventor of the written form for blind men and partially-sighted persons (° January 4th 1809)
- January 13rd: Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, exploring Russian (° September 20th 1778)
- January 22nd: Louis Lézurier of Martel, former mayor of Rouen under the Empire (° 1765)
- March 8th: Nicolas Gogol, writer.
- March 10th: Giuseppe Mazzini, socialist Italian in exile with Marseilles (° 1814).
- April 26th: Charles Athanase Walckenaer, is Naturaliste French (° 1771).
- June 4th: Jean-Jacques Pradier, (James Pradier) Swiss sculptor
- July 23rd: El Cano (Manual Jiménez there Meléndez), Spanish Matador (° April 25th 1814).
- September 12th: Peter McLeod wire, businessman, Founder of Chicoutimi (° 1807).
- September 19th: Emilie de Rodat, religious Frenchwoman, founder of the congregation of the Sisters of the Holy-Family. (° September 6th 1787).
- October 26th: Vincenzo Gioberti, priest, philosopher and Italian liberal politician with Paris (° 1801).
- November 10th: Gideon Mantell, obstetrician, geologist and British paleontologist
- November 27th: Ada Lovelace, British pionnière of data processing (° December 10th 1815)
- November 28th: Ludger Duvernay, printer low-Canadian.
- December 18th: Horatio Greenough, American sculptor (° 1805).
Be-X-old: 1852 Map-bms: 1852 Simple: 1852 Zh-yue: 1852 年
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