This page relates to the year 1843 Gregorian Calendrier.
- February 8th: Earthquake with Point-with-Clown.
- February 16th, Uruguay: Montevideo is besieged by the blancos and the Argentinian dictator Rosas (fine in 1851).
- March 1st: End of the mandate of Fructuoso Will rivet. Beginning of the Great War. The confrontation finishes without overcome winner nor and leaves the Uruguay in ruin.
- May 16th: Battle of Campêche between the fleets of the Mexico and the Texas.
- May 22nd: Approximately 1000 pioneers leave the town of Independence (Missouri) to move towards the Oregon. It is the beginning of an enormous wave of migration towards the west (Piste of Oregon).
- May 29th: Forwarding Frémont, left Kansas City, which explores the California, of which it will correct the cartography, hitherto approximate.
- May 30th: Sir Charles Metcalfe is named General governor of Canada (fine in 1845).
- June: Birth in the United States of the American Republican Party , left the nativists, which gathers Americans who require that the access to the public office and the Right to vote be interdict with the emigrants, in particular with the Irishmen, in catholics majority.
- August 23rd: The president Santa Anna announces that the annexation of the Texas by the the United States would be regarded as an act of war by the Mexico.
Oceania & the Pacific
- February 13rd: Lord George Paulet seizes Hawaii in the name of the the United Kingdom.
- November 5th: Taking for pretext the expulsion of catholic missionaries in 1836, the France appendix Tahiti.
- November 28th: The France and the Great Britain are committed respecting the independence of Hawaii.
- December 20th: First attempt at evangelization of Canaques in New Caledonia by the Fathers Marists, which settle with Balade.
- March 31st: The French Foreign Minister François Guizot states in front of the Chambre the “policy of the fulcrums” in Africa. France launches out actively in soldiers job creation on the Ivory Coast (Large-Bassam Assinie, , Dabou) and to the Gabon.
- May 12th: The the United Kingdom appendix the Native with the the Cape Province in South Africa. The Boers then undertake a second trek in direction of the Transvaal. They cross the Drakensberg, then the river Orange and found the free State of Orange.
- June 11th: French establishment of Extremely-in Aumale in the estuary of the Gabon.
- the sultan of the Ouadaï Mohammed Chérif adheres to the brotherhood Senousis.
- Of the revolts bursts in the valley of the Chélif to the beginning of the year, obliging the French to create permanent military establishments with El-Asnam (Orléanville), then with Ténès, Tiaret, Teniet-el-Had and Boghar.
- May 16th: Taken of the tribe. The duke of Aumale attacks by surprised with 600 riders the Smala of Abd el-Kader with the source of Taguin and makes 3000 prisoners. The Tribe is a town of tent inhabited by 20 000 with 60 000 inhabitants who move with the regular troops of the emir.
- May 24th: Confiscation of the indigenous grounds in Algeria. The governor Bugeaud confiscates 200 000 ha of grounds habbous (religious properties), with the profit of the colonists, of which 168 000 around Algiers. This decision has as a consequence the displacement of indigenous populations towards the south.
- November 11th: French Victoire with the Battle of Sidi Yahia, during which the best lieutenant d' Abd el-Kader, Ben Allah, is killed.
- a French forwarding with the Morocco is victorious.
- Of the French monks founds with Tunis a school of girl (1843) then a school of boys (1844).
- Foundation of the religious order senousi in Cyrénaïque (Sanūsiyya). It establishes centers strengthened ( Zawiya ) in the areas bordering the south of the the Sahara and in the cities.
The Middle East & Arab World
- November 19th: Reorganization of the Othoman capacity on the Lebanon. The great powers made pressure on the Porte, which established a direct administration on Lebanon, so that a constitutional reform is undertaken. Umar Pasha creates assemblies the notable ones at the sides of two caïmacanats , one Maronite in north, the other Druze in the south.
- the Persian shah of load the vizier of Azerbaïdjan to reform the army. This last with the experiment of the Tanzimat in progress in the Ottoman Empire and travelled in Russia. Each city or village will have to provide men and to provide for their maintenance.
- February 16th - March 24th: Victories of Charles James Napier with the battles of Mianee and Dabo. The the United Kingdom occupies the Sind in India: in spite of the official abandonment of the expansionist policy of Wellesley, London annexes Sind after the death of its sovereign Ranjit Singh, to consolidate the border on Indus (1839).
- Creation of the Company anglo-Indian to the Bengal by the British. She gives herself for objective the development of the prosperity and the right rights of all the classes of citizens.
the Cultuurstelsel causes great famines and many revolts in certain areas of Java between 1843 and 1850. In the area of Cheribon, the famine bursts in 1843 following the decision to add the Riz to the list of the cultures of State.
- April 2nd: In Russia, Ukase organizing the migrations towards the Siberia (50 000 official departures between 1844 and 1861).
- May 18th: Religious crisis in Scotland: 470 Ministers for the Church of Scotland make secession, followed by 40% the their faithful ones, to found the free Church of Scotland. They protest against the part played by the laic ones in the nomination of the ministers of religion.
- 2 - September 7th: Visit of the queen Victoria with the king Louis-Philippe in Normandy, with the castle of Have.
- September 3rd: Coup d'etat of September 3rd, 1843 of the general Yánnis Makriyánnis in Greece. Othon Ier must convene an National Assembly charged to set up a Constitution. The chief of the new government, Metaxás decides to expel all Bavarian the still present one in Greece.
- September 15th: Insurrection with Athens which causes the passage to a constitutional monarchy.
- October 12th: Repression of catholic agitation against the Act of Union in Ireland: the British government, which had had to authorize many catholic meetings since 1841, prohibited a demonstration envisaged the October 4th with Clontarf. The leader of the catholic movement, Daniel O' Connell, is stopped.
- Failure of a light project of taxes on the property presented by Kossuth to the diétines of the comitats and the national Diet in Hungary, which are held accompanied by acts of violence against the liberals (1843 - 1844).
- Life section of the Chancellery deprived in Russia, responsible for the administration of the Transcaucasia.
- July 23rd: Takeover by force of the moderate general Narváez who drives out Espartero and proclaims the majority of Isabelle II of Spain (fine of reign in 1868). The moderate ones are maintained with the capacity for ten years (white decade).
- July 28th: The regent Espartero leaves the country on board a British ship. He embarks with Cadiz to take refuge in England.
- September 28th: Salustiano Olózaga, former ambassador in France, makes dissolve the the Cortes by the queen Isabelle. Rumors circulate affirming that Olozaga obtains from the young queen (11 years) its signature of force. Récit of Guizot which holds it by the ambassador of France of the general Narváez with which it young queen made the account of the scene. One known forever if this scene were really produite.
- September 29th: The following day the Narvaez general in front of the office of the Cortes makes remake the account of the queen. They make him sign two decrees: one revoking the dissolution of the Cortes, the other revoking Olozaga which is presented shortly after at the queen, then flees.
- September 30th: Both decree appear in the Gazette.
- November 10th: Isabelle II lends oath to the Constitution.
See also: 1843 in France
January 9th: Opening of the parliamentary session of 1843. Lamartine enters the opposition.
- April 20th: Marriage of the princess Clementine of Orleans with prince Auguste of Saxony-Cobourg.
- May 1st: Marriage with Rio de Janeiro of the prince de Joinville with the girl of the emperor dom Pedro of Brazil.
- May 16th: Taken of the tribe of Abd El-Kader by the duke of Aumale.
- 2 - September 7th: Stay of the queen Victoria in France, with the castle of Have.
- November 29th: With London, the Count de Chambord receives his partisans to the 35 Belgrave Square. Five deputies make displacement.
- December 27th: Opening of the parliamentary session of 1844.
Chronologies sets of themes
Art & culture
- June 5th: With Madrid (Spain), alternate without “transfer of trastos ” (i.e. without true ceremony) of Isidro Santiago Llano known as “Barragan”, Spanish Matador.
- July 29th: Ledru-Rollin founds the newspaper the Reform , which is used as platform with Louis Blanc.
- Codification of the Slovaque writes by Ľudovít Štúr.
- the British art critic John Ruskin begins the publication of Modern Painters (fine in 1860).
- the Greek Slave , of the American sculptor Hiram Powers.
- George Washington , sculpture of Greenough.
- the Kent is crowned champion of Cricket in England.
- First edition of the Horse-race French of the Price of Diane, with Chantilly.
Science and technology
See also: 1843 in science
Economy & Company
- the first rail link international is born, connecting Liege in Belgium to Aachen and Cologne in Germany.
- Construction of the line of Railroad Vienna - Olomouc.
- exports of slaves starting from the estuary of Gabon (3 000 with 5 000 per annum before 1845), become more difficult with the establishment of the French military counter, are folded up towards the south, with the Cape Lopez where the port of Sangatanga becomes the large port slave trader of all the area (1850 - 1860).
- Trade agreement between the house Governed of Marseilles, negotiated by Blaise Brüe, and the king Ghézo of Abomey, intended to promote the exploitation and the trade of Palm oil.
- Shortage of manpower in the island Maurice, which is supplied more as African slaves since the abolition of the draft and the emancipation of the slaves present (nearly the three quarters of the population), issued in 1835. To cultivate the Cane with sugar, the colonists decide to introduce into the island of the “volunteers” originating in the Indies.
Births in 1843
- January 29th: William McKinley, future President of the United States († 1901).
- February 6th: Paul Sébillot, French ethnologist († 1918).
- February 10th: Adelina Patti, singer of opera ( Soprano Colorature ) Italy. († July 27th 1919).
- February 24th: Teófilo Braga, poet, historian of the literature, essay writer and politician Portuguese.
- May 6th: Grove Karl Gilbert, geologist states-unien († 1918).
- April 15th: Henry James, American writer († 1916).
- June 4th: Charles Conrad Abbott, archeologist and American Naturalist († 1919).
- June 15th: Edvard Grieg, Norwegian type-setter († 1907).
- June 23rd: Paul von Groth, German mineralogist .
- July 5th: Anton Ausserer, German Naturalist specialist in the Spider S († 1889).
- December 11th: Robert Koch, doctor and German microbiologist († 1910).
Death in 1843
- February 14th: Rigores (Castling Miranda Cop), Spanish Matador (° August 16th 1799).
- March 8th: Panchón (Francisco González Díaz), Spanish Matador (° October 4th 1784).
- March 21st:
- Guadalupe Victoria, president of Mexico (° September 29th 1786).
- Robert Southey, writer and British romantic poet (° August 12th 1774).
- September 19th: Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, mathematician and engineer French (° May 21st 1792)
- September 4th: Léopoldine Hugo and his husband Charles Vacquerie, drowned in the the Seine with Villequier.
- September 30th: Richard Harlan, Doctor, zoologist and American paleontologist (° 1796).
Beats-smg: 1843 Be-X-old: 1843 Map-bms: 1843 Simple: 1843 Zh-yue: 1843 年
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