This page relates to the year 1842 Gregorian Calendrier.
- , Algeria: Bugeaud takes Tlemcen.
- February 10th: Large-Bassam treaty of . Installation of French counters in Ivory Coast.
- Bugeaud takes El-Asnam, which is renamed Orléansville. It puts the country at fire and blood between Miliana and Cherchell. For the first time, terrestrial communications are established between Algiers and Oran.
- the British occupy again Port-Native.
- October: First Rhenish missionaries with Windhoek in the South-western African (Franz Heinrich Kleinschmidt and Hugo Hahn).
- November: Ali, wire of Mohammed Bello, seizes the power with Sokoto with died of Atikou (fine in 1855). Its reign is marked by revolts and ceaseless attacks counter the territories subjected by the Peuls, in particular against the Gober and the area of Maradi. The cities which compose the empire take again their independence while recognizing in a nominal way the authority of the commander of the believers establishes in Sokoto.
- the Mandara contracts an alliance with the Bornou: The king of Mandara Boukar Of jiama, which reigns of the south of the Lac Chad with the solid mass of the Midif on a prosperous country, resists since the beginning of the century with the attacks of the expansion Foulbé. Impressed by this resistance, Bornou, located more at the west, proposes an alliance to him. After ten year, Bornou will annex Mandara.
- January 12th: Sir Charles Bagot takes his function of general governor of Canada (fine in 1843). Under Sir Charles Bagot, the reformers Robert Baldwin (High-Canada) and Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine (Low-Canada), in favor of the self-government, enter to the Executive council.
- May 1st: Decree modifying the constitution in Brazil: the emperor obtains a moderating capacity ( poder moderador ). He names the senators, convenes the general meeting, sanctions their decrees and their resolutions, approves or suspends the resolutions of the provincial legislative assemblies, extends or defers the assembled general one, dissolves the House of Commons, names and returns freely the ministers, suspends the magistrates, exerts the right of reprieve and amnesty. It uses its moderating capacity to strengthen the State and to reinforce the executive vis-a-vis the legislature, while making alternate liberal governments and conservatives.
- May 19th, the United States: Rebellion of Dorr in the Rhode Island in favor of the reform of the electoral system, the right to vote being reserved with the owners in this State.
- July 25th, Quebec: William Price buys the establishments of the Company of the Blackjacks to the Saguenay.
- August 9th: Treaty Webster-Ashburton, which fixes the north-eastern border between the the United States and the Canada between the New Brunswick at north and the State of Maine in the south of the river Holy-Cross. The two countries are intended to fight against slavery.
- August 14th: Rendering of the Séminole S which are off-set in Oklahoma (fine of the Second War séminole). However, a hundred Indians takes refuge in the Everglades, in the south of the Florida.
- August 24th, Quebec: Foundation of current Chicoutimi by Peter McLeod (Wire), who begins the construction of a saw mill on the river of the Mill.
- August 20th, Brazil: Liberal revolution with the São Paulo and Minas Gerais to protest against the nomination of a preserving cabinet and the return to centralization. 3000 rebels are crushed by the duke of Caxias with Mined Managed, like 1500 revolted in Sao Paulo. The liberals found the club of the invisible patriarchs, which will have ramifications in all the countries.
- November 27th: The Congress of the Paraguay reiterated the proclamation of independence. Beginning of the dictatorship of Carlos Antonio López with the Paraguay. It breaks with the policy of his uncle Rodriguez de Francia. It reopens Paraguay the abroads and equips it with an iron and steel center which will enable him to set up an army equipped well.
- June: The French admiral Dupetit-Thouars appendix the archipelago of the Marchionesses and puts an end to the tribal fights.
- September 9th: Of Small-Thouars the place Tahiti under French protectorate.
- French Establishment with Tahiti. The French Consul Meerenhuit succeeds in convincing the queen Pomaré IV and the main leaders of the Leeward Islands to ask for the protectorate of France (1847).
- November: The France appendix Wallis and Futuna.
- January: The British withdraw Afghanistan. Their army is completely destroyed by the Afghans on the Khyber Pass.
- April 5th: The king of Afghanistan Shah Shuja is put at death.
- August 29th: Signature of the Treated of Nankin, which puts an end to the First war of opium after the defeat of the China and opening the country with the foreign influence. Five ports are opened to Europeans (Canton, Amoy, Insane-tcheou, Ning-Po, Shanghai) and HongKong is yielded to the the United Kingdom for one 150 years duration. The British obtain a war indemnity.
- September 14th: The British send a punitive forwarding to Kabul which makes jump the Bazar and withdraws themselves.
- December: Dost Mohammed east restores on her throne of Afghanistan and milked with the British against the Persans.
- With the Japan, the defeat of China pushes the shogounat to soften its policy of closing: the lords are authorized to supply the foreign vessels.
- Wars of the Tibet against the Ladakh.
The Middle East
- Tension at the borders turco-Persians. The Kurdish wali of Ardelan gathers its riders to support, in vain, the pasha of Sulaimanya. The shah mobilizes, but under the Russo-English diplomatic intervention, the climate calms down.
January 1st: Foundation of the newspaper of Cologne, Rheinische Zeitung ( the Rhenish Gazette ), of democratic tendency. In October, Karl Marx becomes revolutionary editor association about it. The Prussian authorities make prohibit the newspaper and push Marx to leave the country for the France (March 31st 1843).
- February 9th: The government septembrist is reversed with the Portugal with the favor of an insurrectionary movement started from Oporto the January 14th. Costa Cabral becomes president of the council.
- Return to the Charter of 1826, under the dictatorship of the brothers Cabral (fine in 1846): liberalism privileging the interests of the commercial middle-class or the new aristocracy enriched by the purchase by the national goods.
- the chartists want to maintain the country in the international market, by saving the remainders of the colonial empire.
- April 27th: New statute of the Council of State in Russia, whose capacities decrease further.
- April 12th: The crown prince to the Piedmont, Victor-Emmanuel, wife Marie-Adelaide of Habsbourg-Lorraine.
- May, the United Kingdom: The second petition chartist (3 million signatures) is rejected. She denounces the miserable work conditions, wages, the law of 1834 on the poor and the way of life of the royal family. New strikes burst, repressed with energy.
- August 10th: A law, suggested by Lord Ashley, prohibited the work of the women and children of less than ten years at the bottom of the mines of the the United Kingdom.
- July - August: General strike with the the United Kingdom.
- October 15th: The Nation , body of the patriotic movement Young Ireland , is rested by the romantic poet Thomas Osborne Davis.
- December: Georges III Bibesco becomes prince of Valachie (fine in 1848).
See also: 1842 in France
- June 10th: Enclose of the parliamentary session.
- June 11th: Relative law with the railroads .
- June 13rd: Dissolution of the House of Commons. The elections are fixed at July 9th.
- July 9th: The legislative elections are a relative success for Louis-Philippe and Guizot.
- July 13rd: Died of the duke of Orleans in an car accident.
- July 26th: Meeting of the Rooms in extraordinary session.
- August 30th: Law fixing the organization of regency.
Chronologies sets of themes
Economy & Company
- After the treaty of Nankin, the The Chinese imported by the British is less expensive than the conveyed by ground with Irkoutsk in Russia.
- Law on the “peasants obliged” in Russia: contract between peasants and owners.
- Law founding the income tax in the United Kingdom ( income tax ).
- Report/ratio Chadwick on the horrors of the sanitary situation in Great Britain.
- the government Robert Peel abolishes the rights on the semi-finished end products and, wool and the raw cotton with the the United Kingdom (1842 - 1844).
- In Great Britain, end of prohibition to export spinning machines, which involves a great Russian development of the spinning mills.
Art & culture
- April 27th: With Madrid (Spain), alternate of Francisco Arjona Herrera known as “Cúchares”, Spanish Matador.
- In France, a French boy on 42 attends the secondary college.
- July 20th: first rise of the Aneto, culminating point of the the Pyrenees (3404 m).
- Foundation of the Montreal Olympic Club which organizes in 1843, 1844 and 1845 of the “Olympic Games”.
- the Kent is crowned champion of Cricket in England.
Science and technology
See also: 1842 in science
Births in 1842
- January 15th: Paul Lafargue, son-in-law of Karl Marx, writer and socialist politician French.
- February 25th: Karl May, German writer († 1912)
- February 26th: Camille Flammarion, Astronomer French.
- March 18th: Stephan Mallarmé, Poet French.
- May 12th: Jules Massenet, Type-setter French
- July 26th: Alfred Marshall, British economist .
- September 9th: Elliott Coues, Doctor - Military, historian, author and American ornithologist († 1899).
- September 20th: Charles Lapworth, British Geologist .
- September 21st: Abdülhamid II, Othoman sultan (1876 - 1909)
- September 24th: Emma Livry, French Dancer
- November 22nd: José-Maria de Heredia, Poet parnassien.
Death in 1842
- March 15th: Luigi Cherubini, Italian type-setter (° 1760)
- March 23rd: Stendhal (Marie-Henri Beyle, known as), French novelist (° 1783)
- March 30th: Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun, French painter (° 1755)
- April 4th: Jean François Moufot, mathematician and philosopher French (° 1784)
- April 25th: Georges Humann, French Minister for Finances (° 1780)
- May 8th: Jules Dumont d' Urville, exploror of the Peaceful (° 1790)
- July 25th: Dominique-Jean Larrey, French doctor, father of emergency medicine (° 1766)
- October 27th: Charles François Louis Delalot, French politician (° 1772)
Beats-smg: 1842 Be-X-old: 1842 Map-bms: 1842 Simple: 1842 Zh-yue: 1842 年
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