This page relates to the year 1839 Gregorian Calendrier.
- February 15th: The Dutch colonists found the République of Native the in South Africa.
- October 16th - November 2nd: Ride of the duke of Orleans and the marshal Valley of Constantine to Algiers via the Iron Doors and Sétif. Abd El-Kader, seeing there a violation of the Treated of Tafna, declares the war with the French.
- Abd el-Kader wanting to occupy the district of Hamza (Bouïra), Valée makes cross by its troops the disputed territory, but the November 18th, the emir announces the resumption of the engagements after the meeting of its Parliament, in the strengthened station of Taza (July 3rd). Its partisans penetrate in the Mitidja, massacre European colonists and destroy the majority of the farms. Valée receives reinforcements and is with the head of an army of 60 000 men, but its successes remain limited because of the policy of restricted occupation, qualified dream by Bugeaud to the House of Commons in January 1840.
- Abd el-Kader constituted a regular army of 10 000 men educated by the Turks and of the European deserters. The emir has of a factory of weapon with Miliana, a foundry of gun with Tlemcen, and receives European weapons by the Morocco.
- December 24th: The Britanniques give Native Port to the République of Native the.
- Beginning of the reign of Mutambuka, omugabe (king) of the Ankole (fine in 1867). It will leave with its death the Ankole kingdom with its maximum extension. The new territories either are annexed or transformed into tributary kingdoms.
Mohamed-Ali, old 70 years, directs a forwarding which goes up the Blue Nile.
- Forwarding on the White Nile (1839 - 1842). The boats of the Turk Salim Qabudan reach Gondokoro, where the Egyptians establish a station from where they send an annual forwarding charged with “gifts” intended to be exchanged against Ivoire.
- January 12th: Victoire of the Chile on the Bolivia and the Peru with the naval action of Casma
- January 20th: Victoire of the Chile on the Bolivia and the Peru with the Battle of Yungay. Chile becomes a regional power.
- February 11th: Deposit of the report/ratio Durham recommending the assimilation of the French Canadians and the meeting of both Canadian provinces.
- February 15th: Hanging of twelve Canadian Patriots (today known as inhabitant of Quebec). Fifty-eight are off-set in a penal settlement of Australia.
- August 26th: The cuban ship Amistad , under the captured African récemments control, “is helped” by the Washington , of the marine of the the United States.
- November 13rd: The first convention of the party of the freedom, which militates for the abolition of slavery. A former owner of slave, James G. Birney, becomes the president about it.
- November 19th: Dissolution of the Federation of the plain Provinces of Central America created in 1824 and divided by the fights between liberals and conservatives and by the tendencies separatists of the States. The Nicaragua and the Costa Rica leave it as of 1838, then Guatemala (following the rising of the Indians directed by Rafael Carrera against the dictatorship of Francisco Morazán) and the Honduras in 1839, the San Salvador in 1841.
- November 28th: Convention free-Dutchwoman on the division of Saint Martin's day to the the Antilles.
- December: Movement Anti-Rent in the valley of the Hudson, in the State of New York (fine in 1845). The farmers oppose the forces of the sheriff charged to collect the rents for the rich person owners.
the Antarctic, Oceania & the Pacific
- May: Creation of the New Zealand Company . The New Zealand becomes a British colony .
- June 7th: With Hawaii, the dynasty Kamehameha, under the pressure of the American missionaries, promulgates a written Constitution.
- September 6th: Discovered Ahe in French Polynesia by Charles Wilkes.
- September 19th: Departure of the the United Kingdom of the British explorer James Clark Ross. It tries to approach the Antarctic continent (fine in 1841).
- December: The French explorer Jules Dumont d' Urville is in the the Antarctic and discovers the Ad3elie coast on January 1st 1840.
- Beginning of the First first war sino-British of opium (fine in 1842).
- March 23rd: Destruction with Canton by the police chief Flax Zexu of a stock of 20 291 cases of Opium imported by the British (Charles Elliott) in exchange of The and Soierie S. Elliot asks for the payment of an allowance which is refused.
- June: The decree condemning to dead the traffickers of Opium extends the abroads. The trade with the Britanniques is suspended. The sales of opium regress. The British community of Canton folds up itself on HongKong and Macao. The hostilities start with the end of the year.
First war britannico - Afghan (end in 1842).
- June 27th: Died of the chief Sikh Ranjit Singh. The Panjab falls into chaos.
- November: Failure of the general Vasily Alekseevich Perovsky, governor of Orenburg during a Russian forwarding against the Khanat de Khiva.
- Japan: Punishment of well-read men eager to open the country abroad.
The Middle East & Arab World
- January 19th: The Britanniques seize the town of Aden to the Yemen.
- April 21st: The Othoman sultan Mahmud II declares the pasha treacherous Mohamed-Ali with the Empire. It orders the resumption of the operations in Syria against the Egypt.
- June 24th: The Othomans are beaten with Nizip, close to Alep. The admiral of the Turkish fleet Ahmed Pasha passes to the enemy with his buildings. The France, the the United Kingdom and the Russia impose their mediation.
- July 1st: Beginning of the Othoman sultanate of Abdülmecit Ier with died of his/her father Mahmud II (fine in 1861). He proclaims the equality of all in front of the law, reforms finances, the administration, justice. He reconstitutes the army, opens universities, removes the slavery of the Blacks.
- July 4th: The Turkish fleet leaves the Dardanelles. It is believed that is to go to fight the Egyptians.
- July 7th: The defeat of Nizip is known with Constantinople.
- July 14th: The Turkish fleet is delivered to the Egyptians, with Alexandria.
- July 25th: The defeat of Nizip is known with Paris and London.
- November 3rd: Hatt-i Sharif . Proclamation with Gulkhane (place beside the Palate of Topkapi) of the Edict of reform of the Ottoman Empire (Tanzimat).
- New intervention of the European powers in the conflict turco-Egyptian, the Russia seeking a bringing together with the the United Kingdom.
- Foundation of the first villages of Jewish colonists in Palestine following the voyage of Moses Montefiore which had noted the possibility of installing 200 villages in Galileo.
February, the United Kingdom: The movement chartist gathers his delegates with London during a Convention and deposits a petition for an electoral reform the May 7th with the address of the government.
- April 19th: The Belgium and the Netherlands sign the Traité of the XXIV articles with London. Belgium must return to the Netherlands the oriental party of the Limbourg and the German-speaking part of the Luxembourg, but preserves the district of Arlon.
- May: “Crisis of the Room to be slept” with the the United Kingdom. The Conservative Robert Peel request with the queen to return six of his lady's companions whose husbands are whig S. Victoria refuses, returns Peel and replaces it by Melbourne.
- June 13rd: Milos Obrenovic, sovereign hereditary of Serbia since the treaty of Turkey-red cotton (1829), yields the capacity to his/her son Milan. Its despotic temperament ran up against the local leaders who, supported by the Othoman Russia and the , obtain his abdication.
- July 1st: Reform monetary Kankrin in Russia.
- July 12th: The British Parlement rejects the Charte of the people. Riots burst with Birmingham and Newport, which is repressed in blood (14 died in Newport).
- August 27th: Convention of Vergara, compromised between the carlist Maroto and the cristinien progressist Espartero. The rebels are reinstated in their ranks and the fueros provincial are maintained. Espartero (duke of the Victoire) seizes the capacity by pronunciamiento . He assumes regency by imposing the dictatorship. Marie-Christine share in exile three years in France. End of the first war carlist.
- December 6th: Liberal revolution in the Canton of Tessin.
- December 13rd: Beginning of the reign of Christian VIII of Denmark (fine in 1848).
- Difficulties of the government septembrist to the Portugal.
- Foundation of the League for the suppression of the laws on the corn, animated by Richard Cobden and John Bright, in favor of free-trade to the the United Kingdom.
See also: 1839 in France
February 2nd: Dissolution of the House of Commons. The elections are fixed at March 2nd and parliamentary reopening at March 26th.
- March 2nd: legislative Élections which marks a progress of the oppositions.
- March 8th: Resignation of Louis-Mathieu Mole which opens a long cabinet crisis.
- March 24th: Carryforward of the opening of the parliamentary session at April 4th.
- March 31st: Nomination of a transition government composed of minor figures, without president of the Council in title.
- April 4th: Opening of the parliamentary session, in a surging atmosphere.
- May 12th:
- Foundation with Paris of the ethnological Company (1839 - 1848). It develops the theories of the scientific Racisme.
Chronologies sets of themes
- March 1st: Meeting forced with the orthodoxy of the Uniates of the Western provinces of the Russian empire.
- the presbytérien John Muir composes a work in Sanskrit in which it shows the superiority of the Christianisme with respect to the Hindouisme. This polemic with quickly for consequence to transform the hindouism, hitherto a whole of rites and beliefs, in a true religion unified by a central body of doctrines.
Art & culture
Science and technology
See also: 1839 in science
Economy & Company
- the Queen Elisabeth, ship out of iron with steam traction connects London to Calcutta.
- Mechanization of the cotton-spinning Geyer with Lodz (Russia).
- Economic depression with the Portugal.
- the Kent is crowned champion of Cricket in England.
- Closing with Paris of the last room of Play of palm (Street Mazarine).
- Foundation with the Canada of the first club not-Indian of Lacrosse: Montreal Lacrosse Club.
Births in 1839
- January 19th: Paul Cézanne, French painter, with Aix-en-Provence.
- February 7th: Nicolaas Pierson, economist and politician Dutch.
- April 22nd: August Wilhelm Eichler, German Botanist († 1887).
- September 25th: Karl Alfred von Zittel, German paleontologist .
- October 30th: Alfred Sisley, French painter.
Death in 1839
- : Giuseppe Valadier, 76 years, Architect, Town planner, Archeologist and Goldsmith Italy N. (° April 14th 1762).
- February 10th: Pedro Romero, Spanish Matador (° November 19th 1754).
- February 15th: Twelve Canadian patriots, whose François Marie-Thomas Knight of Lorimier, Amable Daunais, Charles Hidenlang, Pierre Remi Narbonne and François Nicolas are hung with “the prison of the Foot-of-current” to the Quebec.
- April 1st: Jerónimo Jose Candido, Spanish Matador (° January 8th 1770).
- April 11th: Charles-Louis Huguet de Sémonville, politician and diplomat French
- May 13rd
- July 5th: Balthazard Claraz, honorary doctor surgeon of the popes Black and white VII and Gregoire XVI and of the court of Rome.
- August 28th: géoloque William Smith British
- October 25th: Aime Picquet of Boisguy, general chouan
- December 31st: Hyacinthe-Louis de Quélen, archbishop of Paris.
Beats-smg: 1839 Be-X-old: 1839 Map-bms: 1839 Simple: 1839 Zh-yue: 1839 年
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