This page relates to the year 1832 Gregorian Calendrier.
the first General advice is elected on the island Bourbon.
- Madagascar: Arrival of Jean Laborde with Tananarive (death in 1868). It installs a manufacture with Mantasoa, to 36 km of the capital, which becomes a great industrial center producing of all: guns, rifles, powders and knives, vivres (ham, cheese and sugar) and drinks, chemicals, hardware, textiles…
- Angola and Mozambique: The Portugal grants Portuguese nationality to all the inhabitants of the overseas territories, called from now on provinces of overseas.
- the Bay of Delagoa, with the Mozambique becomes possession of the State of Zanzibar (1832 - 1856).
- First business transactions of the house of the Governed brothers (Marseilles) with Ouidah and in its surroundings (Dahomey).
- With the head of five thousand men, a young Emir answering in the name of Abd El-Kader walk on Oran. According to one of the many legends, it would seem that in its search of truth, he sought to know if the fact of making the war with French was an act of " Djihad ". He would then have asked his Mahiadine father as with his grandfather, who was the sheik and spiritual leader of the Zaouïa Soufi E ( qadiria ) of el Guetna, for a Fatwa. One then directed it towards the territories of the Al Mahaja tribes, only capable capacity to gather forty to him Imâms to pronounce the fatwa . What was made. The forty Imams until the current hour are buried with the cemetery of the village Me Cid.
- October 24th: Treated between the Regency of Tunis and the France, which obtains the exclusive right of the fishing of the coral on the Tunisian coasts.
- November 21st: After several unfruitful attempts to seize Oran, Abd el-Kader, wire of Mahi ED-DIN, is proclaimed sultan. He will resist the French invasion of the Algérie (fine in 1847). Warrior, diplomat and poet, it is a Moslem very believing, chief of a sect nun which wants to restore the purity of Islam. The emir Abd el-Kader is recognized only by his tribe of the Hachem and by the Bless-Land-mark and Gharaba. Its first failures against the French troops will encourage it to sign the treaty suggested by the general Desmichels in 1834.
- the catch of Oran by the French and the resistance of the Turks encourage the sultan of the Morocco to withdraw its troops of Tlemcen. It is committed not intervening more on the territory of the old regency of Algiers.
- April 6th: Beginning of the War of the black falcon ( Black Hawk War ), the last important Indian war in the east of the the Mississippi, in North America. The chief Black Hawk is overcome and captured. The Fox and the Sacs of the Illinois are moved in the west of the Mississippi.
- May 9th: Treaty of Paynes Landing. The Indians are constrained to yield their rights on the territories to the East of the Mississippi. The Indian tribes of south-east are off-set. The chief Séminole Osceola opposes the treaty.
- May 21st, Canada: Nationalist disorders with Montreal at the time of an election complementary. The troop intervenes against the demonstrators, making three died and several seriously injureds. The population interprets the “massacre” of Montreal like a premeditated action of the governor Dalhousie.
- July 9th: Creation of the Republic off Indian Stream at the border of the the United States and the Canada (fine in 1835).
- December 5th: presidential Election: Re-election of Andrew Jackson as President of the United States, with 687 000 votes against 530 000 with its adversary Henry Clay. Martin Van Buren vice-president.
- Of the Creek S of the Alabama is expelled of their grounds by White, without the federal government not moving. They refuse to leave.
- With the the United States, the democratic party is formed like national political clout.
- Cholera epidemic with Philadelphia.
The Middle East
- Spring-be: Ibrahim Pasha makes the conquest of the cities of the Raising: it besieges Acre, defended by `Abd Allah, in favor of the Othomans, with the assistance of the emir of the Lebanon, Bachir II. The city falls the May 27th, followed Damas (June 15th), Alep and Homs ( July), Antioche ( August).
- January 28th, Crisis of Italy (1832-1838): The Austrians insert 6000 men in Bologna to restore the order in the States of the pope.
- January 31st: The count of Holy-Aulaire, ambassador from France to Rome, requires of the pope, via the cardinal Bernetti, that France be able to occupy Ancône since the Austrians could occupy the Piedmont.
- February 10th: Creation in Russia of an individual or hereditary category of “middle-class man of mark”.
- February 12th: The epidemic of Choléra starts with London.
- February 22nd:
- Epidemic of Cholera in Europe, first cases detected in France.
- the French Army occupies Ancône: anxious from risings born after the departure of the Austrians, the pope obtained Louis-Philippe Ier which it restores the order in the Marches and Legations.
- February 26th: The Poles lose their statute of autonomy going back to Alexandre Ier of Russia: the organic statute of Nicolas Ier of Russia abolishes the Polish Constitution and the army. Repression in Poland and in the Western provinces of the Russian Empire. Confiscations and deportations.
- February: Opening of the Conference of Constantinople.
- May 7th: The treaty of London gives its independence of the kingdom of Greece (1832 - 1833).
- May 28th: The pope Gregoire XVI condemns the insurrection Polonaise.
- 27 - May 30th: Festival of Hambach, which serves as a pretext for a new intervention of Metternich.
- June 28th: Metternich makes vote with the Diète of Frankfurt the “protocol of the six articles” directed against the liberals and the nationalists: the German governments should neither tolerate that the legislative assemblies try to remove with the executive power the effective power nor to allow that the confederal system of 1815 is not criticized publicly. The monitoring of the universities and the censure are given into force. The repression which follows supports the creation of secret societies of national-liberals.
- June 4th: The Reform Act (Law of constitutional reform) gives the right to vote with the British middle-class. It is the takeover of the middle-class on the nobility.
- Modeste expansion of the electorate, which passes from 5 to 7% of the male adult population; Abolition of the “rotted Boroughs”; Reform electoral system in Ireland. The land aristocracy represents between 31% and 38% of the deputies of the Communes of 1831 with 1865, nearly the three quarters by adding the members of the gentry to it, while to the years 1880, the bankers, merchants and other contractors do not exceed the quarter of manpower. More half of the members of the Cabinet are recruited in the aristocracy.
- June 7th: The House of Lords accepts the Reform Act .
- July 27th: Othon of Bavaria, 17 years old, is imposed by the powers as king of Greece (fine in 1862). It is assisted of a council of regency made up of Bavarian senior officials.
- August 30th: Signature of the protocol of London which takes again the provisions of the Traité of Constantinople.
- October: The French troops of the marshal Gerard expel Antwerp the troops Dutchwomen, ordered by the general David Chassé.
- December 3rd: The House of Commons is dissolved.
- December 23rd: Capitulation of the citadel of Antwerp, that France gives to the Belgians.
- Occupation of the Straits of the the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles by the Russia.
- Martyrs of Tolpuddle: farm laborers of a village of the Hampshire (the United Kingdom) which had created a trade union are off-set in Australia (1834).
the Hungarian Diet claims the replacement of Latin by Hungarian like official language of the State. She proposes the division of the communal ones.
- Of 1832 with 1836, work of the Diet of Hungary transform the political scene: independence compared to Vienna widens, the religious liberty and the civic rights progress, the economic interests and commercial Hungarian are bitterly defended. The debates relate to the country condition and a law on the repurchase of the royalties seigneuriales passes.
See also: 1832 in France
Chronologies sets of themes
Art & culture
- First Slovak translation of the Scriptures.
- the Japanese artist Hiroshige starts to work on its “ Cinquantetrois stages of Tokaido ”.
- '' Mr. Bertin '', portrait of Ingres.
- Voyage of Delacroix to the Morocco in company of the count de Mornay charged by the king with a mission near the sultan.
- Gargantua, caricatures of Louis-Philippe by Daumier, is worth six months of prison to him.
- Institute of painting and sculpture of Moscow.
- Theater Alexandra with Saint-Pétersbourg.
Science and technology
See also: 1832 in science
Economy & Company
- First commercial line of Railroad between Saint-Etienne and Lyon. Improvement of the highway network in the Vendée.
- Inauguration of the railway line Linz - Ceske Budejovice.
- the baron Bruck founds Austrian Lloyd.
- Bad harvests. Food shortage (1832 - 1834).
- February 10th: Creation of an individual or hereditary category of “middle-class man of mark”.
- Commercial treaty with the the United States.
- Tariff barrier enters Poland and the Russian Empire.
- School of the civil engineers.
Births in 1832
- January 6th: Gustave Gilded, engraver and sculptor French († 1883).
- January 23rd: Edouard Manet, painter French († 1883).
- January 27th: Lewis Carroll, writer and British photographer († 1898).
- March 1st: Alexander Strauch zoologist Russian († August 14th 1893).
- March 26th: Michel Bréal, French linguist († 1915).
- April 5th: Jules Ferry, Politician French († 1893).
- April 15th: Wilhelm Busch, British draftsman († 1908).
- May 18th: Georges Claraz, botanist and Swiss explorer. († 1930).
- June 17th: Sir William Crookes, British inventor († 1919).
- July 6th: Maximilien de Habsbourg, Emperor of the Mexico († 1867).
- September 28th: Emile Gaboriau, French writer († 1873).
- October 7th: William Thomas Blanford, geologist and British Naturalist († 1905).
- November 18th: Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, the exploring Arctic Finnish († 1901)
- November 24th: Henry Woodward, Geologist and British Paleontologist.
- December 15th: Gustave Eiffel, French engineer († 1923).
Death in 1832
- March 4th: Jean-François Champollion, French Egyptologist.
- March 22nd: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer (° 1749).
- May 13rd: Georges Vat, paleontologist and naturalist French.
- May 16th: Casimir Pierre Périer, Politician, regent of Banque de France.
- May 30th: James Mackintosh, doctor, philosopher, journalist, judge and British politician. (° October 24th 1765).
- May 31st: Welsh Évariste, French mathematician.
- July 18th: Claude Francois, marquis de Jouffroy d' Abbans, engineer (Steamer).
- July 22nd: Napoleon II, “the Eaglet”, wire of Napoleon Bonaparte.
- July 30th: Jean Antoine Claude Chaptal, count de Chanteloup, chemist, doctor and politician (° 1756).
- August 23rd: Johann Georg Wagler, herpetologist and German Ornithologist (° 1800).
- November 14th: Rasmus Christian Rask, Danish linguist (° 1787).
- December 29th: Etienne François Room of Cabbage, French politician, appointed Berry with the General states of 1789. (° March 9th 1754).
Beats-smg: 1832 Be-X-old: 1832 Map-bms: 1832 Simple: 1832 Zh-yue: 1832 年
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