This page relates to the year 1824 Gregorian Calendrier.
- April 5th: Treaty Russo-American on the Alaska: freedom of navigation and fishing, limitation of the Russian colonies to the 54e parallel north.
- June 17th: Foundation of the Office of the Indian reserves, attached to the ministry for the war and bench with Washington. Charged with regulating the territorial litigations, this office will be transformed into a tool of colonization of the Indian grounds.
- November 5th: Creation of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute , first technical scientific school of training of engineers to the the United States.
- First known Strike of workers of textile industry with Pawtucket (Rhode Island). Two hundred women unite with the men in their protests against the falls of wages and the lengthening of the working time.
- April 8th: Decree of Simon Bolivar redistributing the grounds with the Indians of the Peru and of Large Colombia.
- March 25th: by imperial decree, coming into effect of the first constitutional charter Brazilian, the first constitution in the history of this country. Religious liberty. Catholicism is recognized like religion of State.
- July 2nd: Revolt with Recife where one refuses the governor chooses by dom Pedro. The States of Pernambouc, Paraiba and Rio Grande C Norte form the Confédération of Ecuador. The city is encircled by the naval forces and terrestrial which crush the rebellion.
- August 6th: Simón Bolívar beats the Spanish with the Bataille of Junin (Peru).
- December 9th: The general Antonio Jose de Sucre, lieutenant de Bolivar, obtains the final independence of the Peru by demolishing the Spanish army with the battle of Ayacucho.
- October 4th: Implementation of the constitution of Mexico. Santa Anna founds the Republic with the Mexico. Organization of the Estados Unidos Mexicanos . Santa Anna plays during its mandate of the opposition between the centralist conservatives and the federalistic liberals to be maintained with the capacity.
- November 22nd: Creation of the Federation of the plain Provinces of Central America (Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Guatemala).
- January 21st: Died of Osei Bonsu. Beginning of the reign of Osei Yaw, asantehene of the Ashanti (fine in 1833).
- January 22nd: The governor Charles Mac Carthy is overcome and killed with six of his officers by the Ashanti with the battle of Insamankou. Conflicts between the British and the Ashanti (fine in 1826).
- the mbang of the Baguirmi Ousmane Bourkoumanda, tributary of the Ouadaï, is beaten with Ngala by the sheik of the Bornou El-Kanemi.
- Foundation of the military camp of Khartoum by the Egyptians.
the British explorer Dixon Denham reaches the Bornou.
- Visit of the lieutenant Hugh Clapperton with Kano and Sokoto.
- Forwarding of Rüppell on the White Nile.
- British Claims on Lourenço Marks (Mozambique).
- Mfecane :
- Fleeing the Zulu, the Ndébélé (group of known Nguni before under the name of Khumalo) migrates towards the west with the dissenting Zulu chief Moselekatse or Mzilikazi. It are installed initially on the higher course of the Oliphant, an affluent of the Limpopo, from where it razzient the Transvaal, capturing the cattle and especially children and women (1824 - 1837), then after the Grand Trek, fleeing the Boers, thousand kilometers towards the north (1837) where they will found the kingdom of Matabélé (Zimbabwe).
- Ndébélé run up against the Sotho and the Tchouna, which migrate in three different directions:
- Sebitouane, chief of the Kololo of the Sotho tribe, walk towards north and reached the Zambezi, upstream of the Falls Victoria in 1840. It founds in country Lozi the Barotséland.
- the Tchouna emigrate towards the east and settle in the future Bechuanaland, protectorate British in 1884.
- Sotho of the south, directed by Moschech (1786 - 1870), emigrate towards the south and settle in 1824 in the future Basutoland (today Lesotho). Moschech resists successfully the attacks of Moselekatse then gets along with the Boers of the area (1837).
the British tradesmen Francis Farewell and James King buy grounds with Tchaka and settle in Port Natal.
- Laws founding great individual freedoms and collective in the Colony of the Cape (1824 - 1828).
- March 28th: Husayn bey becomes Bey de Tunis (fine in 1835). It continues the same policy as his father of bringing together with Algiers and Paris.
- the sultan of the Morocco rear-Rahman Abd must repress a revolt of the tribe of the Oudaïa and later that of El-Under.
- rear-Rahman Abd renews the treaty of 1757 granting to the France the right to make trade on the coasts of Morocco.
- regencies of North Africa begin in the countryside of Greece, where they send a fleet under the command of Ibrahim Pasha.
- January: Beginning of the first war britannico-Burmese because of a disagreement on the Indian border (fine in 1826).
- March 17th: Treaty of London, which puts an end to the conflict hollando - British in Malayan space and separates into two the Détroit from Malacca. Holland is established in Malaysia and takes again its counters of Sumatra. The British yield Bengkulu, while the Dutchmen give up Malacca and recognize the rights of the British on Singapore. The kingdom of the Netherlands recovers its colonies. The British commit themselves not intervening in the archipelago indonésien.
- July 21st: Nang Klao assembles on the throne of Siam under the name of Rama III. It continues the rectification of Siam after the inflicted defeats has 18th century by the Burmeses. It makes profitable the weakening of the Burma at the conclusion of the war britannico - Burmese to follow an aggressive foreign policy with regard to the Kampuchea, of the Laos and the Malais kingdoms.
- the Sikh Ranjit Singh takes Peshawar.
Oceania & the Pacific
- January 4th: Lord Byron unloads with Missolonghi with weapons provided by the committees European philhellenes. He dies the April 19th.
- May 9th: Under the pressure of the French, Michel releases his father the king Jean VI of Portugal which is at once reinvests of all its capacities. The queen, hostile with the liberal ideas, is exiled.
June 6th: Combination Acts . The British Parlement authorizes the Syndicat S: the law excludes the trades-unions from the continuations for class action suits against the common law. This measurement puts a term at the laws condemning associations of workmen.
- June: International agreement of Saint-Pétersbourg: the great powers (Austria, the United Kingdom and Russia) decide a collective step near the Othoman sultan so that it ceases repressing the Greek insurrection. The tsar recommends the formation of three autonomous Greek principalities. Committees of supports with the Greek insurrectionists are formed in all Europe.
- May 15th/May 27th: Disgrace of Golitsyne, Minister for the State education and the Worships in Russia, replaced by the admiral Chichkov who follows a nationalist policy and reactionary (fine in 1828).
- December 20th/January 1st 1825: Russian law authorizing the manufacturers to free their serfs with the permission from the Committee of the ministers.
- Meetings between the patriotic Company and the company of the South (1824-1825): dissension on the historical borders of the Poland.
- Payment on the guilds limiting the industrial activities and commercial peasants and simple “middle-class men”.
See also: 1824 in France
March 6th: election of the found Room .
- September 16th: Beginning of the reign of Charles X of France (end in 1830).
Arts & culture
- Foundation of the National Gallery to London with the the United Kingdom.
- the French painter Delacroix paints the Scène of the massacres of Scio .
- the Wish of Louis XIII , fabric of Ingres, is a great success with the Living room in Paris.
- the Maly theater and the theater Bolchoï with Moscow are completed.
Sciences and technology
See also: 1822 in science
Births in 1824
- January 15th: Alphonsine Plessis, inspirer of the lady to the camellias , of Alexandre Dumas († 1847)
- April 20th: Peter Martin Duncan, British paleontologist .
- May 11th: Jean-Leon Gérôme, painter and sculptor French († January 10th 1904).
- July 12th: Eugene Boudin, French painter.
- September 4th: Anton Bruckner, type-setter.
- October 15th: Yan Dargent, Breton painter .
- December 11th: Pepete (Jose Dámaso Rodríguez there Rodríguez), Spanish Matador († April 20th 1862).
- December 14th: Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter.
- December 25th: Thomas McIlwraith, businessman and Canadian Ornithologist of Scottish origin († 1903).
- the preacher Korea N Ch' oe Che-U.
Death in 1824
- January 26th: Theodore Géricault, French painter.
- February 23rd: Blasius Merrem, German zoologist (° 1761).
- April 19th: Lord Byron, British writer with Missolonghi. It was since January commander-in-chief of the Greek armed forces in the Guerre of Greek independence. (° 1788)
- July 20th: Maine de Biran, French philosopher (° 1766).
- September 16th: Louis XVIII of France (° 1755)
- December 9th: Girodet-Trioson (Anne-Louis Girodet de Roucy), neo-classic painter, French lithographer and writer.
- December 24th: Pushmataha, Amerindian chief (° 1764)
- December 25th: Barbara Juliane de Vietinghoff, baroness of Krüdener, Russian woman of letters mystical of origin livonienne (° 1764).
Be-X-old: 1824 Map-bms: 1824 Simple: 1824 Zh-yue: 1824 年
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