This page relates to the year 1817 Gregorian Calendrier.
- March 3rd: The territory of the Alabama is separated from the the Mississippi.
- March 4th: Beginning of the republican democratic presidency of James Monroe with the the United States (fine in 1825).
- March 8th: Creation of the Stock Exchange New York under the name of New York Stock & Exchange Board ".
- April: Naval agreement Bush-Bagot, which limits the American and British naval presence on the Big lakes.
- November: First war Séminole with the the United States (1817-1819), to protect the colonists against the raids from the Indians Séminoles whose grounds are located on both sides border between the Georgia and the Florida.
- November 3rd: Foundation of the Bank of Montreal. It becomes the most powerful financial institution of the country at the 19th century.
- December 10th: The the Mississippi becomes the twentieth state of the American Union.
- December: The general Andrew Jackson is sent in Florida to take again this territory with the Spain.
- Lord Selkirk recruits a hundred soldiers with Montreal to restore the colony of Assiniboia attacked by the mongrels. The colony of the Red River is pacified and the arrival of catholic missionaries the following year brings to the country a new pledge of peaces thanks to prestige which acquire on the mongrels.
- Effect of the British economic crisis on the the United States.
- January 19th: The Argentinian general Jose de San Martín (1778-1850) crosses the Andes cordillera towards the Chile and the Peru to the head of an army of release.
- February 12th: Bernardo O' Higgins (1776-1842) is victorious with the Bataille of Chacabuco, with the Chile.
- March 6th, Brazil: Beginning of the Revolution Pernambucana with Recife, directed by Domingos Martins, liberal trader trained with the the United Kingdom, been dependant on the officers pernamboucains. An incident - Portuguese is struck by a Brazilian soldier starts the revolution. A provisional government is made up, directed by an assisted priest of Domingos Martins. It decreases the taxes and increases balances it troops. It publishes a proclamation, the Preciso . The movement tries to mean with all North, but the king sends against him the Army and a squadron of the marine. Repression wild, is stopped by a royal amnesty the February 6th 1818.
- October 15th: Simon Bolivar installs her general headquarter with Angostura. It makes sure the control of the Grande Colombia (created in 1819) between 1817 and 1821.
- the Guyana is restored with the France.
- Sends of 150 Chinese coolies in Guyana.
- Compromised between the the United Kingdom and the Chile about the traffic of the Blacks: the British obtain the extinction of the traffic in the north of the Ecuador. It is maintained in the south.
- January - April: The Burmese king Bagyidaw makes the conquest of the Assam, located at the west of his kingdom. Faithful to the tradition of the sovereigns of the Konbaung dynasty, it thus tries to restore the unit of the kingdom.
- Beginning of the reign of Anthra Thurah (Manthaturat), king of Luang Prabang (fine in 1836). He endeavors to spare at the same time the Siam and the Vietnam.
Third war Marathe in India. Extermination of the Pindarî, group of plunderers established in central India, resulting from the armies Marathes (1817 - 1818). The Peshwâ benefits from the insecurity to attack the British residence of Poona, but the British will take again the city and the peshwâ will be captured in 1818. Beginning of the campaigns of Lord Hastings against Marathes.
Insurrection with Ceylon against the British, repressed with difficulty.
- September 7th: Treaty of friendship enters the kingdom Ashanti and the Britanniques (Thomas Edward Bowdich).
- the capital ashanti, Kumasi, would have counted 15 000 inhabitant in 1817,20 000 in 1820, 30 000 in 1839. An highway network radiates starting from the capital towards the provinces. The road of the south connects Kumasi to the European counters of the coast (Elmina, Assinie, Axim, Cape Coast), that of north joined the large commercial cities of central Sudan (Tombouctou, Djenné, Kano, Katsina…).
- October 23rd, Madagascar: The British governor of the island Maurice, to sir Robert Farquhar, sign a first treaty britannico-Madagascan. Radama Ier is committed removing slavery and the British promise compensations to him. The clauses of this treaty are rather badly respected on both sides, but support the ambitions of Radama.
- Radama Ier receives British the title of king of Madagascar.
- Radama Ier launches its first great offensive towards the east, subjects the Bezanozano and extends its authority on the area of Tamatave. Its army pulled by British instructors and equipped with rifles and guns with small gauges, comes to end from all resistances.
- the French take again possession of the Senegal. It is the only waterway used by Europeans to progress inside the grounds. The old counters are dedicated to the trade, and of the plantations develop inside the grounds. The colonel Schmaltz is named governor of Senegal.
- Died of Usman daN Fodio during a crisis of madness. Its empire is first once divided between his/her son Mohammed Bello and its brother Abdoullahi.
- the Zoulous assimilate the Langeni.
- September 8th: Assassination of the Dey of Algiers Omar Aga. In front of the growing insecurity, its successor Ali Khodja gives up his residence of the Djenina for the Casbah.
- After the bombardments of 1816, the Dey of Algiers receives supports it Porte and a frigate in present.
- Epidemic of Plague in Algeria.
- Expédition of Beyond Concealed in Cyrénaïque.
- June 11th: Legal settlement in France.
- July 24th, Serbia: assassination of Karageorges. The Filiki Eteria tries to give Karageorges to the head of Serbia to the place of Milos Obrenovic considered to be too favorable to the Porte, but this last makes assassinate Karageorges.
- September 27th: Official foundation of the German evangelic Church. The king Frederic-Guillaume III of Prussia thus wishes to join together the reformed Churches and Lutherans at the time when they try to break the bonds with the State by affirming their right to dissidence.
- October 18th:
- Festival of Wartburg, in Prussia, celebrated at the time of the tercentenary one of the Reform, during which the students make an auto-da-fe of writings reactionaries. The demonstration is such a success that the king of Prussia makes stopped his participants.
- Portugal: The liberal Gums Freire de Andrade, chief of the cabin “Regeneration” is carried out for conspiracy with eleven of his companions.
- the Portuguese liberals join in the “ regenerating Supreme council of Portugal, Brazil and Algarve ”.
- November 6th: Milos Obrenovic becomes hereditary prince in Serbia.
- Serbia obtains the autonomous statute of principality. It has of one assembled national and an army. The Othoman are represented with Belgrade by a governor and can maintain the garrisons in the country.
- Famine in Slovenia in spring.
- Metternich becomes principal Minister for the empire of the Habsbourg.
- Creation of secret societies among youth coed of the Polish universities: Panta Koïna with Warsaw, Company of the philomates with Wilno with Adam Mickiewicz…
- Stamping from the serfs of Courlande.
- Asch becomes governor of Smolensk (fine in 1822).
- Foundation of the commercial Bank of State. She knows little success, and will yield part of her deposits to the Bank of Building and loan association.
- Launching of loans by the Minister for Finance Gouriev to reduce the money circulation.
- Monopoly of the State on the alcohol sale.
- Transfer of the fair of Makariev to Nijni-Novgorod.
- Beginning of the construction of paved roads (390 km in 1825, 3300 in 1850).
- Richelieu College with Odessa.
The United Kingdom
- January: Attack against the Prince regent of the the United Kingdom at the time of the opening of the Parliament.
- March 10th: The Blanketeers of Lancashire, bandages unemployed of textile industry, organize a walk on London.
- June: The tisserands of the campaigns of the Derbyshire are raised. The government of Lord Liverpool mobilizes the army against the social movements.
- June 18th: Opening of the Bridge of Waterloo to London.
- Economic crisis: conjunction of a banking crisis (loss of confidence in the currency-ticket after the war, bear speculation), of a crisis of industrial overproduction (textile, naval armaments and metallurgy, which ceases being stimulated by the orders of war) and of an agricultural crisis (the surge of American corns and Russian the prices make fall, then bad harvests of 1816 and 1817 make them go up very quickly) on bottom of unemployment (the army and the navy returned in their hearths 300000 men which find with difficulty employment, work of the women and children and mechanization accelerated during the war).
See also: 1817 in France
- the police force manages to infiltrate the Charbonnerie in Italy.
- Legal settlement of the kingdom of Piedmont, envisaging the restoration of the ecclesiastical courts.
- the period is marked in Italy by the alarm clock of the Catholicisme. The majority of the princes give up the anticlerical attitude of the Age of Enlightenment. The Church becomes the base of the rebuilding of the order and the hierarchy and benefits from the Napoleonean work, which involved the national disappearance of the Churches, to affirm pontifical supremacy. The Jesuits are restored in their prerogatives and piety knows a notable revival with the multiplication of the worships and the pilgrimages. But the intransigence of most dedicated which estimates than the religion is higher at any other human institution (Lamennais, the Pacca cardinal) contributes to make lose in Rome the capital of sympathy which it collected after the tests and to alienate the support of the most modernistic catholics.
Arts & cultures
- January 20th: Creation of the Hindu College , first modern educational establishment in India.
- Entered of Henri IV in Paris , fabric of François Gerard.
- Construction of the Saint-Isaac cathedral to Saint-Pétersbourg by the French Ricard de Montferrand (fine in 1858).
- Rebuilding of the University of Moscow (Gilardi).
Sciences and technology
See also: 1817 in science
Births in 1817
- January 2nd: François Chabas, French Egyptologist († May 17th 1882)
- May 17th: Thomas Davidson, British paleontologist
- June 12th: Felix Antoine Appert, soldier and French diplomat of 19th century, Lieutenant-general of army. († April 18th 1891).
- July 6th: Rudolph Albert von Kölliker, Swiss biologist († 1902)
- July 12th: Henry David Thoreau, essay writer, memorialist and American poet
- August 14th: Ali III Bey, Bey de Tunis († June 11th 1902)
- October 17th: Alfred Of Cloizeaux, mineralogist French
- November 12th: Bahá' U' lláh leader of the movement bábí (the Middle East & Arab World)
Death in 1817
- January 1st: Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist.
- January 14th: Pierre Alexandre Monsigny, type-setter of Op3era Comique (1729 -1817).
- April 12th: Charles Messier, French astronomer.
- July 14th: Madam de Staël.
- July 18th: Jane Austen, British writer.
- August 7th: Pierre Samuel of the Bridge of Nemours, economist physiocrat, with the the United States (1739 -1817).
- October 15th: Tadeusz Kościuszko, revolutionist Polish (° February 4th 1746)
- October 18th: Etienne Nicolas Méhul, type-setter (1763 -1817).
Beats-smg: 1817 Be-X-old: 1817 Map-bms: 1817 Simple: 1817 Zh-yue: 1817 年
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