This page relates to the year 1807 Gregorian Calendrier.
- Of the Cyclone S puts an end to the cultures Caféier and Giroflier with the island of the Meeting. They are replaced by the Canne with sugar.
- the British drive out the French of the Senegal (1807 - 1817).
- Holy war of Usman daN Fodio with Kano.
- the sultan of the Morocco Mulay Slimane sends an embassy to Napoleon i. He releases the Christian prisoners held in Morocco and removes the race and the draft of the slaves.
- April 11th: Ezekiel Binder, a Jewish commercial rich person of Three-Rivers, is elected appointed at the time of a by-election. The April 18th, the newspaper the Canadian publishes the letter of a reader showing the tradesman to have ruined certain citizens. The 1808, the Room criticizes the Assermentation of the deputy because it lent oath on the Bible and “that this last not to lend oath according to the requirements of the law”. The February 20th 1808, it is expelled by the legislative Parliament.
- August 29th: James Henry Craig becomes General governor of the colonies of British North America (end in 1811). Its authoritative administration is sometimes described as “reign of terror”. Its secretary Hermann-Witsius Ryland, “a fanatic of the worst species”, would be there for something.
- an order of the British council prohibited the trade enters the Canada and the the United States.
The United States
- March 2nd: Import ban of slaves, without abolition of slavery. The law is not applied and 250 000 slaves would have been unloaded illegally before the American Civil War.
- the selling price of the slaves passes from 500 dollars the unit in 1805 to 2500 in 1860. The traffic continues directly or via Cuba, where the bought slaves 10 dollars in Africa are resold 625 dollars in 1847.
- December 18th: The firm Embargo Act American ports.
- the New Jersey, only State to have granted the right to vote with the women in her Constitution, repeals this provision.
- January 5th: New invasion of Río of Plata by the British
- February 3rd: The British seize Montevideo. It occupy the until September city. In July, they try without success to take Buenos Aires.
- November 27th: Fleeing the projections of the Napoleonean army , the prince-regent and the royal family leaves the Portugal for the Brésil and the seat transfers to it from the kingdom.
- June 10th: Russian ships bombard establishment Japan board with Iturup (Kouriles) and set fire to boats. The Shogun At sends an administrator to Ezo (Hokkaido).
- Rising of the Tibetans of the Kokonor against the China.
- the British in vain try to seize the Portuguese counter of Macao.
The Middle East
- March 19th: The British fleet, under the orders of the general Alexander Mackenzie Fraser occupies Alexandria to help the opposite Mamelouks with Méhémet Ali and to prevent a bringing together free-Egyptian.
- April 21st: The troops of Fraser are beaten with Rosette by Méhémet Ali.
- May 4th: Treated alliance free-Persian of Finkestein. The shah sends a representative to Tilsit. This alliance, directed against the Russians guarantees to the shah supports it Napoleon i in his project of invasion of the Khorasan, province Indian under British control.
- May 29th: The Othoman sultan Sélim III is deposited by his cousin Mustafa IV, which benefits from the revolt of the Janissaire S, dissatisfied with the continuation of the reform of the army in the Ottoman Empire, and wanting to safeguard their privileges. Sélim III is imprisoned and Mustafa IV gives up the reform program (Nizam-i djedid) (fine of reign in 1808).
- September 19th: The British withdraw themselves from Egypt. Méhémet Ali grants his forgiveness to the Mamelukes who helped the British.
- January 3rd: Reform projects of Stein in Prussia; he undertakes to cut down the tariff barriers and to fight corporatism. They displease to the king Frederic-Guillaume III of Prussia, which dislocates it its functions.
- January 7th: Blockade of the French ports and the colonies by the British navy.
- January: Establishment of a committee for the safeguarding of public safety in Russia.
- February 8th: Undecided Victoire of Napoleon to the Battle of Eylau, against the forces Russo-Prussians, which beat a retreat.
- February 16th: Combat of Ostrołęka.
- March 19th: Beginning of the Head office of Gdańsk which capitulates the May 24th.
- March 26th: Napoleon decides the creation of the Train of the military Crews which will become in 1945 the Arme of the Train.
- March 31st: Beginning of the ministry tory of the William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, Portland cement duke, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (fine in 1809).
- May 24th: The Large army takes Danzig.
- June 10th: French Victoire on Russia with the Battle of Heilsberg.
- June 14th: Victoire of Napoleon to the Battle of Friedland, against the Russian army. The Russian offensive is broken without the Russian army being destroyed.
- June 25th: Interview of Tilsit, on the Niémen, between the tsar Alexandre Ier of Russia and Napoleon i (fine on July 9th). By this secret agreement, Napoleon leaves to the tsar the freehands in Sweden. In exchange of what, Russia agrees to adhere to the continental Blocus against the United Kingdom. A clause also lays down the dismemberment of the European possessions of Turkey and their division between Russia and France. Russia recognizes the creation of the Grand-duché of Warsaw to the detriment of Prussia, which one entrusts to king de Saxe.
- July 7th: Treaty of Tilsit. End of the Fourth coalition. Peace enters the France and the Russia, then between France and the Prussia (July 9th). Russia yields to France the islands Ioniennes, occupied since 1799, and signs a white peace with the Turkey (It obtains the Moldavie and the Valachie). Prussia sees its reduced territory and loses half of its population (Kingdom of Westphalia, on which reign Jerome Bonaparte and Grand-duché of Warsaw). Its army is reduced to 42 000 men. Russia and Prussia adhere to the continental Blocus.
- August 24th: Armistice Russo-Turkish.
- 2 - September 5th: Bombardment of Copenhagen by the British fleet. The British seize the fleet of Danish war and neutralize the merchant fleet.
- October 9th: Decree proclaiming the individual one and the Property right, putting a term at hereditary serfdom in Prussia.
- Pointed out in September after Tilsit, Stein continues its work of reforms and contributes to the modernization of the Prussian State: the system of the castes and serfdom are abolished, the restrictions on the sale of the grounds on the commoners are raised and the administration of the kingdom is completely reorganized according to the precepts set up by the French revolution.
- October 30th: The Denmark contracts an alliance with France.
- November 5th: Rupture of the relations between the Russia and the the United Kingdom.
- November 29th: Invasion of the Portugal by the army of Napoleon Bonaparte
- December 17th: Decree of Milan; seizure of any ship having touched in the United Kingdom and paid the tax of 25% required by the British to authorize the neutrals to enter the European ports.
- December 28th: Catch of Libourne, suspected of delivering itself to smuggling with the United Kingdom, by the French. The sovereign one of Toscane Marie-Louise flees.
- Speranski becomes principal adviser of the tsar Alexandre Ier of Russia for the questions of administration.
- the relations are cut between the Denmark and the Norway, which will obtain with a Constitution (that of Eidsvold) and a king.
- the Denmark joined the continental Blocus.
- the generals Neithardt von Gneisenau and Gerhard von Scharnhorst reorganize the Prussian army (obligatory national service), which becomes one of the most important armed forces of Europe (1807-1809).
- the British Parliament declares illegal the traffic of the slaves. The trade of the slaves is interdict on the British subjects and in the British Empire.
- July 28th: Napoleon summons the Portugal to apply the continental Blocus.
- October 27th: Project of division of Portugal enters the France and the Spain adopted to Fontainebleau.
- At the court of Spain, of the intrigues directed by the crown prince Ferdinand is tied against Godoy, shown to have delivered the country. Ferdinand is stopped for rebellion on order of the king the October 28th. Napoleon intervenes so that the king forgives with his son, but the unpopularity of Godoy grows.
- Spain grants the passage to the French troops of Junot which reaches Castelo Branco the November 20th. French garrisons are established in Spain to ensure the safety of the communications between France and Portugal.
- the November 24th, the Council of State of Portugal decides transfer of the royal family and court with the Brésil.
- the November 27th, the prince-regent Jean VI of Portugal embarks Lisbon towards the Brésil with the royal family and the court.
- November 30th: The French enter Lisbon. The Portuguese flag is withdrawn from the Saint-Georges castle in spite of the dissatisfaction with the people. With Oporto and Évora are trained juntas which assume the capacity.
- Creation of the maconnic cabin called “Regeneration” with Lisbon.
- July 7th: Napoleon founds the Grand-Duchy of Warsaw to the Paix of Tilsit with provinces removed with the Prussia (Mazovie, Gujavie, Posnanie). Dantzig becomes free city (end in 1814). The Grand-Duchy of Warsaw is equipped with a liberal constitution inspired by the French Civil code.
- the Polish patriots wish the re-establishment of the Constitution of 1791, but Napoleon imposes a “constitutional statute of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw” taking account of specificities of the country. The king Frederic-Auguste Ier of Saxony control surface the Grand Duchy with six ministers and has wide capacities; a Parliament ( Sejm ) with two rooms brings together the noble and not-noble deputies. The country is divided into six departments with prefects and sub-prefects. It is a centralized State, far from old “Polish anarchy”.
- the king of Saxony will go only four times in the duchy and lets control its ministers, whose principal ones are the Minister for justice Felix Łubienski (1758 - 1848) and the Minister for the war Józef Poniatowski. They are narrowly supervised by the marshal Davout who orders the imperial troops. The leader circles are dominated by the reformers of the May 3rd, while the radicals as Hugo Kołłątaj is isolated responsibilities and than the hostile conservatives with the Napoleon code look towards Russia. The partisans of the system are the middle-class men, the soldiers and the civils servant.
- the hereditary Grand Duchy of Warsaw counts 2,6 million inhabitants on a surface of 103 000 km ². It includes/understands the territories taken by Prussia at the time of the two last ones divides and the district of Białystok given by the tsar. The port of Danzig remains a free city under control of France because of the continental Blocus.
See also: 1807 in France
Arts & cultures
Sciences and technology
See also: 1807 in science
Economy & Company
- March 15th/March 27th: Suppression of the country inscription in the the Ural (obligation for certain peasants of State to carry out auxiliary work in the factories or the mines).
- Financial crisis in Austria: the tickets lost 67% of their value. François Ier of Austria is constrained to adhere to the continental Blocus, measurement advantageous with Austrian industry.
- Edict of release of the peasants in Prussia.
- Abolition of the Serfdom in the Grand Duchy of Warsaw.
- Napoleon sends in Moldavie and Valachie the Aubert captain, author of the statistical Notions on Moldavie and Valachie .
Births in 1807
- May 28th: Louis Agassiz, zoologist, ichtyologiste and American geologist of Swiss origin .
- June 28th: Gustav Heinrich Emil Ohlert, German zoologist († 1871).
- August 12th: George Busk, Surgery N, zoologist and British paleontologist († August 10th 1886).
- August 15th: Jules Grévy, future president of the French Republic.
- August 24th: Jules Verreaux, French ornithologist († 1873).
Death in 1807
- February 5th: Pascal Paoli, patriot and Corsican Head of State (° April 5th 1725)
- April 4th: Joseph Jerome Lefrançois de Lalande, French astronomer (1732 -1807).
- July 27th: Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet, Naturalist French (° January 19th 1761).
- July 11th: George Atwood, British physicist.
- November 24th: Joseph Brant, war leader of the Mohawk Amerindians.
- December 19th: Nickel silver Grimm (1723 -1807).
Beats-smg: 1807 Be-X-old: 1807 Map-bms: 1807 Simple: 1807 Zh-yue: 1807 年
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