This page relates to the year 1806 Gregorian Calendrier.
The year 1806 is one year of the Christian era. January 1st marks the re-establishment of the vulgar era, with abandonment of the republican Calendrier by Napoleon i.
For Alexandre Kojève, this year marks the Fin history.
- March 13rd: English naval Victoire on France with the battles of Cape Verde
- Holy war of Usman daN Fodio with Zaria (fine in 1812).
- the king of the Ouadaï Abd el-Kérim invades the Baguirmi with the call of the Boulala revolted. It plunders the capital Massénia and keep silent the mbang Abd er-Rhamane. After a few months of anarchy, it puts on the throne Ousmane Bourkoumanda, a son of Abd er-Rhamane, obliged paid tribute with the Ouadaï and the Bornou (reign of 1807 with 1846).
- feudal Revolts in the kingdom Mossi of the Yatenga (Burkina Faso) with died of the sovereign Naba Kango, who had consolidated the forces of the country while being opposed to pushed will bambara towards the east. Carried out by the Nakomsé, these revolts start the decline of the kingdom of Yatenga.
- Victoire of the Ashanti of Osei Bonsu on the Fanti with Abora. The British propose their mediation, but are swept by the Ashanti who invade Anomabu and all the coast until Winneba.
- the island of the Meeting becomes the Bonaparte island.
- Forwarding of Amaro Jose and João Baptista (1806 - 1814). They succeed in for the first time crossing the continent and joining the Angola to the Mozambique, at the price of a detention of several years at the mwata Kazembe.
- January 8th: Dutch defeat with the Battle of Blaauwberg, close to the Cape, in South Africa.
- January 19th: the Cape becomes definitively a British colony.
- July: The British consolidate their presence by naming a governor for the Colonie of the Cape.
- the missionaries of the L.M.S. ( London Missionary Society ) incite the mongrels hollando-hottentots to found, under their control, of the Republics Grika in the surroundings of the rivers Vaal and Orange, which runs up against the racial designs of the Boers.
- the Dutch colonists occupy a not very wide zone, limited to north by the desert of the Kalahari and to the east by the Fish to rivet. With them live some Hottentots and an important minority of mongrel hollando-hottentots. The development of the British colony of the Cape is a source of conflict with Boers.
- the British introduce the Freedom of the press. Newspapers in English ( Commercial Advertiser , Grahamston Newspaper ) or in Afrikaans ( Zuid Afrikaan ) appear and contribute to impassion the debates between Boers and Britanniques.
February: Failure of separatist rising to the Venezuela directed by the Creole Francisco de Miranda, supported by the the United Kingdom which intends to obtain facilitation of trade with the Latin America.
- February 6th: English naval Victoire on France with the Battle of San Domingo.
- April 18th: Nicholson Act. First sanction of the the United States against the British who seize the American ships bound for Europe under the terms of the maritime blockade.
- June 27th: First British invasion with the Río of Plata. A task force unloaded the June 25th takes Buenos Aires.
- August 12th: Capitulation of the British with Buenos Aires following the intervention of the popular militia.
- November 22nd: Foundation with Quebec of the French-speaking daily the Canadian (“with liberal and nationalist tendency”, in order to answer the attacks of the Quebec Mercury founded in 1805.
- Lungtok Gyatso becomes the ninth Dalai Lama (fine in 1815).
- Died of Shah Alam II. Akbar Shah II becomes emperor Moghol under the supervision of the British.
- Nguyên Anh proclaims emperor of the Vietnam under the name of Long Gia, with the nomination of the China. It creates an absolute capacity, very centralized. It makes disappear the last vestiges from feudality and reform the army, higher education and the administration.
- Beginning of the reign of Ang Chan II, king of the Kampuchea (fine in 1834).
- Khmer Mandarin Poc is charged by the Siam with taking care of the Siamese interests in Kampuchea.
The Middle East & world arabo-Moslem
- the town of Jerusalem account approximately 12 000 inhabitants of which 3 000 Jews.
- Conquest of Bakou and Derbent by the Russians.
- January 23rd: Died of William Pitt the Young person (1759-1806), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Fox continues its policy against France then dies in its turn the September 13rd.
- February 11th: Beginning of the ministry whig of William Wyndham Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (fine in 1807).
- March 30th: Napoleon i place Joseph Bonaparte on the throne of the Kingdom of Naples.
- May 16th: A decree of the British council declares a blockade on the coasts of the Elba to Brest.
- June 5th: The Royaume of Holland replaces the Batavian République.
- June 22nd: Beginning of the reign of Louis Bonaparte (1778 - 1846), king of Holland (fine in 1810). It becomes popular. It continues the reforms: direct imposition, abolition of the Guilds (1808), coding of the legal habits ( August), introduction of adapted the Napoleon code (1809), legal reorganization, reform of primary education, foundation of the royal archives, the royal library, the royal museum, the royal Academy of sciences.
- July 12th: Treaty of Paris: Creation of the Confederation of the Rhine which recognizes Napoleon like “guard” () and to which adhere fifteen German princes.
- July 16th: End of the Holy roman Empire. François II takes the title of emperor of Austria under the name of François Ist
- August 6th: The emperor of Austria unties the Germans of the oath of fidelity to the Emperor. It is the end of the Germanic Holy roman Empire Roman.
- August 15th: naval Action of Gibraltar
- October 1st: Prussian ultimatum with Napoleon: beginning of the Fourth coalition : the United Kingdom, Prussia, Russia, Sweden. The Prussian armies are on the Main (Hohenlohe, 56 000 men) and more in the south (Brunswick, 75 000 men).
- the Large army stations in Germany of the South and enters immediately to shift the October 7th, being placed between the two Prussian armies.
- October 10th: French Victoire on the Prussia with the Battle of Saalfeld
- October 14th:
- simultaneous Victories of Napoleon and Davout, with Iéna and Auerstadt, against the Prussians Hohenlohe and Brunswick.
- the French Armies enter in Posnanie, expecting a general rising of the Poles. Napoleon declares that France is always hostile with the Partage of Poland, but does not make any political promise in order not to weld against him the three powers partageantes.
- October 21st:
- Murat and its riders continues the enemy forces until Berlin. Rejected into Prussia-Eastern, the Prussians make their junction with the Russian troops.
- Decree of Berlin codifying the continental Blockade and closing all the European ports with the British vessels. Very entered of goods coming from the the United Kingdom or of its colonies is prohibited; any ship, of some house that it is, which slackened in the United Kingdom is declared of good catch. The decree applies to France and its allies. Although unequally applied, it causes two serious attacks in the United Kingdom in 1806-1807 and 1810 - 1812. Russia will take part in it after Tilsit.
- November: The French troops enter to Poznań or they receive warm welcome.
- November 15th: The troops of Murat enter to Warsaw where the aristocracy is hostile in Napoleon (Bourbons, whose count de Provence, took refuge there). The city does not move. In Paris, Kosciuszko asserts a government of the British type and a great State extending from Rīga to Odessa, which Napoleon cannot admit. He plays the chart of the Szlachta and the aristocracy. He obtains the rallying of the prince Józef Poniatowski (1763-1813), nephew of the last king who had fought under Kosciuszko.
- December 11th: Napoleon accepts the rendering of the voter of Saxony, which makes peace, enters the Confédération of the Rhine and receives the title of king.
- December 12th: The Serb insurrectionists of Karageorges seize Belgrade after their victory with Michar over the Turks.
- December 26th:
- Resistance of the Russian troops to the Battle of Golymin, in Poland.
- Russian Victoire with the Battle of Pułtusk.
- December 30th: Beginning of the war Russo-Othoman (fine in 1812). The voïévode of Valachie Constantin Ipsilanti, dreaming to reconstitute a kingdom of Dacie with the support of the tsar, is relieved by the Sultan. The Russians occupy the Danubian provinces (November-December). In counterpart, Turkey declares the war in Russia the December 30th.
- At the end of December, Napoleon arrives at Warsaw where it receives a hastened reception of the aristocrats. Among them the countess Marie Walewska is (1789-1817), who becomes her mistress and of which it will have a son, future Foreign Minister of Napoleon III. He names a commission of government in which Poniatowski deals with the military businesses.
- the kingdom of the Portugal refuses to adhere to the continental Blocus. The Prince-Regent tries to save time by sending emissary to the emperor.
- the British use rockets Congreve against a fleet of French invasion.
- Failure of a new campaign of the radicals in favor of the electoral reform to the the United Kingdom (1806 - 1809).
- Rising of Padoue and Vicence against the taxes and the conscription.
- Multiplication of the secret societies in Italy (Adelphi, Carboneria, Guelfa) which gather in favor of the unit, Jacobins betrayed, sometimes of the Napoleonean generals and often of the spies and the envoys of the coalition.
See also: 1806 in France
Arts & cultures
- Triumphal arch of the Star by Raymond and Chalgrin (1806 - 1808).
- the Battle of Aboukir , fabric of Antoine Gros.
- Transfer to London of the Plank of the Parthenon.
Sciences and technology
See also: 1806 in science
Economy & Company
- the United States: The American merchant fleet passed from 125 000 tons in 1789 with 800 000 tons.
- iron with coke accounts for 97% of the British production.
- the economist Hungarian Gergely Berzeviczy publishes a work on the country condition, which causes strong reactions.
- Russia: Rehandling of Admiralty (Zakharov), construction of the Institute of the mines (Voronikhine) and of the Institute Smolny (Quarengui) with Saint-Pétersbourg.
Births in 1806
- March 10th: Jose of los Santos, Spanish Matador († December 17th 1847)
- April 9th: Isambard Kingdom Brunel, English engineer originator of the Great Eastern († 1859)
- May 20th: John Stuart Mill, philosopher and economist
- October 28th: Alphonse Louis Pierre Pyrame de Candolle, Swiss botanist († 1893)
- November 13rd: Philip de Malpas Grey Egerton, British paleontologist
- December 6th: Gilbert Duprez, singer of French opera
Death in 1806
- January 23rd: William Pitt the Young person, Prime Minister of Great Britain and then the United Kingdom (° 1783)
- February 2nd: Jean-Xavier Office of Pusy, military engineer and French politician. (° January 7th 1750).
- February 14th: Jean Dauberval, dancer and choreographer French (° August 19th 1742)
- March 3rd: Heinrich Christian Boie, German author (° 1744)
- April 4th: Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatic author (1720-1806).
- April 13rd: Jean-Jacques Graduate, French painter (1724 -1806).
- April 22nd: Pierre of Villeneuve, admiral French (° 1763)
- June 23rd: Mathurin Jacques Brisson, zoologist and physicist French (° 1723)
- August 3rd: Michel Adanson, botanist French (° 1727)
- August 22nd: Jean-Honore Fragonard, painter French (° 1732)
- August 23rd: Charles Augustin Of Coulomb, physicist French (° 1736)
- September 20th: Utamaro Kitagawa, engraver and painter Japan board (° 1753)
- November 10th: Charles Guillaume Ferdinand of Brunswick, military German (° 1735)
- November 18th: Claude Nicolas Ledoux, architect French (° 1736).
Beats-smg: 1806 Be-X-old: 1806 Map-bms: 1806 Simple: 1806 Zh-yue: 1806 年
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