This page relates to the year 1805 Gregorian Calendrier.
- January 30th: Beginning of the second voyage of the British explorer Mungo Park. It goes again to Bamako, then in Sansanding, then dies drowned in the rapids of Boussa whereas it tried to reach Tombouctou by the Niger (1806).
- November: Victoire of Usman daN Fodio with Alwasa. Modibbo Adama (death in 1847) is indicated by Usman daN Fodio to convert with Islam the people of the plate of the North of the Cameroun. Peuls will dominate all the plate of the south which since door its name (Adamaoua).
Countryside of the Asante against the countries of the South, Assim, Fanti, Akwapim, Wassa and Akyem (fine in 1816).
- January 5th: The British, opposed to the concessions granted to the Canadians found The Quebec Mercury , newspaper which ridicules the Canadians and the political ideas their parliamentary chiefs.
- February 8th: “Quarrel of the prisons” between english-speaking and French-speaking people in Canada about the financing of the contruction of the prisons of Quebec of Montreal.
- July 31st: At a few days of his departure for the the United Kingdom, the Milnes governor names Thomas Dunn administrator of the province.
- November 7th: Lewis and Clark reaches the Pacifique.
- November: Conspiracy of Burr. The former vice-president of the the United States Aaron Burr is suspected of trying to create in South-west an independent State of which it would ensure the royalty, and would have aimings on the Mexico. He is discharged in the absence of evidence.
- Twelve inhabitants of Saint-Constant sign a petition intended for Napoleon i to invite it to reconquer the Canada.
- May 18th: The bishop missionary of China Gabriel-Taurin Dufresse is arrété following the general edict of persecution against the Christians in China.
- July 30th: Charles Cornwallis becomes General governor of the Indies. He dies the October 5th.
- Ranjit Singh is recognized by the majority of the sikhs chiefs like the legitimate sovereign of the Panjab. It creates a State which rests as well on the Sikhs (10% of the population of Panjab) as on the Moslems and the Hindus. It must for that draw aside a sect sikhe extremist, Akalis, which claimed the introduction of a theocracy.
Beginning of the reign of Anou Chao, king of Vientiane, with the Laos. It tries to be freed from the supervision Siam oise while being pressed on its suzerain, the Vietnam to restore the power of Laos.
The Middle East & Arab World
- 12 - May 13rd: Beginning of the reign of Pasha of Egypt Muhammad-Ali (fine in 1848). The Othoman sultan Sélim III recognizes his authority under the pressure of the religious authorities of the Cairo. Mohammed Ali support her policy on the Egyptian company against the Mameluke S and the Othoman.
- June 4th: Treaty of Tripoli. The pasha of Tripoli gives up perceiving a tribute of the the United States, but the acts of piracy continue.
- January 30th: The Ligurie is annexed to the France and is divided into three departments.
- March 17th: The Italian République becomes the kingdom of Italy. French control becomes more direct. Napoleon becomes king d' Italie. Eugene de Beauharnais is named viceroy of Italy.
- In spring, the emperor orders with the Spanish fleet to leave its ports, to attract with the the Antilles British cruisings and to return quickly towards Boulogne to embark the army which would cross the Manche before the British squadrons cannot prevent some.
- April - September: Formation of a Third coalition against the France (Austria, the United Kingdom, Russia, Naples, Sweden).
- April 11th: Alliance enters the Russia and the the United Kingdom with an aim of restoring the France in its borders of 1792. Gustave IV of Sweden is combined with the the United Kingdom.
- April 29th: The “Batavian Communauté” is directed by the Large-boarder Schimmelpenninck (1805 - 1806). He undertakes important reforms: direct taxation, public primary education, centralization.
- May - July: The admiral Villeneuve attracts in America the fleet of Nelson, but while returning towards the Manche, it runs up against one second British fleet and must seek refuge in the Spanish ports the July 22nd. Nelson blocks Villeneuve with Cadiz.
- June 16th:
- the Austria joined the coalition.
- military Conscription in the Duchy of Parma, followed rising of Parma and its area against the taxes and the conscription.
- July 10th: Castlereagh becomes Minister for the War to the the United Kingdom (1805 - 1806, 1807 - 1809).
- July 22nd: Battle of the Cape Finisterre
- August 24th: Napoleon gives up the idea to invade the the United Kingdom and turns to the forces austro-Russian.
- August 25th: Treaty of Bogenhausen, alliance of the Bavaria and the France.
- September 10th: the king of Naples, taken refuge in Sicily, adheres to the coalition against the France.
- September 23rd: Renewal of Russo-Turkish alliance.
- September 25th: The French troops are aligned on the the Rhine, united are spread; The Austrians concentrate in Italy, in the the Tyrol and on the the Danube to block the access to Vienna. British, Swedes, Russians meet in Germany of North to walk on the Hanover. The Russians send two armies to reinforce the Austrian army.
- October 8th: French Victoire on Austria with the Battle of Wertingen.
- October 11th: French Victoire on Austria with the Battle of Haslach-Jungingen.
- October 14th: French Victoire on Austria with the Battle of Elchingen.
- October 15th - October 19th: Victoire of Napoleon to Ulm, the army of the general Autrichien Karl Mack is made captive. Napoleon, in one month, has succeeds in isolating the Austrian army from the Danube. The French troops go on Vienna.
- October 21st: Defeat of the admiral Pierre of Villeneuve vis-a-vis Horatio Nelson with the course Trafalgar. The British admiral demolishes the Franco-Spanish fleet but dies during the battle. The Spanish admiral Gravina is killed him too. The Spanish and French fleets are practically destroyed.
- October 25th: Interview of Berlin between Alexandre Ier of Russia and Frederic III of Prussia.
- October 30th: French Victoire on Austria with the Battle of Caldiero.
- November 3rd: British naval Victoire on France Battle of the course Ortegal.
- November 5th:
- Battle of Amstetten.
- Napoleon i occupies Vienna. The Russian troops join the Austrian army in the north of Vienna, but are overcome in Austerlitz.
- November 11th: Battle of Dürenstein.
- November 16th: Combat of Hollabrunn.
- December 2nd: Victoire of Napoleon i to Austerlitz, against the coalition austro-Russian.
- December 15th: Treaty of Schönbrunn; the Prussia, remained neutral, obtains the Hanover.
- December 26th: Treaty of Presbourg, end of the Third coalition. The Austria loses the Venezia, the Istrie and the Dalmatie which are incorporated in the Royaume of Italy. It yields the the Tyrol and the Vorarlberg to the Bavaria and some territories with the Kingdom of Wurtemberg and the Grand Duchy of Bade. Liquidation of the Holy roman Empire and the birth of the empire of Austria.
- December 27th: Napoleon i détrône the Bourbons of Naples and names his/her brother Joseph king de Naples. He gives him the forces necessary to conquer his kingdom.
- Johann Philipp Stadion (1763-1824) becomes chancellor in Austria.
- Decree confirming compulsory education and fixing the rules of educational establishment in monarchy habsbourgeoise until in 1869.
See also: 1805 in France
Arts & cultures
- Percier and Fountain, becomes architects of the Louvre and the Carousel (1805 - 1813).
- Gymnasium of Volhynie to Krzemieniec.
- Construction of the purse of Saint-Pétersbourg (Thomas de Thomon).
- Jacques-Louis David paints the Sacre of Napoleon .
- the Emperor in costume of sacring , fabric of François Gerard.
- Portrait of Miss Rivière , Ingres.
- In favor Spanish manufacturer of the powder in the sierra of Tardienta , fabric of Goya.
Sciences and technology
See also: 1805 in science
Births in 1805
- Paquiro (Francisco Go up), Spanish Matador († April 4th 1851).
- February 13rd: Edouard de Verneuil paleontologist French
- April 2nd: Hans Christian Andersen, poet and author
- June 9th: Victor Baltard, architect
- June 29th: Alexis de Tocqueville, politician and writer French.
- August 4th: William Rowan Hamilton, mathematician, physicist and astronomer Irish
- November 19th: Ferdinand de Lesseps, diplomatic and contractor French
- December 7th: Jean Eugene Robert-Houdin, inventor, producer of spectacles and magician French. († June 13rd 1871).
- December 16th: Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Zoologist French († 1861).
- December 23rd: Joseph Smith, first president of the Church of Jesus-Christ of the Saints of the Last Days. († June 27th 1844).
Death in 1805
- January 17th: Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French orientalist (1731 -1805).
- February 17th: Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti, Doctor and Austrian Naturalist (° 1735).
- March 21st: Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter.
- May 7th: William Petty, former Prime Minister of Great Britain.
- May 9th: Friedrich von Schiller (1759 -1805), poet and German playwright, author of parts of a great dramatic intensity, in the spirit of the Sturm und Drang.
- May 28th: Luigi Boccherini, Italian type-setter.
- July 2nd: Patrick Russell, Doctor and British Naturalist (° 1726).
- October 21st: Horatio Nelson, British admiral .
- December 3rd: Jean Marie Melon Roger Valhubert, general French.
- December 23rd: Pehr Osbeck, Swedish naturalist (° May 9th 1723)
Beats-smg: 1805 Be-X-old: 1805 Map-bms: 1805 Simple: 1805 Zh-yue: 1805 年
|Random links:||Brake | Saint-Bosom-in Aiguevives | General store | Odéon d' Hérode Atticus | Kriss De Valnor (Thorgal)|