This page relates to the year 1803 Gregorian Calendrier.
- February: The Colonie of the Cape is restored by the British with the Batavian République (Traité of Amiens of 1802).
- Jacob of Mist becomes general police chief of the Colonie of the Cape (fine in 1806). It inaugurates an effective policy of agricultural development based on slavery.
- Third war kaffir between colonists of South Africa and Bantou.
Abd el-Kérim, known as Saboun, after the assassination of his/her father Saleh Derret, becomes sultan of the fine Ouadaï in 1813). It eliminates all the applicants with the throne or the fact of plugging in order not to be victim of a conspiracy. It constitutes a powerful army and combat for the independence of Ouadaï. In 1812, it annexes the Baguirmi with the assistance of the Bornou.
Abolition of the trade slave trader by the Denmark.
- February 19th: The Ohio becomes the seventeenth state of the American Union. It is the first State to be obtained a law prohibiting slavery officially.
- April 30th: treaty of transfer of Louisiana (2 million km ²) of the France to the the United States (directed by Thomas Jefferson), for 15 million dollars (80 franc million on the whole). The second convention is signed the December 21st.
- After the purchase of Louisiana, Jefferson proposes with the Congress to encourage the Indians to be established on pieces as stockbreeder and farmer and to give up hunting. He recommends to encourage them to trade with the White and to contract debts which they would refund by the sale of their pieces.
- November 18th: French defeat with the Battle of Vertières, sealing the fate of the colony of Santo Domingo. Decimated by the yellow fever, the French garrisons go to the black general Jean-Jacques Dessalines. At the end of December, the last French soldiers leave the island.
- the the United Kingdom buys the British Guyana, Tobago and St Lucia.
- Fine of the draft of the slaves in the ports of the the United States.
- May 13rd: Beginning of the wars britannico-maratha in India (fine in 1818).
- August 7th: The British attack the Sind, then seize Ahmadnâgar. Encountering a savage resistance, the forces of Arthur Wellesley gain the Bataille of Assaye.
- September 14th: The troops of the general Barkin enter to Delhi. The emperor Moghol Shah Alam II perceives a pension of the British. The British take Âgrâ.
- Of the Chinese merchants of the towns of Ourga and Ouliastaï is expelled on order of the emperor Mandchou. Passing in addition to the restrictive measures, they exceeded the authorized duration of stay and establishes deposits and shops. This illegal activity is often supported by Mongolian lords, even Manchu, injured by the restrictive measures.
Oceania & the Pacific
- June: The explorer Matthew Flinders completes the Circumnavigation Australia.
- August 7th: Departure of the Russian naval forwarding of Krusenstern around the world. Exploration of the Northern Pacific (1803 - 1806).
The Middle East & Arab World
- October 4th: The emir of the Nedjd 'Abd Al 'Aziz ibn Sa' ud is assassinated by a Shiite being made pass for a convert to the Wahhabisme, which wanted to avenge plundering for Karbala in 1802. One of wire of the emir, Sa' ud, succeeds to him.
- the wahhabites remove the pilgrimage with Mecque.
- Djezzar Pasha (“the butcher”), Bosnian Mameluke of origin, appointed governor by the Door, tries to create a State joining together the south of the Syria to the Palestine. It puts an end to the ambitions separatists of the governor of Acre, the sheik el-Dahir.
- the British troops evacuate the Egypt, pursuant to the agreement of Istanbul of 1799.
- the Caucasus: conquest of the Mingrélie by the Russia.
- January 24th: Reorganization of teaching in Russia.
- February 20th of the Calendar Julien , Russia: Ukase on the free farmers; the Masters who émancipent their serfs must give them a ground to repurchase (little effect: 47 000 freed under the reign from Alexandre Ier from Russia).
- February 25th, Ratisbon: Reichsdeputationshauptschluss . A recès of the Diet of Empire, influenced by the French diplomacy, removes a hundred and twelve German States authoritatively, mainly of the ecclesiastical, laic principalities and the towns of Empire. It simplifies the chart of the Germany to the profit of the States customers of France (Wurtemberg, Bavaria, Prussia). Nomination of three new voters, sovereigns of Bade, Wurtemberg and Hesse-Cassel. To compensate the princes possessionés on left bank for the the Rhine, the diet proceeds to secularizations and distributes compensations: the Habsbourg receive évêchés of Thirty and Bressanone, in the south of the the Tyrol.
- April: the the United Kingdom breaks the Paix of Amiens and leaves in war on sea with France.
- May 12th: Henry Addington, under the pressure of the Communes and the opinion, worked by the press, breaks the relations with France, by taking for pretext the question of Malta: the the United Kingdom refuses to evacuate the island, in spite of the provisions of the treaty of Amiens.
- May 18th: The the United Kingdom restores the blockade of the French coasts.
- May 20th: Bonaparte occupies the Hanover and concentrates the “Large army” to unload with the the United Kingdom.
- June 5th: The tsar Alexandre Ier of Russia proposes his mediation in vain.
- July 23rd: The Irish chief Robert Emits led an unfruitful revolt against the British capacity. He is carried out the September 20th.
- November 14th: Promulgation of the news Constitution of the Republic of the Seven-Islands.
- December 2nd: Bonaparte orders the formation of “the army of England” to the camp of Boulogne.
See also: 1803 in France
- March 28th: Introduction of the frankly Germinal .
- February 19th: Act of mediation between France and Switzerland. Switzerland permanently provides 16000 men to the French Army.
- April 14th: Adhesion of the canton of Vaud to the Swiss Confederation.
- September 27th: Free-Switzerland alliance.
the cantons of Argovie and the Grisons unite with the Swiss Confédération
Arts & cultures
Sciences and technology
See also: 1803 in science
Economy & Company
- Translation in French of the Test on the principle of population , Malthus.
- Treated political economy , of Jean-Baptiste Say.
progress of industrialization to the the United Kingdom forces a marketing policy to run out an unceasingly increasing production on a worldwide scale. Half of the textile production and the metallurgical production is exported. The United Kingdom cannot tolerate the expansion policy of the France which is likely to reduce its markets.
the United Kingdom: 7000 schools, 90 000 Masters, 850 000 pupils belong to mobility Méthodiste. This educational action is supplemented in the field of religious teaching by the Sundays schools .
Births in 1803
- January 20th: Heinrich Daniel Ruhmkorff, German physicist.
- February 15th: Karl Friedrich Schimper, botanist and German geologist († 1867).
- April 10th: Johann Jakob Kaup, German Naturalist († 1873).
- July 24th: Adolphe Adam, French type-setter.
- September 28th: Prosper Mérimée, French writer.
- September 29th: Charles Sturm, mathematician French.
- November 29th: Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist.
- December 11th: Hector Berlioz, French type-setter.
- nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
Death in 1803
- January 18th: Sylvain Marshal, writer, Poet, Lampoonist French, precursory of anarchism, (° 1750).
- February 25th: Pablo de Olavide Peruvian politician , superintendent of the colonies of the Sierra Morena. (° 1725),
- March 14th: Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, poet and dramatic author German, contributed to release the Germanic literature of the foreign influences. (° 1724).
- April 6th: William Hamilton, Diplomatic, Antique dealer, Archeologist and British volcanologist . (° 1730).
- April 7th: All Saints' day Louverture, hero Haiti in, with the Extremely of Joux.
- September 5th: Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, writer and officer French (° 1741).
- September 17th: Franz Xaver Süßmayr, Austrian type-setter.
- October 8th: Vittorio Alfieri, poet and playwright Italy N, whose work contributed to the promotion of the Risorgimento. (° 1749).
- October 13rd: Louis-Claude of Saint Martin's day, philosopher French.
- December 18th: Johann Gottfried Herder, writer and German philosopher, one of the initiators of the Sturm und Drang and of the German romanticism. (° 1744).
Beats-smg: 1803 Be-X-old: 1803 Map-bms: 1803 Simple: 1803 Zh-yue: 1803 年
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