This page relates to the year 1802 Gregorian Calendrier.
- April 30th: Enabling Act in the United States, stipulating the procedures to be followed by any territory wishing to become a State of the Union. It must, in particular, respect the clauses of the decree of 1787 abolishing slavery.
- June: In Alaska, the Indians Tinglits, destroy the fort of Sitka and massacre the Russian colonists.
- July: Éleuthère Irenee of the Bridge of Nemours (1771-1834) founds E.I. Dupont de Nemours and Company close to Wilmington (Delaware), and launches out in the production of powder. With its death, the Dupont factory will be most important of this type to the the United States.
- Law on the trade and the relations with the Indians: the Congrès of the United States specifies that any transfer of territories must be made via treaties signed with the tribes and that the federal law applies to all the Indian territory.
- Revolt with Santo Domingo carried out by All Saints' day Louverture, general governor of the island, against the French forces of the general Leclerc, sent at the end of January by Bonaparte to restore the French capacity. This one crushes the rebellion in spite of the keen resistance of the black generals.
- May 20th: Bonaparte restores slavery in the French colonies.
- May 27th: Trinidad (Trinidad), conquered in 1797, is yielded to the the United Kingdom.
- June 7th: The French capture the black chief All Saints' day Louverture with Haiti.
Repression of the consecutive revolt of the Blacks to the re-establishment of slavery in Guadeloupe.
- Rebellion of the Moslem prophet toucoulor Usman daN Fodio against Natafa, king Haoussa of Gober in which it sees a restorer of paganism.
- Usman daN Fodio, known as Torodo, was born with Degel in 1754. His/her Mohammed father is a Toucouleur originating in the Fouta-Toro, establishes with others in Gober, the west of the Lac Chad at the 18th century. He is regarded as a scientist a saint man, from where the name of Usman daN Folio (the son of the scientist).
- Usman studies religious sciences. He criticizes the Moslems of Gober with which he reproaches for not observing strictly the rules of the Coran, and carries out during several years a life of travelling preacher. Returned in Degel, its influence becomes so large that Natafa, sarkin (king) of Gober, anxious of its presence, tries to obstruct its action and in vain tries to make it assassinate.
- When Younfa succeeds his/her Natafa father, its relations with the partisans of Usman enveniment. The Moslems are persecuted. Usman, which took the title of sheik, sees approaching him several farmers haoussa and many pastors peuls. Younfa decides to face directly the sheik of Degel (1804).
- South Africa: Famine at the Langeni.
- Forwarding of Da Costa in Angola and to the Mouths of the Zambezi.
- Beginning of the reign of Younfa, sarkin (king) of the Gober.
- March 25th:
- the Dutchmen recover all their colonies except Ceylon with the Peace of Amiens but lose them again when peace is broken. The authorities of Batavia intend to follow an independent policy with respect to the France and of the the United Kingdom. Java knows a boom then and sells its production (coffee, sugar, spices) in direction of the neutrals (Danish and American), until in 1807, year when the Denmark enters in war and where Jefferson interdict with its compatriots to leave the American ports.
- Ceylon becomes a colony of the British crown.
- May 31st: Phúc Ánh overcomes the Tay Its, reunifies the Vietnam and founds, under the name of Long Gia, the imperial dynasty of the Nguyễn (fine in 1883).
- June: Beginning of the second war anglo-marathe in India (end in 1805). The British seize the territories of the marathes, weakened by their defeat against the Afghans, after three years of engagements. The French Perron, who orders the army of Sindhia, is overcome on several occasions.
- December 31st: Treaty of Bassein in India between the Marathes and the British. It imposes British protectorate on the west of the Dekkan, with the hands of Marathes framed by the French and marks the decline of the French influence in the area.
- the Siam seizes Battambang to the Kampuchea.
- the Sikh Ranjit Singh, appointed governor of Lahore by the king of Afghanistan, seizes the holy city of Amritsar with an army organized with the European one.
Oceania & the Pacific
- January: The French explorer Nicolas Baudin, charged to chart the southern part of the continent, leaves Sydney for the islands of the Détroit of Bottom, explores the Western and southernmost coasts, collecting a great number of specimens of animals (discovery of the Ornithorynque and echidna, mammalian oviparous animals). Charged with observing the wild people, it brings back portraits of the indigenous of Tasmanie realized by Petit and Lesueur.
- Inspection of all the coast Australia by the British navigator Matthew Flinders (fine in 1803).
The Middle East & Arab World
- the French troops are evacuated of Egypt.
- the Porte fails to restore its authority in Egypt. The viceroy `Umar Makram does not obtain supports it religious authorities, which prefer Mohammed Ali to him, an officer of Albanian origin.
Beginning of the expansion Wahhabite in Arabia: the emir of the Nedjd 'Abd Al 'Aziz ibn Sa' ud carries out a forwarding against Karbala, Holy City of the Chiisme, in the Iraqi south.
- January 25th: Beginning of the Italian Republic of French obedience (end in 1804). The République cisalpine becomes the Italian Republic, and receives with Lyon a centralized constitution of type year VIII. The populations are not consulted. The Republic contributes to maintains the French troops in parking on its ground, is forced to give up the anticlerical measurements previously taken and subjected to a preserving Constitution supporting the land ownership. Melzi d' Eril becomes vice-president of the new State. It sets up certain reforms and succeeds in eliminating criminality and the armed robbery by creation from a special court and gendarmerie.
- the civic equality in Italian Republic supports the landowners, who repurchase the national goods sold with an aim of reducing the public deficit. The tax system is restructured: the tax on the grounds remains heavy and the customs tariffs are conceived for the manufactured exportation of products agricultural and the product imports.
- March 25th: The Paix of Amiens puts an end to the Second coalition (the United Kingdom, Russia, Turkey) against the France. It confirms the Traité of Campoformio.
- the the United Kingdom restores with the France all the colonies which it had seized, but guard Ceylon and Trinidad, removed with the Spanish and Dutch allies of France.
- the French troops must evacuate Naples while the British would restore the Egypt in Turkey and Malta with the order of knighthood.
- the the United Kingdom returns the island of Minorque to the Spain.
- Creation of the kingdom of Etrurie, conceded with the son-in-law of Charles IV of Spain, a Bourbon of Parma.
- the Louisiana is returned to the France.
- August 26th (8 Fructidor year X): senatus consult attaching the isle of Elba to France. The island has a deputy with the legislative Body, which carries the members of this body with 301.
- September 8th of the Calendrier Julien : Ukase on the rights and the duties of the Russian Senate, higher of judicial control and administrative body. Proclamation creating 8 ministries to replace the colleges of Pierre Large the (War, Navy, Foreign affairs, Justice, Interior, Finances, State education, Trade).
- Kotchoubei, Minister of Interior Department (1802 - 1807). Adam Czartoryski (1770 - 1861), Foreign Minister (1802 - 1806)
- September 11th: The Piedmont is attached to the France.
- September 18th the Swiss République capitulates vis-a-vis the federalists, the capacity returns to the cantons at the time of the federal Diète of Schwytz chaired by Alois von Reding.
- October 9th: The Duché of Parma is attached to the France.
- October: the France invades the Suisse.
- Fondation of the Rhone-native République formed by the Were worth member then Swiss République. The Rhone-native Republic will disappear in 1810 by its annexation with the French Empire.
- the United Kingdom: Henry Addington, re-elected, is given up little by little by its majority. The group of Pitt takes again its ascending on the Communes and pushes with a policy of firmness aiming at blocking the French expansion.
- the boyards of Valachie and Moldavie, supported by the Russians, obtain Hatticherif fixing at a seven years minimum the reign of the voïévodes, and limiting their dismissal to the agreement of the governments Othoman and Russian.
- Adam Czartoryski, friend and Foreign Minister of the tsar Alexandre Ier of Russia tries the reconstitution of the Poland modernized under the aegis of the Romanov. He endeavors to promote a policy favorable to the szlachta and the Polish culture, and considers the rebuilding of liberal Europe by alliance with the the United Kingdom.
- Beginning of the production of beet sugar in the central provinces of the Russian empire.
- Construction of the first threshing-machines in the factory of the Wilson British, with Moscow.
See also: 1802 in France
Arts & cultures
- April 21st: Re-establishment of the university of Dorpat.
Sciences and technology
See also: 1802 in science
- the German explorer Alexandre de Humboldt climbing the mount Chimborazo (Ecuador) in the Andes establishing a record of altitude.
Births in 1802
- February 26th: Victor Hugo, novelist, playwright, poet and politician French († May 22nd 1885).
- May 22nd: Joseph d' Ortigue, critical musical French († 1866)
- May 25th: Johann Friedrich von Brandt, German naturalist († 1879).
- June 2nd: Arend Friedrich August Wiegmann, German zoologist († 1841).
- July 24th: Alexandre Dumas, writer French († 1870).
- August 5th: Niels Henrik Abel, Norwegian mathematician († 1829).
- August 10th: Christophe-Alexis-Adrien de Jussieu, politician French († 1865).
- September 6th: Alcide Dessalines d' Orbigny, Naturalist, explorer and paleontologist French
- September 24th: Adolphe d' Archiac, geologist and paleontologist French († 1868).
- October 2nd: Edouard Ménétries, entomologist French († 1861).
- November 1st: Benoit Fourneyron engineer French († 1867).
- December 2nd: Agostino Perini, Naturalist Italy N. († October 19th 1878).
- December 15th: János Bolyai, mathematician Hungarian († 1860).
Death in 1802
- February 3rd: The count de Campomanes (1723-1802), president of the Council of Castille.
- April 27th: Jean Antoine Rossignol, military general French, of the French revolution. (° November 7th 1759).
- May 5th: Antonio Romero, Spanish Matador (° September 18th 1763).
- June 4th: Charles-Emmanuel IV of Savoy, king of Sardinia (° 1751).
- July 22nd: Marie François Xavier Bichat, biologist French (° 1771).
- July 28th: Giuseppe Sarti, Italian type-setter. (° December 28th 1729).
- November 9th: Thomas Girtin, painter in watercolours and engraver (1775 -1802).
- November 15th: George Romney, British painter (1734 -1802).
- November 16th: Andre Michaux, Exploring botanist and French (° 1746).
- December 12th: Erasmus Darwin, physicist and British writer (° 1731).
Beats-smg: 1802 Be-X-old: 1802 Map-bms: 1802 Simple: 1802 Zh-yue: 1802 年
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