This page relates to the year 1798 Gregorian Calendrier.
- June 25th: Law on the foreigners and sedition with the the United States. Ten Americans will be imprisoned for insult with the government.
- July 7th: Beginning of the Quasi-war of the the United States against the France for economic reasons.
- July 11th: John Adams (president of the United States) sign the law creating the United States Marine Body , the landing troops of the American Navy.
- July 14th: Vote law prohibiting to write, publish or utter false or abusive remarks with regard to the president or of the government of the United States.
- August 12th, Brazil: Revolution of the alfaiates (craftsman-tailors) to Bahia.
- September 10th: Battle of St George' S Caye with Belize.
- the population of the Brésil reaches two million inhabitants including 20% in the Minas Gerais, 18% with Bahia, 15% in the Pernambouc, 14% with Rio and 8% with São Paulo.
- Attempt at Francisco de Lacerda E Almeida to connect the Angola to the Mozambique.
- When Bonaparte unloads in Egypt, the Britanniques require of the sultan Oman to cease all commercial relations with the French and the Dutchmen.
- Beginning of the reign of Opoku Fofie, asantehene of the Ashanti (fine in 1799).
- Beginning of the reign of Kamanya, king (kabaka) of the Bouganda with died of the kabaka Semakokiro (fine in 1825). Kamanya reaches the throne after having made put at dead his/her brother with several of his own marked sons to have chosen to support the opposing side at the time of the war of succession.
- Kamanya created of the bitongole (at the same time administrative and military districts) beside old the saza (units only administrative) and names with the head of the majority of the saza of the civils servant depending on him in the place of the hereditary chiefs. It breaks the ambition of the chiefs of clan by taking a wife in each important clan and by keeping at its court wire of the chiefs ( bagalagala , pages).
The Middle East & Arab World
- Forwarding of Bonaparte in Egypt with an aim of threatening the Great Britain in the Eastern Mediterranean and of cutting it road of the Indies, part of Toulon in May, it takes Malta the June 10th.
- July 1st (Mess Ther V): Unloading of Napoleon Bonaparte in Egypt. Two beys, Mourad and Ibrahim, share the capacity in the country.
- July 2nd: Catch of Alexandria.
- July 21st: Battle of the Pyramids: Bonaparte beats the Mamelukes of Mourad Bey in Egypt.
- July 23rd: Catch of the Cairo.
- (Ther VI): Battle of Aboukir: the French fleet of Egypt of Brueys d' Aigailliers is destroyed by the Britanniques of Nelson.
- August 20th: Foundation with the Cairo of the Institute of Egypt.
- the law of Bonaparte of the September 6th introduces in Egypt the concept of personal property, hitherto unknown.
- September 9th: The Ottoman Empire enters in war against the France. It is combined with the Russia (December 23rd) and with the Austria during the Second coalition (1798 - 1802).
- October 21st: Revolt population of the Cairo against the French occupation.
- January: Radical and democratic constitution in Batavian Republic. Centralization of the State on the French model. An executive of five directors and indicated. Abolition of the privileges. The coup d'etat assembled by Daendels with the support of Talleyrand (June 12th) puts an end to the experiment.
- January 24th: independence of the canton of Vaud.
- January 28th: Geneva becomes French.
- February 5th: The French Armies invade Rome. An incident (the assassination of the General Duphot) makes it possible the French troops to intervene in the Papal States.
- February 15th: the Roman patriots found the Roman République.
- February 17th: the emissary of the Directoire give the order to Pie VI to leave under two days. It leaves in the night the 19 to the February 20th. The Papal States are replaced by the Roman republic.
- March 28th: France imposes a Constitution on the Suisse on the model of the French constitution.
- April 12th: installation of the Swiss Republic in Swiss, helped by the Directory which benefits from disorders caused by the patriots of the Swiss cantons.
- April - May: Congress of Berlin; the prince Reptine proposes a quadruple defensive alliance (Russia, Austria, Prussia, Great Britain).
- May: The Irish patriot Theobald Wolfe Thunders led an unfruitful revolt against the Britanniques, supported by France. It is followed of a wild repression.
- June: Pie VI is made prisoner by the French troops with Florence.
- June 10th: Bonaparte seizes Malta. Paul Ier of Russia declares that it takes the Ordre of Malta under his protection (September). He proclaims large Master of the order the November 17th.
- June 21st: Victoire of the British troops vis-a-vis the Irish rebels with the Battle of Vinegar Hill.
- August 22nd: a French forwarding unloads in Ireland (fine the October 12th).
- August 27th: Franco-Irish Victoire Battle of Castlebar.
- Beginning of the Second coalition (fine in 1802).
- the First successes of the Russian fleet in the Mediterranean under the orders of the admiral Ouchakov (taken Cerigo and of Zante).
- the patriots of the Piedmont raise themselves against their king. The Directoire makes occupy Turin while the king takes refuge in Sardinia. It gives up the Piedmont the December 6th.
- September 8th: British Victoire with the Battle of Ballinamuck.
- September 9th: Entry in war of the Turkey against the France.
- December 4th: Massacre Hasselt perpetrated by the French troops and which puts an end to the Belgian revolt.
- December 29th: The Great Britain and the Russia are combined with the king of Naples.
- Italy: Coups d'etat antiroyalists (April 13rd, October 19th) and antijacobins (August 30th, December 10th) in Republic cisalpine. Rising antifrançais in Valteline.
- Great Britain: Campaign conducted by the Company of Correspondence to reform the electoral system.
- Poland: Former Jacobins of Warsaw, who claim Kosciuszko and of Hugo Kołłątaj, then imprisoned in Austria, found a secret society which preaches a Constitution inspired by that of year III. They carry out an ideological propaganda and are shown to practice espionage with the profit of French.
- Russia: The 50 provincial governments are reduced to 41. Manpower of the army are reduced (45 440 men are laid off). The entry in Russia is prohibited with all the French nationals.
See also: 1798 in France
Arts & culture
the Seasons (1801) and Creation (1798), oratorios of Haydn.
- the French painter Antoine Gros painted “ the bridge of Arcole ”.
- Massachusetts State House of Boston, federal style, built by Charles Bulfinch.
Sciences and technology
- the French inventor Nicolas Louis Robert builds a machine to produce Papier uninterrupted.
- the American physicist Benjamin Thompson count de Rumfort with the idea that heat is a form of energy.
- the British physicist Henry Cavendish measurement the constant of the gravitation.
- the Consul Bonaparte is presented with its armies in Egypt as a member of the Institut, framed of a troop of scientists (143): 21 mathematicians, 3 astronomers, 17 engineers, 13 naturalists, 22 printers, etc, and among them of the famous personalities like Fourier, Monge, Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Berthollet, Vivant Denon, etc He wants to go up that he unloads with an army which represents civilization and known as “that he respects, more than the Mamelukes, God, his prophet and the Koran”.
- the institute of Egypt, founded by Bonaparte in September, facilitates the drafting of the “Description of Egypt”, which poses the bases of Egyptology (9 volumes).
Economy & Company
- December: Introduction into the budget of the the United Kingdom by William Pitt the Young person of the Income tax, which will remain in force during the main part of the Napoleonean wars but will be abolished in 1816 once returned peace.
the British economist Thomas Robert Malthus publishes his Essai on the principle of population where he affirms that the men multiply more quickly than the food resources. Its pessimistic forecasts on a catastrophic crisis of subsistence, which is not carried out, thanks to the movement of the Enclosure S and to the agricultural novel methods.
- Creation of the Waterstaat in Batavian Republic, organization responsible for the management of water.
- the Compagnie Dutchwoman of the Eastern Indies is dissolved.
Births in 1798
- January 19th: Auguste Count (congédié of X in April 1816).
- February 14th: Searles Valentine Wood, British paleontologist
- April 20th: William Edmond Logan, Canadian geologist
- April 26th: Eugene Delacroix, French painter († August 13rd 1863).
- July 11th: Paulo Savi, geologist and Ornithologist Italy N († 1871).
- August 21st: Jules Michelet, French historian.
- September 25th: Jean-Baptiste Élie de Beaumont, geologist French
- December 24th: Adam Mickiewicz, poet Polish († November 26th 1855)
Death in 1798
- January 28th: Christian Gottlob Neefe, organist (1748 -1798).
- February 12th: Stanislas II, king of Poland (° January 17th 1732)
- May 10th: George Vancouver, British navigator .
- June 4th: Giovanni Jacopo Casanova (1725 -1798).
- November 19th (29 brumaire Year VII): Theobald Wolfe Thunders, rebel Irish and chief of brigade of republican France (it commits suicide while waiting for his execution).
- December 9th: Johann Reinhold Forster, Naturalist Polish of German origin (° 1709).
- December 16th: Thomas Pennant, amateur of antiquities and British naturalist (° 1726).
Be-X-old: 1798 Map-bms: 1798 Simple: 1798 Zh-yue: 1798 年
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