This page relates to the year 1794 Gregorian Calendrier.
- the British occupy the Martinique (fine in 1802).
- February 4th: Decree of the Convention abolishing slavery. The occupied Martinique cannot profit from it, unlike the Guadeloupe.
June: Formation of Association for the maintenance of the laws, the constitution and the government of the province of the Low-Canada “whose object is to detect revolutionary hearths”.
- the farmers of the west of the Pennsylvania, producers of grains, take the weapons and rise against the collection of the tax on the Whiskey. The secretary with the Treasury Hamilton leads itself the troops which repress the rebellion.
- the British settle with Freetown.
Oceania & the Pacific
- Bankruptcy of the Dutch Company of the Eastern Indies (VOC).
- the Siam removes the Kampuchean provinces of Battambang and Angkor (fine in 1907).
The Middle East
eunuque Kadjar Aga Muhammad is made proclaim Chah with Teheran and founds the Dynastie of Kadjars (fine in 1925). It subjects all the Iran on which it imposes its tyranny (end in 1797). It takes again the Georgia with the Russians, overcomes Afchar Chah Rukh.
- 17 and April 18th: Engagements of Arlon.
- April 30th: French Victoire with the Battle of Boulou.
- May 18th: French Victoire with the Battle of Tourcoing.
- May 22nd: Victoire of the united to the Bataille of Turned.
- June 1st: 13 meadow year Battle II with broad of Ushant.
- June 26th: The French Army of Jourdan carries the victory over the troops britanno-Dutchwomen with the battles of Fleurus. The army of Convention occupies the Belgium during the summer, then invades the Netherlands (1794 - 1795).
- August 10th: End of the Head office of Calvi.
- 17 and September 18th: French Victoire with the Battle of Sprimont.
- the Belgian Flanders is divided into two French departments.
- 17 - November 20th: French Victoire with the Battle of the Sierra Negra.
- the French occupy the Guipúzcoa and the Catalogne. Figueras falls to the end of the year, in the panic which follows the death of the Count of Unión. The French do not succeed in awaking the independence feeling of its areas, because of plunderings and déchristianisatrice measurements of the occupying armies.
- November 22nd: Beginning of the Head office of Luxembourg (1794-1795).
- Discovered of a plot Jacobin to Vienna.
- Ignace Martinovics and Joseph Hajnoczy organizes the plot of the Hungarian Jacobins. It is liquidated soon in a brutal way. 18 of the 49 marked ones are condemned to died for high treason.
- Suspension of the Habeas corpus to fight against the radicals in Great Britain.
- Foundation of Odessa.
See also: 1794 in France
- March 23rd: Insurrection of the Polish patriots against the Russia with Cracow. Tadeusz Kościuszko is invested of a “dictatorial capacity” by the immigrant patriots of Dresden.
- March 24th: Tadeusz Kościuszko promulgates with Cracow a new constitution and indicates an insurrectionary government, called supreme National council; courses martial are instituted to continue the traitors, of the local commissions formed for half of noble and for half of middle-class man must manage the country. An army is formed by obligatory recruitment of a infantryman per farm and of a rider for fifty, that is to say 100 000 infantrymen and 10 000 riders. Kosciuszko obtains the support of the peasants (it softens the mode of serfdom) but will not join together more 70 000 men.
- Mars: Intervention of the Prussia.
- April 4th (March 24th of the Calendar Julien): Winner of the Russians to the Battle of Racławice, Tadeusz Kościuszko manages to drive out the Prussians and the Russians of Warsaw thanks to the rising of the people of the capital (April).
- April 23rd (April 11th of the Calendar Julien): Vilno is raised in its turn. The “Jacobins” there seize the power and devote themselves to executions. With Warsaw, the council is moderate, but a “club of the Jacobins” obliges it to make hang the chiefs of the preserving confederation of Targowica. A revolutionary climate develops with Cracow as with Warsaw, where brackets are placed at the crossroads, but the Jacobins and the moderate ones are opposed on the problem of terror.
- During the summer, from great portions of the Poland occupied by the Russians is released.
- June 6th: The Prussia Kosciuszko pack with Szczekonicy and occupies Cracow the June 15th.
- June 28th: With Warsaw, a massacre is perpetrated in the prisons, by fear of the Russians and the Prussians who encircle the capital: 20 000 Polish soldiers oppose 40 000 enemies. Kosciuszko intervenes, fights battles in the suburbs and completes important work of fortification. The seat is raised in August by the rising of the Large-Poland, then Prussian, who causes the retirement of the troops of Frederic-Guillaume II of Prussia. But the Poles must incline themselves in front of the numerical superiority of the Russians.
- October 10th Kosciuszko is beaten and made captive at the time of the Bataille of Majociewice by the army of Aleksandr Souvorov.
- November 4th: Warsaw capitulates after the massacre of the population of the suburb of Praga by the troops of Souvorov. 20 000 civilians are killed by the Russian soldiers.
- the insurrectionary government of Kosciuszko takes important measures concerning the peasants: abolition of personal serfdom, freedom of displacement, guarantee of the possession of the ground, reduction in the drudgeries. They will be repealed at once by the powers partageantes.
- May 7th: Institution of the worship To be it supreme in France.
- August 28th: The bishop of Pistoia, Scipione de' Ricci, is condemned by the pope for his doctrines by the bubble Auctorem Fidei .
Art & Culture
- September 2nd: Rosière republican , Op3era Comique of Grétry, created with Paris.
Sciences and technology
- the ironmaster of the Shropshire John Wilkinson (1728 - 1808) finds the process industrial of cast iron.
- Invention of the turn to thread Maudelay.
September 1st: the line of semaphore of Chappe informs the Parisian ones of the victory of Cop-on-the Scheldt over the Austrians less than one hour after the event.
Economy & Company
- Creation of the Institute asturien devoted to the coal mining.
- First spinning mill of Cotton in Germany.
- Russia: The “Funds of the Room”, private goods of the imperial family (1,5 million roubles) are given to the Treasury to make up the deficit.
Births in 1794
- January 29th: François-Vincent Raspail, chemist, doctor and politician French († 1878)
- May 12th: James Fazy Genevese politician († 1878)
- May 13rd: Léopold Robert, engraver and Swiss painter of origin .
- March 16th: Friendly Mud, Austrian geologist († 1881).
- April 17th: Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, Botanist and a German explorer († 1868).
- April 26th: Jean-Pierre Falret, French psychiatrist
- June 3rd: Wilhelm Ludwig Rapp, Doctor and German Naturalist († 1868).
- August: Bernhard Studer, Swiss geologist († 1887).
- September 9th: William Lonsdale, geologist and British paleontologist († 1871).
- November 20th: Eduard Rüppell, Exploring Naturalist and German († 1884).
- December 30th: John Edwards Holbrook, American zoologist († 1871).
Death in 1794
- January 16th: Edward Gibbon, British historian.
- March 28th: Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet (1743 -1794), philosopher, mathematician and politician. Combined with the Of Gironde, opposed to Terror, it is proscribed then arrested with Clamart and imprisoned and finds death in its prison of Borough-L' Equality (Borough-the-Queen).
- April 5th:
- April 13rd:
- Sebastien-Roch Nicolas de Chamfort writer French moralist (° 1741) French Academician (following an suicide attempt).
- Lucile Desmoulins, woman of Camille (° 1771)
- April 23rd: Guillaume-Christian of Lamoignon de Malesherbes, statesman (guillotine).
- May 8th: Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier, French chemist (guillotine).
- May 5th: Louis-Marie-Athanase de Loménie, count de Brienne, French soldier (guillotine).
- June 17th: Henri Admirat (guillotine).
- June 20th: Felix Vicq d' Azir, Doctor and anatomist French (° 1748). Paradoxically, for a so eminent doctor, he will die of Tuberculose.
- June 24th: Jean-Baptiste Cloots, revolutionary French of Dutch origin (guillotine) (° June 24th 1755)
- June 25th: Charles Barbaroux (guillotine).
- June 28th: Rene Madec, sailor and adventurous Breton, nabob of Large the Moghol (° 1736). He dies of a fall of horse.
- July 22nd: the marshal's wife de Noailles, born Francoise-Charlotte of Thimble-Brissac, paternal grandmother of Adrienne d' Ayen, marchioness of Fayette; the duchess of Ayen, born Henriette d' Aguesseau, mother of Mrs. of Fayette; the viscountess de Noailles, older sister of Mrs. of Fayette (guillotinées).
- July 23rd: Alexandre François Marie de Beauharnais (guillotine).
- July 25th: Andre Chénier, French poet (guillotine).
- July 28th:
- July 30th: Robert Jean-Jacques Arthur (guillotine).
- September 19th: Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian, fabulist (1755-1794) of the continuations of the preceding one Detention.
- October 20th James Adam, Scottish architect (1730 -1794), brother of famous the Robert Adam, which was architect of the King (1758 - 1792).
- November 18th: Jacques François Dugommier, General French (° 1738), killed with the Battle of the Sierra Negra, close to Figueras in Spanish Catalonia.
- December 16th: Jean-Baptiste Carrier, French politician, “missionary of the Terror”, according to Jules Michelet.
Be-X-old: 1794 Map-bms: 1794 Simple: 1794 Zh-yue: 1794 年
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