This page relates to the year 1792 Gregorian Calendrier.
The year 1792 of the Christian era is also the first year to be qualified, a posteriori , of the vulgar era (E. v.) by the republican decree of 1793 founding year I of the era of the French.
- Mulay Slimane, brother of Mulay-el-Yazid is proclaimed sultan of the Morocco to Fès (fine in 1822). It runs up against the hostility of his three brothers, Mulay Moslana in north, Mulay Hicham (area of Safi) and Mulay el-Hossaïn (area of Marrakech). Mulay Slimane endeavors to reconstitute the unit of Morocco. After having its authority with Fès establishes firmly, it subjects initially the mountainous region of septentrional Morocco held by Mulay Moslana, then turns to his/her two other brothers, who fight themselves in the south, and takes Marrakech in 1796.
- Outside, it approaches France in the hope to avoid a British intervention in Morocco and to entreat the Turkish threat.
Oran is taken again to the Spaniards.
- Taken again Algerian race during the wars of the Revolution and the Empire.
- April 2nd: Introduction of the Dollar like currency of the the United States of America, starting from funds of thalers repurchased in Austria.
- June 11th - June 27th: First elections of the history of the Inhabitants of Quebec.
- July 22nd: Mackenzie reaches the Pacifique by the Peace River.
- October 13rd: beginning of the construction of the White House, around which the federal capital will be built.
- December 17th: opening first meeting of the Room of assembly of Low-Canada, after to be deferred four times.
- December 18th: Jean Antoine Panet is elected president of the Chambre from assembly of Low-Canada to 28 votes against 18. When it is appointed judge of the Court of the common Pleas the January 28th 1794, Michel-Eustace-Gaspard-Alain Chartier de Lotbinière succeeds to him.
- George Washington is re-elected president of the American republic.
- the Kentucky becomes the fifteenth state of the American union.
- Creation of the purse of Wall Street (New York).
- American Exploration of the river Columbia.
- George Vancouver explores the Western littoral of North America.
- February 10th - July 22nd: Eruption of the volcano Unzen, with the Japan, 15 000 dead (eruption, landslide, then Tsunami the May 25th).
- Catherine II of Russia endeavors to tie relations with the Japan.
- the emperor of China Qianlong sends its troops to Lhassa with the Tibet to expel invaders Nepal board. Treaty of Nawakot between China and Nepal.
- Domination of the Marathes on the Rajputs and the Jats.
Tippoo-Sahib must sign the treated of Seringapatam where it loses half of its territories, which are divided between the three allied ones. It approaches the French and becomes member of the club of the Jacobins.
- January 9th: Treated of Iaşi (Moldavie) between the Russia and the Ottoman Empire. End of the Russo-Turkish war. Russia obtains the the Crimea, Otchakov and the littoral of the Black Sea until the Dniestr.
- February 16th: Defensive alliance against revolutionary France enters the Prussia and the Austria.
- February 28th, Spain: After the disgrace of the ministers Campomanes and Floridablanca, the count d' Aranda (1718 - 1798) is called with the businesses to join again the bonds with the France. It however continues the same anti-liberal policy and anti-Frenchwoman.
- March 1st: Died of Léopold II, emperor of the Holy roman Empire of pleurisy; Advent of François II, emperor, king of Hungary and Bohemia.
- March 29th: Death of the king Gustave III of Sweden, assassinated by a noble officer, dissatisfied with his reforms (religious tolerance, abolition of torture, venality of the loads) whereas it was on the point of intervening against the French revolution. Beginning of the reign of Gustave IV, king of Sweden (fine in 1809) under the regency of his/her uncle Charles (fine in 1796).
- April 20th: France declares the war with the Austria. The Prussia declares the war in France under the terms of the austro-Prussian agreement of February 16th.
- April: The Polish Constitution of May 3rd, 1791 is abolished and the stopped preparations of war against Russia.
- May 14th: part of the nobility of Poland form the Confederation of Targowica which denounces the constitution and fact call to Catherine II of Russia, which organizes a counter-revolution in the name of “Polish freedoms” and against “the spirit of the French democratism”. The Russian troops invade the Poland with 97 000 men three days after, in spite of the resistance of the small Polish army (37 000 men) ordered by the prince Józef Poniatowski. Stanislas Auguste, assisted Hugo Kołłątaj, tries to negotiate. Catherine refuses and obliges the king to adhere to the confederation. The Russian troops are spread in the country, joined by the Prussian armies which occupy the Large-Poland, Danzig and Thorn.
- June 19th: Catherine II of Russia invades the Poland.
- July 25th: Proclamation of Brunswick, launched Coblentz and signed by the commander-in-chief of the Prussian and Austrian armies, Charles Guillaume of Brunswick.
- August 20th: Prussian Victoire with the Battle of Verdun on the France.
- September 20th: French Victoire with the Battle of Valmy on the Prussia.
- 21 with the September 22nd: the French troops invade the Duché of Savoy.
- September 29th: Beginning of the head office of Lille.
- October 21st: Catch of Mainz by France.
- November 6th: French Victoire with the Battle of Jemmapes on the Austria.
- Christian Haugwitz (1752-1832) is named Foreign Minister in Prussia.
- Hungary: Ignace Martinovics, old secret policeman of Léopold II, changes camp and joined the patriotic reformists. He writes leaflets violent one against the emperor (1792), of catechisms for the reforming Secret society and the Société of freedom and equality , where he calls with the insurrection (1794).
- Held of two Convention of the people in 1792 and 1793, which mark the point of organ of the activity of the British Jacobins. Lord Grey founds a Company of the friends of the people.
Of the Irishmen of the two confessions gathers around the lawyer Wolfe Tone within the Plain Irish ( United Irishmen ), a company which proposes to define the concept of “Irishman” by transcending religious cleavages.
- Creation of the Baptist Missionary Society .
- Beginning of the French influence in Italy (fine in 1799).
- controlling Them Italian reacts to the danger of the French revolution. Venice adopts a hostile neutrality. With Naples, the queen Marie-Caroline and her protected Acton give up any reform to start a blind repression. In Tuscan, after the departure of Léopold, knows demonstrations of dissatisfaction which involves a flashback: the trade of the grains is again controlled, the restored capital punishment.
- the movement Jansenist suffers the first of the stop from the reforms, then the freemasons are continued with Turin, Naples, Rome and Palermo.
- the popular discontent is reinforced, consequence of an increasingly difficult economic situation (rise of the prices and tax pressure). In the the Abruzzi, the Basilicate and in Sardinia, the revolts are directly directed against the lords and the landowners. With Arezzo, Florence and Pistoia they are expressed against the reforms which deprived the peasants and the urban masses their traditional forms of protections.
- Some groups of Jacobins are active, like those of the aristocracy padouane or Bolognais Zamboni which works with the release of their city, those of Brescia, which work towards more levelling ends, those of the Piedmont which try this to put in contact with the country movements.
See also: 1792 in France
- April 20th: Declaration of war to the emperor].
- June 20th: Day of June 20th. The people invade the Tuileries and the king is capped red bonnet.
- July 7th: To kiss Lamourette.
- July 11th: Proclamation of the fatherland in danger by the legislative Parliament.
- August 10th: Day of August 10th, 1792. Catch of the Tileries by the people of Paris.
- 2 - September 5th: Massacres of September.
- September 20th: Victoire of the revolutionary army vis-a-vis the Prussian troops at the time of the Battle of Valmy.
- September 21st: First meeting of the national Convention; abolition of the Monarchy; Proclamation of the Republic.
- November 27th: France annexes Savoy.
- December 6th: The commission known as “Commission of Vingt-Un”, whose Girondin Valazé was the rapporteur, is charged by the Convention with presenting the énonciatif act of the crimes whose Louis XVI would be shown and the series of questions to be posed to the king at the time of sound lawsuit.
Arts and cultures
- the Sleep of Endymion , fabric of Girodet-Trioson.
- the painter Gavin Hamilton discovers the Diane de Gabies
Sciences and technology
- the British engineer William Murdoch develops the exploitation of the carbonization gas by the combustion of coal and uses it to light its own house.
- Jean-Baptiste Delambre and Pierre Méchain is charged by the French National Assembly with specifying the measurement of meridian between Dunkirk and Barcelona (1792 - 1799).
- Contribution to optics of Goethe.
Economy and Company
- Emission of paper money in Austria.
- the Denmark issues the abolition of the traffic of the slaves starting from 1803.
Births in 1792
- February 19th: Roderick Murchison British geologist .
- February 29th: Gioacchino Rossini, Italian type-setter.
- March 7th: John Herschel, scientist and a British astronomer
- May 13rd: Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, future pope Black and white IX († February 7th 1878)
- May 21st: Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis, mathematician and engineer French († September 19th 1843)
- August 4th: Percy Bysshe Shelley, romantic poet British.
- September 5th: Pierre-Armand Dufrénoy, geologist and mineralogist French.
- October 12th: Christian Gmelin, German chemist († 1860).
- November 28th: Victor Cousin, philosopher and politician French.
- February 1st: Nikolaï Lobatchevski, Russian mathematician.
Death in 1792
- January 21st: Giovanni Cristofano Amaduzzi ( Amadutius ), 51 years, monk, academic, Philosopher and scholar Italy N. (° August 9th 1740).
- February 23rd: Sir Joshua Reynolds, British painter .
- March 1st: Léopold II, emperor of the Holy roman Empire.
- March 3rd: Robert Adam, architect, decorator and British archeologist (1728 -1792), creator of Adam' S Style with his/her James brothers, John and William.
- May 18th: Charles-Simon Favart, French playwright (1710 -1792).
- March 29th: Gustave III, king of Sweden.
- September 2nd: Louis Victoire Lux of Montmorin-Saint-Hérem, military French. (° December 13rd 1762).
- October 10th: Constantine John Phipps, second baron Mulgrave, is a British Explorateur (° 1744).
- October 22nd: Guillaume Nice the, French astronomer.
- October 28th: John Smeaton, British Engineer .
nonwell informed or unknown Dates :
- Denis Ivanovitch Fonvizine, Russian playwright (1745 -1792).
- Mohamed ibn Abd Al-Wahhab (born in Uyaina in the Nedjd in 1705), founder of the Wahhabisme. He preaches a Islam intransigent and austere, founded on the return to the practices of the beginning of the Islam, and removed from all the posterior innovations. He protests against the loosening of moral standards, the decoration of the mosques and the worship of the saints. Its followers name themselves the “unit ones” ( Al muwahhidun ).
Be-X-old: 1792 Map-bms: 1792 Simple: 1792 Zh-yue: 1792 年
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