This page relates to the year 1790 Gregorian Calendrier.
- In Southern Africa, formation of the confederations Mthethwa (Dingiswayo), Ndwandwe (Zwide) and Ngwane (Sobhuza). The three chiefs dispute supremacy.
With died of Ngolo Diarra, king of Ségou, his sons, associated with the capacity of alive sound, clash to collect his succession. Finally, its second wire, Monzon Diarra, become king (1790). It multiplies the campaigns against the Mossi, in the Kaarta, the Beledougou and the Fouladougou, and leaves the memory of a large organizer. After its death in 1808 begins the decline of the Empire of Ségou.
Mulay-el-Yazid succeeds his/her father Sidi Mohammed ibn Abd-Allah like sultan of the Morocco after an animated existence. Its abuses make it unpopular. It is killed in 1792 as a combatant his brother Mulay Hicham.
- Revolt of the Pawnee S in the area of the Big lakes. Five hundred hearths of colonists are put at bag.
- March 28th: The Constituante adopts a decree which draws aside the colonies of the metropolitan right and creates colonial assemblies open to the owners. It confirms slavery. The same day the White of Saint-Domingue, which have elects an assembly excluding the free ones from color, vote a Constitution.
- August: Rising of Free of color with Port-au-Prince. The assembly of the White is reversed.
- September: The Iroquois are victorious of the general Harmar in the south of the Michigan.
- November 25th: The first risings with Santo Domingo.
- December 15th: Foundation of the Bank of the the United States to Philadelphia.
- Memory on diamonds of the Brazil, of the mineralogist Jose Bonifacio de Andrada E Silva (1763 - 1838).
Oceania & the Pacific
- January 23rd: The mutineers of the British ship the Bounty, accompanied by a group of tahitiens, reach the island Pitcairn, then uninhabited. They unload and burn their boat. This community will be discovered only in 1808, by American whalers. Only one of the British sailors was still in life. In 1856, because of overpopulation, two hundred islanders will settle with the island Norfolk, and some will return later in Pitcairn. The wreck of Bounty will be discovered at the southern end of the island, in 1957.
Asia & Indian world
- China: Rising of the Yao of the Guangxi.
- Japan: Prohibition of any other teaching that of the Confucianism (doctrines of Zhu Xi, 1130 - 1200). The censure is reinforced and it is interdict to publish no matter what is on the defects of the administration.
India: Third war of Mysore between British, Marathes and the nizâm of Hyderabad against the sultan of Mysore Tippoo-Sahib, under the pretext of an attack of this last against a Hindu ally of the English Company of the Eastern Indies (fine in 1792).
Nepal: the Rajputs of Gurkha try to annex the Tibet. The forces Chinese, victorious, briefly occupy Nepal. The Nepaleses seek the protection of the British with whom they sign, in 1791, of the commercial treaties.
- January 9th: Agreement hollando-Prussian-British against the revolt of the Netherlands.
- January 11th: Proclamation of the republic brabançonne (State-Belgium-Plain). Hendrik Van der Noot (1731 - 1827) becomes the Prime Minister of the United States of Belgium (end in December).
- February 19th: Before dying, Joseph II repeals the majority of its reforms, except for the licenses of 1781. His/her brother Pierre-Léopold, large duke of Tuscan, arrives of Florence the March 6th.
- February 20th: Beginning of the reign of Léopold II, emperor of the Romans, king of Hungary and Bohemia (end in March 1792). Ferdinand of Habsbourg-Lorraine becomes large duke of Toscane.
- aristocratic Reaction in Hungary, which claims the convocation of the Diet and is opposed to the germanisation. The noble ones burn the land registers. The peasants revolt, supporting the emperor.
- Revolution brabançonne: Fights of faction burst between revolutionists aristocrats (statists) and middle-class man (vonckists). The statists, who have the popular support, cause the days of the 16 and March 18th, which balled the vonckists, marked anarchy, forcing them with the emigration.
- Rendering of Antwerp.
- Pacte of assistance enters the Russia and the Poland.
- May 13rd: Russian naval Victoire on Sweden with the Battle of Reval (today Tallinn).
- June - July: Constitution projects of the Hungarian nobility, which treats with the Prussia.
- 3 - July 9th: Naval Victoire of Gustave III of Sweden on the Russians with Vyborg (Russia). A third of the Russian fleet is destroyed.
- July 27th: Convention of Reichenbach between Léopold II and Frederic-Guillaume II of Prussia: Prussia ceases supporting the Hungarian rebels and the Belgian separatists.
- August 14th: White peace of Värälä between the Sweden, the Russia and the Denmark. End of the Russo-Swedish War of 1788-1790.
- September 1st: Re-establishment of the censure by imperial decree .
- September 21st: Compromise of Léopold II with the Hungarian nobility. Convocation of a diet which obtains the recognition of Hungarian like language of teaching and restores the mode seigneurial.
- November 22nd: Return of the Austrian troops in the Austrian Netherlands.
- December 2nd: Entry of the Austrian troops with Brussels. The prince-bishop of Liege east restores by the Austrians (January 1791).
- December 10th: The Léopold emperor ratifies the decree of the Diet of Frankfurt recognizing the feudal rights of the German princes in the Alsace of French sovereignty.
- December 11th: Souvorov seizes the Turkish fortress considered impregnable of Izmail on the the Danube. A massacre of part of the population follows.
- Gustave III succeeds in imposing the interior reforms which it wished in Sweden.
- Potemkine occupies the Bessarabia.
- Revolt of the Epire against the Turks (end in 1803).
- October 22nd: Payment of the lieutenant William Bligh, shown loss of the Bounty , man-of-war of Its Majesty.
- the Méthodisme separates gradually from obedience Anglican and is propagated among the humble ones.
- Prohibition of the working coalitions.
- the French revolution of 1789-1790 is initially well accommodated in Great Britain, insofar as it lets predict a weakening of the France in Europe. Edmund Burke is minority as it is caught some with the way in which the Components make clean slate of the Ancien Mode and with the unnecessarily abstract aspect of their “Human rights”. On the other hand, the radicals are filled with enthusiasm. Thomas Paine answers Burke by the Human rights, in favor of the republic and the vote for all (1792). Radical companies essaiment in all the countries ( Company of the Friends of the people , Company of London correspondence , and meet a broad audience in popular environments.
See also: 1790 in France
- January 15th: Creation of the French Departments. They are 83.
- May 22nd: Decree of Declaration of peace in the world.
- July 12th: Vote civil Constitution of the clergy.
- July 14th: Festival of the Federation to Paris and in province.
- September 12th: Ratification of the Annexation of Avignon.
- October 22nd: Adoption of the Tricolor by decision of the Constituent Assembly.
Art & Culture
- January 26th: Creation of the opera Così fan tutte by the collaboration of Mozart and of the type-setter Lorenzo da Ponte in Burgtheater of Vienna. It gains a mitigated success.
- September 4th: Euphrosyne and Corradin , opera of Méhul, played with the Room Favart.
- Cantata on the death of the emperor Joseph II of Beethoven.
- Doctor Trioson , fabric of Girodet-Trioson.
Sciences & technology
- the British Astronome William Herschel discovers the first planetary nebula.
- the British engineer Edmund Cartwright builds a wool combing machine.
- the French engineer Claude Chappe invents his visual telegraph (semaphore).
Economy & Company
- Four million inhabitants to the the United States. Less than one million live in cities. New York account 130 000 inhabitants.
- the South of the the United States produces a thousand of tons of cotton about 1790 and counts 500 000 slaves.
- the Spain has two hundred warships.
- the France carries out the fifth of commercial tonnage Européen (700 000 tons for 3,3 million tons).
- Decline of the textile production with Venice: of 800 weaving looms the Silk in 1750, the city preserves only 60 of them about 1790.
Births in 1790
- January 14th: Feliks Paweł Jarocki, zoologist Polish († March 25th 1865)
- February 3rd: Gideon Mantell, obstetrician, geologist and British paleontologist .
- March 29th: John Tyler, president of the the United States
- October 21st: Alphonse of Lamartine, Poet French.
- December 16th: Léopold Ier of Saxony-Cobourg-Gotha, first king of the Belgian .
- December 23rd: Jean-François Champollion, Egyptologist French.
- May 23rd:
Death in 1790
- February 20th: the emperor Joseph II.
- April 17th: Benjamin Franklin, diplomat and inventor.
- April 29th: Charles-Nicolas Cochin the Young person, draftsman and engraver (1715-1790).
- May 21st: Thomas Warton, Poet English. (° January 9th 1728).
- July 17th: Adam Smith, economist
- October 11th: Marmaduke Tunstall, Ornithologist and British Collection nor (° 1743).
Be-X-old: 1790 Map-bms: 1790 Simple: 1790 Zh-yue: 1790 年
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